Energy Sources And Power Generation

20 Questions | Total Attempts: 444

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Energy Sources And Power Generation

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    In general, what is energy?
    • A. 

      The ability to produce electricity

    • B. 

      The ability to heat things up

    • C. 

      Something that causes motion

    • D. 

      The ability to cause change

  • 2. 
    All the energy on the surface of Earth comes from only two sources. What are they?
    • A. 

      Outer space and the oceans

    • B. 

      The sun and radioactivity within the earth

    • C. 

      The sun and chemicals

    • D. 

      Water and stars

  • 3. 
    Energy of motion is called ...
    • A. 

      Kinetic energy

    • B. 

      Potential energy

    • C. 

      Solar energy

    • D. 

      Heat energy

  • 4. 
    What kind of energy is produced by the sun?
    • A. 

      Chemical energy

    • B. 

      Radiant energy

    • C. 

      Potential energy

    • D. 

      Electrical energy

  • 5. 
    Water at the top of a dam has what kind of energy?
    • A. 

      Kinetic energy

    • B. 

      Chemical energy

    • C. 

      Gravitational potential energy

    • D. 

      Electrical energy

  • 6. 
    What kind of energy can be used to make electricity without the need for a turbine or generator?
    • A. 

      Solar

    • B. 

      Hydroelectric

    • C. 

      Geothermal

    • D. 

      Wind

  • 7. 
    What two types of electrical energy production uses steam to turn a turbine?
    • A. 

      Solar and tidal

    • B. 

      Tidal and geothermal

    • C. 

      Nuclear and solar

    • D. 

      Fossil fuels and nuclear

  • 8. 
    Which type of electricity generation has a disadvantage of being potentially harmful to migrating birds?
    • A. 

      Wind

    • B. 

      Tidal

    • C. 

      Geothermal

    • D. 

      Solar

  • 9. 
    Which type of electrical generation has the disadvantage of being dirty by polluting the air?
    • A. 

      Nuclear

    • B. 

      Wind

    • C. 

      Fossil fuels

    • D. 

      Geothermal

  • 10. 
    Nuclear energy taps the energy stored within the _______ of an atom to produce electricity.
    • A. 

      Electrons

    • B. 

      Neutrons

    • C. 

      Protons

    • D. 

      Nucleus

  • 11. 
    The main disadvantage of using nuclear energy to generate electricity is the disposal of ...
    • A. 

      Radioactive cooling water

    • B. 

      Radioactive wastes

    • C. 

      Old used turbines

    • D. 

      Nuclear ashes

  • 12. 
    What two things must a generator contain in order to produce electricity?
    • A. 

      Wires and heat

    • B. 

      Coils of wire and strong magnets

    • C. 

      Conductors and insulators

    • D. 

      Running water and a turbine

  • 13. 
    Which one of these is generally NOT used to turn a turbine?
    • A. 

      Moving water

    • B. 

      Steam

    • C. 

      Wind

    • D. 

      Electricity

  • 14. 
    Which one of the following is a renewable source of energy?
    • A. 

      Coal

    • B. 

      Wind

    • C. 

      Nuclear

    • D. 

      Oil

  • 15. 
    Which subatomic particle causes a chain reaction in the uranium fuel of a nuclear reactor?
    • A. 

      Proton

    • B. 

      Neutron

    • C. 

      Electron

    • D. 

      Nucleus

  • 16. 
    What is a major disadvantage of hydroelectric power?
    • A. 

      It produces pollution.

    • B. 

      Dams get in the way of migratory birds.

    • C. 

      Dams can't be built everywhere they are needed.

    • D. 

      Water is non-renewable.

  • 17. 
    Where would be the best place to build a wind farm to generate electricity?
    • A. 

      In the city

    • B. 

      In a tropical rain forest

    • C. 

      In an open area where it is windy most of the time

    • D. 

      Where there are a lot of bird migration routes

  • 18. 
    Sunlight is made of tiny packets of energy called _________.
    • A. 

      Neutrons

    • B. 

      Electrons

    • C. 

      Ions

    • D. 

      Photons

  • 19. 
    A device used to convert radiant energy into electrical energy is called ____.
    • A. 

      A photovoltaic

    • B. 

      An ionization apparatus

    • C. 

      A particle accelerator

    • D. 

      A cathode ray tube

  • 20. 
    The purpose of electrical generators is convert some kind of kinetic energy into ___ energy.
    • A. 

      Potential

    • B. 

      Electrical

    • C. 

      Chemical

    • D. 

      Radiant