New Jersey Cosmetology State Board

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New Jersey Cosmetology State Board Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    To avoid back strain while giving a shampoo or other service, maintain a ______ posture.

    • A.

      Sway-back

    • B.

      Lordosis

    • C.

      Good

    • D.

      Kyphosis

    Correct Answer
    C. Good
    Explanation
    Maintaining a good posture is essential to avoid back strain while giving a shampoo or other service. A good posture involves keeping the spine aligned, with the shoulders relaxed and the natural curves of the spine properly supported. This helps distribute the weight evenly and reduces the strain on the back muscles. Therefore, maintaining a good posture is important to prevent any discomfort or injury while providing services.

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  • 2. 

    In order to give the body support and balance and to help maintain good posture, the cosmetologist should wear:

    • A.

      Ankle support boots

    • B.

      High-heeled shoes

    • C.

      Low-heeled shoes

    • D.

      Sandals

    Correct Answer
    C. Low-heeled shoes
    Explanation
    Cosmetologists are required to be on their feet for long periods of time, so it is important for them to wear shoes that provide support and balance. Low-heeled shoes are the best option as they offer stability and help maintain good posture. High-heeled shoes may cause discomfort and increase the risk of injury, while sandals and ankle support boots may not provide enough support for standing for extended periods. Therefore, low-heeled shoes are the most suitable choice for a cosmetologist.

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  • 3. 

    Thoughfulness of others is considered to be the basis of:

    • A.

      Good grooming

    • B.

      Salesmanship

    • C.

      Vitality

    • D.

      Courtesy

    Correct Answer
    D. Courtesy
    Explanation
    Courtesy is considered to be the basis of thoughtfulness towards others. Being courteous involves showing respect, kindness, and consideration towards others. It includes being mindful of others' feelings, being polite in interactions, and demonstrating good manners. By practicing courtesy, individuals can create a positive and harmonious environment in their personal and professional relationships.

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  • 4. 

    One of the cosmetologists' most important personal assets is their:

    • A.

      Aggressiveness

    • B.

      Personality

    • C.

      Clothes

    • D.

      Indifference

    Correct Answer
    B. Personality
    Explanation
    A cosmetologist's personality is their most important personal asset because it directly influences their interactions with clients. A pleasant and friendly personality can make clients feel comfortable and build trust, leading to better customer satisfaction and loyalty. Additionally, a cosmetologist's personality can also affect their ability to communicate effectively, understand clients' needs, and provide personalized services. It is important for cosmetologists to have a positive and professional demeanor, as it can greatly impact their success in the beauty industry.

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  • 5. 

    One important part of professionalism is

    • A.

      Arrogance

    • B.

      Posture

    • C.

      Punctuality

    • D.

      Antecedents

    Correct Answer
    C. Punctuality
    Explanation
    Punctuality is an important part of professionalism because it demonstrates respect for others' time and shows a commitment to fulfilling obligations. Being punctual allows for effective planning and organization, ensuring that tasks and meetings can start and end on time. It also reflects reliability and dependability, which are crucial qualities in a professional setting. By being punctual, individuals can establish a positive reputation and build trust with colleagues and clients. Overall, punctuality contributes to a productive and efficient work environment.

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  • 6. 

    To be liked, it is important to handle clients with:

    • A.

      Familiarity

    • B.

      Tact

    • C.

      Timidity

    • D.

      Patronization

    Correct Answer
    B. Tact
    Explanation
    To be liked, it is important to handle clients with tact. Tact refers to the ability to communicate and interact with others in a sensitive and diplomatic manner. When dealing with clients, using tact means being respectful, considerate, and understanding of their needs and concerns. It involves carefully choosing words, listening actively, and responding appropriately. By handling clients with tact, individuals can build positive relationships, gain trust, and create a favorable impression, ultimately increasing the likelihood of being liked and respected by clients.

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  • 7. 

    The science that deals with healthful living are:

    • A.

      Chemistry

    • B.

      Hygiene

    • C.

      Bacteriology

    • D.

      Cosmetology

    Correct Answer
    B. Hygiene
    Explanation
    Hygiene is the correct answer because it is the science that deals with healthful living. It focuses on practices and behaviors that promote health and prevent diseases. Hygiene includes personal hygiene, such as proper handwashing and dental care, as well as public hygiene, such as sanitation and waste management. By practicing good hygiene, individuals can maintain their health and prevent the spread of illnesses.

