Diabetes Facts Quiz: MCQ Trivia!

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Diabetes Facts Quiz: MCQ Trivia! - Quiz


How many diabetes facts are you familiar with? This quiz provides the basic facts about diabetes. With this quiz, you are expected to know a finger stick glucose compared to fasting blood glucose, the role of glucose in the body, average blood glucose, what diabetic ketoacidosis is, and what role energy plays in diabetes if any. Take this quiz and put your diabetes facts to the test.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Diabetes is a disease that causes:

    • A.

      Blood glucose to be too low

    • B.

      Blood glucose to be too high

    • C.

      Body to stop making glucose

    • D.

      Body to crave glucose

    Correct Answer
    B. Blood glucose to be too high
    Explanation
    Diabetes is a disease that causes blood glucose levels to be too high. This occurs because the body either does not produce enough insulin or does not effectively use the insulin it produces. Insulin is a hormone that helps regulate blood sugar levels. Without enough insulin, glucose builds up in the bloodstream instead of being absorbed by the cells for energy. This leads to high blood sugar levels, a condition known as hyperglycemia, which is a characteristic feature of diabetes.

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  • 2. 

    Which is NOT a symptom of diabetes?

    • A.

      Frequent urination

    • B.

      Hyper-activity

    • C.

      Increased thirst

    • D.

      Lethargy

    Correct Answer
    B. Hyper-activity
    Explanation
    Hyper-activity is not a symptom of diabetes. Diabetes is a condition characterized by high blood sugar levels, which can lead to various symptoms such as frequent urination, increased thirst, and lethargy. However, hyper-activity is not typically associated with diabetes. Hyper-activity refers to excessive physical or mental activity, which is not directly related to the metabolic changes caused by diabetes.

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  • 3. 

    What test is performed to confirm diagnosis of diabetes?

    • A.

      Complete Blood Count (CBC)

    • B.

      Complete Metabolic Panel (CMP)

    • C.

      Fasting Blood Glucose

    • D.

      Finger Stick Glucose

    Correct Answer
    C. Fasting Blood Glucose
    Explanation
    Fasting Blood Glucose test is performed to confirm the diagnosis of diabetes. This test measures the amount of glucose in the blood after fasting for a certain period of time. Elevated levels of glucose indicate diabetes. This test is considered one of the most reliable methods for diagnosing diabetes as it provides an accurate measure of the body's ability to regulate blood sugar levels. Other tests like CBC and CMP may be used to assess overall health and detect any complications related to diabetes, but they are not specific for diagnosing diabetes. Finger Stick Glucose test is a quick and convenient method for monitoring blood sugar levels, but it is not used for diagnosis.

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  • 4. 

    The normal range for blood glucose is:

    • A.

      50-70 mg/dL

    • B.

      70-80 mg/dL

    • C.

      80-110 mg/dL

    • D.

      100-130 mg/dL

    Correct Answer
    C. 80-110 mg/dL
    Explanation
    The normal range for blood glucose is 80-110 mg/dL. This range indicates the optimal level of glucose in the blood, which is necessary for providing energy to the body's cells. Blood glucose levels below 80 mg/dL may indicate hypoglycemia, while levels above 110 mg/dL may suggest hyperglycemia. Maintaining blood glucose within the normal range is important for overall health and to prevent complications associated with diabetes.

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  • 5. 

    Insulin is made in the:

    • A.

      Appendix

    • B.

      Liver

    • C.

      Pancreas

    • D.

      Stomach

    Correct Answer
    C. Pancreas
    Explanation
    Insulin is a hormone that regulates blood sugar levels. It is produced in the pancreas, specifically in the islets of Langerhans. These specialized cells within the pancreas release insulin into the bloodstream in response to elevated blood sugar levels. Insulin helps to transport glucose from the bloodstream into cells, where it can be used for energy or stored for later use. Without insulin, the body cannot effectively regulate blood sugar levels, leading to conditions such as diabetes. Therefore, the correct answer is the pancreas.

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  • 6. 

    What condition can occur if diabetic patients' blood glucose remains too high for very long?

    • A.

      Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA)

    • B.

      Diabetic Shock

    • C.

      Glucose versus Insulin Syndrome

    • D.

      Insulin Resistance

    Correct Answer
    A. Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA)
    Explanation
    If a diabetic patient's blood glucose remains too high for a long period of time, it can lead to a condition called Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA). DKA occurs when the body starts breaking down fat for energy instead of glucose, resulting in the production of ketones. This can lead to a dangerous buildup of ketones in the blood, causing symptoms such as excessive thirst, frequent urination, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and confusion. DKA is considered a medical emergency and requires immediate treatment to prevent complications such as coma or even death.

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  • 7. 

    Which is NOT a complication from having too LOW blood glucose levels?

    • A.

      Being energetic

    • B.

      Headaches

    • C.

      Letargy

    • D.

      Seizures

    Correct Answer
    A. Being energetic
    Explanation
    Having low blood glucose levels can lead to symptoms such as headaches, lethargy, and seizures. However, feeling energetic is not a complication of low blood glucose levels. In fact, low blood glucose levels typically result in fatigue and lack of energy.

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  • 8. 

    Eating too much sugar on a regular basis causes diabetes.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because eating too much sugar on a regular basis does not directly cause diabetes. While a high sugar intake can contribute to the development of type 2 diabetes, it is not the sole cause. Several factors, such as genetics, obesity, and sedentary lifestyle, play a significant role in the development of diabetes. It is important to maintain a balanced diet and a healthy lifestyle to reduce the risk of developing diabetes.

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  • 9. 

    Type 1 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Type 1 diabetes is not the most common form of diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is actually the most common form, accounting for about 90-95% of all diabetes cases. Type 1 diabetes, on the other hand, is less common and is estimated to make up only about 5-10% of all diabetes cases. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease where the body's immune system mistakenly attacks and destroys the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas, leading to a lack of insulin production.

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  • 10. 

    Having gestational diabetes increases the risk of developing diabetes.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that occurs during pregnancy. Women who have had gestational diabetes are at a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life. This is because the hormonal changes and insulin resistance that occur during pregnancy can persist after childbirth, increasing the risk of developing diabetes. Therefore, it is true that having gestational diabetes increases the risk of developing diabetes.

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