New Jersey Cosmetology Review Exam 2

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New Jersey Cosmetology State Board Quizzes & Trivia

This is a Cosmetology Review Exam created to assist in preparing Cosmetology students for the NJ State Board Exam. Please let me know if you feel a question/answer is wrong by e-mail, which is my username@gmail. Com.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    To avoid back strain while giving a shampoo or other service, maintain a ______ posture.

    • A.

      Sway-back

    • B.

      Lordosis

    • C.

      Good

    • D.

      Kyphosis

    Correct Answer
    C. Good
    Explanation
    Maintaining a good posture while giving a shampoo or any other service helps to avoid back strain. A good posture involves keeping the spine aligned, shoulders relaxed, and maintaining a neutral position. This helps distribute the weight evenly and reduces the strain on the back muscles, preventing any potential injuries or discomfort.

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  • 2. 

    In order to give the body support and balance and to help maintain good posture, the cosmetologist should wear:

    • A.

      Ankle support boots

    • B.

      High-heeled shoes

    • C.

      Low-heeled shoes

    • D.

      Sandals

    Correct Answer
    C. Low-heeled shoes
    Explanation
    The cosmetologist should wear low-heeled shoes in order to give their body support and balance and to help maintain good posture. Low-heeled shoes provide stability and reduce the risk of falls or injuries that can occur with high-heeled shoes or sandals. They also distribute the body weight more evenly, reducing strain on the feet, ankles, and back. Wearing low-heeled shoes allows the cosmetologist to move comfortably and safely while performing their job.

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  • 3. 

    Thoughfulness of others is considered to be the basis of:

    • A.

      Good grooming

    • B.

      Salesmanship

    • C.

      Vitality

    • D.

      Courtesy

    Correct Answer
    D. Courtesy
    Explanation
    The thoughtfulness of others is considered to be the basis of courtesy. Courtesy involves being considerate and respectful towards others, taking their feelings and needs into account. When we are thoughtful towards others, we show courtesy by being polite, kind, and considerate in our interactions. Thoughtfulness allows us to be aware of how our actions and words impact others, and it helps us to treat others with kindness and respect. Therefore, courtesy is built upon the foundation of thoughtfulness towards others.

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  • 4. 

    One of cosmetologists' most important personal assets is their:

    • A.

      Aggressiveness

    • B.

      Personality

    • C.

      Clothes

    • D.

      Indifference

    Correct Answer
    B. Personality
    Explanation
    Cosmetologists interact closely with clients and their success heavily relies on building relationships and creating a comfortable environment. A pleasing and friendly personality is crucial in establishing trust and rapport with clients, making them feel valued and confident in the cosmetologist's skills. It also contributes to creating a positive and enjoyable experience for clients, increasing the likelihood of repeat business and referrals. Therefore, personality is an essential personal asset for cosmetologists.

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  • 5. 

    One important part of professionalism is

    • A.

      Arrogance

    • B.

      Posture

    • C.

      Punctuality

    • D.

      Antecedents

    Correct Answer
    C. Punctuality
    Explanation
    Punctuality is an important part of professionalism because it demonstrates respect for others' time and shows a commitment to meeting deadlines and obligations. Being punctual allows individuals to establish a reputation for reliability and dependability, which are crucial qualities in a professional setting. It also helps to create a positive work environment, as colleagues can trust that tasks will be completed on time. Overall, punctuality is a key aspect of professionalism that contributes to productivity and the smooth functioning of a team or organization.

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  • 6. 

    To be liked, it is important to handle clients with:

    • A.

      Familiarity

    • B.

      Tact

    • C.

      Timidity

    • D.

      Patronization

    Correct Answer
    B. Tact
    Explanation
    To be liked, it is important to handle clients with tact. Tact refers to the ability to communicate and interact with others in a sensitive and diplomatic manner. It involves being considerate of others' feelings, opinions, and needs, while still effectively addressing any issues or concerns. By handling clients with tact, individuals can build positive relationships, maintain professionalism, and effectively resolve conflicts or challenges that may arise. This approach helps to foster trust, respect, and satisfaction, ultimately leading to a stronger and more successful client-business relationship.

