Chapter 3 Philosophy Test

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Chapter 3 Philosophy Test - Quiz


Are you feeling the itch for some cerebral gymnastics? This "Philosophy Test" is your portal to a mind-expanding journey through ideas and contemplation. This quiz is more than just a test; it's an invitation to explore the profound domains of ethics, metaphysics, and the fundamental nature of reality.

Whether you're a seasoned philosopher or just dipping your toes into the philosophical waters, these thought-provoking questions are designed to spark curiosity and introspection.

From timeless inquiries into ethics to contemplating the nature of existence, our Philosophy Test invites you to ponder life's big questions. So, join us in the exploration of Read moreconcepts, the examination of beliefs, and the unraveling of the mysteries that shape our understanding of the world.


Chapter 3 Philosophy Test Questions and Answers

  • 1. 

    Ambiguity:

    • A.

      The freedom of being able to decide for oneself by using one's own rationality

    • B.

      Having more than one meaning in a particular context. Sometimes is used to mean vague.

    • C.

      An inflexibly held position that is not open to inquiry or questioning

    Correct Answer
    B. Having more than one meaning in a particular context. Sometimes is used to mean vague.
    Explanation
    The given answer correctly defines ambiguity as having more than one meaning in a particular context. It also mentions that ambiguity can sometimes be used to mean vague. This explanation accurately captures the essence of ambiguity, which refers to situations where a word, phrase, or statement can be interpreted in multiple ways, leading to confusion or uncertainty.

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  • 2. 

    Autonomy:

    • A.

      An inflexibly held position that is not open to inquiry or questioning

    • B.

      Having more than one meaning in a particular context. Sometimes is used to mean vague.

    • C.

      The freedom of being able to decide for oneself by using one's own rationality

    Correct Answer
    C. The freedom of being able to decide for oneself by using one's own rationality
    Explanation
    Autonomy refers to the freedom and ability to make decisions for oneself based on one's own rationality. It implies the independence and self-governance to determine one's own actions and choices without external influence or control. This definition aligns with the concept of autonomy as the capacity to exercise personal agency and make reasoned decisions.

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  • 3. 

    Dogmatism:

    • A.

      The freedom of being able to decide for oneself by using one's own rationality

    • B.

      An inflexibly held position that is not open to inquiry or questioning.

    • C.

      Having more than one meaning in a particular context. Sometimes is used to mean vague.

    Correct Answer
    B. An inflexibly held position that is not open to inquiry or questioning.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "An inflexibly held position that is not open to inquiry or questioning." This answer aligns with the definition of dogmatism provided in the question, which states that dogmatism refers to an inflexibly held position that is not open to inquiry or questioning. It implies that dogmatic individuals are unwilling to consider alternative perspectives or entertain doubts about their beliefs. This explanation captures the essence of dogmatism and its characteristic of being rigid and resistant to critical examination.

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  • 4. 

    Euthanasia:

    • A.

      Good death, in ancient Greek. Today, it has come to be associated with mercy killings.

    • B.

      Having more than one meaning in a particular context. Sometimes is used to mean vague.

    • C.

      The freedom of being able to decide for oneself by using one's own rationality

    Correct Answer
    A. Good death, in ancient Greek. Today, it has come to be associated with mercy killings.
    Explanation
    The answer is correct because it accurately defines euthanasia as "good death" in ancient Greek, and explains that it is now associated with mercy killings. This explanation provides a clear understanding of the term and its evolution over time.

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  • 5. 

    Explanation:

    • A.

      Giving account of why something taken to be true is true. While all explanations may require descriptions, not all descriptions require or even involve explanations.

    • B.

      Good death, in ancient Greek. Today, it has come to be associated with mercy killings.

    • C.

      The freedom of being able to decide for oneself by using one's own rationality

    Correct Answer
    A. Giving account of why something taken to be true is true. While all explanations may require descriptions, not all descriptions require or even involve explanations.
    Explanation
    The answer is a definition of explanation. It states that an explanation involves giving an account of why something that is believed to be true is actually true. It also clarifies that while explanations may require descriptions, not all descriptions necessarily involve explanations. The given explanation does not include the phrase "The correct answer is" as instructed.

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  • 6. 

    Ignorance:

    • A.

      The freedom of being able to decide for oneself by using one's own rationality

    • B.

      Not knowing. Ignorance and stupidity are not treated here as synonyms

    • C.

