Er: Neonates Congenital Abnormalities

38 Questions | Total Attempts: 401

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Er: Neonates Congenital Abnormalities

Slide 14- end


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    This disease is caused by a disturbance of the processes that form the jaw and face during embryonic development. 
    • A. 

      Cleft palate

    • B. 

      Cleft hernia

    • C. 

      Mandibular displacement

    • D. 

      AIDS

  • 2. 
    Select the subdivisions of cleft palate. 
    • A. 

      Cleft hard palate

    • B. 

      Cleft soft palate

    • C. 

      Hypoplastic soft palate

    • D. 

      Neoplastic soft palate

    • E. 

      Hypoplastic hard palate

  • 3. 
    ________ breeds are more likely to have clef palate.
    • A. 

      Brachycephalic

    • B. 

      Dolicocephalic

    • C. 

      Mesocephalic

    • D. 

      Hydrocephalic

  • 4. 
    Cleft palate can affect the upper lip. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 5. 
    Select the signs of cleft palate.
    • A. 

      Difficulty suckling

    • B. 

      Dysphagia

    • C. 

      Milk dripping from nostrils when nursing

    • D. 

      Resp infections due to aspiration pneumonia

    • E. 

      Beer dripping from nostrils when nursing

    • F. 

      Saggy lip

  • 6. 
    Surgical correction of cleft palate is only effective if the cleft is _____. It can be done at around _____ weeks minimum, but it is recommended to do it around 3-4 months. 
    • A. 

      Small, 6-8 weeks

    • B. 

      Big, 6-8 weeks

    • C. 

      Small 4-5 weeks

    • D. 

      Humongous 6-7 weeks

  • 7. 
    The most common outcome of cleft palate is _____.
    • A. 

      Euthanasia

    • B. 

      Surgical repair

    • C. 

      Just let the puppy live with it

    • D. 

      Spay/neuter

  • 8. 
    ______ occur when abdominal contents protrude through a natural or abnormal opening in the body wall. It can be ______ or acquired. 
    • A. 

      Hernias, congenital

    • B. 

      Hernias, hereditary

    • C. 

      Anastomosis, congenital

    • D. 

      Weird things, required

  • 9. 
    Diaphragmatic hernias can be ________. This means the abdominal contents are found extending into the pericardial sac.
    • A. 

      Peritoneal-pericardial

    • B. 

      Pericardial-perithoracic

    • C. 

      Peritoneal-periscrotal

    • D. 

      Seriously annoying

  • 10. 
    The most common congenital diaphragmatic hernia is pleuro-peritoneal.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 11. 
    When the abdominal contents are found within the pleural cavity, the patient has ______ diaphragmatic hernia.
    • A. 

      Pleuro-peritoneal

    • B. 

      Peritoneal-pericardial

    • C. 

      Hiatal

    • D. 

      That annoying

  • 12. 
    In hiatal diaphragmatic hernias, the ________, __________ and/or portions of the stomach protrude through the esophageal hiatus of the diaphragm into the thoracic cavity. 
    • A. 

      Esophagus, gastroesophageal junction

    • B. 

      Esophagus, larynx

    • C. 

      Pharynx, gastroesophageal junction

    • D. 

      Heart, lungs

  • 13. 
    You can diagnosie hiatal hernias through _________, __________ and endoscopy.
    • A. 

      Contrast radiography, fluorscopy

    • B. 

      Radiography, fluorscopy

    • C. 

      MRI, Ultrasound

    • D. 

      Ultrasound, computed tomography

  • 14. 
    An umbilical hernia is the protrusion of ________ into the overlying ________.
    • A. 

      Abdominal contents, subcutaneous

    • B. 

      The intestines, subcutaneous

    • C. 

      Pelvic contents, epidermal

    • D. 

      Stuff, stuff

  • 15. 
    ________ involve the protrusion of the abdominal contents through the _____. 
    • A. 

      Inguinal hernias, inguinal canal

    • B. 

      Abdominal hernias, inguinal canal

    • C. 

      Diaphragmatic hernias, pelvic cavity

    • D. 

      Frozen yogurts, land of ice cream waste

  • 16. 
    Newborn foals are commonly affected by abdominal hernias. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 17. 
    Pyloric stenosis/hypertrophy is more common in older, small breed ____ dogs. It is a congenital lesion in _____. 
    • A. 

      Male, Boxers and Boston terriers

    • B. 

      Female, Boxers and Boston terriers

    • C. 

      Male, Yorkshire terriers

    • D. 

      Female, Chichuahuas

  • 18. 
    _______ is caused by muscular thickening of the pyloric smooth muscles. 
    • A. 

      Pyloric stenosis

    • B. 

      Pyloric hypotrophy

    • C. 

      Stenotic nares

    • D. 

      Hamburgeria

  • 19. 
    Select the diagnostic tools of pyloric stenosis.
    • A. 

      History + Physical exam

    • B. 

      Labwork (Rule-out underlying causes)

    • C. 

      Imaging (Barium study, ultrasound, endoscopy)

    • D. 

      Palpation

    • E. 

      MRI

  • 20. 
    Patients with pyloric stenosis will vomit large volumes of food _______ post prandially. Some cases will have ______.
    • A. 

      >8-12 hours, projectile vomiting

    • B. 

    • C. 

      >6-12 hours, projectile vomiting

    • D. 

      >10-24, nuclear vomiting

  • 21. 
    Treating pyloric stenosis involves a ______,  ______ such as metoclopramide or cisapride, and in severe cases, surgery.
    • A. 

      Diet modification, motility modifiers

    • B. 

      Diet modification, anti-emetics

    • C. 

      Diet of ice-cream, motility modifiers

    • D. 

      We don't treat pyloric stenosis

  • 22. 
    A portosystemic vascular shunt can be ______ or _____.
    • A. 

      Intrahepatic, extrahepatic

    • B. 

      Intracranial, extranial

    • C. 

      Intracellular, extracellular

    • D. 

      Horrible, super destructive

  • 23. 
    Select the signs of portosystemic shunt. 
    • A. 

      Anorexia, vomiting

    • B. 

      Lethargy

    • C. 

      Weight loss

    • D. 

      Runt of the litter

    • E. 

      Bulimia

    • F. 

      Diarrhea

    • G. 

      Neurological disturbances

    • H. 

      Abdominal fluid/distension

  • 24. 
    Neurological signs of portosystemic shunt are caused by _____.
    • A. 

      Hepatic encephalopathy

    • B. 

      The intensive treatment

    • C. 

      Intracranial pressure

    • D. 

      Hydrocephalus

  • 25. 
    Best diet for portosystemic shunt patients. 
    • A. 

      Low protein

    • B. 

      Low fat

    • C. 

      Low carb

    • D. 

      YOU'RE NOT ALLOWED TO EAT.

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