EMT Basic Protocol Exam 15 Questions

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Quizzes Created: 9 | Total Attempts: 51,649
Questions: 15 | Attempts: 9,765

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EMT Basic Protocol Exam 15 Questions - Quiz

Quiz about EMT -Basic Protocols


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The acronym START is used to assist in triage situations and stands for:

    • A.

      Simple Triage and Rapid Treatment

    • B.

      Simple Treatment and Rapid Transport

    • C.

      Standard Treatment and Rapid Transport

    • D.

      Simple Triage and Rapid Transport

    Correct Answer
    A. Simple Triage and Rapid Treatment
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Simple Triage and Rapid Treatment". In triage situations, START is an acronym that helps medical professionals quickly assess and prioritize patients based on the severity of their injuries or illnesses. The acronym emphasizes the need for a simple and efficient triage process that allows for rapid treatment of patients in order to save as many lives as possible.

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  • 2. 

    All patients found pulseless and apneic are to be resuscitated except, those patients found in the following condition

    • A.

      Hypothermic

    • B.

      Drowning with submersion less than 60 minutes (with hypothermia)

    • C.

      Pregnant and estimated to be 20 weeks or later gestation

    • D.

      A valid CPR Directive present with the patient

    Correct Answer
    D. A valid CPR Directive present with the patient
    Explanation
    Patients with a valid CPR Directive present should not be resuscitated. This means that they have explicitly stated their wish to not receive cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in the event of cardiac arrest. Respecting the patient's autonomy and their end-of-life wishes is important, and therefore resuscitation should not be performed on these patients.

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  • 3. 

    An unconscious adult is presumed to consent to treatment for a life threatening injury/illness is an example of:

    • A.

      Implied consent

    • B.

      Ordered consent

    • C.

      Presumed consent

    • D.

      Involuntary consent

    Correct Answer
    A. Implied consent
    Explanation
    Implied consent is the correct answer because it refers to the assumption that an unconscious adult would consent to receiving treatment for a life-threatening injury or illness if they were able to. In such situations, medical professionals are legally allowed to provide necessary treatment without obtaining explicit consent from the patient. This concept is based on the principle of acting in the best interest of the patient and prioritizing their health and well-being.

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  • 4. 

    A blood pressure cuff that is too small for a patient may give you a false elevated reading?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    If a blood pressure cuff is too small for a patient, it may give a false elevated reading because it can constrict the arm too much, leading to increased pressure in the arteries. This can result in an inaccurate measurement of the patient's blood pressure, making it appear higher than it actually is. It is important to use a properly sized cuff to ensure accurate readings.

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  • 5. 

    Heat stroke is a medical emergency and is distinguished by and altered level of consciousness

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Heat stroke is indeed a medical emergency that can occur when the body's temperature regulation system becomes overwhelmed by high temperatures. It is characterized by an altered level of consciousness, which can range from confusion to loss of consciousness. This is due to the body's inability to cool down properly, leading to damage to the brain and other vital organs. Therefore, the given statement is true.

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  • 6. 

    You are responding to a female in active labor and arrive at the scene just in time to assist in the delivery.  When suctioning the infant, you should suction the nose before the mouth:

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    When suctioning the infant, it is recommended to suction the mouth before the nose. This is because clearing the airway is a priority, and suctioning the mouth first helps to remove any potential obstructions or secretions that may be blocking the infant's airway. Suctioning the nose before the mouth can potentially push any debris further into the airway, causing further obstruction. Therefore, it is important to prioritize suctioning the mouth first to ensure the infant's airway is clear and open.

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  • 7. 

    The S in the SAMPLE pneumonic most correctly stands for:

    • A.

      Signs and Symptoms

    • B.

      Sensation

    • C.

      Severity

    • D.

      Swelling

    Correct Answer
    A. Signs and Symptoms
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Signs and Symptoms. In the SAMPLE pneumonic, each letter represents a different aspect of a patient's medical history that should be assessed. The S specifically refers to Signs and Symptoms, which are important indicators of a patient's condition. By evaluating the signs (observable indications of a medical problem) and symptoms (subjective experiences reported by the patient), healthcare professionals can gather valuable information to aid in diagnosis and treatment.

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  • 8. 

    When treating a patient with an amputation all the following are correct except:

    • A.

      Moisten with a sterile dressing and place in a water tight container

    • B.

      Use dry ice

    • C.

      Clamp bleeding vessels

    • D.

      Avoid a tourniquet if at all possible

    Correct Answer
    B. Use dry ice
    Explanation
    In the event of an amputation, it’s crucial to avoid placing the amputated part directly in water or ice without the protection of a plastic bag. Direct contact with ice should also be avoided. The use of dry ice is not recommended as it can lead to frostbite and further damage to the amputated part. If there’s no access to cold water, it’s important to keep the part as far from heat sources as possible.