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  • 7. 

    The science that deals with healthful living is:

    • A.

      Chemistry

    • B.

      Hygiene

    • C.

      Bacteriology

    • D.

      Cosmetology

    Correct Answer
    B. Hygiene
    Explanation
    Hygiene is the correct answer because it is the science that focuses on healthful living. It involves practices and behaviors that promote cleanliness and prevent the spread of diseases. Hygiene includes personal hygiene, such as proper handwashing and dental care, as well as environmental hygiene, such as sanitation and waste management. By maintaining good hygiene practices, individuals can enhance their overall health and well-being.

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  • 8. 

    The practice of public hygiene is important because it helps to preserve the:

    • A.

      Quality of cosmetology services

    • B.

      Health of the individual

    • C.

      Health of the community

    • D.

      Quality of cosmetic products

    Correct Answer
    C. Health of the community
    Explanation
    The practice of public hygiene is important because it helps to prevent the spread of diseases and maintain a clean and safe environment for everyone in the community. By practicing good hygiene habits such as washing hands regularly, covering mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing, and maintaining cleanliness in public spaces, the risk of infections and illnesses can be significantly reduced. This ultimately contributes to the overall health and well-being of the community as a whole.

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  • 9. 

    Bad or offensive breath may be treated and minimized by:

    • A.

      Gargling with an astringent

    • B.

      Spraying with a disinfectant

    • C.

      Spraying with a perfumed caustic

    • D.

      Rinsing with mouthwash

    Correct Answer
    D. Rinsing with mouthwash
    Explanation
    Rinsing with mouthwash is an effective way to treat and minimize bad or offensive breath. Mouthwash contains ingredients such as antiseptics and deodorizers that help kill bacteria and neutralize odors in the mouth. By rinsing with mouthwash, it helps to freshen breath and maintain oral hygiene. Gargling with an astringent, spraying with a disinfectant, or spraying with a perfumed caustic may not have the same antibacterial properties or freshening effect as mouthwash, making rinsing with mouthwash the most suitable option for treating bad breath.

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  • 10. 

    One of the best advertisements of an effectively run salon is a cosmetologist who is:

    • A.

      Well groomed

    • B.

      Behind schedule

    • C.

      Fatigued

    • D.

      Reading styling magazines

    Correct Answer
    A. Well groomed
    Explanation
    A well-groomed cosmetologist is considered one of the best advertisements for an effectively run salon because their appearance reflects their expertise and professionalism. When a cosmetologist takes care of their personal grooming, it gives clients confidence in their abilities and showcases their attention to detail. It also creates a positive impression and sets a high standard for the salon's overall image.

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  • 11. 

    Pathogenic bacteria are especially common

    • A.

      In dry places

    • B.

      On implements

    • C.

      In dirty places

    • D.

      On clean towels

    Correct Answer
    C. In dirty places
    Explanation
    Pathogenic bacteria are especially common in dirty places because these environments provide favorable conditions for their growth and survival. Dirty places often have an accumulation of organic matter, such as food residues or bodily fluids, which can serve as a nutrient source for bacteria. Additionally, dirty places may have poor sanitation and hygiene practices, allowing bacteria to thrive and spread easily. In contrast, clean towels and dry places are less likely to harbor pathogenic bacteria due to regular cleaning and maintenance, making them less suitable for bacterial growth.

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  • 12. 

    Pustules and boils are infections containing

    • A.

      Non-pathogenic organisms

    • B.

      Pathogenic bacteria

    • C.

      Sebum

    • D.