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  • 8. 

    The practice of public hygiene is important because it helps to preserve the:

    • A.

      Quality of cosmetology services

    • B.

      Health of the individual

    • C.

      Health of the community

    • D.

      Quality of cosmetic products

    Correct Answer
    C. Health of the community
    Explanation
    The practice of public hygiene is important because it helps to preserve the health of the community. Public hygiene measures such as proper sanitation, clean water supply, and waste management play a crucial role in preventing the spread of infectious diseases within a community. By maintaining good hygiene practices, individuals can minimize the risk of transmitting illnesses to others, thereby safeguarding the overall health and well-being of the community as a whole.

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  • 9. 

    Bad or offensive breath may be treated and minimized by:

    • A.

      Gargling with an astringent

    • B.

      Spraying with a disinfectant

    • C.

      Spraying with a perfumed caustic

    • D.

      Rinsing with mouthwash

    Correct Answer
    D. Rinsing with mouthwash
    Explanation
    Rinsing with mouthwash is an effective way to treat and minimize bad or offensive breath. Mouthwash contains ingredients such as antiseptics and deodorizers that help kill bacteria in the mouth and mask unpleasant odors. Gargling with an astringent and spraying with a disinfectant may also help to some extent, but they may not be as effective as mouthwash in combating bad breath. On the other hand, spraying with a perfumed caustic is not a recommended method as it may cause irritation and damage to the oral tissues.

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  • 10. 

    One of the best advertisements of an effectively run salon is a cosmetologist who is:

    • A.

      Well groomed

    • B.

      Behind schedule

    • C.

      Fatigued

    • D.

      Reading styling magazines

    Correct Answer
    A. Well groomed
    Explanation
    A cosmetologist who is well groomed serves as a living advertisement for the salon. Their appearance reflects their expertise and professionalism, making them more credible and trustworthy in the eyes of potential clients. It shows that they take pride in their work and pay attention to detail, which is essential in the beauty industry. A well-groomed cosmetologist also sets a high standard for the salon's overall image and creates a positive first impression for clients.

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  • 11. 

    Pathogenic bacteria are especially common

    • A.

      In dry places

    • B.

      On implements

    • C.

      In dirty places

    • D.

      On clean towels

    Correct Answer
    C. In dirty places
    Explanation
    Pathogenic bacteria are especially common in dirty places because these environments provide favorable conditions for their growth and survival. Dirty places often have a higher concentration of organic matter, such as food particles or bodily fluids, which serve as nutrients for bacteria. Additionally, dirty places are more likely to have poor sanitation practices, allowing bacteria to thrive. In contrast, clean towels are less likely to harbor pathogenic bacteria as they are regularly washed and dried, reducing the chances of bacterial growth.

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  • 12. 

    Pustules and boils are infections containing

    • A.

      Non-pathogenic organisms

    • B.

      Pathogenic bacteria

    • C.

      Sebum

    • D.

      Ringworm

    Correct Answer
    B. Pathogenic bacteria
    Explanation
    Pustules and boils are typically caused by infections, and the presence of pathogenic bacteria is the most common cause of such infections. These bacteria can invade the skin and hair follicles, leading to the formation of pustules and boils. Sebum, a natural oil produced by the skin, can contribute to the development of these infections by providing a favorable environment for bacterial growth. Non-pathogenic organisms and ringworm are not typically associated with the development of pustules and boils.

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  • 13. 

    Disease may be spread in a salon by:

    • A.

      Dry hands

    • B.

      Unclean hands

    • C.

      Laundered towels

    • D.

      Sanitized implements

    Correct Answer
    B. Unclean hands
    Explanation
    Unclean hands can spread disease in a salon because they may come into contact with various surfaces, tools, and products that can harbor bacteria or viruses. When salon employees or clients have unclean hands, they can easily transfer these pathogens to others, leading to the spread of diseases. It is important for everyone in a salon setting to practice proper hand hygiene by washing their hands regularly and using hand sanitizers to prevent the transmission of harmful microorganisms.

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  • 14. 

    A wet sanitizer should contain

    • A.

      A disinfectant solution

    • B.

      30% alcohol

    • C.

      An antiseptic solution

    • D.

