Civil Rights Quiz Kennedy 2nd

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Civil Rights Quiz Kennedy 2nd - Quiz


Chapter 5 from the book, reading, and class.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    In the case of Plessy v. Ferguson,

    • A.

      Housing discrimination was forbidden

    • B.

      The principle of “separate but equal” was overturned

    • C.

      School busing was allowed to remedy racial segregation

    • D.

      United States citizenship and all rights that go with it were granted to former slaves

    • E.

      The principle of “separate but equal” was used to justify segregation

    Correct Answer
    E. The principle of “separate but equal” was used to justify segregation
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that the principle of "separate but equal" was used to justify segregation. This refers to the legal doctrine established by the Supreme Court in Plessy v. Ferguson in 1896, which allowed for racial segregation as long as separate facilities were provided for different races. This decision upheld the constitutionality of racial segregation and had significant implications for civil rights in the United States, as it perpetuated racial discrimination and inequality for many years.

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  • 2. 

    Jim Crow laws were those that

    • A.

      Were enacted by Southern Whites in the late nineteenth century to segregate African Americans from Whites

    • B.

      The North enforced in the South in the Reconstruction era following the Civil War, granting rights to former slaves

    • C.

      Sought to end segregation and bring the races into closer contact with one another

    • D.

      Justified slavery and set codes for slaves’ behavior

    • E.

      Established slavery and contract law regulating the slave trade

    Correct Answer
    A. Were enacted by Southern Whites in the late nineteenth century to segregate African Americans from Whites
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that Jim Crow laws were enacted by Southern Whites in the late nineteenth century to segregate African Americans from Whites. This answer accurately describes the purpose and implementation of the Jim Crow laws, which were a series of state and local laws that enforced racial segregation in the Southern United States. These laws aimed to maintain white supremacy and restrict the rights and freedoms of African Americans.

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  • 3. 

    In Brown v. Board of Education (1954), the Supreme Court

    • A.

      Ordered the Topeka school district to spend more money on Black schools

    • B.

      Enunciated the principle of equal but separate

    • C.

      Ruled that the visible signs of education were substantially equal between Black schools and White ones

    • D.

      Enunciated the principle of separate but equal

    • E.

      Ruled that school segregation was inherently unequal

    Correct Answer
    E. Ruled that school segregation was inherently unequal
    Explanation
    The answer is "ruled that school segregation was inherently unequal." This is because in the Brown v. Board of Education case, the Supreme Court declared that the practice of segregating schools based on race was inherently unequal and violated the Fourteenth Amendment's guarantee of equal protection under the law. This landmark decision marked a significant turning point in the fight against racial segregation in education.

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  • 4. 

    De facto educational segregation occurs

    • A.

      By forced school busing to separate the races

    • B.

      By forced school busing to integrate the races

    • C.

      When segregated classrooms occur within an integrated school

    • D.

      By law

    • E.

      By the reality of neighborhood schools located in areas that happen to be racially segregated

    Correct Answer
    E. By the reality of neighborhood schools located in areas that happen to be racially segregated
    Explanation
    De facto educational segregation occurs when neighborhood schools are located in racially segregated areas. This means that the segregation is not enforced by law, but rather it is a result of the racial makeup of the neighborhoods in which the schools are located. This type of segregation is based on the reality of the racial demographics in certain areas, rather than being a deliberate policy or action.

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  • 5. 

    In 1964, Congress prohibited federal aid to schools that remained segregated in the

    • A.

      Civil Rights Act

    • B.

      No Child Left Behind Act

    • C.

      National Education Act

    • D.

      Equal Opportunity Act

    • E.

      Equality of Education Act

    Correct Answer
    A. Civil Rights Act
    Explanation
    The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was a landmark piece of legislation that aimed to end racial segregation and discrimination in the United States. It prohibited federal aid to schools that remained segregated, thereby incentivizing educational institutions to desegregate. This act was a significant step towards ensuring equal educational opportunities for all students, regardless of their race or ethnicity.

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  • 6. 

    Suffrage refers to

    • A.

      The practice of de facto slavery rather than de jure slavery

    • B.

      The legal segregation of the races or of men and women in hotels, motels, restaurants, and other public places

    • C.

      The hardships endured to obtain civil rights for African Americans and equal rights for women

    • D.

      The legal right to vote

    • E.

