Are You Ready To Take The Skin Structure, Growth, And Nutrition! Quiz

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Are You Ready To Take The Skin Structure, Growth, And Nutrition! Quiz - Quiz

There is a lot that goes into making our skin glow just like the many celebrities we see in the magazines, and this stems mostly from the food we eat regularly. How much do you need when it comes to skin structure, growth, and nutrition? Take up the quiz below and get to find out what you know.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    A___is a physician who specializes in diseases and disorders of the skin, hair, and nails

    • A.

      Histologist

    • B.

      Dermatologist

    • C.

      Esthetician

    • D.

      Pediatrician

    Correct Answer
    B. Dermatologist
    Explanation
    A dermatologist is a physician who specializes in diseases and disorders of the skin, hair, and nails. They are trained to diagnose and treat various skin conditions, such as acne, eczema, psoriasis, and skin cancer. They also perform procedures like skin biopsies, mole removal, and cosmetic treatments. A histologist studies the microscopic structure of tissues, while an esthetician focuses on skincare and beauty treatments. A pediatrician specializes in the medical care of infants, children, and adolescents. Therefore, the correct answer is dermatologist.

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  • 2. 

    Healthy skin is

    • A.

      Smooth with a fine-grained

    • B.

      Highly acidic

    • C.

      Dry and tough texture

    • D.

      Inflexible

    Correct Answer
    A. Smooth with a fine-grained
    Explanation
    Healthy skin is smooth with a fine-grained texture because it indicates that the skin is well-hydrated and properly exfoliated. A smooth texture suggests that the skin is free from roughness, bumps, or unevenness, which are often signs of dryness or skin conditions. A fine-grained texture indicates that the skin has a healthy balance of collagen and elastin, giving it a youthful appearance. Additionally, a smooth and fine-grained texture allows for better absorption of skincare products and reflects light more evenly, resulting in a radiant complexion.

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  • 3. 

    All of the following are appendages of the skin except

    • A.

      Sudoriferous glands

    • B.

      Nails

    • C.

      Adrenal glands

    • D.

      Hair

    Correct Answer
    C. Adrenal glands
    Explanation
    The question asks for the appendages of the skin, which are structures that are connected or associated with the skin. Sudoriferous glands, nails, and hair are all appendages of the skin because they are directly connected or associated with it. However, adrenal glands are not appendages of the skin. Adrenal glands are endocrine glands located on top of the kidneys and are not directly connected to the skin.

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  • 4. 

    Which of the following correctly identifies the layers of the skin and fat from the outermost layer to the innermost layer

    • A.

      Dermis, subcutaneous, epidermis

    • B.

      Epidermis, subcutaneous, dermis

    • C.

      Dermis,epidermis, subcutaneous

    • D.

      Epidermis, dermis, subcutaneous

    Correct Answer
    D. Epidermis, dermis, subcutaneous
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "epidermis, dermis, subcutaneous." The epidermis is the outermost layer of the skin, followed by the dermis, and then the subcutaneous layer. The epidermis is the thin, outer layer that provides protection and contains cells that produce melanin. The dermis is the middle layer that contains blood vessels, nerves, and hair follicles. The subcutaneous layer is the innermost layer that consists of fat and connective tissue, providing insulation and cushioning.

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  • 5. 

    Cells that are almost dead amd pushed to the surface to replace cells are shed from the

    • A.

      Stratum corneum

    • B.

      Stratum lucidum

    • C.

      Stratum germinativum

    • D.

      Stratum granulosum

    Correct Answer
    A. Stratum corneum
    Explanation
    The correct answer is stratum corneum. The stratum corneum is the outermost layer of the epidermis and is composed of dead skin cells that have been pushed to the surface. These dead cells are constantly shed and replaced with new cells from the underlying layers of the epidermis.

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  • 6. 

    The layer directly beneath the epidermis is the

    • A.

      Reticular layer

    • B.

      Stratum spinosum

    • C.