      2% formalin

    Correct Answer
    A. A disinfectant solution
    Explanation
    A wet sanitizer should contain a disinfectant solution because disinfectants are substances that kill or inactivate microorganisms on surfaces, making them effective in reducing the spread of germs and preventing infections. Alcohol, antiseptic solutions, and formalin may have their uses in different contexts, but a disinfectant solution is specifically designed to eliminate harmful microorganisms and is therefore the most appropriate choice for a wet sanitizer.

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  • 15. 

    The active gas in formalin is:

    • A.

      Chlorine

    • B.

      Oxygen

    • C.

      Sulfur

    • D.

      Formaldehyde

    Correct Answer
    D. Formaldehyde
    Explanation
    Formalin is a solution of formaldehyde gas dissolved in water. Therefore, the active gas in formalin is formaldehyde. Chlorine, oxygen, and sulfur are not the active gases in formalin.

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  • 16. 

    Chemical solutions used in a beauty salon should be stored in

    • A.

      Heated cabinets

    • B.

      The reception area

    • C.

      Properly labeled containers

    • D.

      Wet sanitizers

    Correct Answer
    C. Properly labeled containers
    Explanation
    Chemical solutions used in a beauty salon should be stored in properly labeled containers to ensure safety and prevent any potential hazards. Proper labeling helps in identifying the contents of the containers, which is crucial for handling and using the chemicals correctly. It also helps to prevent any confusion or accidental misuse of the solutions. Properly labeled containers also aid in complying with regulatory requirements and maintaining a safe working environment for both salon staff and customers.

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  • 17. 

    A formalin solution is commonly used as a

    • A.

      Deodorant

    • B.

      Styptic

    • C.

      Sanitizing agent

    • D.

      Cleansing agent

    Correct Answer
    C. Sanitizing agent
    Explanation
    Formalin solution is commonly used as a sanitizing agent because it contains formaldehyde, which has strong antimicrobial properties. It is effective in killing bacteria, viruses, and fungi, making it suitable for disinfecting surfaces, medical equipment, and preserving biological specimens. The solution's ability to neutralize and eliminate harmful microorganisms makes it an ideal choice for maintaining cleanliness and reducing the risk of infections in various settings such as hospitals, laboratories, and food processing industries.

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  • 18. 

    To be effective, a dry sanitizer may contain (depending upon each state):

    • A.

      A peroxide solution

    • B.

      70% alcohol

    • C.

      A disinfectant solution

    • D.

      An active fumigant

    Correct Answer
    D. An active fumigant
  • 19. 

    Combs and brushes are sanitized by immersion in a ________ solution.

    • A.

      Deodorant

    • B.

      Boric acid

    • C.

      Disinfectant

    • D.

      Thio

    Correct Answer
    C. Disinfectant
    Explanation
    Combs and brushes need to be sanitized to remove any bacteria, germs, or dirt that may be present on them. Immersion in a disinfectant solution is an effective way to achieve this. Disinfectants are specifically designed to kill or neutralize microorganisms, making them a suitable choice for sanitizing tools like combs and brushes. Deodorant, boric acid, and thio do not have the same sanitizing properties as disinfectants, so they would not be as effective in this context.

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  • 20. 

    Freedom from disease-bearing germs is referred to as:

    • A.

      Bactericide

    • B.

      Antiseptic

    • C.

      Germicide

    • D.

      Asepsis

    Correct Answer
    D. Asepsis
    Explanation
    Asepsis refers to the state of being free from disease-causing germs. It involves practices and techniques that prevent the entry or spread of microorganisms, such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi. This can be achieved through sterilization, disinfection, and proper hygiene measures. Asepsis is commonly used in medical settings, such as hospitals and operating rooms, to prevent infections and maintain a clean and safe environment.

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  • 21. 

    Sanitized implements are stored in a/an

    • A.

      Open box

    • B.

      Open cabinet

    • C.

      Dry sanitizer

    • D.

      Wet sanitizer

    Correct Answer
    C. Dry sanitizer
    Explanation
    Sanitized implements are stored in a dry sanitizer because it helps to kill bacteria and prevent the growth of microorganisms on the tools. A dry sanitizer typically uses heat or UV light to disinfect the implements, ensuring they are clean and safe for use. Storing the sanitized implements in a dry sanitizer helps to maintain their cleanliness and reduces the risk of contamination.

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  • 22. 

    Cosmetologists should clean their hands:

    • A.

      In the morning

    • B.