      The practice of shackling slaves working in fields so they could not run away

    Correct Answer
    D. The legal right to vote
    Explanation
    Suffrage refers to the legal right to vote.

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  • 7. 

    One consequence of the Voting Rights Act of 1965 was

    • A.

      Dramatic increase in the number of African Americans registered to vote

    • B.

      Increased access of Blacks to public accommodations

    • C.

      The increased use of gerrymandering

    • D.

      Decreased involvement of federal officials in state election procedures

    • E.

      An increase in segregation

    Correct Answer
    A. Dramatic increase in the number of African Americans registered to vote
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the dramatic increase in the number of African Americans registered to vote. The Voting Rights Act of 1965 aimed to overcome barriers that prevented African Americans from exercising their right to vote. It prohibited discriminatory voting practices, such as literacy tests and poll taxes, and authorized federal oversight of voting procedures in states with a history of voter discrimination. As a result, there was a significant increase in the number of African Americans who were able to register and vote, leading to greater political representation and participation.

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  • 8. 

    In the case of Korematsu v. United States, the Supreme Court

    • A.

      Ruled that the removal of Japanese Americans from the west coast and their placement in internment camps during World War II was barbaric and unconstitutional

    • B.

      Ruled just prior to World War II that Japanese Americans living in the United States had to be repatriated to Japan

    • C.

      Upheld the constitutionality of the United States atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki

    • D.

      Upheld the constitutionality of the removal of Japanese Americans from the west coast and their placement in internment camps during World War II

    • E.

      Ruled that restrictions on Japanese ownership of land in the United States were unconstitutional

    Correct Answer
    D. Upheld the constitutionality of the removal of Japanese Americans from the west coast and their placement in internment camps during World War II
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that the Supreme Court upheld the constitutionality of the removal of Japanese Americans from the west coast and their placement in internment camps during World War II. This means that the court found that the actions taken by the government were legal and did not violate the Constitution. This decision has been widely criticized as a violation of civil rights and a dark chapter in American history.

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  • 9. 

    Betty Friedan's book, ________, published in 1963, encouraged many women to question traditional assumptions and to assert their rights.

    • A.

      A Handmaid’s Tale

    • B.

      The Second Sex

    • C.

      The Female Eunuch

    • D.

      Women and Economics

    • E.

      The Feminine Mystique

    Correct Answer
    E. The Feminine Mystique
    Explanation
    Betty Friedan's book, "The Feminine Mystique," published in 1963, encouraged many women to question traditional assumptions and to assert their rights.

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  • 10. 

    The Equal Rights Amendment failed because

    • A.

      It was vetoed by the president

    • B.

      The Supreme Court voided it as unconstitutional

    • C.

      It did not win the required two-thirds vote in each chamber of Congress

    • D.

      It was rejected by the United States Senate

    • E.

      It fell three states short of sufficient ratification

    Correct Answer
    E. It fell three states short of sufficient ratification
    Explanation
    The Equal Rights Amendment failed because it fell three states short of sufficient ratification. In order for an amendment to be added to the Constitution, it must be ratified by three-fourths of the states. The Equal Rights Amendment was first proposed in 1972 and needed to be ratified by 38 states. However, by the deadline in 1982, only 35 states had ratified it. Therefore, it did not meet the required number of states for ratification and ultimately failed to become part of the Constitution.

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  • 11. 

    In the case of Regents of the University of California v. Bakke, the Court

    • A.

      Refused to allow the admission of Bakke to University of California-Davis

    • B.

      Was united in its decision

    • C.

      Ordered that University of California-Davis could not use race as a criterion for admission

    • D.

      Ruled that nursing schools cannot discriminate against men in their admissions procedures

    • E.

      Ruled that a public university could not set aside a quota of spots for particular groups

    Correct Answer
    E. Ruled that a public university could not set aside a quota of spots for particular groups
    Explanation
    In the case of Regents of the University of California v. Bakke, the Court ruled that a public university could not set aside a quota of spots for particular groups. This means that the university cannot reserve a specific number of spots for individuals from certain racial or ethnic backgrounds. The ruling ensures that admissions decisions are made based on individual merit rather than predetermined quotas, promoting equal opportunity and fairness in the admissions process.

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  • 12. 

    Which Supreme Court Justice wrote the opinion for Brown v. Board of Education (1954)?

    • A.

      Earl Warren

    • B.

