5th Grade Energy Quiz - Discovery Works Science

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5th Grade Energy Quiz - Discovery Works Science - Quiz

Practice Quiz that follows the Houghton Mifflin Science Discovery Works Textbook. Forms of Energy 5th Grade. St. Gabriel - Glendale, OH.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is energy?

    • A.

      The ability to do work. The ability to move something or cause a change in matter.

    • B.

      Something that takes up space

    • C.

      A drink that you can buy

    Correct Answer
    A. The ability to do work. The ability to move something or cause a change in matter.
    Explanation
    Energy is defined as the ability to do work or to move something, or to cause a change in matter. It is not something that takes up space or a drink that you can buy. The correct answer accurately describes the concept of energy by highlighting its connection to work and its ability to cause movement or change in matter.

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  • 2. 

    What is matter?

    • A.

      When something bothers a person

    • B.

      Anything that has mass and takes up space.

    • C.

      How much an object weighs

    Correct Answer
    B. Anything that has mass and takes up space.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Anything that has mass and takes up space." This is because matter refers to anything that has mass and occupies space. It includes both visible substances like solids, liquids, and gases, as well as invisible particles like atoms and molecules. The concept of matter is fundamental in understanding the physical world and its properties.

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  • 3. 

    The energy that moving matter has is called?

    • A.

      Potential Energy

    • B.

      Energy of Motion

    • C.

      Energy of Movement and Action

    Correct Answer
    B. Energy of Motion
    Explanation
    The energy that moving matter has is called "Energy of Motion". This term refers to the energy possessed by an object due to its motion. When an object is in motion, it possesses kinetic energy, which depends on its mass and velocity. The faster an object moves or the heavier it is, the more kinetic energy it has. Therefore, "Energy of Motion" accurately describes the energy associated with moving matter.

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  • 4. 

    True or False:  Wind can move objects, such as tree branches, because moving air has energy.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Moving air has energy in the form of kinetic energy. When wind blows, it transfers its energy to objects in its path, such as tree branches. This transfer of energy causes the objects to move or be displaced. Therefore, wind can move objects like tree branches because of the energy it possesses.

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  • 5. 

    What is stored energy?

    • A.

      Energy in matter that can cause matter to move or change

    • B.

      The potential energy that an object has to do work

    Correct Answer
    A. Energy in matter that can cause matter to move or change
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Energy in matter that can cause matter to move or change." This answer accurately describes stored energy as the energy present in matter that has the potential to cause movement or change in the matter. Stored energy can be in various forms such as potential energy, chemical energy, or mechanical energy. It is the energy that is waiting to be released or converted into another form to perform work.

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  • 6. 

    True or False:  A boy standing still on a diving board has stored energy.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    When a boy is standing still on a diving board, he has potential energy stored in his position. This potential energy is due to the force of gravity acting on his body. As the boy is elevated above the ground, he has the potential to fall and convert this stored energy into kinetic energy. Therefore, the statement "A boy standing still on a diving board has stored energy" is true.

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  • 7. 

    A boy jumps off of the diving board.  He has

    • A.

      Stored Energy

    • B.

      Energy of Motion

    • C.

      Hyperactivity

    Correct Answer
    B. Energy of Motion
    Explanation
    When the boy jumps off the diving board, he possesses energy due to his motion. This energy is known as kinetic energy, which is the energy possessed by an object due to its motion. As the boy jumps, he is in motion, and this motion gives him energy. Therefore, the correct answer is "Energy of Motion."

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  • 8. 

    True or False:  Energy can be stored in fuels.  Gas that makes a car move has stored energy.  The food that you eat has stored energy, too

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Energy can be stored in fuels, such as gasoline, which can then be used to power a car and make it move. Similarly, the food that we eat contains stored energy, which our bodies convert into usable energy to perform various activities. Therefore, the statement that energy can be stored in fuels and that the food we eat has stored energy is true.

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  • 9. 

    What does energy do?

    • A.

      Energy travels around the world in waves

    • B.

      Energy moves cars along the road and boats along the water. It makes bodies grow and allows minds to think.

    Correct Answer
    B. Energy moves cars along the road and boats along the water. It makes bodies grow and allows minds to think.
    Explanation
    The given answer correctly states that energy moves cars along the road and boats along the water. It also mentions that energy makes bodies grow and allows minds to think. This explanation highlights the various ways in which energy is utilized, emphasizing its role in transportation and human development.

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  • 10. 