      Every morning and afternoon

    • C.

      Whenever they get dirty

    • D.

      Before and after serving a client

    Correct Answer
    D. Before and after serving a client
    Explanation
    Cosmetologists should clean their hands before and after serving a client to maintain proper hygiene and prevent the spread of germs and bacteria. By cleaning their hands before serving a client, they ensure that they are not transferring any dirt or contaminants onto the client's skin or hair. After serving a client, cleaning their hands again helps to remove any product residue or potential pathogens that may have been present during the service. This practice is crucial in maintaining a safe and clean environment for both the cosmetologist and the client.

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  • 23. 

    A person who, although immune to a disease himself, can infect other persons with a disease is known as a/an:

    • A.

      Infector

    • B.

      Carrier

    • C.

      Immunizer

    • D.

      Pathogen

    Correct Answer
    B. Carrier
    Explanation
    A carrier is a person who is immune to a disease themselves, but can still transmit the disease to others. They act as a reservoir for the pathogen, carrying and spreading it to others without showing any symptoms. This can lead to the further spread of the disease within a population, making carriers an important factor in disease transmission.

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  • 24. 

    A chemical agent that destroys germs is called a/an

    • A.

      Disinfectant

    • B.

      Antiseptic

    • C.

      Fumigant

    • D.

      Sepsis

    Correct Answer
    A. Disinfectant
    Explanation
    A disinfectant is a chemical agent that is used to destroy germs. It is typically used on inanimate objects or surfaces to kill or inhibit the growth of microorganisms. Disinfectants are commonly used in hospitals, households, and other settings to prevent the spread of infectious diseases. Unlike antiseptics, which are used on living tissues, disinfectants are not safe for use on the skin or internal body surfaces. Fumigants, on the other hand, are chemicals used to eliminate pests or insects by filling an area with toxic gases. Sepsis refers to a severe infection that can occur when germs enter the bloodstream.

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  • 25. 

    To create vapors in a cabinet sanitizer, place one tablespoon of formalin in a small tray with one tablespoon of:

    • A.

      Alcohol

    • B.

      Cresol

    • C.

      Lysol

    • D.

      Borax

    Correct Answer
    D. Borax
    Explanation
    Borax is the correct answer because when combined with formalin, it can create vapors in a cabinet sanitizer. Alcohol, cresol, and Lysol do not have the same reaction with formalin to produce vapors.

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  • 26. 

    The outer protective layer of the skin is called the

    • A.

      Dermis

    • B.

      Adipose

    • C.

      Epidermis

    • D.

      Subcutaneous

    Correct Answer
    C. Epidermis
    Explanation
    The correct answer is epidermis. The epidermis is the outermost layer of the skin and acts as a protective barrier against environmental factors such as UV radiation, pathogens, and chemicals. It is composed of multiple layers of cells, including keratinocytes, which produce the protein keratin that gives the skin its strength and waterproofing properties. The epidermis also contains melanocytes, which produce the pigment melanin that gives color to the skin, and Langerhans cells, which are part of the immune system.

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  • 27. 

    The largest organ of the human body is the:

    • A.

      Heart

    • B.

      Lungs

    • C.

      Skin

    • D.

      Stomach

    Correct Answer
    C. Skin
    Explanation
    The skin is the largest organ of the human body. It covers the entire body and serves as a protective barrier against external elements. It helps regulate body temperature, prevents dehydration, and houses various sensory receptors. The skin also plays a role in the production of vitamin D and helps eliminate waste through sweat.

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  • 28. 

    The color the skin depends on the blood supply to the skin and the coloring pigment called:

    • A.

      Keratin

    • B.

      Melanin

    • C.

      Collagen

    • D.

      Tyrosine

    Correct Answer
    B. Melanin
    Explanation
    The color of the skin depends on the blood supply to the skin and the coloring pigment called melanin. Melanin is produced by special cells called melanocytes, which are located in the epidermis. The amount and type of melanin in the skin determine its color. Higher levels of melanin result in darker skin, while lower levels lead to lighter skin tones. Melanin also helps protect the skin from the harmful effects of ultraviolet (UV) radiation.

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  • 29. 

    Of the following skin structures, the most active in heat regulation are the _________ glands.

    • A.

      Follicle

    • B.

      Sebaceous

    • C.

      Sweat

    • D.

