Spanish Colonial Rule

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Spanish Colonial Rule - Quiz

This is a quiz on Spanish colonial rule in the Philippines.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    1. Which of the following was NOT a reason for Spain's rule in the Philippines?

    • A.

      A. cultural development

    • B.

      B. acquisition of resources

    • C.

      C. spread of Christianity

    • D.

      D. territorial expansion

    Correct Answer
    A. A. cultural development
    Explanation
    Spain's rule in the Philippines was not motivated by cultural development. Instead, the main reasons for Spain's rule in the Philippines were the acquisition of resources, such as spices and precious metals, the spread of Christianity through missionary work, and territorial expansion to establish a colonial presence in the region. Cultural development was not a primary objective for Spain in the Philippines, as their focus was primarily on economic and religious interests.

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  • 2. 

    2. Who re-discovered the Philippines and proved that the world was round?

    • A.

      A. Vasco de Gama

    • B.

      B. Christopher Columbus

    • C.

      C. King Philip

    • D.

      D. Ferdinand Magellan

    Correct Answer
    D. D. Ferdinand Magellan
    Explanation
    Ferdinand Magellan is credited with re-discovering the Philippines and providing evidence that the world was round. He was a Portuguese explorer who led the first circumnavigation of the globe. Magellan's expedition reached the Philippines in 1521, where he was killed in a battle with the native inhabitants. Despite his death, his crew continued the voyage and completed the circumnavigation, proving that the Earth is round.

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  • 3. 

    3. Who established Spanish colonial rule in the Philippines?

    • A.

      A. Miguel Lopez de Legazpi

    • B.

      B. Carlos Maria dela Torre

    • C.

      C. Andres de Urdaneta

    • D.

      D. Ferdinand Magellan

    Correct Answer
    A. A. Miguel Lopez de Legazpi
    Explanation
    Miguel Lopez de Legazpi is the correct answer because he is known for establishing Spanish colonial rule in the Philippines. He was a Spanish navigator and governor who led an expedition to the Philippines in 1565. He established the first Spanish settlement in Cebu and went on to establish other settlements in the region, effectively beginning Spanish colonial rule in the Philippines. His actions laid the foundation for over 300 years of Spanish influence and control in the country.

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  • 4. 

    4. Which of the following was NOT among the repressive policies that was enforced during the Spanish period?

    • A.

      A. Fiestas

    • B.

      B. Polo y Servicios

    • C.

      C. Bandala

    • D.

      D. Cedula

    Correct Answer
    A. A. Fiestas
    Explanation
    During the Spanish period, various repressive policies were enforced to maintain control over the colonies. These policies included Polo y Servicios, which required forced labor from the native population, Bandala, which was a system of forced contributions, and Cedula, which was a mandatory identification document. However, fiestas were not a repressive policy but rather a cultural celebration and gathering. Fiestas were an important part of Spanish colonial culture and were not enforced as a means of control.

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  • 5. 

    5. What economic policy imposed by Spain on the Indios that requires them to do forced labor?

    • A.

      A. tribute

    • B.

      B. polo y servicios

    • C.

      C. bandala

    • D.

      D. cedula

    Correct Answer
    B. B. polo y servicios
    Explanation
    Polo y servicios refers to the economic policy imposed by Spain on the Indios that requires them to do forced labor. This policy involved the indigenous people being obligated to provide unpaid labor for a certain number of days each year for the Spanish authorities or landowners. The labor could include activities such as farming, mining, construction, or other tasks deemed necessary by the Spanish colonial administration. This policy was a form of exploitation and control over the indigenous population, furthering the economic interests of the Spanish colonial rulers.

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  • 6. 

    6. Who were Spaniards born in the Philippines?

    • A.

      A. creoles

    • B.

      B. peninsulares

    • C.

      C. ilustrados

    • D.

      D. sangleys

    Correct Answer
    A. A. creoles
    Explanation
    Creoles were Spaniards born in the Philippines. The term "creole" refers to individuals of Spanish descent who were born in the colonies. In the context of the Philippines, creoles were the offspring of Spanish parents who settled in the country. They were considered to be of higher social status compared to other groups such as the peninsulares (Spaniards born in Spain) and the sangleys (Chinese immigrants). The creoles played a significant role in the political and social development of the Philippines during the Spanish colonial period.

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  • 7. 

    7. Which of the following was NOT part of the goods that were traded during the Manila-Acapulco galleon trade?

    • A.

      A. gold

    • B.

      B. silver

    • C.

      C. silk

    • D.

      D. sugar

    Correct Answer
    D. D. sugar
    Explanation
    During the Manila-Acapulco galleon trade, goods such as gold, silver, and silk were traded between Manila in the Philippines and Acapulco in Mexico. However, sugar was not part of the goods that were traded during this trade route. The Manila-Acapulco galleon trade primarily focused on luxury goods and precious metals, making sugar an incorrect option.

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  • 8. 

    8. Which of the following was NOT a function of the state during the Spanish period?

    • A.

      A. provide peace and order

    • B.

      B. protect the Spanish monarchy

    • C.

      C. defend the Catholic region

    • D.

      D. protect the ancestral lands of the Indios

    Correct Answer
    D. D. protect the ancestral lands of the Indios
    Explanation
    During the Spanish period, the state had various functions, including providing peace and order, protecting the Spanish monarchy, and defending the Catholic religion. However, it did not prioritize protecting the ancestral lands of the Indios. This is because the Spanish colonial government often exploited and seized the lands of the indigenous people, rather than protecting them.

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  • 9. 

    9. What social class developed the consciousness of the Filipinos to fight Spain?

    • A.

      A. mestizos de España

    • B.

      B. principalia

    • C.

      C. mestizos de sangleys

    • D.

      D. ilustrados

    Correct Answer
    D. D. ilustrados
    Explanation
    The ilustrados, or the educated class, played a significant role in developing the consciousness of the Filipinos to fight against Spanish rule. They were well-educated individuals who were exposed to Enlightenment ideas and were influenced by the liberal movements in Europe. The ilustrados sought to reform the country and advocated for equality, freedom, and representation for the Filipino people. They used their knowledge and influence to spread nationalist sentiments and push for social and political reforms, eventually paving the way for the Philippine Revolution against Spain.

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  • 10. 

    10. Whose death ignited the Philippine revolution of 1896?

    • A.

      A. Andres Bonifacio

    • B.

      B. Gomburza

    • C.

      C. Diego Silang

    • D.

      D. Jose Rizal

    Correct Answer
    D. D. Jose Rizal
    Explanation
    Jose Rizal's death ignited the Philippine revolution of 1896 because he was a prominent Filipino nationalist and reformist. Rizal's execution by the Spanish colonial government sparked outrage and served as a catalyst for Filipinos to unite and fight for independence. His writings and martyrdom inspired many Filipinos to join the revolution and fight against Spanish oppression, ultimately leading to the declaration of Philippine independence in 1898.

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