      The inherent value a thing possesses independent of some external or extrinsic value it might have or bring about.

    Correct Answer
    B. Not knowing. Ignorance and stupidity are not treated here as synonyms
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Not knowing. Ignorance and stupidity are not treated here as synonyms." This means that ignorance refers to a lack of knowledge or information about something, while stupidity refers to a lack of intelligence or common sense. The explanation emphasizes that these two terms should not be used interchangeably, as they have distinct meanings and implications.

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  • 7. 

    Intrinsic value:

    • A.

      Not knowing. Ignorance and stupidity are not treated here as synonyms

    • B.

      The freedom of being able to decide for oneself by using one's own rationality

    • C.

      The inherent value a thing possesses independent of some external or extrinsic value it might have or bring about.

    Correct Answer
    C. The inherent value a thing possesses independent of some external or extrinsic value it might have or bring about.
    Explanation
    The answer correctly defines intrinsic value as the inherent value that something possesses, regardless of any external or extrinsic value it may have or bring about. It emphasizes that intrinsic value is not dependent on any external factors or benefits that may be associated with the thing. This definition highlights the concept of valuing something for its own sake, rather than for any external reasons or benefits it may provide.

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  • 8. 

    Metaphysical:

    • A.

      Not knowing. Ignorance and stupidity are not treated here as synonyms

    • B.

      Concerning the ultimate nature of reality.

    • C.

      A story meant to teach a moral or give insight

    Correct Answer
    B. Concerning the ultimate nature of reality.
    Explanation
    The term "metaphysical" refers to something that is related to the ultimate nature of reality. It is not about ignorance or stupidity, nor is it about stories meant to teach moral lessons. Instead, it deals with the fundamental aspects of existence and the nature of reality itself.

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  • 9. 

    Parable:

    • A.

      A story meant to teach a moral or give insight

    • B.

      A modern variation on two Greek words, philein, to love and sophia, wisdom. Hence philosophy has the traditional definition of being a love of wisdom.

    • C.

      To systematically think about some problem. More specifically, the activity of justifying some position.

    Correct Answer
    A. A story meant to teach a moral or give insight
    Explanation
    The given answer accurately defines a parable as a story that is intended to teach a moral lesson or provide insight. Parables are often used in literature, religious texts, and other forms of storytelling to convey deeper meanings and truths in a relatable and accessible way. Through the use of characters, events, and symbolism, parables aim to impart wisdom and provoke thought, encouraging readers or listeners to reflect on their own lives and actions.

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  • 10. 

    Philosophy:

    • A.

      To systematically think about some problem. More specifically, the activity of justifying some position.

    • B.

      A modern variation on two Greek words, philein, to love and sophia, wisdom. Hence philosophy has the traditional definition of being a love of wisdom.

    • C.

      Concerning the ultimate nature of reality.

    Correct Answer
    B. A modern variation on two Greek words, philein, to love and sophia, wisdom. Hence philosophy has the traditional definition of being a love of wisdom.
    Explanation
    The given answer explains that the word "philosophy" is derived from two Greek words, "philein" meaning to love and "sophia" meaning wisdom. Therefore, philosophy is traditionally defined as a love of wisdom. This explanation provides the etymology of the word and its meaning in relation to the love and pursuit of wisdom.

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  • 11. 

    Reasoning:

    • A.

      A modern variation on two Greek words, philein, to love and sophia, wisdom. Hence philosophy has the traditional definition of being a love of wisdom.

    • B.

      To systematically think about some problem. More specifically, the activity of justifying some position.

    • C.

      Concerning the ultimate nature of reality.

    Correct Answer
    B. To systematically think about some problem. More specifically, the activity of justifying some position.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "To systematically think about some problem. More specifically, the activity of justifying some position." This answer aligns with the definition of philosophy as the systematic and critical examination of fundamental questions about existence, knowledge, values, reason, and more. It involves thinking deeply and analytically about problems and providing reasoned justifications for one's positions or arguments.

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  • 12. 

    Synthesis:

    • A.

      To systematically think about some problem. More specifically, the activity of justifying some position.

    • B.

      A story meant to teach a moral or give insight

    • C.

      The bringing together of conflicting views, claims, and the like to create a new view for those conflicting views. The new view being the synthesis of the old.

