Basic Anatomy: Emergency Medical Technician Quiz!

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Prof_Shefaa
P
Prof_Shefaa
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 11 | Total Attempts: 26,188
Questions: 25 | Attempts: 966

SettingsSettingsSettings
Basic Anatomy: Emergency Medical Technician Quiz! - Quiz


Have you thought about becoming an EMT? This training level prepares students to help patients at the scene of an accident and transport patients by ambulance to the hospital, as they receive instructions from someone more highly trained. The EMT has emergency skills to evaluate a patient’s condition. When learning how to be a great EMT, this quiz might save your life.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    A patient who is supine is lying:

    • A.

      Face up

    • B.

      Face down

    • C.

      On the left side

    • D.

      On the right side

    Correct Answer
    A. Face up
    Explanation
    When a patient is in a supine position, it means that they are lying face up. This position is commonly used in medical settings for various procedures and examinations. Being in a supine position allows for easy access to the patient's front side, making it convenient for healthcare providers to perform assessments and administer treatments. Additionally, it helps promote comfort and relaxation for the patient.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    The term proximal is best described as:

    • A.

      Closer to the joint or extremity

    • B.

      Further away from a joint or extremity

    • C.

      Closer to the midline of the body

    • D.

      Farther away from the midline of the body

    Correct Answer
    C. Closer to the midline of the body
    Explanation
    The term proximal refers to a location that is closer to the midline of the body. This means that it is closer to the center of the body and away from the extremities or joints. It is used to describe the relative position of body parts or structures in relation to the midline.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    The heart, lungs, and great vessels are found in the:

    • A.

      Abdominal cavity

    • B.

      Peritoneal space

    • C.

      Retroperitoneal space

    • D.

      Thoracic space

    Correct Answer
    D. Thoracic space
    Explanation
    The heart, lungs, and great vessels are found in the thoracic space. The thoracic space refers to the chest cavity, which is enclosed by the rib cage and contains these vital organs. The heart is located in the middle of the chest, while the lungs are on either side. The great vessels, such as the aorta and vena cava, are also located within the thoracic space. This is where the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide takes place, and where the heart pumps and circulates blood throughout the body.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    Plantar refers to the:

    • A.

      Palm of the hand

    • B.

      Sole of the foot

    • C.

      Forehead

    • D.

      Buttocks

    Correct Answer
    B. Sole of the foot
    Explanation
    The term "plantar" refers to the sole of the foot. This is the part of the foot that comes into contact with the ground when walking or standing. The plantar surface is typically flat and is covered with thick, tough skin to provide support and protection.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    The midclavicular line passes through the :

    • A.

      Armpit

    • B.

      Umbilicus

    • C.

      Nipple

    • D.

      Palm

    Correct Answer
    C. Nipple
    Explanation
    The midclavicular line is an imaginary line that runs vertically down the center of the body, passing through the midpoint of the clavicle (collarbone). It is commonly used as a reference point in medical examinations and procedures. The nipple is located along this line, making it an anatomical landmark that can be easily identified and used as a reference point.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    When referring to left and right, you should use your left and right not the patient's.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    This statement is true. When referring to left and right, it is more accurate to use the perspective of the patient, not the speaker. This ensures that there is no confusion or miscommunication when discussing specific directions or body parts.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    Trendelenburg position is a sitting position.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The given statement is false. The Trendelenburg position is not a sitting position. It is a position in which the patient is placed on their back with the head lower than the rest of the body. This position is commonly used in medical procedures and surgeries to improve blood flow and provide better access to certain areas of the body.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    The trachea splits into two:

    • A.

      Capillaries

    • B.

      Alveoli

    • C.

      Bronchi

    • D.

      Valves

    Correct Answer
    C. Bronchi
    Explanation
    The trachea, also known as the windpipe, is a tube that connects the larynx to the bronchi. It allows air to pass through to the lungs. The trachea splits into two branches called bronchi, with one bronchus leading to each lung. These bronchi further divide into smaller tubes called bronchioles, which eventually lead to the alveoli, where gas exchange occurs. Capillaries are tiny blood vessels, and valves are structures that prevent the backflow of fluid. Therefore, the correct answer is bronchi, as it accurately describes the splitting of the trachea into two branches.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    Which of the following is not a valve in the heart?

    • A.

      Aortic

    • B.

      Pulmonic

    • C.

      Tricuspid

    • D.

