Dev Psychology Chapter 1 Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The key developmental processes in lifespan development include all of the following EXCEPT:

    • A.

      Cognitive processes

    • B.

      Biological processes

    • C.

      Physical/sensory processes

    • D.

      Socioemotional processes

    Correct Answer
    C. Physical/sensory processes
    Explanation
    The correct answer is physical/sensory processes. This is because physical/sensory processes are indeed key developmental processes in lifespan development. These processes involve the development and functioning of the body and sensory systems, such as motor skills, coordination, and sensory perception. Therefore, physical/sensory processes should not be excluded from the key developmental processes in lifespan development.

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  • 2. 

    Changes in an individual's thought, intellegence, and language is the definition of Cognitive Development.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Cognitive development refers to the changes in an individual's thought processes, intelligence, and language abilities over time. It involves the development of skills such as problem-solving, memory, attention, and reasoning. Therefore, the statement that changes in an individual's thought, intelligence, and language is the definition of cognitive development is true.

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  • 3. 

    Kyesha is 80 yrs old and is typical of growing number of older adults. kyesha MOST LIKELY lives

    • A.

      Alone

    • B.

      With her children

    • C.

      In a nursing home

    • D.

      With a spouse

    Correct Answer
    A. Alone
    Explanation
    Kyesha is 80 years old and is typical of a growing number of older adults. The fact that she is described as "typical" suggests that she is likely to live alone. As people age, it is common for them to become widowed or for their children to have moved out, resulting in them living alone. Additionally, the absence of any mention of children or a spouse in the question further supports the likelihood of Kyesha living alone.

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  • 4. 

    James, age 13 months, has just learned to get a book from the toy box when he wants his mother to read him a story. this is an example of what process in development?

    • A.

      Socioemotional

    • B.

      Biological

    • C.

      Cognitive

    • D.

      Physical

    Correct Answer
    C. Cognitive
    Explanation
    This is an example of cognitive development. Cognitive development refers to the growth and development of a person's thinking and understanding abilities. In this case, James has learned to associate a specific action (getting a book from the toy box) with a desired outcome (having his mother read him a story). This shows that he has developed the cognitive ability to understand cause and effect and to use this understanding to achieve his goals.

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  • 5. 

    People with similar occupational, education, and economic characteristics are said to share the same:

    • A.

      Poverty rate

    • B.

      Subculture group

    • C.

      Ethnic group

    • D.

      Socioeconomic status

    Correct Answer
    D. Socioeconomic status
    Explanation
    People with similar occupational, education, and economic characteristics are said to share the same socioeconomic status. This refers to their social standing or position in society based on factors such as income, education level, occupation, and wealth. Socioeconomic status is an important determinant of an individual's access to resources, opportunities, and overall quality of life. It can influence various aspects of a person's life, including their health, education, and social mobility.

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  • 6. 

    What is the age that is the number of years elapsed since a person was born

    • A.

      Biological

    • B.

      Chronological

    • C.

      Social

    • D.

      Psychological

    Correct Answer
    B. Chronological
    Explanation
    The correct answer is chronological. Chronological age refers to the number of years that have passed since a person was born. It is a measure of time and is commonly used to determine a person's age in a standard way. Biological age, on the other hand, refers to the physical condition and health of a person's body, while social and psychological age are more subjective and can vary based on cultural and personal factors. Therefore, chronological age is the most appropriate answer in this context.

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  • 7. 

    Josh spends all of his free time doing homework and studying so that he will get good grades and his parents will be proud of him. He is in the period of development called

    • A.

      Early adulthood

    • B.

      Early childhood

    • C.

      Adolescence

    • D.

      Middle childhood

    Correct Answer
    D. Middle childhood
    Explanation
    The given scenario describes a person who spends all their free time doing homework and studying to get good grades and make their parents proud. This behavior aligns with the characteristics of middle childhood. During this period of development, children typically become more focused on academic achievements and seek approval from their parents. This is a time when they start to develop a sense of competence and strive to meet societal expectations.

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  • 8. 

    The period of development during which school readiness skills are developed and most free time is spent playing with friends is called

    • A.

      Early childhood

    • B.

      Middle childhood

    • C.

      Late childhood

    • D.

      Adolescence

    Correct Answer
    A. Early childhood
    Explanation
    Early childhood refers to the period of development from birth to around 6 years old. During this time, children are actively developing school readiness skills such as language, cognitive, social, and emotional skills. They also spend a significant amount of their free time playing with friends, which helps them learn important social and communication skills. Therefore, early childhood is the correct answer as it accurately describes the period of development where school readiness skills are developed and children spend most of their free time playing with friends.

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  • 9. 

    Joey's main developmental task is the pursuit of independence and identity. he is in:

    • A.

