Chapter 6 : The Evolution Of Primates Quiz

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Chapter 6 : The Evolution Of Primates Quiz - Quiz

Ready for a wild ride through the jungle of primate evolution? Introducing "The Evolution of Primates Quiz"! The Evolution of Primates Quiz is an engaging exploration into the evolutionary journey of our primate ancestors.
This quiz delves into the intricate tapestry of primate evolution, spanning millions of years and showcasing the remarkable adaptations that have shaped these intelligent creatures. This quiz will test your knowledge of how our primate pals evolved over millions of years.
Participants can expect to encounter intriguing inquiries about the evolution of opposable thumbs, the significance of bipedalism, and the emergence of complex social structures. Score Read morebig by uncovering the secrets of their family tree and understanding why we share so much in common with these fascinating creatures.


Chapter 6 : The Evolution of Primates Questions and Answers

  • 1. 

    Piltdown Man, a fraudulent fossil, was accepted as authentic mostly because:

    • A.

      It turns out to have looked like authentic fossils found later.

    • B.

      No one had the scientific knowledge at the time to expose it.

    • C.

      It fulfilled expectations of what the earliest human should look like.

    • D.

      It had such a human-like jaw and teeth.

    Correct Answer
    C. It fulfilled expectations of what the earliest human should look like.
    Explanation
    The Piltdown Man was accepted as authentic mostly because it fulfilled the expectations of what the earliest human should look like. This means that the physical characteristics of the fossil matched what scientists believed early humans would have looked like. The fact that it had a humanlike jaw and teeth further supported this belief. Additionally, at the time, no one had the scientific knowledge to expose the fraud, which also contributed to its acceptance as authentic.

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  • 2. 

    The earliest primate-like fossils date to:

    • A.

      65 million years ago

    • B.

      55 million years ago

    • C.

      5 million years ago

    • D.

      250,000 years ago

    Correct Answer
    A. 65 million years ago
    Explanation
    The earliest primate-like fossils date back to 65 million years ago. This suggests that primates, or primate-like creatures, existed during this time period. Fossils provide valuable evidence of the existence and evolution of different species, and in this case, they indicate the presence of early primates around 65 million years ago.

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  • 3. 

    The earliest primate-like fossils were found in what is now:

    • A.

      Europe

    • B.

      Africa

    • C.

      North America

    • D.

      Asia

    Correct Answer
    C. North America
    Explanation
    The correct answer is North America because the earliest primate-like fossils were indeed found in this continent. These fossils provide evidence of the presence of early primates in North America, suggesting that this region was one of the first areas where primates evolved. This discovery is significant in understanding the evolutionary history and distribution of primates.

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  • 4. 

    The first undisputed primate fossils date to:

    • A.

      65 million years ago

    • B.

      55 million years ago

    • C.

      5 million years ago

    • D.

      250,000 years ago

    Correct Answer
    B. 55 million years ago
    Explanation
    The first undisputed primate fossils date back to 55 million years ago. This means that the earliest evidence of primates, a group of mammals that includes humans, monkeys, and apes, can be traced back to this time period. These fossils provide valuable insights into the evolution and development of primates, helping scientists understand their origins and evolutionary history.

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  • 5. 

    The first undisputed primate fossils were found in what is now:

    • A.

      Europe

    • B.

      Africa and Asia

    • C.

      North America

    • D.

      All of these

    Correct Answer
    D. All of these
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "all of these" because the first undisputed primate fossils have been found in Europe, Africa, Asia, and North America. This suggests that primates originated and evolved in different parts of the world, rather than being confined to a single continent. The discovery of primate fossils in multiple locations supports the idea that primates have a long and diverse evolutionary history.

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  • 6. 

    Which is the best explanation for the origin of the New World primates?

    • A.

      They evolved from New World prosimians.

    • B.

      They evolved completely separately from Old World primates.

    • C.

      They are a different branch of evolution from all the other primates.

    • D.

      They descended from primates that "rafted" from Africa to South America.

