EMT Online Exam 1

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EMT Online Exam 1 - Quiz

EMS Online Exam 1


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    All EMS Professionals work under the Supervision and License of ________________________________.

    • A.

      EMS Profession Himself

    • B.

      Medical Director

    • C.

      National Registry Organization

    • D.

      Ambulance Service Director

    Correct Answer
    B. Medical Director
    Explanation
    EMS professionals work under the supervision and license of a medical director. The medical director is responsible for overseeing the medical operations and protocols of the EMS service. They provide guidance and direction to EMS professionals, ensuring that they adhere to the highest standards of patient care and safety. The medical director also plays a crucial role in developing and implementing policies and procedures, as well as providing medical oversight and support during emergencies.

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  • 2. 

    You are dispatched to "152 Main Street" to a 28 Year old female that is lying on the ground on the sidewalk unresponsive. You are your crew arrives on scene, and radios to dispatch "On scene", what is the next step ?

    • A.

      Scene Safety

    • B.

      To Identify if the Patient is breathing

    • C.

      To get ALS Crew en-route to the scene.

    • D.

      To Consider the MOI/NOI of the Scene

    Correct Answer
    A. Scene Safety
    Explanation
    The next step after arriving on the scene is to ensure scene safety. This is important to protect the responders and any bystanders from potential hazards or dangers. By assessing the scene for any immediate threats or risks, the responders can create a safe environment to provide care to the unresponsive patient.

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  • 3. 

    What is the Largest bone of the Human Body?

    • A.

      Humerus

    • B.

      Cranium

    • C.

      Femur

    • D.

      Ulna

    Correct Answer
    C. Femur
    Explanation
    The femur is the largest bone in the human body. It is located in the thigh and is responsible for supporting the body's weight and facilitating movement. The femur is also crucial for the production of red and white blood cells in the bone marrow. Its size and strength make it an essential bone for overall body function.

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  • 4. 

    How many bones are in the Human Body?

    • A.

      202

    • B.

      206

    • C.

      204

    • D.

      200

    Correct Answer
    B. 206
    Explanation
    The human body has 206 bones.

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  • 5. 

    Which of the Following can provide a false reading on a Pulse-Ox?

    • A.

      Poor Perfusion, Fingernail Polish, Dead batteries, Diabetic Patients

    • B.

      Poor Perfusion, Fingernail Polish, CO2 Poison

    • C.

      Pregnant Females, Poor Perfusion , CO2 Poison

    • D.

      Low Temperature, High BP, Cold Environment on Patient

    Correct Answer
    B. Poor Perfusion, Fingernail Polish, CO2 Poison
    Explanation
    Poor perfusion can cause inaccurate readings on a pulse-oximeter because it affects the blood flow to the measurement site, making it difficult for the device to accurately measure oxygen saturation. Fingernail polish can interfere with the light transmission through the finger, which is necessary for the pulse-oximeter to measure oxygen saturation. CO2 poison can also affect the accuracy of pulse-ox readings as it can interfere with the ability of red blood cells to carry oxygen.

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  • 6. 

    Exam Photo Above, List if any mistakes that you see visible that is on scene or Professionals doing anything Improper.

    • A.

      The People the Police are talking to looks hysterical

    • B.

      The EMTS are not lifting Properly

    • C.

      The Patient isn't strap to the stretcher.

    • D.

      No Errors show in Photo. Scene looks safe, and everything is been doing correctly.

    Correct Answer
    B. The EMTS are not lifting Properly
    Explanation
    The explanation for the given correct answer is that the EMTS are not lifting properly. This can be inferred from the statement in the question that "The EMTS are not lifting properly." This suggests that the professionals in the photo are not following proper lifting techniques or protocols, which could potentially lead to injury or harm to themselves or the patient they are attending to.

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  • 7. 

    A Dog can make a scene unsafe and reasonable causes to sandby until scene is safe?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    A dog can make a scene unsafe due to its unpredictable behavior, aggression, or potential to cause harm. Therefore, it is reasonable to standby and wait until the scene is safe before proceeding.

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  • 8. 

    You arrive on scene of a 24 Year old Male that has been stab in the Chest. The Male Patient is lying in the supine position and the knife is stil impaled in the males chest area mid-sternum. The male patient is Apneic and turning blue. In this situation, you shall remove the Knife from the heart to begin CPR were it interupts the CPR Progress.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    In this situation, it is true that you should remove the knife from the chest to begin CPR. Leaving the knife in place can obstruct chest compressions and prevent effective CPR. By removing the knife, you can provide proper chest compressions and increase the chances of restoring the patient's breathing and circulation.

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  • 9. 