      Ringworm

    Correct Answer
    B. Pathogenic bacteria
    Explanation
    Pustules and boils are infections characterized by the presence of pus, which is a thick fluid that forms as a result of the body's immune response to an infection. Pathogenic bacteria are known to cause such infections, as they can invade the body and trigger an immune response that leads to the formation of pus-filled lesions. Therefore, the presence of pathogenic bacteria is the most logical explanation for the correct answer.

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  • 13. 

    Disease may be spread in a salon by:

    • A.

      Dry hands

    • B.

      Unclean hands

    • C.

      Laundered towels

    • D.

      Sanitized implements

    Correct Answer
    B. Unclean hands
    Explanation
    Disease may be spread in a salon by unclean hands because hands can carry bacteria and viruses that can be easily transmitted to surfaces, tools, and other people. Proper hand hygiene, including washing hands with soap and water or using hand sanitizers, is crucial in preventing the spread of diseases in a salon setting. Unclean hands can contaminate equipment, towels, and other surfaces, increasing the risk of infection for both salon staff and clients.

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  • 14. 

    A wet sanitizer should contain

    • A.

      A disinfectant solution

    • B.

      30% alcohol

    • C.

      An antiseptic solution

    • D.

      2% formalin

    Correct Answer
    A. A disinfectant solution
    Explanation
    A wet sanitizer should contain a disinfectant solution because disinfectants are specifically designed to kill or inactivate microorganisms on surfaces. They are effective in reducing the number of pathogens and preventing the spread of infections. Alcohol, antiseptic solutions, and formalin are not necessarily required in a sanitizer, but a disinfectant solution is essential for its antimicrobial properties.

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  • 15. 

    The active gas in formalin is:

    • A.

      Chlorine

    • B.

      Oxygen

    • C.

      Sulfur

    • D.

      Formaldehyde

    Correct Answer
    D. Formaldehyde
    Explanation
    Formalin is a solution of formaldehyde gas dissolved in water. Therefore, the active gas in formalin is formaldehyde. Formaldehyde is a colorless gas with a strong odor and is commonly used as a disinfectant and preservative. It is used in various industries, including healthcare, manufacturing, and laboratories.

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  • 16. 

    Chemical solutions used in a beauty salon should be stored in

    • A.

      Heated cabinets

    • B.

      The reception area

    • C.

      Properly labeled containers

    • D.

      Wet sanitizers

    Correct Answer
    C. Properly labeled containers
    Explanation
    Chemical solutions used in a beauty salon should be stored in properly labeled containers to ensure safety and prevent any potential accidents or misuse. Proper labeling helps identify the contents of the containers, allowing salon staff to handle them correctly and avoid any confusion or mix-ups. It also helps in emergency situations, as first responders can quickly identify the nature of the chemicals present. Additionally, proper labeling ensures compliance with regulatory requirements and helps maintain a clean and organized salon environment.

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  • 17. 

    A formalin solution is commonly used as a

    • A.

      Deodorant

    • B.

      Styptic

    • C.

      Sanitizing agent

    • D.

      Cleansing agent

    Correct Answer
    C. Sanitizing agent
    Explanation
    Formalin is a solution of formaldehyde gas in water, and it is commonly used as a sanitizing agent. It has strong antimicrobial properties and is effective in killing bacteria, viruses, and fungi. Formalin is often used in medical settings to disinfect equipment, surfaces, and instruments. It is also used in the preservation of biological specimens and in the embalming process. Therefore, it is clear that formalin is primarily used as a sanitizing agent rather than a deodorant, styptic, or cleansing agent.

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  • 18. 

    To be effective, a dry sanitizer may contain (depending upon each state):

    • A.

      A peroxide solution

    • B.

      70% alcohol

    • C.

      A disinfectant solution

    • D.