    Correct Answer
    D. They descended from primates that "rafted" from Africa to South America.
    Explanation
    The best explanation for the origin of the New World primates is that they descended from primates that "rafted" from Africa to South America. This suggests that these primates crossed the ocean on floating vegetation or other natural rafts, eventually reaching South America and evolving into the New World primates. This explanation is supported by genetic and fossil evidence, which show similarities between New World and Old World primates, indicating a common ancestry. It also explains why New World primates are found exclusively in South and Central America, as they would have been isolated from the primates in Africa and Asia.

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  • 7. 

    Monkeys appeared in the fossil record:

    • A.

      65 million years ago

    • B.

      55 million years ago

    • C.

      40 million years ago

    • D.

      23 million years ago

    Correct Answer
    C. 40 million years ago
    Explanation
    Monkeys appear in the fossil record 40 million years ago. This suggests that monkeys have been present on Earth for a significant amount of time. The fossil record provides evidence of their existence during this period, indicating their evolutionary history and the development of their species over time.

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  • 8. 

    Apes appeared in the fossil record:

    • A.

      65 million years ago

    • B.

      15 million years ago

    • C.

      40 million years ago

    • D.

      55 million years ago

    Correct Answer
    D. 55 million years ago
    Explanation
    Apes appear in the fossil record 55 million years ago. This means that evidence of apes can be traced back to this specific time period based on the fossils that have been discovered.

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  • 9. 

    Early apes were found in all the following EXCEPT:

    • A.

      Asia

    • B.

      Africa

    • C.

      Europe

    • D.

      North America

    Correct Answer
    D. North America
    Explanation
    Early apes were found in Asia, Africa, and Europe, but not in North America. Fossil evidence suggests that early apes originated in Africa and later dispersed to other parts of the world. While there is a rich fossil record of early primates in Africa and Europe, there is no conclusive evidence of early ape fossils in North America. This could be due to various factors such as differences in geological conditions, limited fossil preservation, or lack of suitable habitats for early apes in North America.

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  • 10. 

    The fossil known as Lucy is particularly remarkable because:

    • A.

      She is a female.

    • B.

      She is the oldest hominid fossil.

    • C.

      She is almost 40% complete even though over 3 million years old.

    • D.

      She has a large brain.

    Correct Answer
    C. She is almost 40% complete even though over 3 million years old.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that Lucy is almost 40% complete even though over 3 million years old. This is remarkable because fossilization is a rare occurrence and it is even rarer for a fossil to be so well-preserved and complete after millions of years. Lucy's level of completeness provides scientists with valuable information about her anatomy and allows for a more accurate understanding of our early human ancestors.

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  • 11. 

    Lucy is considered to be a hominin because:

    • A.

      Her brain is larger than an ape.

    • B.

      Her teeth is completely modern.

    • C.

      Her body proportions are like a modern human's.

    • D.

      She was habitually bipedal.

    Correct Answer
    D. She was habitually bipedal.
    Explanation
    Lucy is considered to be a hominin because she was habitually bipedal. This means that she walked on two legs, which is a characteristic that distinguishes hominins from apes. The other options, such as her brain size, teeth, and body proportions, may also be relevant in classifying Lucy as a hominin, but the key characteristic that sets her apart is her habitual bipedalism.

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  • 12. 

    Which of the following has NOT been proposed as an advantage of bipedalism?

    • A.

      Ability to walk and carry things at the same time.

    • B.

      Gives a better view by elevating the head.

    • C.

      Helps keep the body and head cooler.

    • D.

      Is more energy efficient for running.

    Correct Answer
    D. Is more energy efficient for running.
    Explanation
    Bipedalism has been proposed as an advantage for various reasons, including the ability to walk and carry things simultaneously, giving a better view by elevating the head, and helping to keep the body and head cooler. However, it has not been suggested that bipedalism is more energy efficient for running.

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  • 13. 

    The latest evidence suggests that bipedal locomotion may have first evolved:

    • A.

      In the open savannas of Africa.

    • B.

      In the forests of East Africa.

    • C.

      In a mixed savanna / forest environment.

    • D.

      Along the coastal plains of South Africa.

    Correct Answer
    C. In a mixed savanna / forest environment.
    Explanation
    The latest evidence suggests that bipedal locomotion may have first evolved in a mixed savanna / forest environment. This is supported by the fact that early hominins, such as Ardipithecus ramidus, were found in environments that consisted of both savannas and forests. These mixed environments would have provided a variety of resources, such as food and shelter, which would have favored the development of bipedalism as a means of efficient movement and foraging. Additionally, the presence of both open spaces and trees would have allowed for a combination of walking and climbing, which is characteristic of bipedalism.

