Evolution Practice Quiz (Easy Version)

10 Questions | Total Attempts: 1145

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Evolution Practice Quiz (Easy Version)

Try this quiz to check and see if you're comfortable with many of the ideas we've discussed throughout this unit on evolution and animals.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    This natural philosopher proposed that evolution resulted from the inheritance of acquired characteristics - for example, giraffe offspring acquired longer necks because their parents stretching to reach higher leaves.
    • A. 

      Jean-Baptiste Lamarck

    • B. 

      Charles Lyell

    • C. 

      Alfred Wallace

    • D. 

      Thomas Malthus

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 2. 
    Differences between members of a population will most likely be passed on to future generations if they are:
    • A. 

      Due to genetic changes and result in unfavorable variations

    • B. 

      Due to genetic changes and result in favorable variations

    • C. 

      Not due to genetic changes and result in unfavorable variations

    • D. 

      Not due to genetic changes and result in favorable variation

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 3. 
    An example of a pair of analogous structures is:
    • A. 

      The wing of an insect and the wing of a bat

    • B. 

      The forelimb of a human and the forelimb of a cat

    • C. 

      An appendix and wisdom teeth

    • D. 

      The wing of a bird and the forearm of a human

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 4. 
    In the early stages of development, embryos of dogs, pigs, and humans resemble one another.  This observation suggests that these animals have:
    • A. 

      Identical DNA

    • B. 

      Similar habitat requirements

    • C. 

      The same blood components

    • D. 

      A common ancestry

    • E. 

      Unique ancestral origins

  • 5. 
    Biological evolution is best described as:
    • A. 

      A process of change in a population through time

    • B. 

      A process by which organisms become extinct

    • C. 

      The reproductive isolation of members of certain species

    • D. 

      The replacement of one community by another

    • E. 

      Survival of the fittest

  • 6. 
    When penicillin was first introduced, it was very effective in destroying the bacteria that cause gonorrhea.  Today, certain varieties of this bacterium are resistant to penicillin.  Which statement best describes the appearance of these resistant varieties?
    • A. 

      Penicillin stimulated the bacteria to become resistant, and this resistance was passed to the offspring

    • B. 

      Penicillin used today is not as strong as the penicillin used when it was first introduced

    • C. 

      Penicillin strengthened the immune systems of resistant bacteria

    • D. 

      Penicillin killed the susceptible bacteria, while naturally resistant varieties survived and reproduced

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 7. 
    In a certain area of undisturbed layers of rock, fossils of horseshoe crabs are found in the upper layer, and a lower layer contains fossils of trilobites.  Trilobites are extinct aquatic anthropoids resembling modern horseshoe crabs.  This information suggests:
    • A. 

      Horseshoe crabs will soon become extinct

    • B. 

      Horseshoe crabs and trilobites are completely unrelated

    • C. 

      Horseshoe crabs may have evolved from trilobites

    • D. 

      Trilobites may have evolved from horseshoe crabs

    • E. 

      No inferences can be made from this information

  • 8. 
    The relationship between a plant and its pollinator is an example of which of the following patterns of evolution:
    • A. 

      Divergent evolution

    • B. 

      Coevolution

    • C. 

      Convergent evolution

    • D. 

      Adaptive radiation

    • E. 

      Disruptive selection

  • 9. 
    • A. 

      Ecological

    • B. 

      Post zygotic

    • C. 

      Temporal

    • D. 

      Mechanic

    • E. 

      Genetic Drift

  • 10. 
    Dolphins and sharks share very similar body forms, but in terms of common ancestry, are separated by more than 400 million years of evolution.  The pattern of evolution demonstrated by the shark and dolphin is called:
    • A. 

      Divergent evolution

    • B. 

      Convergent evolution

    • C. 

      Coevolution

    • D. 

      Artificial selection

    • E. 

      Adaptive radiation