      An active fumigant

    Correct Answer
    D. An active fumigant
    Explanation
    A dry sanitizer may contain an active fumigant in order to be effective. Fumigants are chemicals that are used to kill pests, such as insects or rodents, by releasing toxic gases or vapors. In the context of sanitization, an active fumigant can help eliminate any potential pathogens or microorganisms that may be present on surfaces or in the air. This additional component enhances the sanitizing properties of the dry sanitizer, making it more efficient in killing harmful organisms and ensuring a clean and safe environment.

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  • 19. 

    Combs and brushes are sanitized by immersion in a ________ solution.

    • A.

      Deodorant

    • B.

      Boric acid

    • C.

      Disinfectant

    • D.

      Thio

    Correct Answer
    C. Disinfectant
    Explanation
    Combs and brushes need to be sanitized to remove any dirt, bacteria, or other contaminants that may be present. Immersion in a disinfectant solution is an effective way to kill or inhibit the growth of microorganisms on these items. Disinfectants are specifically designed to eliminate or reduce the number of harmful pathogens, making them the appropriate choice for sanitizing combs and brushes. Deodorant, boric acid, and thio are not typically used for this purpose and may not have the same sanitizing properties as a disinfectant.

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  • 20. 

    Freedom from disease-bearing germs is referred to as:

    • A.

      Bactericide

    • B.

      Antiseptic

    • C.

      Germicide

    • D.

      Asepsis

    Correct Answer
    D. Asepsis
    Explanation
    Asepsis refers to the state of being free from disease-causing germs. It involves the prevention of the introduction or spread of infectious agents. This can be achieved through various methods such as sterilization, disinfection, and proper hygiene practices. Asepsis is crucial in healthcare settings to prevent the transmission of infections and maintain a safe and clean environment for patients and healthcare professionals.

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  • 21. 

    Sanitized implements are stored in a/an

    • A.

      Open box

    • B.

      Open cabinet

    • C.

      Dry sanitizer

    • D.

      Wet sanitizer

    Correct Answer
    C. Dry sanitizer
    Explanation
    Sanitized implements are stored in a dry sanitizer to ensure that they are kept clean and free from bacteria or germs. A dry sanitizer typically uses heat or chemicals to kill any microorganisms on the implements, making them safe for use. Storing sanitized implements in a dry sanitizer helps maintain their cleanliness and prevents the growth of harmful bacteria.

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  • 22. 

    Cosmetologists should clean their hands:

    • A.

      In the morning

    • B.

      Every morning and afternoon

    • C.

      Whenever they get dirty

    • D.

      Before and after serving a client

    Correct Answer
    D. Before and after serving a client
    Explanation
    Cosmetologists should clean their hands before and after serving a client because it is essential for maintaining proper hygiene and preventing the spread of germs and infections. Before serving a client, hand hygiene is necessary to ensure a clean and safe environment for the client. After serving a client, hand hygiene is crucial to remove any potential contaminants and protect the next client from any possible cross-contamination. Regular hand cleaning is a standard practice in the cosmetology industry to maintain the highest level of cleanliness and professionalism.

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  • 23. 

    A person who, although immune to a disease himself, can infect other persons with a disease is known as a/an:

    • A.

      Infector

    • B.

      Carrier

    • C.

      Immunizer

    • D.

      Pathogen

    Correct Answer
    B. Carrier
    Explanation
    A carrier is a person who is immune to a disease themselves but can still transmit the disease to others. They may carry the pathogen in their body without showing any symptoms. This can be dangerous as carriers can unknowingly spread the disease to others who may not have immunity, leading to further transmission and outbreaks.

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  • 24. 

    A chemical agent that destroys germs is called a/an

    • A.

      Disinfectant

    • B.

      Antiseptic

    • C.

      Fumigant

    • D.

      Sepsis

    Correct Answer
    A. Disinfectant
    Explanation
    A disinfectant is a chemical agent that destroys germs. It is commonly used to clean surfaces and objects in order to prevent the spread of infections. Unlike antiseptics, which are used on living tissues, disinfectants are specifically designed for non-living surfaces. Fumigants, on the other hand, are used to eliminate pests and insects, while sepsis refers to a severe infection in the body.