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  • 14. 

    At present, the earliest proposed hominin fossil is:

    • A.

      Australopithecus afarensis

    • B.

      Orrorin tugenensis

    • C.

      Sahelanthropus tchadensis

    • D.

      Homo erectus

    Correct Answer
    C. Sahelanthropus tchadensis
    Explanation
    Sahelanthropus tchadensis is considered to be the earliest proposed hominin fossil. It was discovered in Chad and is believed to have lived around 7 million years ago. This fossil is significant because it exhibits a mix of ape-like and human-like characteristics, suggesting that it may be a common ancestor of both humans and apes. Its discovery has provided valuable insights into the early stages of human evolution.

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  • 15. 

    The first well-established hominin fossils are placed in genus ________.

    • A.

      Australopithecus

    • B.

      Paranthropus

    • C.

      Homo

    • D.

      Hominidae

    Correct Answer
    A. Australopithecus
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Australopithecus. This genus is known for containing some of the earliest well-established hominin fossils. Australopithecus species are believed to have lived between 4.2 and 1.9 million years ago and are considered to be a key part of human evolution. These early hominins had a combination of ape-like and human-like features and are believed to have walked upright. They are an important link in understanding the transition from ape-like ancestors to early humans in the evolutionary timeline.

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  • 16. 

    The major difference between members of genera Australopithecus and Paranthropus is in:

    • A.

      Brain size

    • B.

      Body size

    • C.

      Tool making ability

    • D.

      Robusticity of chewing area and chewing muscles

    Correct Answer
    D. Robusticity of chewing area and chewing muscles
    Explanation
    The major difference between members of the genera Australopithecus and Paranthropus is in the robusticity of the chewing area and chewing muscles. This means that Paranthropus species had a more robust and powerful chewing apparatus compared to Australopithecus species. This difference in robusticity suggests that Paranthropus species had a specialized diet that required more forceful chewing, possibly consisting of tougher and harder foods. In contrast, Australopithecus species had a less robust chewing apparatus, indicating a different dietary adaptation.

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  • 17. 

    The evolution of genera Paranthropus and Homo took place approximately:

    • A.

      4.4 million years ago

    • B.

      3.2 million years ago

    • C.

      3 million years ago

    • D.

      1 million years ago

    Correct Answer
    C. 3 million years ago
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 3 million years ago. This is based on the understanding of the fossil record and the dating of various hominin species. Paranthropus and Homo are two different genera of hominins, with Paranthropus existing from about 2.7 to 1.2 million years ago, and Homo appearing around 2.8 million years ago. Therefore, the evolution of these two genera likely occurred around 3 million years ago.

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  • 18. 

    The evolution of genera Paranthropus and Homo may have been a response to:

    • A.

      An expansion of the dry savannas.

    • B.

      An expansion of the tropical forests.

    • C.

      A climatic trend toward wetter environmental conditions.

    • D.

      The advance of the Pleistocene glaciers.

    Correct Answer
    A. An expansion of the dry savannas.
    Explanation
    The evolution of genera Paranthropus and Homo may have been a response to an expansion of the dry savannas. This could be because the dry savannas provided a new habitat for these species to adapt to and exploit. The expansion of the dry savannas would have created new ecological niches and resources that these genera could have taken advantage of, leading to their evolution. The dry savannas may have offered different food sources, shelter, or other environmental factors that favored the survival and adaptation of Paranthropus and Homo species.

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  • 19. 

    The earliest members of genus Homo were placed in that genus because of their:

    • A.

      Large body size

    • B.

      Increased brain size

    • C.

      Modern body proportions

    • D.

      Use of fire

    Correct Answer
    B. Increased brain size
    Explanation
    The earliest members of the genus Homo were classified as such due to their increased brain size. This characteristic distinguished them from earlier hominin species and indicated a significant evolutionary development. The larger brain size likely contributed to advancements in cognition, problem-solving abilities, and social behavior, setting the stage for the further development of the Homo genus and the emergence of modern humans.

