Chapter 7 Social Stratification In The United States And Globally: Quick Quiz

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Chapter 7 Quick Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    In which of the following countries is Trokosi, a type of slavery, practiced?

    • A.

      China

    • B.

      Tibet

    • C.

      Ghana

    • D.

      Uruguay

    Correct Answer
    C. Ghana
    Explanation
    Trokosi is a type of slavery practiced in Ghana. It is a traditional practice where young girls are given as slaves to atone for the sins committed by their families. The girls are forced to work for priests in religious shrines and endure physical and sexual abuse. Despite efforts to eradicate this practice, it still persists in some parts of Ghana.

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  • 2. 

    Which of the following is true about the caste system?

    • A.

      People inherit their caste category from their parents

    • B.

      The caste system is maintained through inheritance

    • C.

      The caste system is based on religion

    • D.

      All the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All the above
    Explanation
    The caste system is a social hierarchy in which individuals inherit their caste category from their parents. This means that a person's caste is determined at birth and remains the same throughout their life. Additionally, the caste system is maintained through inheritance, as individuals pass down their caste status to their children. Furthermore, the caste system is closely tied to religion, as each caste is traditionally associated with a particular occupation and religious duties. Therefore, all of the statements provided - People inherit their caste category from their parents, The caste system is maintained through inheritance, and The caste system is based on religion - are true about the caste system.

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  • 3. 

    The estate system was associated with ______ societies during the Middle Ages.

    • A.

      Feudal

    • B.

      Germanic

    • C.

      Vatican

    • D.

      Modern

    Correct Answer
    A. Feudal
    Explanation
    During the Middle Ages, the estate system was closely connected with feudal societies. Feudalism was a social and economic system that existed during this time, characterized by a hierarchical structure where land was owned by lords and granted to vassals in exchange for their loyalty and military service. The estate system, which divided society into different classes or estates, was a key aspect of feudalism, with each estate having its own rights, privileges, and responsibilities. Therefore, the correct answer is "Feudal."

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  • 4. 

    The ______ class is also known as the white-collar class.

    • A.

      Upper

    • B.

      Middle

    • C.

      Working

    • D.

      Lower

    Correct Answer
    B. Middle
    Explanation
    The middle class is also known as the white-collar class because it typically consists of individuals who hold professional or managerial jobs, which are often associated with wearing white-collar shirts. This class is characterized by a moderate level of income and education, and they generally enjoy a comfortable lifestyle with access to certain privileges and opportunities.

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  • 5. 

    Which of the following is a difference between the underclass and the lower class?

    • A.

      Members of the underclass are tall but lower class members are short

    • B.

      The underclass work for free while the lower class work for money

    • C.

      Members of the lower class may be short-time unemployed while underclass members are long-time or perpetually unemployed

    • D.

      Members of the underclass work under a leader while the lower class members do not work under any leader

    Correct Answer
    C. Members of the lower class may be short-time unemployed while underclass members are long-time or perpetually unemployed
    Explanation
    The underclass and the lower class differ in terms of their employment status. While members of the lower class may experience short-term unemployment, underclass members are more likely to be unemployed for a longer period of time or even perpetually. This suggests that the underclass faces more persistent and severe economic challenges compared to the lower class.

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  • 6. 

    In the United States, ______ of all income goes to the top 20% people.

    • A.

      20%

    • B.

      50%

    • C.

      65%

    • D.

      85%

    Correct Answer
    B. 50%
    Explanation
    In the United States, 50% of all income goes to the top 20% of people. This means that a significant portion of the country's wealth is concentrated in the hands of a relatively small group of individuals. This level of income inequality highlights the disparities in wealth distribution within the country, with a large portion of the population receiving a smaller share of the income.

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  • 7. 

    When she compares herself to her colleagues Rosanna feels and thinks she is poor. What kind of poverty is that?

    • A.

      Absolute poverty

    • B.

      Relative poverty

    • C.

      Comparative poverty

    • D.

      Collegiate poverty

    Correct Answer
    B. Relative poverty
    Explanation
    Relative poverty refers to a situation where an individual or group lacks the resources and opportunities compared to others in their society. In this case, Rosanna feels poor when she compares herself to her colleagues, suggesting that her perception of poverty is based on a comparison with others. This indicates that she may not have the same level of wealth, income, or social status as her colleagues, leading to feelings of inadequacy or disadvantage. Therefore, the correct answer is relative poverty.

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following causes alienation and low worker satisfaction among low level workers?

    • A.

      The fact that they always have to take instructions from others

    • B.

      Repetitiveness of their job activities

    • C.

      Low salaries

    • D.

      All the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All the above." This is because all of the mentioned factors - having to take instructions from others, repetitiveness of job activities, and low salaries - can contribute to alienation and low worker satisfaction among low-level workers. Having to constantly follow instructions can make workers feel disempowered and disconnected from their work. Repetitive job activities can lead to boredom and lack of motivation. Low salaries can make workers feel undervalued and dissatisfied. Therefore, the combination of these factors can result in alienation and low worker satisfaction.

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  • 9. 

    The concept of ______ mobility is used to mean the changes in the social positions of children in comparison to their parents.

    • A.

      Intragenerational

    • B.

      Intergenerational

    • C.

      Vertical

    • D.

      Horizontal

    Correct Answer
    B. Intergenerational
    Explanation
    The concept of intergenerational mobility is used to mean the changes in the social positions of children in comparison to their parents. It refers to the movement of individuals or groups from one social class or status to another across different generations. This concept helps to analyze the extent to which social mobility occurs within a society and whether individuals have the opportunity to improve their social standing compared to their parents.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Aug 23, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Sociology101
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