    What do we use energy for in the U.S.?

    • A.

      To make electricity and heat homes.

    • B.

      To manufacture products

    • C.

      To move the parts in machines (such as cars)

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    In the U.S., energy is used for various purposes. It is used to generate electricity and heat homes, which is essential for providing power and warmth to households. Energy is also utilized in manufacturing processes to produce various products. Additionally, energy is required to power machines and vehicles, enabling their movement. Therefore, all of the options mentioned in the question are correct, as energy is used for all these purposes in the U.S.

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  • 11. 

    True or False:  Sound is a form of energy that you can hear.  It comes from particles that are vibrating or moving back and forth rapidly.  Sound moves in waves through matter such as air or water.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Sound is a form of energy that can be heard by humans and animals. It is produced when particles vibrate or move rapidly back and forth. These vibrations create waves that travel through matter, such as air or water, allowing us to perceive sound. Therefore, the statement "Sound is a form of energy that you can hear. It comes from particles that are vibrating or moving back and forth rapidly. Sound moves in waves through matter such as air or water" is true.

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  • 12. 

    Which of the following are forms of energy?

    • A.

      Heat

    • B.

      Electrical Energy

    • C.

      Mechanical Energy

    • D.

      Sound Energy

    • E.

      All Of The Above

    Correct Answer
    E. All Of The Above
    Explanation
    All of the options listed are forms of energy. Heat is a form of energy that is transferred due to temperature differences. Electrical energy is the energy associated with the flow of electric charge. Mechanical energy is the energy possessed by an object due to its motion or position. Sound energy is the energy produced by vibrating objects and is transmitted through a medium. Therefore, all of these options are valid forms of energy.

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  • 13. 

    True or False:  Sweating in the sun, listening to the radio, riding on a bus, and eating are all examples of energy changing form

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Sweating in the sun, listening to the radio, riding on a bus, and eating are all examples of energy changing form. Sweating in the sun involves the conversion of chemical energy in the body to heat energy, while listening to the radio involves the conversion of electrical energy to sound energy. Riding on a bus involves the conversion of chemical energy in the fuel to mechanical energy to move the bus. Eating involves the conversion of chemical energy in food to various forms of energy required by the body. Therefore, all these activities involve energy changing from one form to another, making the statement true.

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  • 14. 

    True or False:  When energy changes form, heat energy is usually involved

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    When energy changes form, heat energy is usually involved because energy transformation often results in the release or absorption of heat. This is due to the fact that heat is a form of energy that can be transferred from one object to another. For example, when a solid ice cube melts into liquid water, energy is transferred in the form of heat from the surroundings to the ice cube, causing it to change its physical state. Similarly, when a fuel is burned, chemical energy is converted into heat energy. Therefore, it is generally true that heat energy is involved when energy changes form.

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  • 15. 

    Energy from the sun is called

    • A.

      Mechanical Energy

    • B.

      Potential Energy

    • C.

      Solar Energy

    • D.

      Water Energy

    Correct Answer
    C. Solar Energy
    Explanation
    Solar energy refers to the energy that is derived from the sun. It is the radiant light and heat that is emitted by the sun, which can be harnessed and converted into various forms of usable energy, such as electricity or heat. Solar energy is a renewable and clean source of energy that is increasingly being utilized as an alternative to fossil fuels. It has numerous applications, including powering homes, businesses, and even entire cities.

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  • 16. 

    True or False:  One way people use solar energy is to collect it in the form of light energy and change it to heat energy.  The heat energy can be used to heat water.  It can be used to heat homes.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Solar energy can be collected in the form of light energy and converted into heat energy. This heat energy can then be utilized to heat water or homes. Therefore, the statement is true.

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  • 17. 

    True or False: Everything around you is matter, even food.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Matter is anything that has mass and occupies space. Food, being a physical substance that has mass and occupies space, is considered matter. Therefore, everything around us, including food, is matter.

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  • 18. 

    Liquid and Gas do not have a definite shape but take up

    • A.

      Matter

    • B.

      Volume

    • C.

      Space

    Correct Answer
    C. Space
    Explanation
    Liquid and gas do not have a definite shape, meaning they can take the shape of their container. However, they do occupy space. This means that they have a certain volume, which is the amount of space they take up. Therefore, the correct answer is "Volume."

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  • 19. 

    Temperature is

    • A.

      A measure of how hot or how cold something is

    • B.