      Oil

    Correct Answer
    C. Sweat
    Explanation
    Sweat glands are the most active skin structures in heat regulation. Sweat glands produce sweat, which helps to cool down the body by evaporating from the skin's surface. When the body temperature rises, sweat glands are stimulated to produce more sweat, which then evaporates and cools the body. This process helps to regulate body temperature and prevent overheating.

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  • 30. 

    The ability of the skin to stretch and regain its natural shape reveals it:

    • A.

      Tension

    • B.

      Oiliness

    • C.

      Dryness

    • D.

      Elasticity

    Correct Answer
    D. Elasticity
    Explanation
    The ability of the skin to stretch and regain its natural shape indicates its elasticity. Elasticity refers to the skin's ability to stretch and then return to its original form. This characteristic is important for maintaining the skin's overall health and appearance. Skin that lacks elasticity may appear saggy or wrinkled, while skin with good elasticity will be able to bounce back and maintain a more youthful appearance.

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  • 31. 

    The primary purpose of hair is to

    • A.

      Keep the scalp moist

    • B.

      Protect and adorn

    • C.

      Keep the scalp dry

    • D.

      Maintain body temperature

    Correct Answer
    B. Protect and adorn
    Explanation
    Hair serves the primary purpose of protecting and adorning the body. It acts as a physical barrier, shielding the scalp from external factors such as UV radiation, heat, and cold. Additionally, hair can help to prevent the loss of moisture from the scalp, keeping it hydrated. Furthermore, hair plays a significant role in personal appearance and self-expression, enhancing one's physical attractiveness and allowing for various hairstyles and adornments. Overall, the primary functions of hair are to protect the scalp and to contribute to one's aesthetic appeal.

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  • 32. 

    The cold shaft is that portion of the hair that:

    • A.

      Projects into the skin

    • B.

      Projects 1 inch beyond the skin

    • C.

      Fits into the follicle

    • D.

      Fits the papilla

    Correct Answer
    B. Projects 1 inch beyond the skin
    Explanation
    The cold shaft is the portion of the hair that projects 1 inch beyond the skin. This means that it extends beyond the surface of the skin by a specific length. The other options, such as projecting into the skin, fitting into the follicle, or fitting the papilla, do not accurately describe the cold shaft and are therefore incorrect.

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  • 33. 

    Hair growth starts at the hair's:

    • A.

      Shaft

    • B.

      Bulb

    • C.

      Nape

    • D.

      Papilla

    Correct Answer
    D. Papilla
    Explanation
    Hair growth starts at the hair's papilla, which is a small structure at the base of the hair follicle. The papilla contains blood vessels that supply nutrients to the hair follicle, allowing the hair to grow. The cells in the papilla divide and multiply, pushing the hair shaft up and out of the follicle. Therefore, the papilla is responsible for initiating and supporting hair growth.

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  • 34. 

    Eyelashes and eyebrows are replaced approximately every:

    • A.

      Other month

    • B.

      Two months

    • C.

      Eight to nine months

    • D.

      Four to five months

    Correct Answer
    D. Four to five months
    Explanation
    Eyelashes and eyebrows have a natural growth cycle, which means that they fall out and are replaced by new ones. The average lifespan of an eyelash or eyebrow hair is about four to five months. After this time, they naturally shed and new ones grow in their place. This continuous replacement process helps to maintain the health and appearance of the eyelashes and eyebrows.

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  • 35. 

    Texture refers to the degree of the hair's

    • A.

      Tensile strength

    • B.

      Coarseness or fineness

    • C.

      Elasticity

    • D.

      Pliability

    Correct Answer
    B. Coarseness or fineness
    Explanation
    Texture refers to the coarseness or fineness of the hair. It describes the diameter of individual hair strands and determines how the hair feels and looks. Coarse hair has a larger diameter and feels thicker, while fine hair has a smaller diameter and feels thinner. Texture also affects how the hair responds to styling and chemical treatments.

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  • 36. 

    Itching is an example of a/an:

    • A.

      Subjective symptom

    • B.

      Objective symptom

    • C.

      Primary skin lesion

    • D.

      Secondary skin lesion

    Correct Answer
    A. Subjective symptom
    Explanation
    Itching is considered a subjective symptom because it is a sensation experienced by the individual, and cannot be observed or measured by others. It is a personal perception of discomfort or irritation on the skin, which varies from person to person. Objective symptoms, on the other hand, are observable and measurable by healthcare professionals, such as a rash or swelling. Primary and secondary skin lesions refer to physical changes on the skin, which are not applicable to itching.

