Chapter 4- Medical Term Test

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Chapter 4- Medical Term Test - Quiz

Practice Quiz for chapter 4.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Abdomen is divided into how many quadrants?

    • A.

      9

    • B.

      8

    • C.

      4

    • D.

      None

    Correct Answer
    C. 4
    Explanation
    The abdomen is divided into four quadrants: the right upper quadrant, left upper quadrant, right lower quadrant, and left lower quadrant. This division allows healthcare professionals to locate and describe the position of organs and structures within the abdomen.

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  • 2. 

    Define Cells:

    Correct Answer
    Smallest most numerous structural unit of living matter, smallest and most numerous unit of living matter
    Explanation
    The answer correctly defines cells as the smallest and most numerous structural unit of living matter. Cells are the basic building blocks of all living organisms and are responsible for carrying out various functions necessary for life. They are the smallest units capable of performing all the essential processes of life, such as metabolism, reproduction, and responding to stimuli. Cells can exist as single-celled organisms or as part of multicellular organisms, where they work together to form tissues, organs, and systems.

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  • 3. 

    The nucleus contains chromosomes(DNA) which control functions of growth, repair and reproduction for the body

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The explanation for the given correct answer is that the nucleus of a cell indeed contains chromosomes, which are made up of DNA. These chromosomes carry the genetic information that controls various functions of the body, including growth, repair, and reproduction. Therefore, it is true that the nucleus houses the DNA that controls these essential functions.

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  • 4. 

    Chromosomes contain __________ that transmit hereditary characteristics.

    • A.

      Cells

    • B.

      Systems

    • C.

      Regions

    • D.

      Genes

    Correct Answer
    D. Genes
    Explanation
    Chromosomes contain genes that transmit hereditary characteristics. Genes are segments of DNA that carry the instructions for making proteins, which are responsible for the traits and characteristics of an organism. These genes are passed down from parents to offspring and determine various physical and genetic traits, such as eye color, height, and susceptibility to certain diseases. Therefore, genes are the correct answer as they are the units of heredity that are located on chromosomes.

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  • 5. 

    Tissues are composed of .........................

    Correct Answer
    similar cells that preform specialized or common functions, cells that preform special or common functions, cells that preform special functions
    Explanation
    Tissues are composed of similar cells that perform specialized or common functions. These cells work together to carry out specific tasks and maintain the overall function of the tissue. Some cells within the tissue may have unique functions, while others may have more general functions that are shared among different cell types within the tissue.

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  • 6. 

    How many types of tissue are there?

    • A.

      6

    • B.

      8

    • C.

      5

    • D.

      4

    Correct Answer
    D. 4
    Explanation
    There are four types of tissue in the human body: epithelial tissue, connective tissue, muscle tissue, and nervous tissue. Each type of tissue has a specific function and structure. Epithelial tissue covers the body's surfaces and lines the internal organs. Connective tissue provides support and connects different body parts. Muscle tissue allows for movement and contraction. Nervous tissue is responsible for transmitting electrical signals throughout the body. Therefore, the correct answer is 4.

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  • 7. 

    Connective tissue supports and binds other tissue and parts

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Connective tissue is a type of tissue in the body that provides support and connects different structures. It is found throughout the body, including in organs, muscles, and bones. Connective tissue helps to bind other tissues and parts together, providing strength and stability. It also plays a role in maintaining the shape and structure of organs and protecting delicate structures. Therefore, the statement that connective tissue supports and binds other tissue and parts is true.

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  • 8. 

    Connective tissue may be in5 forms, what are they

    Correct Answer
    liquid,fatty,fibrous,cartilage,solid
    blood,fatty,fibrous,cartilage,bone
    liquid,fat,fiber,carilage, bone
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "liquid, fatty, fibrous, cartilage, bone". Connective tissue can exist in different forms, including liquid (such as blood), fatty (adipose tissue), fibrous (tendons and ligaments), cartilage, and bone. These different forms have varying compositions and functions in the body.

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  • 9. 

    Epithelial tissue covers the internal and external organs of the body

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Epithelial tissue is a type of tissue that covers the internal and external surfaces of the body. It forms a protective barrier and helps in the absorption, secretion, and filtration processes. This tissue is found in organs such as the skin, lining of the digestive tract, and the lining of blood vessels. Therefore, the statement that epithelial tissue covers the internal and external organs of the body is true.

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  • 10. 

    Muscle tissue is capable of producing movement

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Muscle tissue is composed of cells that have the ability to contract and generate force, allowing for movement in the body. This contraction occurs when muscle fibers slide past each other, resulting in the shortening of the muscle and the production of movement. Therefore, muscle tissue is indeed capable of producing movement, making the answer true.

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  • 11. 

    The 3 types of muscle tissure are

    Correct Answer
    skeletal, smooth, cardiac
    smooth, skeletal, cardiac
    Explanation
    The correct answer is skeletal, smooth, cardiac. The three types of muscle tissue are skeletal, smooth, and cardiac. Skeletal muscle tissue is attached to bones and responsible for voluntary movements. Smooth muscle tissue is found in the walls of organs and blood vessels, and it controls involuntary movements. Cardiac muscle tissue is found in the heart and is responsible for pumping blood.

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  • 12. 

    Visceral refers to what

    Correct Answer
    internal organs
    Explanation
    Visceral refers to internal organs. This term is used to describe the organs located within the body's cavities, such as the heart, liver, and intestines. These organs are responsible for various vital functions, including digestion, circulation, and respiration. The word "visceral" is derived from the Latin word "viscus," which means "internal organ." Therefore, when someone uses the term "visceral," they are referring to the internal organs of the body.

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  • 13. 

    What are the primary systems of the body (there are 13 that can be listed)

  • 14. 

    What are the 9 abdominal regions

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 11, 2008
    Quiz Created by
    Amber.coberley80
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