      A measure of gases and liquids

    Correct Answer
    A. A measure of how hot or how cold something is
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "A measure of how hot or how cold something is" because temperature is a quantitative measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in a substance. It determines the degree of hotness or coldness of an object or environment. Temperature can be measured using various scales such as Celsius, Fahrenheit, or Kelvin.

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  • 20. 

    True or False:  The coal we use today formed from swamp plants that died last week

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The coal we use today did not form from swamp plants that died last week. Coal is formed from the remains of plants that lived millions of years ago. Over time, layers of dead plants accumulated in swamps and were buried under sediment. The heat and pressure from the overlying layers of sediment turned the plant material into coal. Therefore, it is not possible for the coal we use today to have formed from plants that died recently.

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  • 21. 

    Put the following in the correct order: (Just write the numbers and separate them with commas) 1. ____  BITUMINOUS COAL - Layers of rock form over the lignite, increasing the weight and pressure.  The lignite changes to bituminous coal. 2. _____ PEAT - Layers of sand and soil cover the plant matter.  Over time the plant matter forms peat.  Peat is a hard, brown plant material.  Peat is the first step in the formation of coal. 3. _____ ANTHRACITE:  Extreme heat and pressure cause the bituminous coal to change to anthracite or hard coal.  Anthracite is as hard as rock 4. ______ LIGNITE - Over millions of years, layers of rock form over the peat.  The weight of these layers changes the peat to lignite.

    Correct Answer
    2,4,1,3
  • 22. 

    If you describe the rubber on a bike as "smooth", "flexible" and "black", you are describing it's

    • A.

      Energy

    • B.

      Potential

    • C.

      Physical Properties

    Correct Answer
    C. Physical Properties
    Explanation
    The given answer is "Physical Properties" because when you describe the rubber on a bike as "smooth", "flexible", and "black", you are referring to its physical characteristics or attributes. These properties relate to the physical appearance and behavior of the rubber, such as its texture, flexibility, and color. Energy and potential are not relevant in this context as they do not pertain to the description of the rubber's physical attributes.

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  • 23. 

    Which of the following is an example of a chemical property?

    • A.

      Inflating a balloon

    • B.

      The ability of iron to rust

    • C.

      Bouncing a ball

    Correct Answer
    B. The ability of iron to rust
    Explanation
    The ability of iron to rust is an example of a chemical property. Chemical properties describe how a substance reacts or changes when it comes into contact with other substances. Rusting is a chemical reaction that occurs when iron reacts with oxygen in the presence of water, forming iron oxide. This reaction is a characteristic property of iron and can be used to identify it. In contrast, inflating a balloon and bouncing a ball are examples of physical properties, as they describe the behavior or appearance of a substance without involving any chemical changes.

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  • 24. 

    No matter how small or large something is, if it takes up space, it has

    • A.

      Energy

    • B.

      A voice

    • C.

      Volume

    • D.

      All Of The Above

    • E.

      None Of The Above

    Correct Answer
    C. Volume
    Explanation
    Volume refers to the amount of space that an object occupies. It is a physical property that can be measured and quantified. Whether something is small or large, if it takes up space, it will have a volume. Energy and a voice are not directly related to the concept of taking up space, so they are not the correct answers. Therefore, the correct answer is Volume.

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  • 25. 

    Where do we find coal?

    Correct Answer
    in underground mines, underground
    Explanation
    Underground buried deep within the earth

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  • 26. 

    Is coal renewable or non-renewable?

    Correct Answer
    non-renewable
    Explanation
    because it takes millions of years to form.

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  • 27. 

    How do we move coal?

    • A.

      Trains

    • B.

      River barges

    • C.

      Trucks

    • D.

      All Of The Above

    • E.

      None Of The Above

    Correct Answer
    D. All Of The Above
    Explanation
    Coal can be moved using trains, river barges, and trucks. Trains are commonly used for long-distance transportation of coal, as they have the capacity to carry large amounts of coal in bulk. River barges are another mode of transportation, particularly for areas located near waterways, as they can transport coal efficiently on rivers and canals. Trucks are used for shorter distances or to transport coal to areas not accessible by trains or barges. Therefore, all three options mentioned - trains, river barges, and trucks - are correct methods for moving coal.

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  • 28. 

    How does using coal affect the environment?