      Middle adulthood

    • B.

      Late adulthood

    • C.

      Middle childhood

    • D.

      Adolescence

    Correct Answer
    D. Adolescence
    Explanation
    During adolescence, individuals undergo significant physical, cognitive, and emotional changes. It is a period marked by the search for independence and identity. Teenagers like Joey often strive to establish their own identities separate from their parents and to assert their independence by making their own decisions. This developmental stage is characterized by self-discovery, exploration, and the formation of personal values and beliefs. Therefore, adolescence is the correct answer as it aligns with Joey's pursuit of independence and identity.

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  • 10. 

    Mary is 75 years old. she loves to read, write, and take her grandchildren to the park. she has few close friends and supportive family. research on age and happiness suggests mary is:

    • A.

      Just as happy as those in middle age

    • B.

      Just as happy as any other age group

    • C.

      Happier than adolescents are

    • D.

      Less happy than children

    Correct Answer
    B. Just as happy as any other age group
    Explanation
    Based on the information provided, Mary is 75 years old and enjoys various activities such as reading, writing, and spending time with her grandchildren. She also has close friends and a supportive family. The answer "just as happy as any other age group" suggests that Mary's age does not have a significant impact on her happiness. This is supported by research on age and happiness, which indicates that individuals in different age groups can experience similar levels of happiness. Therefore, Mary's age does not make her happier or less happy than individuals in other age groups.

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  • 11. 

    Which of the following life-span phases last the longest?

    • A.

      Late adulthood

    • B.

      Middle adulthood

    • C.

      Adolescence

    • D.

      Middle and late childhood

    Correct Answer
    A. Late adulthood
    Explanation
    Late adulthood typically refers to the stage of life after the age of 65. This phase is considered to last the longest because it encompasses the final years of a person's life. It is a period characterized by physical and cognitive changes, as well as potential health issues and the need for increased care. Late adulthood is often associated with retirement and the transition into older age, making it a significant and extended phase in the life-span.

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  • 12. 

    Biology is to _________ as environment is to ____________.

    • A.

      Nature; maturation

    • B.

      Maturation; nurture

    • C.

      Nature; nurture

    • D.

      Nurture; nature

    Correct Answer
    C. Nature; nurture
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "nature; nurture". In biology, nature refers to the genetic and inherited characteristics of an organism, while nurture refers to the environmental influences and experiences that shape an individual's development. Similarly, in the context of the environment, nature represents the natural surroundings and ecosystems, while nurture refers to the human impact and actions that affect the environment. Both biology and the environment are influenced by a combination of innate factors and external influences.

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  • 13. 

    What is the proper order of Sigmund Freud's theory of development

    • A.

      Phallic, genital, oral, latentcy, anal

    • B.

      Latentcy, phallic, anal, genital, oral

    • C.

      Oral, anal, phallic, latentcy, genital

    • D.

      Anal, oral, latentcy, genital, phallic

    Correct Answer
    C. Oral, anal, phallic, latentcy, genital
    Explanation
    Freud's theory of development is based on psychosexual stages, where each stage is characterized by a focus on a different erogenous zone. According to his theory, the proper order of development is as follows: the oral stage, where the infant's primary focus is on the mouth and oral activities; the anal stage, where the child's focus shifts to the anus and toilet training; the phallic stage, where the child becomes aware of their own gender and develops attraction towards the opposite-sex parent; the latency stage, where sexual feelings are repressed and the child focuses on social and intellectual activities; and finally, the genital stage, where sexual desires reemerge and are focused on mature sexual relationships.

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  • 14. 

    The onset of puberty and the onset of menopause are examples of what age?

    • A.

      Psychological

    • B.

      Biological

    • C.

      Chronological

    • D.

      Social

    Correct Answer
    B. Biological
    Explanation
    The onset of puberty and the onset of menopause are examples of biological age because they are both related to the physical changes that occur in the body. Puberty is the stage when a person's body undergoes sexual maturation, while menopause is the cessation of menstruation and fertility in women. These processes are driven by hormonal changes and are a natural part of the aging process. Psychological age refers to an individual's level of mental and emotional development, chronological age refers to the number of years a person has lived, and social age refers to the roles and expectations society places on individuals based on their age.

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  • 15. 

    Life-span psychologists generally agree that:

    • A.

      Nature is more important than nurture

    • B.

      Neither nature or nurture influence development

    • C.

      Nurture is more important then nature

    • D.

      Nature and nurture both influence development

    Correct Answer
    D. Nature and nurture both influence development
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that nature and nurture both influence development. This means that both genetic factors (nature) and environmental factors (nurture) play a role in shaping a person's development. While some psychologists may emphasize one factor over the other, the consensus among life-span psychologists is that both nature and nurture interact and contribute to human development.