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  • 20. 

    Culturally, the earliest members of genus Homo are associated with:

    • A.

      Modern-like human language

    • B.

      The use of fire

    • C.

      Big game hunting

    • D.

      The first stone tools

    Correct Answer
    D. The first stone tools
    Explanation
    The earliest members of the genus Homo are associated with the first stone tools. Stone tools, such as handaxes and scrapers, were the earliest evidence of technology and tool-making skills by early humans. These tools were essential for various activities like cutting, scraping, and hunting. The development and use of stone tools marked an important milestone in human evolution, showing increased cognitive abilities and problem-solving skills. The use of fire, modern-like human language, and big game hunting came later in human history and were not directly associated with the earliest members of the genus Homo.

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  • 21. 

    A major use of stone tools for early Homo which has left concrete evidence is:

    • A.

      To cut wood for weapons and shelter.

    • B.

      To aid in dismembering scavenged carcasses for meat.

    • C.

      To create sparks for fires.

    • D.

      To make sharp, pointed weapons for territorial defense.

    Correct Answer
    B. To aid in dismembering scavenged carcasses for meat.
    Explanation
    Stone tools were essential for early Homo in aiding in dismembering scavenged carcasses for meat. This is supported by concrete evidence, as archaeologists have discovered stone tools with distinctive marks and wear patterns that indicate their use in butchering and processing animal remains. These tools would have been crucial for early humans to access and utilize valuable sources of protein, contributing to their survival and development.

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  • 22. 

    Physically, the Homo erectus stage is NOT characterized by:

    • A.

      Modern brain size

    • B.

      Modern body size

    • C.

      Modern body proportions

    • D.

      An increase in brain size over earlier hominids

    Correct Answer
    A. Modern brain size
    Explanation
    The Homo erectus stage is not characterized by modern brain size. This means that during this stage, the brain size of Homo erectus was not comparable to the brain size of modern humans. While Homo erectus did have an increase in brain size over earlier hominids, it did not reach the level of modern humans. However, Homo erectus did exhibit modern body size and modern body proportions, indicating that there were physical changes occurring during this stage.

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  • 23. 

    Fossils of Homo erectus are first found:

    • A.

      100,000 years ago in Java

    • B.

      1.8 million years ago in Europe

    • C.

      1.8 million years ago in Africa

    • D.

      2.6 million years ago in Africa

    Correct Answer
    C. 1.8 million years ago in Africa
    Explanation
    Homo erectus fossils were first found 1.8 million years ago in Africa. This suggests that Homo erectus originated in Africa and then spread to other regions. The fossils found in Java and Europe are believed to be descendants of the African population, indicating their migration and adaptation to different environments. This finding supports the theory of human evolution and the African origin of Homo erectus.

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  • 24. 

    Homo erectus is the first hominid to:

    • A.

      Expand out of Africa

    • B.

      Make stone tools

    • C.

      Achieve modern brain size

    • D.

      Walk upright

    Correct Answer
    A. Expand out of Africa
    Explanation
    Homo erectus is considered the first hominid to expand out of Africa. This species of early humans migrated from Africa to different parts of the world, including Asia and Europe. This expansion is significant because it marked a major milestone in human evolution, as it led to the colonization of new territories and the adaptation to diverse environments. While Homo erectus did make stone tools and walked upright, these characteristics were not unique to this species and were also present in earlier hominids. Additionally, achieving modern brain size occurred in later hominid species.

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  • 25. 

    Which of the following cultural achievements is NOT associated with Homo erectus?

    • A.

      First use of fire

    • B.

      The hand axe

    • C.

      Use of flake tools

    • D.

      Building of shelters

    Correct Answer
    D. Building of shelters
    Explanation
    Building of shelters is not associated with Homo erectus because they were primarily nomadic, meaning they did not settle in one place long enough to build permanent structures. Homo erectus is known for their use of fire, the development of the hand axe, and the use of flake tools, but there is no evidence to suggest that they built shelters.

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  • 26. 

    Fossils of Homo erectus are found:

    • A.

      All over the Old World

    • B.

      Only in Africa

    • C.

      Only in Africa and Java

    • D.