    Correct Answer
    Burning coal pollutes the air , Air pollution
    Explanation
    Burning coal releases various pollutants into the air, such as sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, and particulate matter. These pollutants contribute to air pollution, which can have detrimental effects on both the environment and human health. The release of these pollutants can lead to respiratory problems, cardiovascular issues, and other illnesses in humans. Additionally, coal combustion also releases greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide, which contribute to climate change and global warming. Overall, the use of coal as an energy source has significant negative impacts on the environment and human health.

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  • 29. 

    True or False:  Some scientists predict that at the present rate of use, we'll run out of oil in about 30 years and coal in about 225 years.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Some scientists predict that at the present rate of use, we'll run out of oil in about 30 years and coal in about 225 years. This means that according to these scientists, if we continue using oil and coal at the same pace as we are currently, we will deplete our oil reserves in approximately 30 years and our coal reserves in approximately 225 years.

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  • 30. 

    True or False:  Oil and gas will last forever

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Oil and gas are non-renewable resources that are formed over millions of years from the remains of ancient plants and animals. As these resources are extracted and used at a much faster rate than they can be replenished, they will eventually run out. Therefore, the statement that oil and gas will last forever is false.

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  • 31. 

    True or False:  Fossil fuels are the major energy source burned in power plants that produce electricity.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Fossil fuels, such as coal, oil, and natural gas, are indeed the primary sources of energy burned in power plants to generate electricity. These fuels are burned to produce heat, which is then used to boil water and create steam. The steam drives turbines, which in turn generate electricity. Fossil fuels have been the dominant energy source for power generation due to their abundance, affordability, and ease of use. However, their combustion releases greenhouse gases and contributes to climate change, making the transition to renewable energy sources crucial for a sustainable future.

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  • 32. 

    Moset of the heat used to warm buildings comes from burning

    • A.

      Paper

    • B.

      Toys

    • C.

      Fossil Fuels

    • D.

      Recycled Plastic

    Correct Answer
    C. Fossil Fuels
    Explanation
    Fossil fuels are a major source of heat used to warm buildings. They are non-renewable resources that are burned to produce heat energy. Fossil fuels such as coal, oil, and natural gas release large amounts of heat when burned, making them an efficient and commonly used fuel source for heating purposes. Paper, toys, and recycled plastic do not produce significant heat when burned and are not commonly used as fuel for heating buildings.

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  • 33. 

    In what ways, you can save energy?

    • A.

      Take short showers

    • B.

      Wash on full loads in water

    • C.

      Turn down the temprature settling on the heater

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Take short showers
    Explanation
    All of the above are ways to save energy. Being mindful of your daily habits can significantly reduce energy consumption and contribute to a more sustainable lifestyle. Here's a brief explanation of each option:


    Take short showers: Reducing the time spent in the shower can save water, and consequently, the energy required to heat that water. Aim for showers under 10 minutes to maximize energy savings.


    Wash on full loads: Whether you're using a washing machine or a dishwasher, waiting until you have a full load before running a cycle can save both water and energy. This practice minimizes the number of times these appliances are used, reducing overall energy consumption.


    Turn down the temperature setting on the heater: Lowering the temperature setting on your heater, especially during colder months, can result in significant energy savings. Even a small reduction of a few degrees can make a noticeable difference without compromising comfort.


    By incorporating these habits into your daily routine, you can effectively conserve energy and contribute to a more sustainable environment.

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  • 34. 

    Why are coal, oil, and natural gas called fossil fuels?

    Correct Answer
    They are called fossil fuels because they were formed over time from the remains of plants or animals.
    Explanation
    Coal, oil, and natural gas are called fossil fuels because they were formed over millions of years from the decayed remains of ancient plants and animals. These organic materials were buried under layers of sediment and subjected to heat and pressure, resulting in the formation of fossil fuels. The name "fossil" refers to the fact that these fuels are derived from the fossils or remnants of once-living organisms.

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  • 35. 

    List 5 facts about Fossil Fuels List 3 facts about Alternative Energy Sources List 2 areas where Fossil Fuels and Alternative Energy Sources intersect

  • 36. 

    True or False:  Renewable energy sources can be replenished in a short time

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Renewable energy sources can be replenished in a short time because they are naturally replenished through natural processes or cycles. Unlike non-renewable energy sources such as fossil fuels, which take millions of years to form, renewable energy sources like solar, wind, hydro, and geothermal can be continuously harnessed and do not deplete over time. This makes them a sustainable and environmentally friendly option for meeting our energy needs.

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  • 37. 

    Nonrenewable energy sources have an unlimited supply

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Supply is limited

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  • Mar 18, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
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  • Mar 03, 2009
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