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  • 9. 

    Initial assessment of stable patients should be recorded every ________ minutes and ______ for unstable patients:

    • A.

      10-15

    • B.

      15-5

    • C.

      5-10

    • D.

      5-15

    Correct Answer
    B. 15-5
    Explanation
    The initial assessment of stable patients should be recorded every 15 minutes, while for unstable patients it should be recorded every 5 minutes. This frequency allows healthcare providers to closely monitor unstable patients and quickly identify any changes in their condition. For stable patients, a longer interval of 15 minutes is appropriate as their condition is not expected to change rapidly. Regular documentation of the assessment helps ensure accurate and up-to-date information is available for the patient's care team.

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  • 10. 

    In the hypothermic patient, shivering does not occur below:

    • A.

      95 degrees Fahrenheit

    • B.

      90 degrees Fahrenheit

    • C.

      85 degrees Fahrenheit

    • D.

      80 degrees Fahrenheit

    Correct Answer
    B. 90 degrees Fahrenheit
    Explanation
    In a hypothermic patient, shivering is the body's natural response to generate heat and increase body temperature. However, as the body temperature continues to drop, shivering becomes less effective and eventually stops. The correct answer is 90 degrees Fahrenheit because below this temperature, the body is unable to initiate shivering as a mechanism to increase body temperature.

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  • 11. 

    The Heimlich maneuver is  now recommended to facilitate gastric emptying for a patient that has suffered a drowning/near drowning event:

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The Heimlich maneuver is not recommended to facilitate gastric emptying for a patient that has suffered a drowning/near drowning event. The Heimlich maneuver is typically used to clear the airway obstruction caused by foreign objects in the throat, not to address gastric emptying. In the case of drowning/near drowning, the focus should be on providing immediate medical attention and performing CPR if necessary.

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  • 12. 

    Severe thermal burns greater than ______ of the total body surface a dry dressing should be used, if it is less than that percentage the dressing should be moistened:

    • A.

      5%

    • B.

      10%

    • C.

      15%

    • D.

      25%

    Correct Answer
    C. 15%
    Explanation
    When severe thermal burns cover more than 15% of the total body surface, a dry dressing should be used. This is because a dry dressing helps to prevent infection and promote healing by creating a barrier between the burn and the external environment. However, if the burn covers less than 15% of the total body surface, a moistened dressing should be used instead. This is because a moistened dressing helps to cool the burn, relieve pain, and keep the wound hydrated, which can aid in the healing process.

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  • 13. 

    The appropriate dosage for aspirin when given to a patient that is having an acute coronary syndrome is:

    • A.

      2 – 81mg tablets (162mgs)

    • B.

      3 – 81mg tablets (243mgs)

    • C.

      3 – 80mg tablets (240mgs)

    • D.

      4 – 81mg tablets (324mgs)

    Correct Answer
    D. 4 – 81mg tablets (324mgs)
    Explanation
    The appropriate dosage for aspirin when given to a patient that is having an acute coronary syndrome is 4 - 81mg tablets (324mgs) because this dosage provides the highest amount of aspirin among the given options. Acute coronary syndrome is a serious condition that requires a higher dosage of aspirin to help prevent blood clotting and reduce the risk of further complications.

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  • 14. 

    While treating a patient with Acute Mountain Sickness you would expect signs and symptoms to include all the following except:

    • A.

      Headache

    • B.

      Fatigue

    • C.

      Poor sleeping

    • D.

      Altered mental status

    Correct Answer
    D. Altered mental status
    Explanation
    When treating a patient with Acute Mountain Sickness, it is expected that they may experience symptoms such as headache, fatigue, and poor sleeping. These symptoms are common in individuals who are affected by the condition due to the reduced oxygen levels at high altitudes. However, altered mental status is not typically associated with Acute Mountain Sickness. This symptom refers to changes in cognitive function, such as confusion or disorientation, which are not commonly observed in individuals with this condition.

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  • 15. 

    In which of the following conditions is the administration of Nitroglycerin contraindicated for the EMT Basic:

    • A.

      Patient has not had three tablets within four minutes prior to your arrival

    • B.

      Patient is having cardiac related discomfort

    • C.

      Patient does not have Nitroglycerin prescribed for him

    • D.

      Patient’s blood pressure of 110 systolic

    Correct Answer
    C. Patient does not have Nitroglycerin prescribed for him
    Explanation
    The administration of Nitroglycerin is contraindicated for the EMT Basic if the patient does not have Nitroglycerin prescribed for him. This means that the EMT should not administer Nitroglycerin to a patient who does not have a prescription for it, as it could potentially be harmful or cause adverse reactions.

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  • Current Version
  • Jan 11, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 15, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Eroth
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