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  • 25. 

    To create vapors in a cabinet sanitizer, place one tablespoon of formalin in a small tray with one tablespoon of:

    • A.

      Alcohol

    • B.

      Cresol

    • C.

      Lysol

    • D.

      Borax

    Correct Answer
    D. Borax
    Explanation
    Borax is the correct answer because when combined with formalin, it helps to create vapors in a cabinet sanitizer. The other options, alcohol, cresol, and Lysol, do not have the same reaction with formalin to produce the desired vapor effect.

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  • 26. 

    The outer protective layer of the skin is called the

    • A.

      Dermis

    • B.

      Adipose

    • C.

      Epidermis

    • D.

      Subcutaneous

    Correct Answer
    C. Epidermis
    Explanation
    The outer protective layer of the skin is called the epidermis. It is the topmost layer of the skin and serves as a barrier against external factors such as UV radiation, bacteria, and chemicals. The epidermis contains several layers of cells, including the outermost layer called the stratum corneum, which is composed of dead skin cells that are constantly shed and replaced. This layer also contains melanocytes, which produce melanin, the pigment responsible for skin color. Overall, the epidermis plays a crucial role in protecting the body and maintaining its integrity.

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  • 27. 

    The largest organ of the human body is the:

    • A.

      Heart

    • B.

      Lungs

    • C.

      Skin

    • D.

      Stomach

    Correct Answer
    C. Skin
    Explanation
    The skin is the largest organ of the human body because it covers the entire external surface. It serves as a protective barrier against external threats, regulates body temperature, and contains sensory receptors for touch, pressure, and pain. The skin also plays a crucial role in the immune system by preventing the entry of pathogens and toxins. Additionally, it helps in the synthesis of Vitamin D when exposed to sunlight.

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  • 28. 

    The color the skin depends on the blood supply to the skin and the coloring pigment called:

    • A.

      Keratin

    • B.

      Melanin

    • C.

      Collagen

    • D.

      Tyrosine

    Correct Answer
    B. Melanin
    Explanation
    The color of the skin is determined by the blood supply and the pigment called melanin. Melanin is responsible for giving color to the skin, hair, and eyes. It is produced by special cells called melanocytes, which are located in the epidermis. The amount and type of melanin present in the skin determine its color. Higher levels of melanin result in darker skin tones, while lower levels result in lighter skin tones. Melanin also helps protect the skin from the harmful effects of the sun's ultraviolet (UV) radiation.

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  • 29. 

    Of the following skin structures, the most active in heat regulation are the _________ glands.

    • A.

      Follicle

    • B.

      Sebaceous

    • C.

      Sweat

    • D.

      Oil

    Correct Answer
    C. Sweat
    Explanation
    Sweat glands are the most active in heat regulation. Sweat glands produce sweat, which is then evaporated from the skin surface, causing a cooling effect on the body. This helps in regulating body temperature and preventing overheating. Follicles are hair structures, sebaceous glands produce oil to moisturize the skin and hair, while sweat glands are responsible for heat regulation.

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  • 30. 

    The ability of the skin to stretch and regain its natural shape reveals it:

    • A.

      Tension

    • B.

      Oiliness

    • C.

      Dryness

    • D.

      Elasticity

    Correct Answer
    D. Elasticity
    Explanation
    The ability of the skin to stretch and regain its natural shape is a characteristic of elasticity. Elasticity refers to the skin's ability to stretch and then return to its original form without any permanent damage or sagging. This is an important quality of healthy skin, as it allows it to accommodate movement and changes in body shape without losing its tightness or firmness.

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  • 31. 

    The primary purpose of hair is to

    • A.

      Keep the scalp moist

    • B.

      Protect and adorn

    • C.

      Keep the scalp dry

    • D.