      Papillary layer

    • D.

      Subcutaneous

    Correct Answer
    C. Papillary layer
    Explanation
    The papillary layer is the correct answer because it is the layer directly beneath the epidermis. It is composed of loose connective tissue and contains papillae that project into the epidermis, forming ridges on the skin's surface. This layer is responsible for providing nutrients to the epidermis, as well as regulating temperature and sensory perception.

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  • 7. 

    Which type of tissue gives smoothness and contour to the body and provides a protective cushion

    • A.

      Subcutaneous tissue

    • B.

      Cardiac tissue

    • C.

      Muscle tissue

    • D.

      Nerve tissue

    Correct Answer
    A. Subcutaneous tissue
    Explanation
    The subcutaneous tissue is the correct answer because it is located beneath the skin and provides smoothness and contour to the body. It also acts as a protective cushion, helping to protect the underlying structures from injury. This tissue contains fat cells, blood vessels, and connective tissue, which contribute to its functions of insulation, energy storage, and support.

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  • 8. 

    Which nerve fibers are distributed to the arrector pili muscles attached to the hair follicles

    • A.

      Motor nerve fibers

    • B.

      Sensory nerve fibers

    • C.

      Secretory nerve fibers

    • D.

      Impulse nerve fibers

    Correct Answer
    A. Motor nerve fibers
    Explanation
    Motor nerve fibers are responsible for controlling muscle movement. In the case of the arrector pili muscles, which are attached to the hair follicles, motor nerve fibers are distributed to them. These motor nerve fibers allow for the contraction of the arrector pili muscles, which causes the hairs to stand on end. This response is commonly known as "goosebumps" and is triggered by various stimuli, such as cold or fear. Therefore, motor nerve fibers play a crucial role in the control of the arrector pili muscles and the resulting hair response.

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  • 9. 

    Nerves that regulate the secretion of perspiration and sebum are

    • A.

      Motor nerve fibers

    • B.

      Sensory nerve fibers

    • C.

      Secretory nerve fibers

    • D.

      Impulse nerve fibers

    Correct Answer
    C. Secretory nerve fibers
    Explanation
    The correct answer is secretory nerve fibers. Secretory nerve fibers are responsible for regulating the secretion of perspiration and sebum, which are important for maintaining the health and function of the skin. These nerve fibers stimulate the sweat glands and sebaceous glands to produce and release sweat and sebum respectively. Motor nerve fibers control muscle movement, sensory nerve fibers transmit sensory information, and impulse nerve fibers transmit electrical impulses. However, in this case, it is the secretory nerve fibers that specifically regulate the secretion of perspiration and sebum.

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  • 10. 

    Basic sensations such as touch, pain, heat, cold, and pressure are registered by

    • A.

      Arrector pili muscles

    • B.

      Nerve endings

    • C.

      Sweat pores

    • D.

      Hair follicles

    Correct Answer
    B. Nerve endings
    Explanation
    Nerve endings are responsible for registering basic sensations such as touch, pain, heat, cold, and pressure. These specialized structures are found throughout the body and transmit signals to the brain, allowing us to perceive and respond to different stimuli. Arrector pili muscles are responsible for causing hair to stand on end, sweat pores are involved in the production and release of sweat, and hair follicles are responsible for hair growth. However, none of these structures are directly involved in registering the basic sensations mentioned in the question.

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  • 11. 

    The amount and type of pigment produced by an individual is determined primarily by his or her

    • A.

      Genes

    • B.

      Gender

    • C.

      Sun exposure

    • D.

      Age

    Correct Answer
    A. Genes
    Explanation
    The amount and type of pigment produced by an individual is primarily determined by their genes. Genes play a crucial role in determining the production of pigments, such as melanin, which gives color to the skin, hair, and eyes. Different variations in genes can result in variations in pigmentation. Factors like gender, sun exposure, and age can also influence pigmentation to some extent, but they are secondary to the genetic factors.

