Health And Illness Quiz: Lung Diseases

25 Questions | Total Attempts: 57

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Lung Quizzes & Trivia

Do you know anything about lung disease? Lung disease encompasses several types of diseases or illnesses that prevent the lungs from working properly. Lung disease can have a negative impact on respiratory function or the ability to breathe. Some examples of problems that affect the lungs include asthma, COPD, pneumonia, and tuberculosis. Even if you may be nervous about an upcoming test on lung disease, take a deep breath and complete this quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    High altitudes may produce hypoxemia by:
    • A. 

      Right to left shunts

    • B. 

      Atelactasis

    • C. 

      Decreased oxygen inspiration

    • D. 

      Emphysema

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 2. 
    In ARDS, increased alveolocapillary membrane permeability mainly is due to:
    • A. 

      Alveolar epithelial damage

    • B. 

      Decreased surfactant

    • C. 

      Vasoconstriction

    • D. 

      Ventilation to perfusion mismatching

    • E. 

      Inflammatory mediators released

  • 3. 
    Type II pneumocyte damage causes:
    • A. 

      Increased alveolocapillary permeability

    • B. 

      Chemotaxis for neutrophils

    • C. 

      Exudation of fluid from caplillaries into the interstitium

    • D. 

      Decreased surfactant production

    • E. 

      All of the above are correct

  • 4. 
    Pulmonary edema may be caused by:
    • A. 

      Hypoventilation

    • B. 

      CNS abnormalities

    • C. 

      Atelectasis

    • D. 

      Rupture of pleura

    • E. 

      Increased pulmonay hydrostatic pressure

  • 5. 
    In asthma:
    • A. 

      Bronchial muscles contract

    • B. 

      Bronchial muscles relax

    • C. 

      Mucous secretions decrease

    • D. 

      Imblances within the CNS develop

  • 6. 
    In emphysema:
    • A. 

      There is increased area for gas exchange

    • B. 

      There re prolonged inspirations

    • C. 

      The bronchioles are primarily involved

    • D. 

      There is increased diaphram movement

    • E. 

      Alveoli are less able to recoil and expel air

  • 7. 
    In pneumococcal pneumonia, the stage of gray hepatization is characterized by:
    • A. 

      Solidification of tissue

    • B. 

      Fibrin deposition

    • C. 

      Alveoli filling with blood cells and pneumococci

    • D. 

      Macrophages appearing in the alveolar spaces

  • 8. 
    Pulmonary hypertension:
    • A. 

      Shows an enlarged pulmonary artery

    • B. 

      Involves deep vein thrombosis

    • C. 

      Shows right ventricular hypertrophy

    • D. 

      Both A and C

    • E. 

      All of above

  • 9. 
    Cor pulmonale:
    • A. 

      Occurs in response to long standing pulmonary hypertension

    • B. 

      Is right heart failure

    • C. 

      Is manifested by altered tricuspid and pulmonic valve sounds

    • D. 

      A and B

    • E. 

      All of above

  • 10. 
    A lung cancer characterized by many anaplastic figures and the production of hormones is most likely :
    • A. 

      Squamous cell carinoma

    • B. 

      Small cell carcinoma

    • C. 

      Large cell carcinoma

    • D. 

      Adenocarcinoma

    • E. 

      Bronchial adenoma

  • 11. 
    The mets of lung squamous cell carcinoma is:
    • A. 

      Late

    • B. 

      Very early and widespread

    • C. 

      Early

    • D. 

      Early and widespread

    • E. 

      Never seen

  • 12. 
    Which is true about tuberculosis:
    • A. 

      It is caused by an aerobic bacillus

    • B. 

      It may affect other organs

    • C. 

      It involves a type 3 hypersensitivity

    • D. 

      Antibodies to it may be detected with a skin test

  • 13. 
    Pulmonary emboli usually do which of the following:
    • A. 

      Obstruct blood supply to lung parenghyma

    • B. 

      Have origins from thrombi in the legs

    • C. 

      Occclude pulmonary vein branches

    • D. 

      Occlude pulmonary arteries

  • 14. 
    Chronic bronchitis:
    • A. 

      Is caused by a lack of surfactant

    • B. 

      Impairs cilia

    • C. 

      Exhibits a nonproductive cough

    • D. 

      Causes collapsed alveoli

  • 15. 
    Emphysema is precipitated by:
    • A. 

      Histimine

    • B. 

      TNF

    • C. 

      Leukotrienes

    • D. 

      Alpha-1 antitypsin deficience

  • 16. 
    Increased ventilatory rate, very lage tidal volume are no expiratory pause are characteristics of:
    • A. 

      Kussmal respiration

    • B. 

      Cheynes stokes respiration

  • 17. 
    Coughing up blood or bloody secretions is:
    • A. 

      Hemoptemesis

    • B. 

      Menorhea

    • C. 

      Hemoptysis

  • 18. 
    Decreased arterial oxygenation causes:
    • A. 

      Cyanosis

    • B. 

      Enlargement of the heart

  • 19. 
    Apnea, inward ventilation, then apnea again characterize:
    • A. 

      Cheynes-stokes respirations

    • B. 

      Kussmal respirations

    • C. 

      Rigor mortis

  • 20. 
    Alveolar collapse is observed in_________.
    • A. 

      Respiratory distress

    • B. 

      Pleaural space atelactesis

  • 21. 
    Abnormal deflation of the bronchi is termed:
    • A. 

      Bronchiectasis

    • B. 

      Atelactesis

  • 22. 
    Fibrous tissue or nodules in lungs is termed:
    • A. 

      Fibroids

    • B. 

      Pneumoconiosis

  • 23. 
    Fractured ribs or sternum cause:
    • A. 

      Cheynes stokes respirations

    • B. 

      Flail chest

  • 24. 
    Pleural space air is termed:
    • A. 

      Pneumothorax

    • B. 

      Atelactesis

  • 25. 
    Streptococci pneumoniae causes:
    • A. 

      Labor pneumonia

    • B. 

      Congenstive heart failure

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