Communications 300 Lesson 8

20 Questions | Total Attempts: 114

SettingsSettingsSettings
Lesson Quizzes & Trivia

This quiz if from Lesson 8 of Comm 300


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following is not correct?
    • A. 

      The free press/fair trial issue is a conflict between the First and a. Sixth Amendments to the U.S. Constitution

    • B. 

      The Supreme Court has held that restrictions on the media may be imposed by judges whenever they feel they need to in the interest of protecting the defendant's rights.

    • C. 

      Prejudicial publicity may make it difficult to find impartial jurors

    • D. 

      During-trial publicity may taint a sitting jury

  • 2. 
    Which of the following is correct?
    • A. 

      Jurors may arrive at a verdict based on any knowledge and evidence with which they have come in contact in any setting

    • B. 

      Jurors must be totally ignorant of the facts and issues involved in a case to be considered impartial

    • C. 

      Exposure to information about a defendant's prior convictions or to news accounts of the crime with which he is charged will make a potential juror unfit for jury duty because of assumed bias.

    • D. 

      An unbiased juror is one who may have light impressions about the case, but which may yield to the testimony that may be offered in court

  • 3. 
    True or False? Newspapers must follow court rules of evidence in deciding what to publish about criminal cases so as not to taint the jury pool with prejudicial information.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    In the famous Sheppard v. Maxwell case, Sheppard's conviction was overturned by the U.S. Supreme Court because of
    • A. 

      Prejudicial pre-trial publicity

    • B. 

      Publication of Sheppard's prior criminal records

    • C. 

      A totality of circumstances including pre-trial publicity, juror exposure to publicity during the trial, and trial disruptions caused by the media

    • D. 

      The judge's failure to move the trial

  • 5. 
    Which of the following is not correct?
    • A. 

      The trial judge has responsibility for protecting a defendant's right to a fair trial

    • B. 

      Prejudicial publicity that biases juries has been found by studies to be a factor that must be dealt with in most murder cases

    • C. 

      Prejudicial information may be greater when it reaches jurors through the media than in court because it is not tempered by protective procedures.

    • D. 

      Research does not clearly demonstrate that publicity affects jurors' impartiality.

  • 6. 
    Which of the following remedies for prejudicial publicity has First Amendment implications?
    • A. 

      Measures designed to compensate for the existence of prejudicial publicity

    • B. 

      Measures designed to prevent prejudicial publicity

  • 7. 
    In the voir dire process
    • A. 

      Lawyers can dismiss potential jurors even if they do not exhibit bias

    • B. 

      Judges make the choice of jurors after questioning them without any involvement by lawyers

    • C. 

      Both the prosecution and the defense can challenge an unlimited number of jurors on preemptory challenges

    • D. 

      Lawyers can dismiss only a limited number of jurors on challenges for cause

  • 8. 
    Which of the following does a judge not have to prove in order to issue a constitutionally protected "gag" order?
    • A. 

      There is, or is likely to be, widespread prejudicial publicity

    • B. 

      None of the usual methods of ensuring a fair trial will work.

    • C. 

      Each juror has been exposed to pervasive pretrial prejudicial publicity

    • D. 

      The "gag" order will effectively stop the prejudicial publicity

  • 9. 
    True or False? Although prior restraints against the press usually are unconstitutional, gag orders directed against participants in trials (lawyers, witnesses, etc.) have been upheld bycourts.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 10. 
    With regard to the collateral bar rule
    • A. 

      Journalists can disobey judge-imposed gag orders if the orders are clearly unconstitutional without fear of being found in contempt

    • B. 

      Journalists should obey a court gag order even if they feel it is clearly unconstitutional.

    • C. 

      Journalists cannot be found in contempt of court for disobeying a gag order because they are protected by the First Amendment

    • D. 

      The Providence Journal Rule will protect journalists in all federal circuits except the Fifth

  • 11. 
    In Chandler v. Florida, the Supreme Court made it clear that allowing cameras in a courtroom is
    • A. 

      Constitutionally permissible

    • B. 

      Constitutionally required

    • C. 

      An automatic violation of a defendant's Sixth Amendment rights

    • D. 

      Inherently unfair and prejudicial to all parties

  • 12. 
    True or False? In has long been a settled area of the law that the press and the public have a right of access to all court records after the cases are settled or closed. This rule currentlyapplies also to electronically stored records.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 13. 
    True or False? There is no right of access to preliminary hearings because they are not part of the defendant's official trial
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 14. 
    A federal official may require that persons seeking a public record
    • A. 

      State the purpose for which they will use the information

    • B. 

      Prove that the requesters have a "legitimate purpose" for requesting the record

    • C. 

      Prove that they are not working for a foreign government

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 15. 
    A reporter files a Freedom of Information Act request with the Department of Justice. The first response the reporter receives denies access to the record. The reporter now
    • A. 

      Appeals to higher Department of Justice officials

    • B. 

      Appeals to the federal courts

    • C. 

      Appeals to the state courts in the state in which the reporter works

    • D. 

      Has no appeal

  • 16. 
    True or False? If a request for information falls under one of the nine FOIA exemptions, the law requires that the agency withhold the record
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 17. 
    The Freedom of Information Act gives reporters (and others) access to documents controlled by
    • A. 

      Congress

    • B. 

      Federal executive agencies and departments

    • C. 

      Federal courts

    • D. 

      State executive agencies and departments

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 18. 
    The U.S. Supreme Court has generally ruled that the First Amendment protects
    • A. 

      Neither publication nor newsgathering

    • B. 

      Publication and newsgathering

    • C. 

      Publication but not newsgathering

    • D. 

      Newsgathering but not publication

  • 19. 
    Which of the following is true?
    • A. 

      Journalists cannot be found liable when they break promises of confidentiality to sources

    • B. 

      The death of Princess Diana resulted in federal legislation against paparazzi newsgathering practices

    • C. 

      Journalists can not be found liable if they enter private property with police without property owner permission

    • D. 

      Journalists can take pictures of students on a playground from a public sidewalk.

  • 20. 
    Which of the following is not true?
    • A. 

      The First Amendment guarantees press access to correctional facilities

    • B. 

      Newsgathering activities may be restricted on government property not open for general public use

    • C. 

      Journalists must obey orders from officials at disaster and crime scenes because their newsgathering is protected by the First Amendment.

    • D. 

      Journalists have no right of access to executions

Back to Top Back to top