      Worldwide

    Correct Answer
    A. All over the Old World
    Explanation
    Homo erectus fossils have been found all over the Old World, which includes regions such as Africa, Asia, and Europe. This suggests that Homo erectus had a wide distribution and inhabited various parts of the world. The widespread presence of their fossils indicates that Homo erectus had the ability to adapt and survive in different environments across the Old World.

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  • 27. 

    The period of the Ice Ages, glacial advances and retreats, is known as the:

    • A.

      Upper Paleolithic

    • B.

      Jurassic

    • C.

      Neolithic or New Stone Age

    • D.

      Pleistocene

    Correct Answer
    D. Pleistocene
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Pleistocene. The Pleistocene is a geological epoch that occurred from about 2.6 million to 11,700 years ago. It is characterized by the repeated glaciations and interglacial periods, also known as the Ice Ages. During this time, there were significant advances and retreats of glaciers, resulting in the formation of large ice sheets and the shaping of the Earth's landscape. The Pleistocene is an important period in understanding the Earth's climate history and the evolution of various species, including early humans.

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  • 28. 

    The Pleistocene is defined by:

    • A.

      An advance in stone tool making techniques.

    • B.

      A series of glacial advances and retreats.

    • C.

      The evolution of the genus Homo.

    • D.

      The mass extinction that killed off the dinosaurs.

    Correct Answer
    B. A series of glacial advances and retreats.
    Explanation
    The Pleistocene is defined by a series of glacial advances and retreats. This period, which lasted from about 2.6 million to 11,700 years ago, was characterized by repeated cycles of ice ages and interglacial periods. These glacial advances and retreats had a significant impact on the Earth's climate, landscape, and the evolution of various species. The Pleistocene is also known for the presence of ice sheets and glaciers, which shaped the topography of many regions and led to the formation of features like moraines and glacial lakes.

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  • 29. 

    Which of the following dates defines the Pleistocene period?

    • A.

      5 to 6 million years ago

    • B.

      5 million years ago to present

    • C.

      1.6 million years ago to 10,000 years ago

    • D.

      1.8 million years ago to 100,000 years ago

    Correct Answer
    C. 1.6 million years ago to 10,000 years ago
    Explanation
    The Pleistocene period is defined as the time period from 1.6 million years ago to 10,000 years ago. This is the correct answer because it accurately reflects the accepted time range for the Pleistocene epoch, which is characterized by repeated glaciations and the presence of early humans. The other options either precede or extend beyond the accepted time range for the Pleistocene period.

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  • 30. 

    The author of the text suggests that the most important use of fire by Homo erectus was:

    • A.

      As a source of heat.

    • B.

      For cooking meat.

    • C.

      Protection from animals.

    • D.

      As a source of light, a social focus, and a sense of mastery over nature.

    Correct Answer
    D. As a source of light, a social focus, and a sense of mastery over nature.
    Explanation
    The author suggests that the most important use of fire by Homo erectus was as a source of light, a social focus, and a sense of mastery over nature. This implies that fire served not only practical purposes such as providing heat and cooking meat, but also had significant social and psychological implications for early humans. Fire would have allowed them to gather around a central source of light, fostering social interaction and creating a sense of community. Additionally, the ability to control and utilize fire would have given Homo erectus a feeling of power and control over their environment, enhancing their sense of mastery over nature.

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  • 31. 

    Archaic Homo sapiens are given the prefix "archaic" because:

    • A.

      They still had small brains.

    • B.

      Their average body size was smaller than modern humans.

    • C.

      Cultural evidence shows they were not as smart as we are.

    • D.

      They retained some primitive physical features of the skull.

    Correct Answer
    D. They retained some primitive physical features of the skull.
    Explanation
    Archaic Homo sapiens are given the prefix "archaic" because they retained some primitive physical features of the skull. This suggests that they had characteristics that were more similar to earlier hominin species, rather than modern humans. These physical features could include a more pronounced brow ridge, a larger face, and a larger jaw. By using the term "archaic," it highlights the fact that these individuals had not yet evolved to possess the more modern physical traits seen in anatomically modern humans.

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  • 32. 

    Archaic Homo sapiens, despite the prefix "archaic," are placed in our species because:

    • A.