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  • 12. 

    Skin gets its strength, form, and flexibility from

    • A.

      Collagen and keratin

    • B.

      Sebum and melanin

    • C.

      Keratin and elastin

    • D.

      Collagen and elastin

    Correct Answer
    B. Sebum and melanin
  • 13. 

    The sudoriferous glands do not

    • A.

      Help the body regulate temperature

    • B.

      Secrete a lubricating substance

    • C.

      Eliminate waste products

    • D.

      Exist on the palms or soles

    Correct Answer
    C. Eliminate waste products
    Explanation
    Sudoriferous glands, also known as sweat glands, play a crucial role in eliminating waste products from the body. These glands are responsible for producing sweat, which contains various waste substances such as urea, salts, and toxins. When the body temperature rises, sweat is released through the pores, cooling down the body. Therefore, the correct answer is that sudoriferous glands eliminate waste products.

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  • 14. 

    To keep your body healthy, you must be sure that what you eat

    • A.

      Prevents hydration

    • B.

      Causes fatigue

    • C.

      Has a pleaseant taste

    • D.

      Regulates the function of your cells

    Correct Answer
    D. Regulates the function of your cells
    Explanation
    To keep your body healthy, it is important to ensure that what you eat regulates the function of your cells. The cells in our body perform various functions, and their proper functioning is crucial for overall health. A balanced diet that includes essential nutrients, vitamins, and minerals helps in maintaining proper cellular function. These nutrients support processes like metabolism, energy production, and repair of damaged cells. By regulating the function of our cells, a healthy diet contributes to overall well-being and prevents various health issues.

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  • 15. 

    Which vitamin accelerates the skin's healing processing and is vitally important in fighting the aging process?

    • A.

      Vitamin a

    • B.

      Vitamin c

    • C.

      Vitamin d

    • D.

      Vitamin e

    Correct Answer
    B. Vitamin c
    Explanation
    Vitamin C is known for its ability to accelerate the skin's healing process and is vitally important in fighting the aging process. It is an antioxidant that helps to protect the skin from damage caused by free radicals, which can contribute to aging. Additionally, vitamin C plays a crucial role in the production of collagen, a protein that helps to keep the skin firm and youthful. Regular consumption of vitamin C can help to promote healthier skin and reduce the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines.

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  • 16. 

    The epidermis is the___layer of the skin

    • A.

      Healthiest

    • B.

      Thickeest

    • C.

      Thinnest

    • D.

      Most important

    Correct Answer
    C. Thinnest
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "thinnest" because the epidermis is the outermost layer of the skin and it is composed of thin layers of cells. It acts as a protective barrier against external factors such as bacteria, UV radiation, and chemicals. The epidermis also plays a crucial role in regulating body temperature and preventing water loss.

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  • 17. 

    The scalp has larger and deeper___than the skin on the rest of the body

    • A.

      Melanocytes

    • B.

      Propionibacterium acnes

    • C.

      Sensory nerve fibers

    • D.

      Hair follicles

    Correct Answer
    D. Hair follicles
    Explanation
    The scalp has larger and deeper hair follicles compared to the skin on the rest of the body. Hair follicles are responsible for producing and growing hair. The scalp has a high density of hair follicles, which is why it is capable of producing thicker and denser hair compared to other parts of the body. Additionally, the presence of hair follicles on the scalp also contributes to the sensation of touch and the transmission of sensory information through the sensory nerve fibers associated with them.

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  • 18. 

    It is___for a cosmetologist to completely remove a client's callus in the salon

    • A.

      Safe

    • B.

      Legal

    • C.

      Prohibited

    • D.

      Recommended

    Correct Answer
    C. Prohibited
    Explanation
    It is prohibited for a cosmetologist to completely remove a client's callus in the salon. This means that it is not allowed or against the rules for a cosmetologist to completely remove a callus.

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  • 19. 

    Emotional stress and hormone imbalances can increase the flow of

    • A.

