East Asia Benchmark Review

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Review concepts related to East Asia 2011


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The ideas and beliefs of people in East Asian countries are strongly influenced by_____________

    • A.

      Monsoon rains

    • B.

      China

    • C.

      Christianity

    Correct Answer
    B. China
    Explanation
    China is the largest country in East Asia. It's government, religions and culture are very ancience, and have helped shaped neighbors such as Japan, Vietnam and Korea

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  • 2. 

    The type of economy in China today is_________________

    • A.

      Command

    • B.

      Communism

    • C.

      Both -- they mean the same thing

    Correct Answer
    C. Both -- they mean the same thing
    Explanation
    The correct answer is both -- they mean the same thing. This is because in China today, the economy is characterized by a combination of command and communism. In a command economy, the government has significant control over the allocation of resources and decision-making. Similarly, in a communist system, the government owns and controls the means of production. Therefore, both terms can be used interchangeably to describe the type of economy in China today.

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  • 3. 

    A correct description of the communist government is______________

    • A.

      Authoritarian

    • B.

      Totalitarian

    • C.

      Both

    Correct Answer
    C. Both
    Explanation
    total i tarian Total power in the hands of the government.

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  • 4. 

    The most important leader of Communist leader in China was ____

    • A.

      Gandhi

    • B.

      Ho Chi Minh

    • C.

      Mao Ze Dong

    Correct Answer
    C. Mao Ze Dong
    Explanation
    Mao Ze Dong was a general who won China's civil war, after Puyi, the last emperor quit (abdicated). MAO believed in communism and changed China into a communist country.

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  • 5. 

    When one country takes over the government or economy of another country, this is called __________________

    • A.

      Communism

    • B.

      Imperialism

    • C.

      Capitalism

    Correct Answer
    B. Imperialism
    Explanation
    Examples of imperialism: British took over control of Inida; Japan took over control of Korea; France took over control of Indochina (where Vietnam is located); Spain took over control of the Phillippines, later on the USA took the Philippines from Spain.

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  • 6. 

    Name western countries that were imperial powers in East Asia.

    • A.

      China, Japan

    • B.

      Saudi Arabia, Turkey

    • C.

      Britain, France

    Correct Answer
    C. Britain, France
    Explanation
    Western countries are located in western Europe or in North or South America.

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  • 7. 

    Market economies include __________________

    • A.

      Businesses owned by individuals, not the government`

    • B.

      Businesses must make a profit

    • C.

      Both of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Both of the above
    Explanation
    Market economies include both businesses owned by individuals, not the government, and businesses that must make a profit. In a market economy, the means of production are privately owned and operated for profit. This means that individuals have the freedom to own and operate businesses, and these businesses are driven by the goal of making a profit. The government does not own or control these businesses, and they operate based on supply and demand in the market. Therefore, the correct answer is both of the above.

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  • 8. 

    A command economy  includes___________________

    • A.

      Government ownership of all property

    • B.

      People work to make a profit

    • C.

      Free trade

    Correct Answer
    A. Government ownership of all property
    Explanation
    A command economy or Communism includes the idea of NO one person being able to own private property. The goal of government is to ensure that all people share what the country produces. Businesses are run under government rule. Their primary purpose is NOT to make a profit.

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  • 9. 

    From World War II until about 1990, the Cold War was being fought.  This was was about_____________________

    • A.

      Communist countries trying to take over the world

    • B.

      Non-communist countries trying to defence the world from Communism

    • C.

      Both

    Correct Answer
    C. Both
    Explanation
    The Soviet Union stated that it would take over the world and change all countries to Communism. The USA and western countries worked to defend countries from the Soviet Union's threat. China, a major communist power, also worked to take communism into other parts of East Asia, like Vietnam and Korea

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  • 10. 

    How was South East Asia affected by the Cold War?

    • A.

      Korea was split in a civil war. Communist North Korea tried to take over South Korea

    • B.

      Vietnam was split in a civil war. Communist North Vietnam tried to take over South Vietnam

    • C.

      Soviet Union tried to control West Germany

    Correct Answer
    B. Vietnam was split in a civil war. Communist North Vietnam tried to take over South Vietnam
    Explanation
    Vietnam is located in South East Asia. The other countries are not in South East Asia.