      They had modern sized brains.

    • B.

      They devised writing systems.

    • C.

      They left obvious evidence of religious beliefs.

    • D.

      They looked just like modern humans.

    Correct Answer
    A. They had modern sized brains.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that Archaic Homo sapiens are placed in our species because they had modern sized brains. This suggests that they possessed cognitive abilities and intellectual capacities similar to modern humans.

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  • 33. 

    Archaic Homo sapiens fossils first appear about:

    • A.

      1.8 million years ago

    • B.

      700,000 years ago

    • C.

      250,000 years ago

    • D.

      36,000 years ago

    Correct Answer
    B. 700,000 years ago
    Explanation
    Archaic Homo sapiens fossils first appear about 700,000 years ago. This means that evidence of early humans with characteristics similar to modern humans can be traced back to this time period. These fossils provide insights into the evolution and development of our species.

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  • 34. 

    The famous group of fossil humans known as the Neandertals is considered by the text to be included in:

    • A.

      Homo erectus

    • B.

      Archaic Homo sapiens

    • C.

      Anatomically modern Homo sapiens

    • D.

      Australopithecus

    Correct Answer
    B. Archaic Homo sapiens
    Explanation
    The Neandertals, according to the text, are classified as archaic Homo sapiens. This means that they are considered to be an early form of Homo sapiens, but not anatomically modern. The term "archaic" implies that they are a more primitive or ancestral form of Homo sapiens, while still belonging to the same species. This classification suggests that the Neandertals are closely related to modern humans, but exhibit some distinct anatomical and genetic differences.

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  • 35. 

    Fossils of Neandertals were first discovered:

    • A.

      In the 1980s

    • B.

      In 1912

    • C.

      About the time of the discovery of Lucy

    • D.

      During Darwin's lifetime

    Correct Answer
    D. During Darwin's lifetime
    Explanation
    During Darwin's lifetime, fossils of Neandertals were discovered. This suggests that the discovery of Neandertal fossils predates the other options given in the question. Darwin lived from 1809 to 1882, so it is possible that Neandertal fossils were discovered during this time.

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  • 36. 

    The Neandertals lived:

    • A.

      Throughout the entire Old World

    • B.

      In Europe and Southwest Asia

    • C.

      In Africa and the Far East

    • D.

      Only in western Europe

    Correct Answer
    B. In Europe and Southwest Asia
    Explanation
    The Neandertals lived in Europe and Southwest Asia. This is supported by archaeological evidence that shows their presence in these regions during the Middle Paleolithic period. Neandertal remains have been found in various sites across Europe, including Germany, France, and Spain. Additionally, fossil evidence and genetic studies indicate that Neandertals interbred with early modern humans in these regions. Therefore, the correct answer is that they lived in Europe and Southwest Asia.

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  • 37. 

    The Neandertals differed from modern humans in all the following EXCEPT:

    • A.

      Forehead slope

    • B.

      Chin shape

    • C.

      Brain size

    • D.

      Body robustness

    Correct Answer
    C. Brain size
    Explanation
    The Neandertals differed from modern humans in terms of forehead slope, chin shape, and body robustness. However, they did not differ in brain size. Neandertals had a similar or even slightly larger brain size compared to modern humans.

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  • 38. 

    The short stature and stockiness of the Neandertals has been interpreted as:

    • A.

      A result of poor nutrition

    • B.

      A result of their hard-working lifestyle

    • C.

      An adaptation to cold climate

    • D.

      An adaptation to hot climate

    Correct Answer
    C. An adaptation to cold climate
    Explanation
    The short stature and stockiness of the Neandertals is believed to be an adaptation to cold climate. This is because having a more compact body helps in conserving heat and reducing surface area exposed to the cold. A larger body also helps in retaining heat, as it has a smaller surface area-to-volume ratio. Additionally, the shorter limbs of Neandertals would have helped reduce heat loss in extremities. These physical characteristics suggest that Neandertals were well-suited to survive in the cold environments they inhabited.

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  • 39. 

    Which of the following is associated with Neandertal material culture?

    • A.

      The bow and arrow.

    • B.

      The hand axe as the predominant tool.

    • C.

      The origin of bifacial tools.