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  • 16. 

    Most contemporary psychoanalytic theorists believe that Sigmund Freud:

    • A.

      Underestimated the role of the unconscious in determining personality

    • B.

      Overemphasized sexual instincts

    • C.

      Proposed a theory that has been well justified by scientific research

    • D.

      Was correct in identifying the psychosocial stages

    Correct Answer
    B. Overemphasized sexual instincts
    Explanation
    Freud's psychoanalytic theory is often criticized for its heavy emphasis on sexual instincts. Many contemporary psychoanalytic theorists believe that Freud overemphasized the role of sexual instincts in determining personality and neglected other important factors. They argue that personality development is influenced by a combination of various unconscious factors, including but not limited to sexual instincts. Therefore, the given answer suggests that Freud's emphasis on sexual instincts was excessive and not fully representative of the complex nature of personality development.

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  • 17. 

    A set of ideas that helps us to explain our data and make furthur predictions is known as

    • A.

      Theory

    • B.

      Idea

    • C.

      Scientific method

    • D.

      Hypothesis

    Correct Answer
    A. Theory
    Explanation
    A theory is a set of ideas that helps us explain our data and make further predictions. It is a well-substantiated explanation of some aspect of the natural world that is based on a body of evidence and has been repeatedly tested and confirmed through experimentation and observation. Theories are supported by a large amount of empirical data and are widely accepted within the scientific community. They provide a framework for understanding and organizing our observations and can be used to make predictions about future events or phenomena.

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  • 18. 

    One of the differences between sigmund frued and erik erikson is that

    • A.

      Erikson sad that sexuality played a key role in the life-span development of the individual

    • B.

      Erikson believed that development occured throughout the life span

    • C.

      Erikson believed that development lasted only until the age of 20

    • D.

      Freud believed that development occurred throughout the life span

    Correct Answer
    B. Erikson believed that development occured throughout the life span
    Explanation
    Erik Erikson believed that development occurred throughout the lifespan, which means that individuals continue to grow and change psychologically, socially, and emotionally throughout their entire lives. This is in contrast to Sigmund Freud, who also believed in lifelong development, but focused more on the role of sexuality in development. Erikson's theory of psychosocial development emphasizes the importance of social interactions and the resolution of developmental crises at different stages of life. He proposed that individuals go through eight stages of development, each with its own unique challenges and tasks to be accomplished.

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  • 19. 

    Erik erickson's developmental theory consists of _______ stages that last from birth to ________.

    • A.

      Six; adolescence

    • B.

      Seven; middle adulthood

    • C.

      Eight; death

    • D.

      Nine; late adulthood

    Correct Answer
    C. Eight; death
    Explanation
    Erik Erikson's developmental theory consists of eight stages that last from birth to death. Each stage represents a different psychosocial challenge that individuals must successfully navigate in order to develop a healthy sense of self and achieve personal growth. These stages encompass various age groups and address different aspects of human development, including trust, autonomy, identity, intimacy, and generativity. The final stage, which occurs in late adulthood, involves reflecting on one's life and accepting mortality as a natural part of the human experience.

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  • 20. 

    Jenny is 2. she wants to do everything by herself. her mother punishes her when she pours juice over her cup onto the floor. erikson would she jenny is likely to develop a sense of

    • A.

      Shame

    • B.

      Pride

    • C.

      Anger

    • D.

      Independence

    Correct Answer
    A. Shame
    Explanation
    Based on the information provided, Jenny is punished by her mother for pouring juice on the floor. This punishment may lead Jenny to feel ashamed of her actions, as she is likely to perceive that she has done something wrong. Therefore, Erikson would suggest that Jenny is likely to develop a sense of shame.

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  • 21. 

    The first stage of erikson's theory is:

    • A.

      Generativity vs despair

    • B.

      Identity vs role diffusions

    • C.

      Autonomy vs dependence

    • D.

      Trust vs mistrust

    Correct Answer
    D. Trust vs mistrust
    Explanation
    The first stage of Erikson's theory is trust vs mistrust. During this stage, infants learn to trust or mistrust their caregivers based on the consistency and reliability of their care. If infants have their needs met consistently and lovingly, they develop a sense of trust and security. However, if their needs are not met consistently or they experience neglect or abuse, they may develop a sense of mistrust and insecurity. This stage forms the foundation for future relationships and sets the stage for the individual's overall trust in the world.

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  • 22. 

    The second stage of erikson's psychosocial development theory is:

    • A.

      Autonomy vs shame and doubt

    • B.

      Industry vs inferiority

    • C.

      Generativity vs stagnation

    • D.