    You arrive on scene of a MVC  and upon arrival you discover you are the only crew on scene, you notice a power line stretched across a vehicle that is on fire, and female banging on the driveside window screaming "Get me out of here, hurry !! Im going to die" You next action is to run over and open the driver side door, and conduct a Emergency Extrication Move to remove female from vehicle so you can save her life, and then continue with your assessment of the patient.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The correct answer is False. In this situation, the first action should be to ensure scene safety. The presence of a power line stretched across the vehicle poses a significant risk of electrocution. Therefore, the appropriate action would be to establish a safe zone around the scene, contact the power company to shut off the power, and then proceed with the extrication. Rushing to open the driver side door without addressing the power line first would put both the patient and the rescuer at risk.

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  • 10. 

    How many Vertebrae are in the Human Spine?

    • A.

      33

    • B.

      31

    • C.

      29

    • D.

      30

    Correct Answer
    A. 33
    Explanation
    The human spine consists of 33 vertebrae. These vertebrae are divided into five regions: cervical (7 vertebrae), thoracic (12 vertebrae), lumbar (5 vertebrae), sacral (5 fused vertebrae), and coccygeal (4 fused vertebrae). Each region has a specific number of vertebrae, which adds up to a total of 33 in the human spine.

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  • 11. 

    Normal skin color on a patient should appear ________________________________.

    Correct Answer
    Pink
    Explanation
    Normal skin color on a patient should appear pink. This is because pink is the typical color of healthy skin. It indicates good blood circulation and oxygenation, which are important for maintaining skin health. Pink skin also suggests that the patient is not experiencing any significant inflammation or abnormal changes in blood flow. Therefore, when assessing a patient's skin color, healthcare professionals look for a pink hue as a sign of normalcy and well-being.

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  • 12. 

    In Trauma assessments, you always want to consider the __________________ _________ ______________________.

    Correct Answer
    MOI
    M.O.I
    M.O.I.
    Mechanism of Injury
    Explanation
    In trauma assessments, it is essential to consider the mechanism of injury (MOI). This refers to the cause or manner in which the injury occurred. Understanding the MOI helps healthcare professionals determine the severity and potential complications associated with the injury. By considering the MOI, healthcare providers can make informed decisions regarding treatment and interventions to provide the best possible care for the patient.

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  • 13. 

    You have arrived on scene of a Domestic situation, Police are also on scene with you. After you assure your safety, who's safety to you conider next ?

    • A.

      No one-Only My safety

    • B.

      My Patients

    • C.

      My Partner

    • D.

      The Bystanders

    Correct Answer
    C. My Partner
    Explanation
    In a domestic situation, where tensions and emotions may be high, it is crucial to prioritize the safety of everyone involved. As a first responder, after ensuring your own safety, the next priority should be the safety of your partner. Your partner is your immediate support and backup, and their safety is essential for effective teamwork and handling the situation appropriately. By prioritizing your partner's safety, you can ensure a coordinated and efficient response to the domestic situation, ultimately leading to the safety and well-being of everyone present.

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  • 14. 

    The Korean War is a landmark for EMS. It is the war that the first ______________________ was used to take patients to Army Base stations to treat the patients.

    Correct Answer
    Helicopter
    Explanation
    During the Korean War, helicopters were used for the first time to transport patients to Army Base stations for medical treatment. This marked a significant development in Emergency Medical Services (EMS), as helicopters proved to be a faster and more efficient mode of transportation for injured soldiers. The use of helicopters in this war paved the way for their widespread adoption in modern EMS systems, where they continue to play a crucial role in providing timely medical care to patients in remote or inaccessible areas.

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  • 15. 

    The Organization that created the "Star of Life" Symbol" was ________________________________.

    • A.

      NHTSA

    • B.

      OSHA

    • C.

      DOT

    • D.

      NREMT

    • E.

      KBEMS

    • F.

      National EMS Safety Act Counsel

    Correct Answer
    A. NHTSA
    Explanation
    The correct answer is NHTSA. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) is the organization that created the "Star of Life" symbol. The Star of Life is a widely recognized symbol used to identify vehicles, personnel, and facilities associated with emergency medical services (EMS). NHTSA is responsible for promoting and regulating safety on the nation's roadways, and their creation of the Star of Life symbol reflects their commitment to improving emergency medical care and response.

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  • 16. 

    As a EMS Profession student, we all know what the star of life is. The star of life is made up of six branches. Which of the following below listed isn't a part of the branch ?

    • A.

      Transfer of Definite Car

    • B.

      Response

    • C.

      Reporting

    • D.

      Stabilizing Patients

    Correct Answer
    D. Stabilizing Patients
    Explanation
    The star of life is a widely recognized symbol for emergency medical services (EMS). It consists of six branches, each representing a different aspect of EMS. The branches are Transfer of Definite Care, Response, Reporting, Stabilizing Patients, and two others not mentioned in the question. The question asks which of the options listed is not a part of the branch. The correct answer is "Stabilizing Patients" because it is indeed one of the branches of the star of life.

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  • 17. 

    Which of the following is consider a Normal BP reading on a Patient?

    • A.

      120/80

    • B.

