Overview Of The Autonomic Nervous System Quiz

40 Questions | Total Attempts: 680

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Autonomic Nervous System Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The term general senses refers to sensitivity to all of the following, EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Taste

    • B. 

      Pain

    • C. 

      Temperature

    • D. 

      Touch

    • E. 

      Vibration

  • 2. 
    The general senses
    • A. 

      Are located in specialized structures called sense organs

    • B. 

      Are localized to specific areas of the body

    • C. 

      Cannot generate action potentials

    • D. 

      Involve receptors that are relatively simple in structure

    • E. 

      Both A and B

  • 3. 
    A receptor that contains many mechanically gated ion channels would function best as a
    • A. 

      Tactile receptor

    • B. 

      Thermoreceptor

    • C. 

      Nociceptor

    • D. 

      Chemoreceptor

    • E. 

      Light receptor

  • 4. 
    Receptors that monitor the position of joints belong to the category called
    • A. 

      Chemoreceptors

    • B. 

      Thermoreceptors

    • C. 

      Proprioceptors

    • D. 

      Baroreceptors

    • E. 

      Nociceptors

  • 5. 
    Mechanoreceptors that respond to changes in blood pressure are called
    • A. 

      Nociceptors

    • B. 

      Chemoreceptors

    • C. 

      Thermoreceptors

    • D. 

      Baroreceptors

    • E. 

      Proprioceptors

  • 6. 
    Pain is to _________ as cold is to _________ .
    • A. 

      Chemoreceptors; nociceptors

    • B. 

      Nociceptors; thermoreceptors

    • C. 

      Baroreceptors; thermoreceptors

    • D. 

      Baroreceptors; chemoreceptors

    • E. 

      Baroreceptors; nociceptors

  • 7. 
    Peripheral adaptation __________ the number of action potentials that reach the CNS.
    • A. 

      Neutralizes

    • B. 

      Increases

    • C. 

      Decreases

    • D. 

      Stabilizes

    • E. 

      Both A and C

  • 8. 
    The ________ division of the autonomic nervous system is said to function during "rest and digest"
    • A. 

      Sympathetic

    • B. 

      Somatomotor

    • C. 

      Visceral

    • D. 

      Parasympathetic

    • E. 

      Thoracolumbar

  • 9. 
    The statement "it initiates contraction of urinary bladder smooth muscle" is
    • A. 

      True only for the sympathetic nervous system

    • B. 

      True only for the somatic nervous system

    • C. 

      Not true for either the parasympathetic or sympathetic nervous systems

    • D. 

      True for both the parasympathetic and sympathetic nervous systems

    • E. 

      True only for the parasympathetic nervous system

  • 10. 
    Each of the following effects is associated with the action of postganglionic sympathetic fibers, EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Dilation of the pupils

    • B. 

      Increased sweat secretion

    • C. 

      Increased blood flow to skeletal muscles

    • D. 

      Reduced circulation to the skin

    • E. 

      Decreased heart rate

  • 11. 
    Parasympathetic stimulation
    • A. 

      Increases gastric motility

    • B. 

      Causes blood vessels in the skin to dilate

    • C. 

      Increases heart rate

    • D. 

      Causes the pupils to dilate

    • E. 

      Causes sweat glands to secrete

  • 12. 
    Which of the following is essential for memory consolidation?
    • A. 

      Occipital lobe

    • B. 

      Prefrontal lobe

    • C. 

      Hippocampus

    • D. 

      Insula

    • E. 

      Basal nuclei

  • 13. 
    Long-term memories that are with you for a lifetime are called
    • A. 

      Reflexive memories

    • B. 

      Consolidated memories

    • C. 

      Multilobar memories

    • D. 

      Tertiary memories

    • E. 

      Secondary memories

  • 14. 
    Changes in the central nervous system that accompany aging include
    • A. 

      Decreased blood flow to the brain

    • B. 

      Decrease in the number of neurons

    • C. 

      Reduction in brain size and weight

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      B and C only

  • 15. 
    The sympathetic division of the ANS is also known as which of the following?
    • A. 

      Craniosacral division

    • B. 

      Somatic division

    • C. 

      Resting division

    • D. 

      Thoracolumbar division

    • E. 

      Both B and D

  • 16. 
    Your uncle was just diagnosed with a heart attack.  one of his major symptoms is left arm pain.  You are not surprised because you are familiar with the phenomenon of
    • A. 

      Psychogenic pain

    • B. 

      Neurogenic pain

    • C. 

      Phantom pain

    • D. 

      Referred pain

    • E. 

      Somatic pain

  • 17. 
    Muscles that guard entrances and exits of internal passageways are ______ muscles.
    • A. 

      Bipennate

    • B. 

      Circular

    • C. 

      Parallel

    • D. 

      Pennate

    • E. 

      Convergent

  • 18. 
    The most common lever systems in the body are those that have the applied force between the fulcrum and the load.  These are called ________ levers.
    • A. 

      Third-class

    • B. 

      Fourth-class

    • C. 

      Fifth-class

    • D. 

      Second-class

    • E. 

      First-class

  • 19. 
    The names of the muscles can indicate all of the following EXCEPT
    • A. 

      The angle of the muscle relative to the long axis of the body

    • B. 

      Collagen content of the muscle

    • C. 

      Structural characteristics of the muscle

    • D. 

      The action of the muscle

    • E. 

      The location of the muscle

  • 20. 
    Which of the following is NOT a muscle of the rotator cuff?
    • A. 

      Supraspinatus

    • B. 

      Infraspinatus

    • C. 

      Subscapularis

    • D. 

      Subclavius

    • E. 

      Teres minor

  • 21. 
    Which of the following statements is INCORRECT?
    • A. 

      Skeletal muscles store nutrient reserves

    • B. 

      Skeletal muscles are responsible for the pumping action of the heart

    • C. 

      Skeletal muscles support the weight of some internal organs

    • D. 

      Skeletal muscle contractions help maintain body temperature

    • E. 

      The contractions of skeletal muscles pull on tendons and move bones of the skeleton

  • 22. 
    The dense layer of connective tissue that surrounds an entire skeletal muscle is the
    • A. 

      Tendon

    • B. 

      Fascicle

    • C. 

      Perimysium

    • D. 

      Epimysium

    • E. 

      Endomysium

  • 23. 
    Muscle fibers differ from "typical cells" in that muscle fibers
    • A. 

      Have many nuclei

    • B. 

      Lack mitochondria

    • C. 

      Lack a plasma membrane

    • D. 

      Are very small

    • E. 

      Both B and C

  • 24. 
    Which of the following best describes the term sarcomere?
    • A. 

      Thin filaments are anchored here

    • B. 

      Protein that accounts for elasticity of resting muscle

    • C. 

      Largely made of myosin molecules

    • D. 

      Repeating unit of striated myofibrils

    • E. 

      Storage site for calcium ions

  • 25. 
    Which of the following best describes the term sarcoplasmic reticulum?
    • A. 

      Storage and release site for calcium ions

    • B. 

      Protein that accounts for elasticity of resting muscle

    • C. 

      Largely made of myosin molecules

    • D. 

      Repeating unit of striated myofibrils

    • E. 

      Storage site for calcium ions

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