Diabetes Quiz: How Well You Really Know?

25 Questions | Total Attempts: 21

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Diabetes Quiz: How Well You Really Know?

How well do you know what diabetes is? For this quiz, you will have to understand what GIP and GLP-1 are, does ADA have the final say whether you can get tested for diabetes, what gluconeogenesis is, the position of insulin in the body, and what epinephrine is, and if it affect glycogenolysis. This quiz will go more in-depth about diabetes and what it does to the human body.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    GLP-1
    • A. 

      Stimulates insulin-dependent glucose secretion

    • B. 

      Suppresses insulin secretion

    • C. 

      Suppresses glucagon secretion

    • D. 

      Promotes b-cell neogenesis in animal models

    • E. 

      Increases gastric emptying

  • 2. 
    GLP-1
    • A. 

      Enhances satiety

    • B. 

      Slows gastric emptying

    • C. 

      Suppresses glucagon in a glucose-independent manner

    • D. 

      Suppresses glucagon in a glucose-dependent manner

    • E. 

      Improves insulin sensivity

  • 3. 
    In type 2 diabetics, GIP and GLP-1 secretion are usually reduced.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    LJ's wife comes into your pharmacy.  She is a 40-year-old caucasian female coffee drinker with high triglycerides but no family history.  She is wondering if the ADA recommends that she be screened for diabetes?  She has never been screened before.  You tell her...
    • A. 

      Yes, be screened

    • B. 

      No, do not be screened

  • 5. 
    What drugs can cause secondary diabetes mellitus?
    • A. 

      Lithium

    • B. 

      Beta blockers

    • C. 

      Cisplatin

    • D. 

      Diuretics

    • E. 

      Glucocorticoids

  • 6. 
    Nephrogenic DI and genetic DI are deficiencies in AVP ________
    • A. 

      Secretion

    • B. 

      Action

  • 7. 
    Normal urine output is between _____ mL/kg/day.
    • A. 

      2 to 6

    • B. 

      6 to 12

    • C. 

      12 to 24

    • D. 

      24 to 48

    • E. 

      Greater than 50

  • 8. 
    The main physiologic stimulus for AVP secretion is plasma _________.
  • 9. 
    Insulin secretion from the beta-cell involves what? 
    • A. 

      ATP sensitive Ca channel

    • B. 

      Glut2

    • C. 

      Hexokinase

    • D. 

      Depolarization

  • 10. 
    Glut 2 is a non-inducible glucose transporter?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 11. 
    In the beta cell, increased intracellular potassium ____________ the cell and opens a voltage-gated calcium channel.
    • A. 

      Depolarizes

    • B. 

      Hyperpolarizes

  • 12. 
    Insulin in the portal vein, _________ gluconeogenesis in the liver.
    • A. 

      Decreases

    • B. 

      Increases

  • 13. 
    The net effect of amylin is to...
    • A. 

      Slow the influx of exogenous glucose into the blood

    • B. 

      Slow the influx of endogenous glucose into the blood

    • C. 

      Slow both the influx of endogenous and exogenous glucose into the blood

  • 14. 
    Amylin
    • A. 

      Slows the influx of glucose into the blood

    • B. 

      Increases gastric emptying

    • C. 

      Increases postprandial glucose secretion

    • D. 

      Opposes the action of insulin

    • E. 

      Helps match glucose concentration with the rate of insulin-induced glucose clearance

  • 15. 
    Insulin
    • A. 

      Increases proteolysis

    • B. 

      Increases triglyceride formation

    • C. 

      Blocks synthesis and release of glucagon

    • D. 

      Increases glycogenesis

    • E. 

      Inhibits glucose oxidation in the muscle

  • 16. 
    Hexokinase II has a high Km.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 17. 
    In a lazy person, more glucose is going into glycogen storage.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 18. 
    Glut4 is always expressed.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 19. 
    Glucagon activates phosphorylase to stimulate glycogenolysis.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    The muscles lack of G6P phosphatase ensures oxidation?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
    Epinephrine may also increase glycogenolysis and gluconeogenesis.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 22. 
    Glucagon stimulates acetyl Co-A carboxylase.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 23. 
    How much glucose should you take (to try to get your blood sugar up) before you call the hospital?
    • A. 

      15 grams

    • B. 

      30 grams

    • C. 

      45 grams

    • D. 

      60 grams

  • 24. 
    The diagnostic triad of DKA involves
    • A. 

      Fruity breath

    • B. 

      Hyperglycemia (600+)

    • C. 

      Hyperglycemia (250+)

    • D. 

      Acidosis

    • E. 

      Low ketone levels

  • 25. 
    DKA is generally seen in...
    • A. 

      Type II diabetics and young adults

    • B. 

      Type I diabetics and African Americans

    • C. 

      Type II diabetics and African Americans

    • D. 

      Type I diabetics and young adults

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