      Maintain body temperature

    Correct Answer
    B. Protect and adorn
    Explanation
    Hair serves the primary purpose of protecting and adorning the body. It acts as a barrier against external elements such as dust, dirt, and harmful UV rays, preventing them from reaching the scalp and skin. Additionally, hair can enhance one's appearance and serve as a form of self-expression through various hairstyles and colors. While hair does contribute to maintaining body temperature to some extent, its main function lies in providing protection and adding aesthetic appeal.

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  • 32. 

    The cold shaft is that portion of the hair that:

    • A.

      Projects into the skin

    • B.

      Projects 1 inch beyond the skin

    • C.

      Fits into the follicle

    • D.

      Fits the papilla

    Correct Answer
    B. Projects 1 inch beyond the skin
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "projects 1 inch beyond the skin." This means that the cold shaft of the hair extends one inch beyond the surface of the skin. This is important to note because it helps to determine the length of the hair and can affect how it is styled or cut.

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  • 33. 

    Hair growth starts at the hair's:

    • A.

      Shaft

    • B.

      Bulb

    • C.

      Nape

    • D.

      Papilla

    Correct Answer
    D. Papilla
    Explanation
    Hair growth starts at the hair's papilla, which is a small structure at the base of the hair follicle. The papilla contains blood vessels that supply nutrients and oxygen to the hair follicle, allowing the hair to grow. It also contains cells that divide and produce new hair cells, which then push up and out of the follicle, forming the hair shaft. The bulb, nape, and shaft are not directly involved in the initial growth of the hair.

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  • 34. 

    Eyelashes and eyebrows are replaced approximately every:

    • A.

      Other month

    • B.

      Two months

    • C.

      Eight to nine months

    • D.

      Four to five months

    Correct Answer
    D. Four to five months
    Explanation
    Eyelashes and eyebrows have a natural growth cycle, which includes a growth phase, a resting phase, and a shedding phase. On average, this cycle takes around four to five months to complete. During this time, new lashes and eyebrows grow to replace the ones that have fallen out. Therefore, it is expected that eyelashes and eyebrows are replaced approximately every four to five months.

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  • 35. 

    Texture refers to the degree of the hair's

    • A.

      Tensile strength

    • B.

      Coarseness or fineness

    • C.

      Elasticity

    • D.

      Pliability

    Correct Answer
    B. Coarseness or fineness
    Explanation
    Texture refers to the coarseness or fineness of the hair. This refers to how thick or thin each individual strand of hair is. Coarse hair is thicker and has a larger diameter, while fine hair is thinner and has a smaller diameter. The texture of the hair can affect its appearance, how it feels, and how it behaves when styled.

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  • 36. 

    Itching is an example of a/an:

    • A.

      Subjective symptom

    • B.

      Objective symptom

    • C.

      Primary skin lesion

    • D.

      Secondary skin lesion

    Correct Answer
    A. Subjective symptom
    Explanation
    Itching is considered a subjective symptom because it is a sensation that can only be felt and described by the individual experiencing it. It cannot be objectively measured or observed by others. Objective symptoms, on the other hand, can be observed or measured by healthcare professionals. Primary and secondary skin lesions refer to physical changes in the skin, which are not applicable to itching.

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  • 37. 

    Another name for a vesicle is a/an

    • A.

      Cicatrix

    • B.

      Abrasion

    • C.

      Blister

    • D.

      Scab

    Correct Answer
    C. Blister
    Explanation
    A vesicle is a small, fluid-filled blister that forms on the skin. It is often caused by friction or burns. Therefore, the correct answer for another name for a vesicle is "blister".

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  • 38. 

    A disease that lasts a long time is described as being:

    • A.

      Chronic

    • B.

      Acute

    • C.

      Objective

    • D.

      Subjective

    Correct Answer
    A. Chronic
    Explanation
    A disease that lasts a long time is described as chronic. This term is used to characterize medical conditions that persist or recur over an extended period, typically more than three months. Chronic diseases often develop slowly and can have long-term effects on a person's health and quality of life. Unlike acute conditions, which have a sudden onset and usually resolve within a short period, chronic diseases require ongoing management and treatment.

