Chapter 6 Evolution: The Large-brained Primate

45 Questions | Total Attempts: 1407

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Primate Quizzes & Trivia

The questions in this quiz are not of my creation. They are solely used as study material.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Piltdown Man, a fraudulent fossil, was accepted as authentic mostly because:
    • A. 

      It turns out to have looked like authentic fossils found later

    • B. 

      No one had the scientific knowledge at the time to expose it

    • C. 

      It fulfilled expectations of what the earliest human should look like

    • D. 

      It had such a humanlike jaw and teeth

  • 2. 
    The earliest primate-like fossils date to:
    • A. 

      65 million years ago

    • B. 

      55 million years ago

    • C. 

      5 million years ago

    • D. 

      250,000 years ago

  • 3. 
    The earliest primate-like fossils were found in what is now:
    • A. 

      Europe

    • B. 

      Africa

    • C. 

      North America

    • D. 

      Asia

  • 4. 
    The first undisputed primate fossils date to:
    • A. 

      65 million years ago

    • B. 

      55 million years ago

    • C. 

      5 million years ago

    • D. 

      250,000 years ago

  • 5. 
    The first undisputed primate fossils were found in what is now:
    • A. 

      Europe

    • B. 

      Africa and Asia

    • C. 

      North America

    • D. 

      All of these

  • 6. 
    Which is the best explanation for the origin of the New World primates?
    • A. 

      They evolved from New World prosimians

    • B. 

      They evolved completely separately from Old World primates

    • C. 

      They are a different branch of evolution from all the other primates

    • D. 

      They descended from primates that "rafted" from Africa to South America

  • 7. 
    Monkeys appear in the fossil record:
    • A. 

      65 million years ago

    • B. 

      55 million years ago

    • C. 

      40 million years ago

    • D. 

      23 million years ago

  • 8. 
    Apes appear in the fossil record:
    • A. 

      65 million years ago

    • B. 

      55 million years ago

    • C. 

      40 million years ago

    • D. 

      23 million years ago

  • 9. 
    Early apes were found in all the following EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Asia

    • B. 

      Africa

    • C. 

      Europe

    • D. 

      North America

  • 10. 
    The fossil known as Lucy is particularly remarkable because:
    • A. 

      She is a female

    • B. 

      She is the oldest hominid fossil

    • C. 

      She is almost 40% complete even though over 3 million years old

    • D. 

      She has a large brain

  • 11. 
    Lucy is considered to be a hominin because:
    • A. 

      Her brain is larger than an apes

    • B. 

      Her teeth are completely modern

    • C. 

      Her body proportions are like a modern human's

    • D. 

      She was habitually bipedal

  • 12. 
    Which of the following has NOT been proposed as an advantage of bipedalism?
    • A. 

      Ability to walk and carry things at the same time

    • B. 

      Gives a better view by elevating the head

    • C. 

      Helps keep the body and head cooler

    • D. 

      Is more energy efficient for running

  • 13. 
    The latest evidence suggests that bipedal locomotion may have first evolved:
    • A. 

      On the open savannas of Africa

    • B. 

      In the forests of East Africa

    • C. 

      In a mixed savanna / forest environment

    • D. 

      Along the coastal plains of South Africa

  • 14. 
    At present, the earliest proposed hominin fossil is:
    • A. 

      Australopithecus afarensis

    • B. 

      Orrorin tugenensis

    • C. 

      Sahelanthropus tchadensis

    • D. 

      Homo erectus

  • 15. 
    The first well-established hominin fossils are placed in genus ________.
    • A. 

      Australopithecus

    • B. 

      Paranthropus

    • C. 

      Homo

    • D. 

      Hominidae

  • 16. 
    The major difference between members of genera Australopithecus and Paranthropus is in:
    • A. 

      Brain size

    • B. 

      Body size

    • C. 

      Tool making ability

    • D. 

      Robusticity of chewing area and chewing muscles

  • 17. 
    The evolution of genera Paranthropus and Homo took place approximately:
    • A. 

      4.4 million years ago

    • B. 

      3.2 million years ago

    • C. 

      3 million years ago

    • D. 

      1 million years ago

  • 18. 
    The evolution of genera Paranthropus and Homo may have been a response to:
    • A. 

      An expansion of the dry savannas

    • B. 

      An expansion of the tropical forests

    • C. 

      A climatic trend toward wetter environmental conditions

    • D. 

      The advance of the Pleistocene glaciers

  • 19. 
    The earliest members of genus Homo were placed in that genus because of their:
    • A. 

      Large body size

    • B. 

      Increased brain size

    • C. 

      Modern body proportions

    • D. 

      Use of fire

  • 20. 
    Culturally, the earliest members of genus Homo are associated with:
    • A. 

      Modern-like human language

    • B. 

      The use of fire

    • C. 

      Big game hunting

    • D. 

      The first stone tools

  • 21. 
    A major use of stone tools for early Homo which has left concrete evidence is:
    • A. 

      To cut wood for weapons and shelter

    • B. 

      To aid in dismembering scavenged carcasses for meat

    • C. 

      To create sparks for fires

    • D. 

      To make sharp, pointed weapons for territorial defense

  • 22. 
    Physically, the Homo erectus stage is NOT characterized by:
    • A. 

      Modern brain size

    • B. 

      Modern body size

    • C. 

      Modern body proportions

    • D. 

      An increase in brain size over earlier hominids

  • 23. 
    Fossils of Homo erectus are first found:
    • A. 

      100,000 years ago in Java

    • B. 

      1.8 million years ago in Europe

    • C. 

      1.8 million years ago in Africa

    • D. 

      2.6 million years ago in Africa

  • 24. 
    Homo erectus is the first hominid to:
    • A. 

      Expand out of Africa

    • B. 

      Make stone tools

    • C. 

      Achieve modern brain size

    • D. 

      Walk upright

  • 25. 
    Which of the following cultural achievements is NOT associated with Homo erectus?
    • A. 

      First use of fire

    • B. 

      The hand axe

    • C. 

      Use of flake tools

    • D. 

      Building of shelters

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