      Sebum

    • B.

      Spinal fluid

    • C.

      Lymph

    • D.

      Pus

    Correct Answer
    A. Sebum
    Explanation
    Emotional stress and hormone imbalances can increase the flow of sebum. Sebum is an oily substance produced by the sebaceous glands in the skin. When there is an increase in emotional stress or hormonal changes, such as during puberty or menstrual cycles, the body may produce more sebum. This can lead to oily skin and clogged pores, which can contribute to acne breakouts. Therefore, the correct answer is sebum.

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  • 20. 

    The appropriate amount of water that a person should drink each day is determined by the person's

    • A.

      Weight

    • B.

      Age

    • C.

      Skin color

    • D.

      Medical history

    Correct Answer
    A. Weight
    Explanation
    The appropriate amount of water that a person should drink each day is determined by their weight. This is because a person's weight affects their body's hydration needs. Generally, it is recommended to drink half an ounce to an ounce of water per pound of body weight. Therefore, a person who weighs more would need to drink more water to stay adequately hydrated compared to someone who weighs less.

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  • 21. 

    Lack of water is the principal cause of

    • A.

      Daytime fatigue

    • B.

      Daytime hunger

    • C.

      Daytime mood swings

    • D.

      Daytime memory loss

    Correct Answer
    A. Daytime fatigue
    Explanation
    Lack of water can lead to dehydration, which can cause daytime fatigue. When the body is dehydrated, it affects the flow of oxygen and nutrients to the brain, leading to decreased energy levels and feelings of tiredness. Therefore, not having enough water throughout the day can be a principal cause of daytime fatigue.

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  • 22. 

    Small, cone-shaped elevations at the bottom of the hair faollicles are

    • A.

      Melanocytes

    • B.

      Papules

    • C.

      Dermal papillae

    • D.

      Secretory coils

    Correct Answer
    C. Dermal papillae
    Explanation
    Dermal papillae are small, cone-shaped elevations at the bottom of the hair follicles. They play a crucial role in hair growth and nourishment by supplying blood vessels to the hair follicles. These structures also contain nerve endings, which contribute to the sensation of touch. Melanocytes are responsible for producing melanin, the pigment that gives color to the hair and skin. Papules are small, raised bumps on the skin, and secretory coils are not directly related to the hair follicles.

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  • 23. 

    The layer of the epidermis where the process of skin cell shedding begins is the

    • A.

      Stratum corneum

    • B.

      Stratum lucidum

    • C.

      Stratum germinativum

    • D.

      Stratum spinosum

    Correct Answer
    D. Stratum spinosum
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the stratum spinosum. The stratum spinosum is the layer of the epidermis where the process of skin cell shedding begins. This layer is located above the stratum germinativum and below the stratum granulosum. It is characterized by cells that are connected by desmosomes, giving them a spiny appearance. As new cells are produced in the stratum germinativum, they push older cells up into the stratum spinosum where they begin to undergo the process of shedding.

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  • 24. 

    The coiled base of the sudoriferous gland is known as the

    • A.

      Secretory coil

    • B.

      Sweat duct

    • C.

      Sebaceous gland

    • D.

      Elastin coil

    Correct Answer
    A. Secretory coil
    Explanation
    The correct answer is secretory coil. The coiled base of the sudoriferous gland is referred to as the secretory coil because it is responsible for producing and secreting sweat. The secretory coil is located in the deeper layers of the skin and is connected to the sweat duct, which carries the sweat to the surface of the skin. The sebaceous gland is responsible for producing sebum, not sweat. Elastin coil is not a term used to describe the coiled base of the sudoriferous gland.

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  • 25. 

    A small, round elevation on the skin that contains no fluid but may develop pus is a

    • A.

      Comedo

    • B.

      Papule

    • C.

      Callus

    • D.