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  • 39. 

    Comedone is the technical name for a:

    • A.

      Whitehead

    • B.

      Pimple

    • C.

      Blackhead

    • D.

      Rash

    Correct Answer
    C. Blackhead
    Explanation
    A comedone is the technical term used to describe a blackhead. Blackheads are formed when hair follicles become clogged with excess oil and dead skin cells. The clogged pore remains open, allowing the trapped material to oxidize and turn black. Unlike whiteheads, which are closed and appear as small, white bumps, blackheads are open and have a dark appearance. Therefore, the correct answer is blackhead.

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  • 40. 

    Persons exposed to too much moisture and heat may develop a condition known as:

    • A.

      Anidrosis

    • B.

      Chromidrosis

    • C.

      Hemidrosis

    • D.

      Hyperidrosis

    Correct Answer
    D. Hyperidrosis
    Explanation
    Hyperhidrosis is a condition characterized by excessive sweating. It is caused by overactive sweat glands and can be triggered by factors such as heat and moisture. Individuals who are exposed to high levels of moisture and heat may experience an increase in sweat production, leading to hyperhidrosis. This condition can cause discomfort and embarrassment for those affected, as it often results in visible sweat patches on clothing. Treatment options for hyperhidrosis include antiperspirants, medications, and in severe cases, surgical intervention.

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  • 41. 

    Patches of dry, silvery scales on the scalp or skin may indicate the presence of:

    • A.

      Psoriasis

    • B.

      Eczema

    • C.

      Venenata

    • D.

      Naevus

    Correct Answer
    A. Psoriasis
    Explanation
    Patches of dry, silvery scales on the scalp or skin are characteristic symptoms of psoriasis. Psoriasis is a chronic autoimmune condition that causes the skin cells to multiply rapidly, leading to the formation of thick, silvery scales and red, inflamed patches. This condition can affect various parts of the body, including the scalp, elbows, knees, and lower back. Psoriasis is not contagious and can be managed with medical treatments and lifestyle changes.

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  • 42. 

    The medical term for ringworm is:

    • A.

      Seborrhea

    • B.

      Tinea

    • C.

      Canities

    • D.

      Naevus

    Correct Answer
    B. Tinea
    Explanation
    Tinea is the correct answer because it is the medical term for ringworm. Ringworm is a common fungal infection of the skin that appears as a red, circular rash with clear skin in the center, resembling a ring. It is caused by various types of fungi and can affect different parts of the body, including the scalp, body, groin, and feet. Seborrhea refers to a skin condition characterized by excessive oiliness, while canities refers to the graying of hair, and naevus refers to a birthmark or mole.

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  • 43. 

    Continued friction of the skin may result in the formation of a:

    • A.

      Naevus

    • B.

      Keloid

    • C.

      Keratoma

    • D.

      Verruca

    Correct Answer
    C. Keratoma
    Explanation
    Continued friction of the skin can lead to the formation of a keratoma. A keratoma is a thickened area of skin caused by excessive pressure or friction. It typically develops as a protective response to repeated irritation or trauma. The constant rubbing or pressure on the skin causes the outer layer to thicken and harden, forming a keratoma. This condition is commonly seen in areas that experience repetitive friction, such as the soles of the feet or palms of the hands.

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  • 44. 

    Another name for dandruff is:

    • A.

      Alopecia

    • B.

      Steatoma

    • C.

      Pityriasis

    • D.

      Dermatitis

    Correct Answer
    C. Pityriasis
    Explanation
    Pityriasis is another name for dandruff. It is a common scalp condition characterized by the shedding of dead skin cells from the scalp, resulting in white flakes. Alopecia refers to hair loss, steatoma is a type of cyst filled with sebum, and dermatitis refers to inflammation of the skin. None of these terms are synonymous with dandruff, making pityriasis the correct answer.