    Correct Answer
    C. The bringing together of conflicting views, claims, and the like to create a new view for those conflicting views. The new view being the synthesis of the old.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the bringing together of conflicting views, claims, and the like to create a new view for those conflicting views. The new view being the synthesis of the old. This explanation accurately describes synthesis as the process of combining different perspectives or ideas to form a new and comprehensive understanding. It emphasizes the importance of reconciling conflicting views and claims to reach a higher level of insight or resolution.

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  • 13. 

    According to Socrates:

    • A.

      If life could become a party, then life is worth living

    • B.

      Too many questions can make life not worth living

    • C.

      The unexamined life is not worth living

    Correct Answer
    C. The unexamined life is not worth living
    Explanation
    According to Socrates, the unexamined life is not worth living. This means that life without self-reflection and introspection is not meaningful or fulfilling. Socrates believed that it is essential for individuals to question and critically examine their beliefs, values, and actions in order to lead a worthwhile life. By examining one's life, one gains self-awareness, understanding, and the ability to make informed choices. Without this examination, life lacks purpose and significance.

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  • 14. 

    In the Myth of the Cave, Plato describes:

    • A.

      A group of curiosity seekers getting lose in the cave of ignorance.

    • B.

      A group of people existing in ignorance at the bottom of a cave

    • C.

      A group of persecuted scholars hiding out in a gave

    Correct Answer
    B. A group of people existing in ignorance at the bottom of a cave
    Explanation
    The correct answer is a group of people existing in ignorance at the bottom of a cave. In Plato's Myth of the Cave, he uses the allegory of prisoners chained in a cave, facing a wall and unable to see the outside world. These prisoners represent people who are trapped in ignorance and only perceive shadows on the wall as reality. They are unaware of the true forms and knowledge that exist outside the cave, symbolizing the realm of enlightenment and understanding. Therefore, the answer accurately describes the concept presented in Plato's allegory.

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  • 15. 

    For Plato, the process whereby an individual leaves his or her state of ignorance will occur by:

    • A.

      A group of people existing in ignorance at the bottom of a cave

    • B.

      Being dragged out reluctantly and forced into the light of reality

    • C.

      A group of persecuted scholars hiding out in a gave

    Correct Answer
    B. Being dragged out reluctantly and forced into the light of reality
    Explanation
    Plato believed that individuals are born in a state of ignorance and must go through a process of enlightenment to gain knowledge and understanding. This process involves being forcibly removed from their state of ignorance, represented by the people in the cave, and being exposed to the truth and reality. The idea is that individuals may initially resist this process and be reluctant to leave their comfort zone, but it is necessary for their intellectual growth and development.

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  • 16. 

    The Socratic method primarily focuses upon:

    • A.

      Questions

    • B.

      group of people existing in ignorance at the bottom of a cave

    • C.

      A group of persecuted scholars hiding out in a gave

    Correct Answer
    A. Questions
    Explanation
    The Socratic method primarily focuses on asking questions. Socrates believed that through a series of well-crafted questions, individuals could uncover their own knowledge and understanding. By challenging assumptions and encouraging critical thinking, the Socratic method aims to stimulate intellectual growth and promote self-discovery. This approach is often used in teaching and philosophical discussions to encourage deeper analysis and exploration of ideas.

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  • 17. 

    For Socrates, the greatest thing a person can is:

    • A.

      Question oneself and others to discover what makes us good

    • B.

      Accept the status-quo since the world is never perfect

    • C.

      Leave society to meditate and purify oneself.

    Correct Answer
    A. Question oneself and others to discover what makes us good
    Explanation
    Socrates believed that the greatest thing a person can do is to question oneself and others in order to discover what makes us good. This implies that he valued the pursuit of knowledge and self-reflection as a means to understand and improve oneself morally. By constantly questioning and examining our beliefs, actions, and values, we can strive towards personal growth and a deeper understanding of what it means to be a good person. This aligns with Socrates' philosophy of the importance of self-examination and the pursuit of wisdom.

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  • 18. 

    According to the Myth of the cave, the process of getting out of the gave is:

    • A.

      Fun

    • B.

      Disorienting, painful, frightening, gradual

    • C.

      An act that curious humans do quite naturally

    Correct Answer
    B. Disorienting, painful, frightening, gradual
    Explanation
    The correct answer is disorienting, painful, frightening, gradual. According to the Myth of the cave, the process of getting out of the cave is described as disorienting because it involves a shift from darkness to light and a complete change in perception. It is also painful because it requires the individual to confront and challenge their deeply-held beliefs and assumptions. Furthermore, it is frightening because it involves stepping into the unknown and facing uncertainty. Lastly, it is gradual because the process of enlightenment and understanding takes time and effort.