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  • 37. 

    Another name for a vesicle is a/an

    • A.

      Cicatrix

    • B.

      Abrasion

    • C.

      Blister

    • D.

      Scab

    Correct Answer
    C. Blister
    Explanation
    A vesicle is another term for a blister. A blister is a small pocket of fluid that forms on the skin, usually caused by friction, burns, or other types of injury. It is a protective response of the body to protect the underlying tissue from further damage. Therefore, the correct answer is blister.

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  • 38. 

    A disease that lasts a long time is described as being:

    • A.

      Chronic

    • B.

      Acute

    • C.

      Objective

    • D.

      Subjective

    Correct Answer
    A. Chronic
    Explanation
    A disease that lasts a long time is described as chronic. Chronic diseases are characterized by their long duration and often develop slowly. They can persist for months or even years, and may require ongoing medical management and treatment. Unlike acute diseases, which have a sudden onset and typically resolve within a short period of time, chronic diseases are long-lasting and often have a significant impact on a person's quality of life.

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  • 39. 

    Comedone is the technical name for a:

    • A.

      Whitehead

    • B.

      Pimple

    • C.

      Blackhead

    • D.

      Rash

    Correct Answer
    C. Blackhead
    Explanation
    A comedone is the technical term used to describe a blackhead. This is a small plug that forms in the opening of a hair follicle due to a buildup of oil, dead skin cells, and bacteria. The plug has a dark appearance because it is exposed to air and oxidizes. Unlike a whitehead or pimple, a blackhead is not covered by a layer of skin and therefore appears darker. A rash, on the other hand, refers to a widespread eruption of the skin that can have various causes and does not specifically relate to comedones.

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  • 40. 

    Persons exposed to too much moisture and heat may develop a condition known as:

    • A.

      Anidrosis

    • B.

      Chromidrosis

    • C.

      Hemidrosis

    • D.

      Hyperidrosis

    Correct Answer
    D. Hyperidrosis
    Explanation
    Hyperhidrosis is a condition characterized by excessive sweating. It occurs when the sweat glands become overactive and produce more sweat than is necessary to regulate body temperature. This can be triggered by factors such as high humidity and heat. The term "hyper" means excessive, and "hidrosis" refers to sweating. Therefore, hyperhidrosis is the correct answer as it accurately describes the condition of excessive sweating caused by exposure to too much moisture and heat.

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  • 41. 

    Patches of dry, silvery scales on the scalp or skin may indicate the presence of:

    • A.

      Psoriasis

    • B.

      Eczema

    • C.

      Venenata

    • D.

      Naevus

    Correct Answer
    A. Psoriasis
    Explanation
    Patches of dry, silvery scales on the scalp or skin are a characteristic symptom of psoriasis. Psoriasis is a chronic autoimmune condition that causes the rapid buildup of skin cells, leading to the formation of thick, red, and often itchy patches. These patches can appear anywhere on the body, but are commonly found on the scalp, elbows, knees, and lower back. The silvery scales are a result of the excessive production of skin cells. Other symptoms of psoriasis may include inflammation, pain, and swelling. Treatment options for psoriasis include topical creams, oral medications, and light therapy.

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  • 42. 

    The medical term for ringworm is:

    • A.

      Seborrhea

    • B.

      Tinea

    • C.

      Canities

    • D.

      Naevus

    Correct Answer
    B. Tinea
    Explanation
    The correct answer is tinea. Tinea is the medical term for ringworm, which is a fungal infection of the skin. Seborrhea refers to a skin condition characterized by excessive oiliness, while canities refers to the graying of hair. Naevus is a general term for a birthmark or mole.

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  • 43. 

    Continued friction of the skin may result in the formation of a:

    • A.

      Naevus

    • B.

      Keloid

    • C.

      Keratoma

    • D.

      Verruca

    Correct Answer
    C. Keratoma
    Explanation
    Continued friction of the skin can lead to the formation of a keratoma. A keratoma is a thickened, hardened area of skin that develops in response to repeated pressure or friction. This can occur from wearing ill-fitting shoes or from repetitive actions such as playing musical instruments or sports. The constant rubbing or pressure causes the skin to thicken and harden, resulting in the formation of a keratoma.