    • D.

      The possible first use of hafting.

    Correct Answer
    D. The possible first use of hafting.
    Explanation
    The possible first use of hafting is associated with Neandertal material culture. Hafting is the process of attaching a handle or haft to a tool or weapon, which allows for better control and efficiency in its use. This advancement in tool technology was significant and is often attributed to Neandertals, indicating their ability to innovate and adapt to their environment.

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  • 40. 

    Which of the following is NOT associated with the material culture of the Neandertals?

    • A.

      Use of hafting.

    • B.

      Stone blades with artistic rather than utilitarian use.

    • C.

      Retouching of flakes produced by the Levallois technique.

    • D.

      Woodworking and antler carving.

    Correct Answer
    B. Stone blades with artistic rather than utilitarian use.
    Explanation
    The Neandertals were known for their advanced material culture, including the use of hafting, retouching of flakes produced by the Levallois technique, woodworking, and antler carving. However, there is no evidence to suggest that they used stone blades for artistic purposes rather than utilitarian use.

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  • 41. 

    .  Which of the following is NOT accepted evidence of abstract belief among the Neandertals?

    • A.

      Burial of the dead.

    • B.

      Remnants of formalized religious ritual.

    • C.

      Care of the elderly and injured.

    • D.

      Inclusion of offerings in graves.

    Correct Answer
    B. Remnants of formalized religious ritual.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "remnants of formalized religious ritual." This means that there is no accepted evidence of Neanderthals engaging in formalized religious rituals. While burial of the dead, care of the elderly and injured, and inclusion of offerings in graves are all considered evidence of abstract belief among Neanderthals, there is no indication of formalized religious rituals being practiced by them.

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  • 42. 

    Anatomically modern Homo sapiens first appear in the fossil record:

    • A.

      1.8 million years ago

    • B.

      500,000 years ago

    • C.

      300,000 years ago

    • D.

      25,000 years ago

    Correct Answer
    C. 300,000 years ago
    Explanation
    Anatomically modern Homo sapiens first appear in the fossil record 300,000 years ago. This means that the earliest evidence of our species, with the same physical characteristics as modern humans, can be traced back to this time period. This is based on the analysis of fossil remains found in various archaeological sites around the world. These findings provide important insights into the origins and evolution of our species.

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  • 43. 

    The earliest fossils with anatomically modern or near-modern traits were found in:

    • A.

      Africa

    • B.

      Europe

    • C.

      Southwest Asia

    • D.

      Southeast Asia

    Correct Answer
    A. Africa
    Explanation
    The earliest fossils with anatomically modern or near-modern traits were found in Africa. This is supported by extensive archaeological evidence, including the discovery of fossils such as the famous "Lucy" skeleton in Ethiopia. Additionally, genetic studies have also indicated that modern humans originated in Africa and then migrated to other parts of the world. Therefore, Africa is considered the birthplace of anatomically modern humans.

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  • 44. 

    The difference between modern humans and archaics involves all EXCEPT:

    • A.

      Degree of prognathism

    • B.

      Presence of heavy brow ridges

    • C.

      Slope of forehead

    • D.

      Brain size

    Correct Answer
    D. Brain size
    Explanation
    The difference between modern humans and archaics involves the degree of prognathism, the presence of heavy brow ridges, and the slope of the forehead. However, brain size is not a difference between modern humans and archaics.

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  • 45. 

    Which of the following is NOT associated with the evolution of anatomically modern Homo sapiens?

    • A.

      Artistically-made stone tools

    • B.

      Big game hunting

    • C.

      Artistic carvings and cave paintings

    • D.

      The first use of fire

    Correct Answer
    D. The first use of fire
    Explanation
    The first use of fire is not associated with the evolution of anatomically modern Homo sapiens. While the use of fire is an important milestone in human history, it predates the emergence of Homo sapiens. Evidence of fire use can be traced back to earlier hominin species such as Homo erectus. The evolution of anatomically modern Homo sapiens is instead associated with the development of artistically-made stone tools, big game hunting, and artistic carvings and cave paintings. These advancements in behavior and culture are indicative of the cognitive and social complexity of our species.

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  • Current Version
  • Jan 31, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 08, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Demo_student
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