      William Rehnquist

    • C.

      John Roberts

    • D.

      John Marshall

    • E.

      Richard Taney

    Correct Answer
    A. Earl Warren
    Explanation
    Earl Warren is the correct answer because he was the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court at the time of the Brown v. Board of Education case. As Chief Justice, he was responsible for assigning the opinion writing duties, and he chose himself to write the opinion. In the landmark decision, the Court ruled that racial segregation in public schools was unconstitutional, marking a significant turning point in the civil rights movement in the United States.

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  • 13. 

    The term minority-majority is used to signify

    • A.

      The melting pot character of the U.S.

    • B.

      The fact that the U.S. is moving toward a situation in which minority groups will out number Caucasians and Whites of European descent

    • C.

      African Americans’ underrepresentation in elective office

    • D.

      Increasing numbers of minorities being elected to office

    • E.

      Unconstitutionally gerrymandered congressional districts

    Correct Answer
    B. The fact that the U.S. is moving toward a situation in which minority groups will out number Caucasians and Whites of European descent
    Explanation
    The term minority-majority is used to signify the fact that the U.S. is moving toward a situation in which minority groups will outnumber Caucasians and Whites of European descent. This means that the population of minority groups, such as African Americans, Hispanics, and Asians, is growing at a faster rate compared to the Caucasian population. This demographic shift highlights the increasing diversity and multicultural nature of the United States.

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  • 14. 

    The Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments are often referred to as:

    • A.

      The Bill of Rights

    • B.

      The Civil War Amendments

    • C.

      The Magna Carta

    • D.

      The Civil Liberties Amendments

    • E.

      The Progressive Amendments

    Correct Answer
    B. The Civil War Amendments
    Explanation
    The Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments are often referred to as the Civil War Amendments because they were passed in the aftermath of the American Civil War. These amendments were aimed at addressing the issues of slavery, citizenship, and voting rights for African Americans. The Thirteenth Amendment abolished slavery, the Fourteenth Amendment granted equal protection under the law to all citizens, and the Fifteenth Amendment prohibited the denial of voting rights based on race. Together, these amendments played a significant role in shaping civil rights and equality in the United States.

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  • 15. 

    The Thirteenth Amendment was necessary due to the:

    • A.

      Decision in the Scott v. Sandford case decided by Roger Taney

    • B.

      Decisions in the Dred Scott case decided by John Marshall

    • C.

      Emancipation Proclamation given by Lincoln during the Civil War

    • D.

      Victory by the North in the Civil War

    • E.

      Supreme Court ruling in Gibbons v. Ogden

    Correct Answer
    A. Decision in the Scott v. Sandford case decided by Roger Taney
    Explanation
    The Thirteenth Amendment was necessary due to the decision in the Scott v. Sandford case decided by Roger Taney. In this case, the Supreme Court ruled that enslaved individuals were not citizens and therefore did not have the right to sue in federal court. This decision further solidified the institution of slavery and highlighted the need for a constitutional amendment to abolish it. The Thirteenth Amendment effectively overturned the Scott v. Sandford decision and ended slavery in the United States.

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  • 16. 

    Which of the following were NOT included in restrictions placed on Blacks in the South during Reconstruction under the various state laws?

    • A.

      The right to marry

    • B.

      The right to vote

    • C.

      The right to serve on juries with white defendants

    • D.

      The right to testify in courts against white defendants

    • E.

      The right to own and carry firearms without a license

    Correct Answer
    A. The right to marry
    Explanation
    During Reconstruction, various state laws imposed numerous restrictions on Blacks in the South. These restrictions included denying them the right to vote, serve on juries with white defendants, and testify in courts against white defendants. Additionally, Blacks were also prohibited from owning and carrying firearms without a license. However, the right to marry was not included in these restrictions.

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  • 17. 

    Which of the following was not a provision of the Fourteenth Amendment?

    • A.

      Due process for all citizens in all states

    • B.

      Equal protection for all citizens in all states

    • C.

      Economic equality for all citizens in all states

    • D.

      Citizenship for all former slaves

    • E.

