1.
What is the SI unit of electric charge?
Correct Answer
B. Coulomb
Explanation
The SI unit of electric charge is the Coulomb (C), named after French physicist Charles-Augustin de Coulomb. It represents the quantity of electric charge carried by a specified object. One Coulomb is defined as the charge transported by a constant current of one ampere in one second.
2.
What is the formula for electric potential?
Correct Answer
C. V = kQ/r
Explanation
The formula for electric potential, V = kQ/r, is derived from Coulomb's law, which describes the electrostatic interaction between charged particles. In this formula, V represents the electric potential at a point in space due to a point charge Q located at a distance r away. The constant k is Coulomb's constant, which depends on the medium between the charges.
3.
What is the resistance of a conductor with a current of 2A and a voltage of 10V?
Correct Answer
B. 5Ω
Explanation
The resistance (R) of a conductor can be calculated using Ohm's law, which states that the current (I) flowing through a conductor between two points is directly proportional to the voltage (V) across the two points and inversely proportional to the resistance (R) of the conductor. Mathematically, it is represented as V = IR.To find the resistance, we can rearrange the formula to solve for R:R = V / IGiven a current (I) of 2A and a voltage (V) of 10V, we can plug these values into the formula:R = 10V / 2AR = 5ΩSo, the resistance of the conductor is 5 ohms (Ω).
4.
What is the electric field between two parallel plates with a potential difference of 100V and a separation of 0.2m?
Correct Answer
C. 500 V/m
Explanation
The electric field (E) between two parallel plates can be calculated using the formula:E = V / dwhere V is the potential difference between the plates, and d is the separation distance between the plates.Given a potential difference (V) of 100V and a separation (d) of 0.2m, we can plug these values into the formula:E = 100V / 0.2mE = 500 V/mSo, the electric field between the two parallel plates is 500 volts per meter (V/m).
5.
What is the capacitance of a capacitor with a charge of 4μC and a voltage of 8V?
Correct Answer
B. 0.5F
Explanation
The capacitance (C) of a capacitor is a measure of its ability to store electrical energy when a voltage (V) is applied to it. It is defined as the ratio of the charge (Q) stored on one plate of the capacitor to the potential difference (V) between the plates. The formula C = Q/V quantifies this relationship.
6.
What is the potential difference across a resistor with a current of 0.5A and a resistance of 10Ω?
Correct Answer
B. 5V
Explanation
When a current (I) flows through a resistor with resistance (R), it experiences a potential difference (V) across the resistor according to Ohm's law: V = IR. This formula illustrates the relationship between the current, voltage, and resistance in a simple electrical circuit.
7.
What is the resistance of a circuit if it has a current of 0.2A and a voltage of 12V?
Correct Answer
A. 60Ω
Explanation
The resistance (R) of a circuit measures its opposition to the flow of electric current. It is determined by the ratio of the voltage (V) applied to the circuit to the resulting current (I) passing through it. The formula R = V/I quantifies this relationship, providing valuable insight into the behavior of electrical components.
8.
What is the formula for electric field strength (E) between two parallel plates?
Correct Answer
A. E = V/d
Explanation
The electric field strength (E) between two parallel plates is determined by the potential difference (V) applied across them and the separation distance (d) between the plates. The formula E = V/d expresses this relationship, highlighting the effect of voltage on the strength of the electric field.
9.
What is the potential energy stored in a capacitor with capacitance 10μF and a voltage of 50V?
Correct Answer
B. 25 J
Explanation
The potential energy (U) stored in a capacitor arises from the electrostatic interaction between the separated charges on its plates. It is calculated using the formula U = (1/2) * C * V^2, where C is the capacitance and V is the voltage applied to the capacitor. This formula demonstrates the relationship between capacitance, voltage, and stored energy in a capacitor.
10.
What is the electric power dissipated in a resistor with a resistance of 20Ω and a current of 2A?
Correct Answer
D. 40W
Explanation
The electric power (P) dissipated in a resistor is a measure of the rate at which electrical energy is converted into other forms, such as heat or light. It is calculated using the formula P = IV, where I is the current passing through the resistor and V is the voltage across it. This formula illustrates the relationship between current, voltage, and power in an electrical circuit.