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  • 44. 

    Another name for dandruff is:

    • A.

      Alopecia

    • B.

      Steatoma

    • C.

      Pityriasis

    • D.

      Dermatitis

    Correct Answer
    C. Pityriasis
    Explanation
    Pityriasis is another name for dandruff. Pityriasis is a common skin condition characterized by the excessive shedding of dead skin cells from the scalp. It results in the formation of white or yellow flakes that are visible on the hair and shoulders. Alopecia refers to hair loss, steatoma is a type of cyst, and dermatitis refers to inflammation of the skin. None of these terms specifically relate to dandruff, making pityriasis the correct answer.

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  • 45. 

    Small, white scales that usually appear on the scalp and hair are a sign of:

    • A.

      Dermatitis

    • B.

      Eczema

    • C.

      Alopecia

    • D.

      Pityriasis

    Correct Answer
    D. Pityriasis
    Explanation
    Small, white scales that usually appear on the scalp and hair are a sign of pityriasis. Pityriasis is a common skin condition that causes flaking and scaling of the skin. It is often referred to as dandruff when it affects the scalp. The white scales are caused by the excessive shedding of dead skin cells. Pityriasis can be itchy and uncomfortable, but it is not a serious or contagious condition. Treatment options include medicated shampoos and topical creams to help control the symptoms.

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  • 46. 

    Alopecia areata occurs most frequently after an injury to the ________ system.

    • A.

      Circulatory

    • B.

      Muscular

    • C.

      Nervous

    • D.

      Digestive

    Correct Answer
    C. Nervous
    Explanation
    Alopecia areata is an autoimmune condition that causes hair loss. The immune system mistakenly attacks the hair follicles, leading to hair loss. The nervous system plays a role in regulating the immune system, so it is possible that an injury to the nervous system could trigger or contribute to the development of alopecia areata. However, without further information or context, it is difficult to determine the exact relationship between an injury to the nervous system and the occurrence of alopecia areata.

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  • 47. 

    Superfluous hair, or abnormal development of hair on the body, is called:

    • A.

      Alopecia

    • B.

      Hypertrichosis

    • C.

      Canities

    • D.

      Monilethrix

    Correct Answer
    B. Hypertrichosis
    Explanation
    Hypertrichosis is the correct answer because it refers to the abnormal development of hair on the body. Alopecia, on the other hand, is the opposite condition where there is hair loss or baldness. Canities refers to the graying or whitening of hair, while monilethrix is a rare genetic condition that causes the hair to be brittle and break easily. Therefore, hypertrichosis is the most appropriate term to describe the excessive or abnormal growth of hair.

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  • 48. 

    Elasticity is the ability of the hair to

    • A.

      Stretch until breaking

    • B.

      Stretch and return without breaking

    • C.

      Stretch

    • D.

      Constrict when dry

    Correct Answer
    B. Stretch and return without breaking
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "stretch and return without breaking." Elasticity refers to the hair's ability to stretch and then return to its original state without breaking. This is an important characteristic of healthy hair as it allows for flexibility and resilience. Hair with good elasticity is less prone to damage and breakage, making it easier to style and manage.

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  • 49. 

    The first consideration of the cosmetologist always should be the:

    • A.

      Fee to be charged

    • B.

      Protection of the client

    • C.

      Time consumed

    • D.

      Client's tip

    Correct Answer
    B. Protection of the client
    Explanation
    The first consideration of a cosmetologist should always be the protection of the client. This means ensuring the client's safety and well-being during any cosmetic procedure or treatment. It includes using proper sanitation and hygiene practices, following safety protocols, and using safe and suitable products. Prioritizing the protection of the client helps to prevent any potential harm or adverse reactions, ensuring a positive and safe experience for the client.

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  • 50. 

    When draping for thermal curling or waving, a plastic cape may create:

    • A.

      Toxic fumes

    • B.

      A fire hazard

    • C.

      Technical failures

    • D.

      Short circuits

    Correct Answer
    B. A fire hazard
    Explanation
    When draping for thermal curling or waving, a plastic cape may create a fire hazard. This is because the high heat from the thermal tools can cause the plastic cape to melt or catch fire, leading to potential burns or damage to the surrounding area. It is important to use fire-resistant materials or alternatives to plastic capes to ensure the safety of both the stylist and the client.

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