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  • 11. 

    What continent has the largest number of countries which have democratic governments?

    • A.

      Europe

    • B.

      Asia

    • C.

      North America

    Correct Answer
    A. Europe
    Explanation
    Europe is a small continent but it has a large number of small countries. Many of these are smaller than many states in the USA.

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  • 12. 

    The Communist government set up by Mao Zedong was _______________

    • A.

      Totalitarian

    • B.

      Democratic

    • C.

      Absolute monarchy

    Correct Answer
    A. Totalitarian
    Explanation
    The correct answer is totalitarian. This is because a totalitarian government is characterized by a single ruling party that has complete control over all aspects of society, including the economy, media, and individual freedoms. Mao Zedong's Communist government in China fits this description as it imposed strict control over all aspects of Chinese society during his rule.

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  • 13. 

    Confucianism is ___________________

    • A.

      A form of government created by Mao Zedong

    • B.

      A Chinese belief system that teaches good behavior and respect for family

    • C.

      An Indian belief system that teaches about reincarnation

    Correct Answer
    B. A Chinese belief system that teaches good behavior and respect for family
    Explanation
    Confucianism is a Chinese belief system that emphasizes the importance of good behavior and respect for family. It originated from the teachings of Confucius, a philosopher who lived in ancient China. Confucianism focuses on moral values, social harmony, and the cultivation of virtues such as filial piety, loyalty, and righteousness. It has had a significant influence on Chinese culture and society for centuries, shaping the way people think, behave, and interact with others.

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  • 14. 

    What South East Asian nation suffered from war  because of the Cold War?

    • A.

      Korea

    • B.

      Vietnam

    • C.

      Japan

    Correct Answer
    B. Vietnam
    Explanation
    Vietnam is the correct answer because it suffered from war due to the Cold War. The Vietnam War, which lasted from 1955 to 1975, was a direct result of the Cold War tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union. The conflict began as a civil war between North Vietnam (supported by the Soviet Union and China) and South Vietnam (supported by the United States). It escalated into a full-scale war with the United States sending troops and conducting bombings in an attempt to prevent the spread of communism. The war caused immense destruction and loss of life in Vietnam.

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  • 15. 

    The rights of Chinese were not respected by the government.  This was shown in our cartoon about________________

    • A.

      Tiananmen Square

    • B.

      The Forbidden City

    • C.

      The Great Wall

    Correct Answer
    A. Tiananmen Square
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Tiananmen Square. The question states that the rights of Chinese were not respected by the government, and this was depicted in a cartoon. Tiananmen Square is a historic site in China where a pro-democracy protest took place in 1989. The Chinese government responded to the protest with a violent crackdown, resulting in the loss of many lives. This event is widely seen as a violation of human rights and a lack of respect for the rights of the Chinese people.

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  • 16. 

    The word "urban" means ________________

    • A.

      Countryside

    • B.

      Forests

    • C.

      City

    Correct Answer
    C. City
    Explanation
    The word "urban" refers to areas or characteristics related to cities. It is often used to describe the built-up, developed, and densely populated areas in contrast to rural or countryside areas. Therefore, the correct answer is "city."

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  • 17. 

    The British took over India and forced China to change its laws to allow trade.  This is an example of ___________________________

    • A.

      Imperialism

    • B.

      Democracy

    • C.

      Communism

    Correct Answer
    A. Imperialism
    Explanation
    This statement describes the British taking over India and pressuring China to modify its laws for the purpose of trade. Imperialism refers to a policy or practice by which a country extends its power and influence over other nations, often by force or through economic dominance. In this case, the British exerted their control over India and used their influence to manipulate China's laws, showcasing the concept of imperialism.

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  • 18. 

    France took over parts of South East Asia and controlled Vietnam in 1914.  This is an example of _____________________

    • A.

      Communism

    • B.

      Market Economy

    • C.

      European Imperialism

    Correct Answer
    C. European Imperialism
    Explanation
    This statement describes the historical event where France gained control over parts of Southeast Asia, specifically Vietnam, in 1914. This event aligns with the concept of European Imperialism, which refers to the period of time when European powers, such as France, expanded their influence and control over various regions around the world.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 19, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jun 04, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Macadams
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