      Pustule

    Correct Answer
    B. Papule
    Explanation
    A small, round elevation on the skin that contains no fluid but may develop pus is called a papule. A papule is a type of skin lesion that appears as a raised bump on the skin. Unlike a pustule, which contains pus, a papule does not contain any fluid. It is often caused by inflammation or infection in the skin and can be a symptom of various skin conditions such as acne or dermatitis.

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  • 26. 

    Fatty tissue found below the dermis is____tissue

    • A.

      Secretory

    • B.

      Sudoriferous

    • C.

      Subctaneous

    • D.

      Sensory

    Correct Answer
    C. Subctaneous
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "subcutaneous." The question asks for the type of tissue that is found below the dermis. Subcutaneous tissue refers to the layer of fat that is located beneath the dermis. It acts as an insulator, providing cushioning and protection to the body. It also helps regulate body temperature and stores energy.

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  • 27. 

    An inflamed pimpe containing pus is a

    • A.

      Papillary

    • B.

      Pustule

    • C.

      Callus

    • D.

      Comedo

    Correct Answer
    B. Pustule
    Explanation
    A pustule is a small, inflamed bump on the skin that contains pus. It is often caused by an infection or inflammation of a hair follicle or oil gland. In this case, the description of an inflamed pimple containing pus aligns with the characteristics of a pustule. A papillary refers to a small, nipple-like projection, a callus is a thickened area of skin caused by repeated friction or pressure, and a comedo is a clogged hair follicle or pore, commonly known as a blackhead or whitehead.

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  • 28. 

    The outer layer of the epidermis is the_____layer

    • A.

      Papillary

    • B.

      Reticular

    • C.

      Tactile

    • D.

      Epidermal

    Correct Answer
    A. Papillary
    Explanation
    The outer layer of the epidermis is called the papillary layer. This layer is responsible for providing strength and flexibility to the skin. It contains small papillae that project into the dermis and help to increase the surface area between the two layers. The papillary layer also contains blood vessels, nerve endings, and immune cells, making it an important part of the skin's overall function.

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  • 29. 

    The layer of the epidermis that is composed of cells filled with keratin is the

    • A.

      Stratum spinosum

    • B.

      Stratum granulosum

    • C.

      Stratum germinativum

    • D.

      Stratum corneum

    Correct Answer
    B. Stratum granulosum
    Explanation
    The stratum granulosum is the correct answer because it is the layer of the epidermis that is composed of cells filled with keratin. Keratin is a tough protein that helps to form a protective barrier on the skin. The stratum granulosum is located above the stratum spinosum and below the stratum corneum in the epidermis. It is responsible for the production of keratin and the transformation of cells into the outermost layer of the skin.

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  • 30. 

    A fatty or oily secretion that lubricates the skin and preserves the softness of the hair is

    • A.

      Sebum

    • B.

      Lymph

    • C.

      Pus

    • D.

      Melanin

    Correct Answer
    A. Sebum
    Explanation
    Sebum is a fatty or oily secretion produced by the sebaceous glands in the skin. It acts as a natural lubricant, keeping the skin moisturized and preventing it from drying out. Sebum also helps to preserve the softness and flexibility of the hair by coating and protecting the hair shaft. It plays an important role in maintaining the health and integrity of the skin and hair.

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  • 31. 

    The layer of the epidermis also known as the basal cell layer is the

    • A.

      Stratum lucidum

    • B.

      Stratum spinosum

    • C.

      Stratum corneum

    • D.

      Stratum germinativum

    Correct Answer
    D. Stratum germinativum
    Explanation
    The correct answer is stratum germinativum. This layer of the epidermis is also known as the basal cell layer because it is the deepest layer of the epidermis and contains the basal cells. These basal cells continuously divide and give rise to new cells, which then migrate towards the surface of the skin. This layer is responsible for the regeneration and renewal of the epidermis. The other options mentioned, stratum lucidum, stratum spinosum, and stratum corneum, are also layers of the epidermis but they are not specifically referred to as the basal cell layer.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jun 14, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    Ehang07
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