Counseling Children And Adolescents

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| By Jackson Matthews
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Jackson Matthews
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Counseling Children And Adolescents - Quiz

What do you know about counseling children and adolescents? Children and adolescents go through the process of finding themselves, and some of them lack a sense of identity that they think they should be like those around them and lack a sense of identity. In topic six, we go to understand how to counsel children, adolescents, and children. Take this quiz and get to review what we learned in the chapter.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Genes have no bearing on our intelligence and emotional development.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because genes do have an impact on our intelligence and emotional development. Intelligence is believed to be influenced by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Studies have shown that certain genes are associated with higher intelligence levels. Similarly, emotional development is also influenced by genetic factors, as certain genes are involved in regulating emotions and the brain's response to emotional stimuli. Therefore, it is incorrect to say that genes have no bearing on our intelligence and emotional development.

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  • 2. 

    Children from poor families tend on the average to be more aggressive than children from middle-class or upper-class families.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Research studies have consistently shown that there is a correlation between poverty and aggression in children. Poverty often exposes children to various risk factors such as unstable family environments, limited access to resources, violence, and stress, which can contribute to aggressive behavior. Additionally, poverty can lead to increased frustration and feelings of powerlessness, which may manifest as aggression. However, it is important to note that not all children from poor families are aggressive, and aggression can also be influenced by individual and environmental factors.

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  • 3. 

    Identification is nothing more than imitating parental behaviour.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Identification is not just about imitating parental behavior. It is a psychological process through which an individual adopts the characteristics, values, and behaviors of another person or group. While parental behavior can be one aspect of identification, it is not the sole definition or purpose of the concept. Identification can occur with various individuals or groups, such as peers, role models, or even fictional characters. Therefore, the statement that identification is nothing more than imitating parental behavior is false.

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  • 4. 

    What may an adolescent experience if the behaviour of parents differs markedly from that of their peers?

    • A.

      Role reversal

    • B.

      Role confusion

    • C.

      Role play

    Correct Answer
    B. Role confusion
    Explanation
    When an adolescent's parents behave differently from their peers, it can lead to role confusion. This means that the adolescent may struggle to understand their own identity and the roles they should play in different social contexts. They may feel torn between the expectations of their parents and those of their peers, causing confusion and uncertainty about their own values, beliefs, and behaviors. This can result in difficulty in establishing a clear sense of self and may lead to emotional and psychological challenges during this developmental stage.

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  • 5. 

    The idea that some actions arise from internal and external forces over which we have no control is an example of:

    • A.

      Rationalism

    • B.

      Mechanism

    • C.

      Fatalism

    Correct Answer
    B. Mechanism
    Explanation
    The idea that some actions arise from internal and external forces over which we have no control is an example of mechanism. Mechanism is a philosophical belief that suggests that everything in the world, including human behavior, can be explained by the laws of cause and effect. It emphasizes the deterministic nature of the universe, implying that our actions are predetermined by external and internal factors beyond our control. This contrasts with rationalism, which emphasizes the power of reason and logic, and fatalism, which suggests that everything is predetermined and humans have no free will.

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  • 6. 

    Which of the following did Freud believe were basic energies that determined behaviour? (Select 2)

    • A.

      Life instincts

    • B.

      Hunger instincts

    • C.

      Death instincts

    • D.

      Love instincts

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Life instincts
    C. Death instincts
    Explanation
    Freud believed that life instincts and death instincts were basic energies that determined behavior. Life instincts, also known as Eros, are the driving forces behind survival, reproduction, and pleasure-seeking. They include instincts related to hunger, thirst, and sexual desires. On the other hand, death instincts, also known as Thanatos, represent the aggressive and destructive impulses that are present in all individuals. These instincts can manifest as aggression, self-destructive behaviors, or a desire for non-existence. Freud believed that these two opposing instincts constantly interacted and influenced human behavior.

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