      Trust vs mistrust

    Correct Answer
    A. Autonomy vs shame and doubt
    Explanation
    The second stage of Erikson's psychosocial development theory is autonomy vs shame and doubt. During this stage, which occurs in early childhood (around 1 to 3 years old), children start to develop a sense of independence and control over their own actions. They explore their environment, make choices, and assert their will. If they are encouraged and supported in their efforts, they develop a sense of autonomy. However, if they face criticism or excessive control, they may develop feelings of shame and doubt about their abilities. This stage is crucial for the development of self-esteem and a healthy sense of independence.

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  • 23. 

    Development is the patter of change that begins at conception and continues throughout:

    • A.

      Middle adulthood

    • B.

      Adolescence

    • C.

      Childhood

    • D.

      The life span

    Correct Answer
    D. The life span
    Explanation
    Development refers to the pattern of change that occurs from the moment of conception until death, encompassing all stages of life. It includes physical, cognitive, emotional, and social changes that individuals experience as they grow and age. Therefore, the correct answer is "the life span" as it encompasses all the mentioned stages of development, including middle adulthood, adolescence, and childhood.

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  • 24. 

    Development includes

    • A.

      Growth and decline

    • B.

      Stability and growth

    • C.

      Stability and decline

    • D.

      Growth and change

    Correct Answer
    A. Growth and decline
    Explanation
    Development refers to a process of change over time. This change can involve both growth and decline. Growth signifies an increase or improvement in certain aspects, such as economic, social, or personal development. However, development can also involve decline, which refers to a decrease or deterioration in certain areas. Therefore, the correct answer is "growth and decline" as it encompasses the concept of development involving both positive and negative changes.

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  • 25. 

    Development is BEST defined as a patter of growth that:

    • A.

      Begins at birth and continues throughout childhood

    • B.

      Begins at birth and ends when the person begins to decline due to aging

    • C.

      Begins at conception and continues throughout the the human life span

    • D.

      Begins at conception and continues until the person is fully grown

    Correct Answer
    C. Begins at conception and continues throughout the the human life span
    Explanation
    Development is best defined as a pattern of growth that begins at conception and continues throughout the human lifespan. This means that development starts from the moment of fertilization and progresses through various stages of life, including infancy, childhood, adolescence, adulthood, and old age. It encompasses physical, cognitive, emotional, and social changes that occur as individuals age and mature. This definition emphasizes the lifelong nature of development, highlighting that growth and change continue throughout the entire human lifespan.

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  • 26. 

    During early adult years, erickson's developmental stage of _______ occurs

    • A.

      Philosophy vs science

    • B.

      Intimacy vs isolation

    • C.

      Romance vs despair

    • D.

      Productivity vs science

    Correct Answer
    B. Intimacy vs isolation
    Explanation
    During early adult years, Erickson's developmental stage of intimacy vs isolation occurs. This stage is characterized by the need for forming close and meaningful relationships with others. It is a time when individuals seek to establish intimate connections and develop a sense of belonging and love. Failure to successfully navigate this stage may result in feelings of isolation and loneliness. This stage is crucial for the development of healthy relationships and the ability to form lasting bonds with others.

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  • 27. 

    Infants learn about their environment by coordination their sensory experiences with their motor activity in piaget's ______ stage of development.

    • A.

      Sensorimotor

    • B.

      Peroperational

    • C.

      Sensoriphysical

    • D.

      Premotor

    Correct Answer
    A. Sensorimotor
    Explanation
    In Piaget's sensorimotor stage of development, infants learn about their environment by coordinating their sensory experiences with their motor activity. This means that they explore and understand the world around them through their senses, such as touching, smelling, and tasting, and by actively engaging with their surroundings through actions like reaching, grasping, and crawling. This stage is characterized by the development of object permanence, the understanding that objects continue to exist even when they are out of sight, and the gradual emergence of intentional and goal-directed behavior.

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  • 28. 

    When psychologists speak of life-span development, they are referring to an approach that emphasizes

    • A.

      Child development, specifically.

    • B.

      Humanity's historical development.

    • C.

      Only the periods of the human life span involving growth.

    • D.

      Both the periods of the human life span involving both growth and those involving decline

    Correct Answer
    D. Both the periods of the human life span involving both growth and those involving decline
    Explanation
    The correct answer is both the periods of the human life span involving both growth and those involving decline. When psychologists speak of life-span development, they are referring to an approach that acknowledges that development occurs throughout the entire human life span, from birth to death. This approach recognizes that development involves not only periods of growth but also periods of decline or deterioration in physical, cognitive, and social functioning. It emphasizes the importance of understanding and studying development across all stages of life, rather than focusing solely on childhood or specific periods of growth.

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