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  • 19. 

    Socrates was condemned to death for:

    • A.

      His ideas

    • B.

      Knew, he didn't know.

    • C.

      Impiety and corrupting the youth

    Correct Answer
    C. Impiety and corrupting the youth
    Explanation
    Socrates was condemned to death for impiety and corrupting the youth. Impiety refers to his lack of reverence towards the gods of Athens and his questioning of traditional religious beliefs. Corrupting the youth refers to his influence on young individuals, encouraging them to question authority and think critically. These actions were seen as a threat to the stability and values of Athenian society, leading to his conviction and subsequent death sentence.

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  • 20. 

    While the Oracle at Delphi claimed Socrates was the wisest of men, Socrates came to accept this as true because he:

    • A.

      Knew, he didn't know.

    • B.

      Didn't know he knew, he knew

    • C.

      Knew, he knew

    Correct Answer
    A. Knew, he didn't know.
    Explanation
    Socrates accepted that he was the wisest of men because he knew that he didn't know everything. This suggests that he recognized his own limitations and acknowledged that there was much he still had to learn. By understanding the extent of his own ignorance, Socrates demonstrated true wisdom.

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  • 21. 

    Philosophy consists of all of the following except:

    • A.

      Knowing

    • B.

      Thinking

    • C.

      Facts

    • D.

      Reasoning

    Correct Answer
    C. Facts
    Explanation
    Philosophy encompasses various aspects such as knowing, thinking, and reasoning. It is a field of study that focuses on exploring fundamental questions about existence, knowledge, values, reason, and more. Facts, on the other hand, are objective and verifiable information about reality. While philosophy may involve analyzing and interpreting facts, it is not solely concerned with them. Instead, philosophy delves into the deeper understanding and interpretation of knowledge, thinking processes, and reasoning behind these facts.

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  • 22. 

    The primary value of philosophy is:

    • A.

      Extrinsic

    • B.

      Vocational

    • C.

      Intrinsic

    Correct Answer
    C. Intrinsic
    Explanation
    The primary value of philosophy is intrinsic. This means that the value of philosophy lies within itself, rather than being dependent on external factors or practical applications. Philosophy is valuable for its ability to stimulate critical thinking, enhance self-awareness, and deepen our understanding of fundamental questions about existence, knowledge, ethics, and reality. It encourages us to reflect on our beliefs and assumptions, leading to personal growth and a broader perspective on life. Philosophy's value is not measured by its usefulness in achieving specific goals or careers, but rather by the intellectual and personal enrichment it provides.

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  • 23. 

    The female Greek philosopher, Perictione, wrote that while other subject study a particular aspect of the world, philosophy is concerned with all that exists.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Perictione, a female Greek philosopher, believed that philosophy encompasses the study of all that exists, unlike other subjects that focus on specific aspects of the world. Therefore, the statement is true.

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  • 24. 

    The Republic shows Socrates at his trial, defending his life-long commitment to philosophy.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because The Republic is a philosophical work written by Plato, not Socrates. The book primarily focuses on the concept of justice and the ideal state, rather than Socrates' trial. While Socrates is a central character in The Republic, the text does not specifically depict his trial or his defense of philosophy. Therefore, the correct answer is false.

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  • 25. 

    Socrates asks Euthyphro to identify the characteristic that makes all beautiful things beautiful.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Socrates does not ask Euthyphro to identify the characteristic that makes all beautiful things beautiful. The question does not mention anything about Socrates asking Euthyphro this specific question. Therefore, the answer is false.

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  • 26. 

    In The Apology, Socrates argues that the unexamined life is not work living.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Socrates argues in The Apology that the unexamined life is not worth living. He believes that it is essential for individuals to constantly question and reflect upon their beliefs, values, and actions in order to live a meaningful and fulfilling life. According to Socrates, without self-reflection and examination, people are merely existing and not truly living. Therefore, the correct answer is true.

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  • 27. 

    In Crito, Socrates argues that we should obey the laws of society because they are established by God.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    In Crito, Socrates actually argues against obeying the laws of society solely because they are established by God. He believes that one should obey the laws because they are just and beneficial to society, not because they are divinely ordained. Therefore, the correct answer is False.

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  • Feb 21, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
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