      Forbidding states to diminish the privileges and immunities of all citizens

    Correct Answer
    C. Economic equality for all citizens in all states
    Explanation
    The Fourteenth Amendment provided several provisions to protect the rights of citizens. It granted due process for all citizens in all states, ensuring fair treatment under the law. It also guaranteed equal protection for all citizens in all states, preventing discrimination. The amendment granted citizenship to all former slaves, ensuring their rights and recognition as citizens. Additionally, it forbade states from diminishing the privileges and immunities of all citizens. However, economic equality for all citizens in all states was not a provision of the Fourteenth Amendment.

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  • 18. 

    Which is NOT a means by which the southern states bypassed the Fifteenth Amendment?

    • A.

      Poll taxes

    • B.

      The grandfather clause

    • C.

      Violent intimidation tactics

    • D.

      Literacy tests

    • E.

      Separate “Black” elections

    Correct Answer
    E. Separate “Black” elections
    Explanation
    The southern states bypassed the Fifteenth Amendment through various means, such as poll taxes, the grandfather clause, violent intimidation tactics, and literacy tests. However, separate "Black" elections were not a means by which they bypassed the amendment. This option suggests that the southern states held separate elections for Black individuals, which would actually be in compliance with the Fifteenth Amendment that prohibits racial discrimination in voting.

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  • 19. 

    The Civil Rights Act of 1875, which attempted to eliminate many of the Jim Crow laws:

    • A.

      Was the major reason the Civil Rights Movement was successful

    • B.

      Was found unconstitutional by the Supreme Court

    • C.

      Was instrumental in destroying Jim Crow systems

    • D.

      Was a feeble attempt by Congress and unsuccessful when implemented by the states

    • E.

      Was only somewhat successful and relied on the findings in the Plessy v. Ferguson case to give it standing

    Correct Answer
    B. Was found unconstitutional by the Supreme Court
    Explanation
    The Civil Rights Act of 1875 was found unconstitutional by the Supreme Court. This means that the Supreme Court ruled that the Act was not in line with the Constitution and therefore could not be enforced. This decision undermined the effectiveness of the Act in eliminating Jim Crow laws and hindered its ability to bring about significant change in promoting civil rights.

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  • 20. 

    As President, Harry Truman from Missouri:

    • A.

      Was against most civil rights legislation and action

    • B.

      Sought to pacify Black leaders with meaningless commissions and committees

    • C.

      Appointed several pro-civil rights justices to the Supreme Court

    • D.

      Closed his eyes to Jim Crow laws and southern discrimination

    • E.

      Used executive orders to end segregation in the armed services and federal bureaucracy

    Correct Answer
    E. Used executive orders to end segregation in the armed services and federal bureaucracy
    Explanation
    Harry Truman used executive orders to end segregation in the armed services and federal bureaucracy. This implies that he took direct action to dismantle the discriminatory practices within these institutions.

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  • 21. 

    It could be said of President Eisenhower that:

    • A.

      He was a strong advocate of civil rights

    • B.

      He made civil rights a top priority immediately taking office with his policy of “Dynamic Conservatism"

    • C.

      He attempted to fill the Supreme Court with pro-civil rights advocates

    • D.

      He reluctantly supported the civil rights movement and court decisions

    • E.

      Without his supreme efforts to ensure that civil rights were moved forward, the entire movement could have collapsed in the 1950s

    Correct Answer
    D. He reluctantly supported the civil rights movement and court decisions
    Explanation
    President Eisenhower's stance on civil rights can be described as reluctant support. While he did take some actions to support civil rights, such as sending federal troops to enforce desegregation in Little Rock, Arkansas, his support was often seen as hesitant and cautious. He did not prioritize civil rights as a top issue and did not actively advocate for it. His appointments to the Supreme Court were not specifically aimed at filling it with pro-civil rights advocates. Therefore, the answer choice stating that he reluctantly supported the civil rights movement and court decisions is the most accurate.

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  • 22. 

    The Twenty-Fourth Amendment ended:

    • A.

      Poll taxes in federal elections

    • B.

      School segregation

    • C.

      Segregation in accommodations and public transportation

    • D.

      Segregation in all public facilities

    • E.

      Illegal hiring practices

    Correct Answer
    A. Poll taxes in federal elections
    Explanation
    The Twenty-Fourth Amendment ended poll taxes in federal elections. This means that individuals were no longer required to pay a fee in order to vote in federal elections. This amendment aimed to eliminate a barrier to voting that disproportionately affected marginalized communities and ensured that voting rights were not restricted based on an individual's ability to pay a tax.

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  • Jul 13, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Feb 29, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    Arippee
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