      Ventral

    Correct Answer
    D. Ventral
    Explanation
    The options provided in the question are all valves in the heart except for "ventral". The aortic valve is located between the left ventricle and the aorta, the pulmonic valve is located between the right ventricle and the pulmonary artery, and the tricuspid valve is located between the right atrium and the right ventricle. However, "ventral" is not a valve in the heart.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    The rings of the trachea consist of:

    • A.

      Ligaments

    • B.

      Bone

    • C.

      Cartilage

    • D.

      Muscle

    Correct Answer
    C. Cartilage
    Explanation
    The rings of the trachea consist of cartilage. Cartilage is a tough and flexible connective tissue that provides support and structure to various parts of the body. In the trachea, the rings of cartilage help to keep the airway open and prevent collapse during breathing. This allows for the smooth passage of air into and out of the lungs. The presence of cartilage in the trachea also helps to protect the delicate tissues of the airway from damage.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    The formula for determining cardiac output(CO) is:

    • A.

      SVxBP=CO

    • B.

      SVxHR=CO

    • C.

      HRxBP=CO

    • D.

      HRxSVR=CO

    Correct Answer
    B. SVxHR=CO
    Explanation
    The formula SVxHR=CO is the correct formula for determining cardiac output. SV represents stroke volume, which is the amount of blood pumped out of the heart with each beat. HR represents heart rate, which is the number of times the heart beats per minute. By multiplying stroke volume by heart rate, we can calculate the cardiac output, which is the total volume of blood pumped by the heart per minute.

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

    The left lung has ____ lobe(s).

    • A.

      One

    • B.

      Two

    • C.

      Three

    • D.

      Four

    Correct Answer
    B. Two
    Explanation
    The left lung has two lobes.

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

    TThe _________ commonly call voice box, is the structure that contains the vocal cords and cconnects to the opening of the trachea.

    • A.

      Nasopharynx

    • B.

      Larynx

    • C.

      Pharynx

    • D.

      Oropharynx

    Correct Answer
    B. Larynx
    Explanation
    The larynx, commonly called the voice box, is the structure that contains the vocal cords and connects to the opening of the trachea. It is responsible for producing sound and allowing us to speak. The nasopharynx, pharynx, and oropharynx are all parts of the throat, but they do not specifically contain the vocal cords or connect to the trachea like the larynx does. Therefore, the correct answer is larynx.

    Rate this question:

  • 14. 

    Prone refers to a patient lying on:

    • A.

      Their back face up

    • B.

      Their anterior body surface or "front"

    • C.

      On their right side

    • D.

      On their left side

    Correct Answer
    B. Their anterior body surface or "front"
    Explanation
    The term "prone" in medical terminology refers to a patient lying on their anterior body surface or "front". This means that the patient is lying face down with their chest and abdomen touching the surface they are lying on.

    Rate this question:

  • 15. 

    __________ refers to the palm of the hand.

    • A.

      Palmar

    • B.

      Plantar

    • C.

      Plane

    • D.

      Lateral

    Correct Answer
    A. Palmar
    Explanation
    The term "palmar" refers to the palm of the hand. It specifically describes something that is related to or located on the palm. This term is commonly used in medical and anatomical contexts to describe structures or conditions that affect the palm of the hand.

    Rate this question:

  • 16. 

    The ________ artery is the major artery in the neck, and is the main supplier of blood to the head.

    • A.

      Femoral

    • B.

      Brachial

    • C.

      Carotid

    • D.

      Radial

    Correct Answer
    C. Carotid
    Explanation
    The carotid artery is the major artery in the neck and is responsible for supplying blood to the head. This artery plays a crucial role in delivering oxygen and nutrients to the brain, making it an essential component of the circulatory system. The femoral artery supplies blood to the lower extremities, the brachial artery supplies blood to the arm, and the radial artery supplies blood to the forearm and hand. However, none of these arteries are responsible for supplying blood to the head, making the carotid artery the correct answer.

    Rate this question:

  • 17. 

    The _________ artery located in the upper arm used to palpated to obtain a pulse in an infant, also serves as a pressure point to control bleeding in all ages from the arm.

    • A.

      Radial

    • B.

      Femoral

    • C.

      Carotid

    • D.

      Brachial

    Correct Answer
    D. Brachial
    Explanation
    The brachial artery is located in the upper arm and is commonly used to obtain a pulse in infants. It is also used as a pressure point to control bleeding in all ages from the arm.