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  • 45. 

    Small, white scales that usually appear on the scalp and hair are a sign of:

    • A.

      Dermatitis

    • B.

      Eczema

    • C.

      Alopecia

    • D.

      Pityriasis

    Correct Answer
    D. Pityriasis
    Explanation
    Small, white scales that usually appear on the scalp and hair are a sign of pityriasis. Pityriasis is a common skin condition characterized by the excessive shedding of dead skin cells, resulting in the formation of dry, flaky patches. It can affect various parts of the body, including the scalp, and is often accompanied by itching. Pityriasis can be caused by factors such as dry skin, fungal infections, or certain autoimmune disorders. Treatment usually involves the use of medicated shampoos or topical creams to reduce inflammation and control the shedding of skin cells.

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  • 46. 

    Alopecia areata occurs most frequently after an injury to the ________ system.

    • A.

      Circulatory

    • B.

      Muscular

    • C.

      Nervous

    • D.

      Digestive

    Correct Answer
    C. Nervous
    Explanation
    Alopecia areata is an autoimmune condition that causes hair loss. It occurs when the immune system mistakenly attacks hair follicles, leading to hair loss. The nervous system plays a crucial role in regulating the immune system. Therefore, it is believed that an injury to the nervous system can trigger an immune response that leads to the development of alopecia areata. This explanation aligns with the understanding of the condition and the role of the nervous system in immune regulation.

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  • 47. 

    Superfluous hair, or abnormal development of hair on the body, is called:

    • A.

      Alopecia

    • B.

      Hypertrichosis

    • C.

      Canities

    • D.

      Monilethrix

    Correct Answer
    B. Hypertrichosis
    Explanation
    Hypertrichosis is the correct answer because it refers to the abnormal development of hair on the body. Alopecia refers to hair loss, not excess hair growth. Canities refers to the graying or whitening of hair. Monilethrix is a condition characterized by fragile and easily breakable hair.

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  • 48. 

    Elasticity is the ability of the hair to

    • A.

      Stretch until breaking

    • B.

      Stretch and return without breaking

    • C.

      Stretch

    • D.

      Constrict when dry

    Correct Answer
    B. Stretch and return without breaking
    Explanation
    Elasticity refers to the hair's ability to stretch and then return to its original shape without breaking. This means that the hair can withstand tension and stretching without snapping or becoming damaged. Hair with good elasticity is generally healthier and less prone to breakage. It also indicates that the hair has enough moisture and protein balance to maintain its flexibility.

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  • 49. 

    The first consideration of the cosmetologist always should be the:

    • A.

      Fee to be charged

    • B.

      Protection of the client

    • C.

      Time consumed

    • D.

      Client's tip

    Correct Answer
    B. Protection of the client
    Explanation
    The first consideration of a cosmetologist should always be the protection of the client. This means prioritizing the safety and well-being of the client by following proper hygiene and sanitation practices, using appropriate products and techniques, and ensuring that the client's health and comfort are not compromised during any cosmetic procedure. The fee to be charged, time consumed, and client's tip are important factors, but they should not take precedence over the protection and welfare of the client.

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  • 50. 

    When draping for thermal curling or waving, a plastic cape may create:

    • A.

      Toxic fumes

    • B.

      A fire hazard

    • C.

      Technical failures

    • D.

      Short circuits

    Correct Answer
    B. A fire hazard
    Explanation
    When draping for thermal curling or waving, a plastic cape may create a fire hazard. This is because plastic is highly flammable and can easily catch fire if it comes into contact with heat sources such as curling irons or waving tools. The heat from these tools can cause the plastic cape to melt or ignite, leading to a potential fire. It is important to use fire-resistant materials or alternatives to plastic capes to ensure the safety of both the stylist and the client.

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Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Feb 03, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Uhohcapslock
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