      110/80

    • C.

      120/60

    • D.

      110/60

    Correct Answer
    A. 120/80
    Explanation
    A normal blood pressure reading is generally considered to be around 120/80. The first number, 120, represents the systolic pressure, which is the pressure in the arteries when the heart beats and pumps blood. The second number, 80, represents the diastolic pressure, which is the pressure in the arteries when the heart is at rest between beats. A reading of 120/80 falls within the normal range and indicates that the patient's blood pressure is at a healthy level.

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  • 18. 

    On some scenes, you may have difficulty checking a BP on a Patient. Which of the following should you do, if you can't check a BP on a Patient because of Loudness, Size of Patient, etc.......?

    • A.

      Disregarding trying to obtain one, get the Patient to nearest Hospital

    • B.

      Palpate for a BP

    • C.

      Attempt BP in the Legs of the Patient

    • D.

      Just estimate a Patients BP for the Run report

    Correct Answer
    B. Palpate for a BP
    Explanation
    When faced with difficulty checking a BP on a patient due to factors like loudness or patient size, the suggested course of action is to palpate for a BP. Palpating involves feeling the pulse at certain points on the body to estimate the blood pressure. This method can be used as an alternative when traditional methods of checking BP are not feasible. It allows the healthcare provider to still gather important information about the patient's blood pressure, even if it may not be as accurate as using a blood pressure cuff.

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  • 19. 

    Which of the following Vertebraes is consider to be the medial Vertebrae?

    • A.

      Cervical

    • B.

      Thoracic

    • C.

      Lumbar

    • D.

      Coccyx

    Correct Answer
    C. Lumbar
    Explanation
    The lumbar vertebrae are considered to be the medial vertebrae because they are located in the middle of the vertebral column. The cervical vertebrae are located in the neck region, the thoracic vertebrae are located in the upper back region, and the coccyx is the tailbone located at the bottom of the vertebral column. Therefore, the lumbar vertebrae are the correct answer as they are positioned in the middle of the vertebral column.

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  • 20. 

    What Organ is responsible for breathing ?

    • A.

      Skin

    • B.

      Cardiac

    • C.

      Urinary

    • D.

      Respiratory

    Correct Answer
    D. Respiratory
    Explanation
    The respiratory system is responsible for breathing. It includes organs such as the lungs, diaphragm, and bronchial tubes. These organs work together to take in oxygen and expel carbon dioxide. The skin, cardiac, and urinary systems do not play a direct role in breathing.

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  • 21. 

    What Hospital was the first mobile ambulance used at ___________________________.

    • A.

      Dayton Ohio University Hospital

    • B.

      Michael Reece Hospital

    • C.

      University of Florida

    • D.

      Chicago University

    Correct Answer
    B. Michael Reece Hospital
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Michael Reece Hospital because it was the first hospital to use a mobile ambulance.

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  • 22. 

    HIPAA is help to protect Patients confidential information, this was created in the year _________

    • A.

      1994

    • B.

      1996

    • C.

      1992

    • D.

      1998

    Correct Answer
    B. 1996
    Explanation
    HIPAA, which stands for Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act, is a legislation that was enacted in 1996. It was designed to safeguard the privacy and security of patients' confidential information. HIPAA ensures that healthcare providers, health plans, and other entities involved in healthcare must implement measures to protect the confidentiality and integrity of patients' medical records and personal health information. The act also provides individuals with certain rights regarding their health information, such as the right to access and control their own medical records.

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  • 23. 

    What type of Medical Direction is used, when you contact the ER to get verbal instructions over the phone for a patient care?

    • A.

      Online Medical Direction

    • B.

      Offline Medical Direction

    • C.

      On-Phone Medical Direction

    • D.

      Medical Direction Instructions

    Correct Answer
    A. Online Medical Direction
    Explanation
    When you contact the ER to get verbal instructions over the phone for a patient care, the type of Medical Direction used is Online Medical Direction. This means that the healthcare provider is seeking guidance and instructions from a remote medical professional through an online platform or communication channel. This allows for immediate access to expert advice and guidance in real-time, enhancing patient care and decision-making.

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  • 24. 

    You are dispatched a 2 year old female patient, no responding at a residence. How would you check for this patient  to have a pulse?

    • A.

      Radial Artery

    • B.

      Carotid Artery

    • C.

      Femoral Artery

    • D.

      Brachial Artery

    Correct Answer
    D. Brachial Artery
    Explanation
    To check for a pulse in a 2-year-old female patient, the most appropriate location would be the brachial artery. The brachial artery is located in the upper arm, just below the shoulder. It is the recommended site for checking a pulse in infants and young children. The radial artery, located in the wrist, is commonly used in adults but may be difficult to locate in young children. The carotid artery, located in the neck, is not recommended for pulse checks in pediatric patients due to the risk of injury. The femoral artery, located in the groin, is also not the preferred site for pulse checks in young children.

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