    Rate this question:

  • 18. 

    The _________ artery carries oxygen-poor blood from the heart to the lungs.

    • A.

      Brachial

    • B.

      Carotid

    • C.

      Pulmonary

    • D.

      Radial

    Correct Answer
    C. Pulmonary
    Explanation
    The pulmonary artery carries oxygen-poor blood from the heart to the lungs. This is because the pulmonary artery is the only artery in the body that carries deoxygenated blood. Once the blood reaches the lungs, it undergoes oxygenation and becomes oxygen-rich before returning to the heart.

    Rate this question:

  • 19. 

    The medial and larger bone of the lower leg is known as the ________ bone.

    • A.

      Femur

    • B.

      Tibia

    • C.

      Fibula

    • D.

      Radius

    Correct Answer
    B. Tibia
    Explanation
    The correct answer is tibia. The tibia is the larger and medial bone of the lower leg. It is commonly referred to as the shinbone and is located on the inner side of the leg. The tibia is an important bone that helps support the body's weight and plays a crucial role in movement and stability.

    Rate this question:

  • 20. 

    The bone between the shoulder and the elbow in the upper arm is the _______.

    • A.

      Ulna

    • B.

      Radius

    • C.

      Humerus

    • D.

      Carpal

    Correct Answer
    C. Humerus
    Explanation
    The bone between the shoulder and the elbow in the upper arm is called the humerus. The humerus is the long bone that extends from the shoulder joint to the elbow joint, and it is the largest bone in the upper limb. It plays a crucial role in the movement and stability of the arm, allowing for actions such as flexion, extension, and rotation. The ulna and radius are bones in the forearm, while the carpal bones are located in the wrist.

    Rate this question:

  • 21. 

    The cervical vertebrae consist of _______ vertebrae.

    • A.

      5

    • B.

      12

    • C.

      7

    • D.

      3

    Correct Answer
    C. 7
    Explanation
    The cervical vertebrae are a series of vertebrae located in the neck region of the spine. There are a total of seven cervical vertebrae in the human body. These vertebrae provide support and mobility to the head and neck, allowing for movements such as rotation and flexion. Each cervical vertebra is numbered from C1 to C7, with C1 being the topmost vertebra closest to the skull.

    Rate this question:

  • 22. 

    The skin consists of ____ layers, with the ________ layer being the deepest.

    • A.

      2, dermis

    • B.

      3, subcutaneous

    • C.

      3, epidermis

    • D.

      2, subcutaneous

    Correct Answer
    B. 3, subcutaneous
    Explanation
    The skin consists of multiple layers, with the subcutaneous layer being the deepest. This layer is located beneath the dermis and epidermis layers. The subcutaneous layer is composed of fat and connective tissue, and it plays a crucial role in insulation, cushioning, and energy storage.

    Rate this question:

  • 23. 

    The ______ layer of skin contains the sweat and sebaceous(oil) glands, hair follicles, nerve endings, and some blood vessels.

    • A.

      Dermis

    • B.

      Epidermis

    • C.

      Subcutaneous

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Epidermis
    Explanation
    The epidermis is the correct answer because it is the outermost layer of the skin and contains various structures such as sweat and sebaceous glands, hair follicles, nerve endings, and some blood vessels. The dermis is the layer beneath the epidermis and the subcutaneous layer is the deepest layer of the skin. Therefore, the epidermis is the layer that includes all the mentioned structures.

    Rate this question:

  • 24. 

    The organ in the form of a sac on the underside of the liver that stores bile produced by the liver is the:

    • A.

      Appendix

    • B.

      Pancreas

    • C.

      Colon

    • D.

      Gallbladder

    Correct Answer
    D. Gallbladder
    Explanation
    The gallbladder is a small sac-like organ located under the liver. Its main function is to store bile, a digestive fluid produced by the liver. When food enters the small intestine, the gallbladder releases bile into the digestive tract to help break down fats. The gallbladder plays a crucial role in the digestion and absorption of nutrients.

    Rate this question:

  • 25. 

    The term bilateral refers to:

    • A.

      Both lungs.

    • B.

      One side.

    • C.

      Frontal skull.

    • D.

      Both sides.

    Correct Answer
    D. Both sides.
    Explanation
    The term bilateral refers to something that occurs on both sides. In this context, it means that it refers to both sides of the body, such as both lungs.

    Rate this question:

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jul 18, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    Prof_Shefaa
Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.