Beginner's Level: Trivia Quiz On Microbiology!

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How far are you in the microbiology class? Are you still a beginner? If so, then the quiz below that is designed for beginners is exactly what you need to ensure that you have no problems whatsoever when it comes to the more advanced topics in the study. Give it a shot and share it with your classmates. All the best!

• 1.

___________ is the ability of the lenses to distinguish two points.

Explanation
Resolution refers to the ability of lenses to distinguish two points. It is a measure of the clarity and sharpness of an image produced by the lenses. A higher resolution means that the lenses can distinguish smaller details and produce a clearer image. This is important in various fields such as photography, microscopy, and astronomy, where the ability to distinguish fine details is crucial.

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• 2.

Shorter wavelengths of light provide __________ resolution.

Explanation
Shorter wavelengths of light provide greater resolution. This is because shorter wavelengths allow for more precise imaging and the ability to distinguish finer details. As the wavelength decreases, the light waves can interact with smaller objects or features, resulting in a higher level of detail in the image. Therefore, shorter wavelengths of light enhance the resolution of the image, allowing for a clearer and more accurate representation of the subject.

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• 3.

_________ ________ is the light-bending ability of a microscope.

Explanation
The refractive index is the measure of how much light bends when it passes through a medium, such as a microscope lens. In the context of a microscope, the refractive index refers to the ability of the lens to bend light and focus it onto the specimen, allowing for magnification and improved resolution. By adjusting the refractive index of the lens, the microscope can enhance the clarity and detail of the observed image.

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• 4.

____________ _______ is used to keep light from bending.

Explanation
Immersion oil is used to keep light from bending. When light passes through different mediums with varying refractive indices, it can bend or refract. Immersion oil, with its high refractive index, is used to minimize the refraction of light when viewing specimens under a microscope. By placing a drop of immersion oil between the microscope slide and the objective lens, the oil fills the space and reduces the bending of light, allowing for clearer and more accurate observations.

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• 5.

___________ ____________ is used from live microorganisms that cannot be stained.

Explanation
Darkfield illumination is a technique used in microscopy where the specimen is illuminated with a hollow cone of light, causing the background to appear dark while the specimen appears bright. This technique is particularly useful for observing live microorganisms that are difficult to stain, as it enhances contrast and allows for better visualization of their structures and movements.

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• 6.

_________-____________ microsopy permits detailed examination of internal structures in living microorganisms.

Explanation
Phase contrast microscopy is a technique that allows for the detailed examination of internal structures in living microorganisms. It enhances the contrast of transparent specimens by converting differences in refractive index into differences in brightness. This enables the visualization of otherwise invisible structures such as organelles, cell membranes, and other internal components. Phase contrast microscopy is particularly useful for studying living cells and observing dynamic processes in real-time without the need for staining or fixation.

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• 7.

___________ microscopy uses UV light.

Explanation
Fluorescence microscopy uses UV light to excite fluorescent molecules in a sample, causing them to emit visible light. This emitted light is then captured by the microscope to create an image. By using UV light, fluorescence microscopy can provide high-resolution images with excellent contrast and sensitivity. It is commonly used in biological research to study the localization and dynamics of specific molecules within cells and tissues.

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• 8.

An __________ microscope is used when we want to view an object <0.2um.

Explanation
An electron microscope is used when we want to view an object smaller than 0.2um. Unlike light microscopes, electron microscopes use a beam of electrons instead of light to create an image of the object. Electrons have a much smaller wavelength than visible light, allowing for higher resolution and the ability to view smaller details. This makes electron microscopes ideal for studying objects at the nanoscale, such as individual cells, viruses, or nanoparticles.

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• 9.

A transmission electron microscope allows only a thin section to be studied and produces a ___ image.

Explanation
A transmission electron microscope uses a beam of electrons to study a thin section of a sample. The electrons pass through the sample and interact with it, creating an image that is captured on a detector. This image is two-dimensional because it represents the interaction of the electrons with the sample in a flat plane. Unlike a three-dimensional image, which would provide depth and perspective, a two-dimensional image shows only the surface features and structures of the thin section being studied.

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• 10.

Microbes must be prepared for viewing under a light microscope because they appear __________ under a standard microscope.

Explanation
Microbes must be prepared for viewing under a light microscope because they appear colorless under a standard microscope. This is because light microscopes use transmitted light to illuminate the specimen, and colorless microbes do not absorb or reflect light in a way that produces visible color. Therefore, special staining techniques are often used to enhance contrast and make the microbes more visible under a light microscope.

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• 11.

This is the proper order for preparing smears:

• A.

Fix - stain - smear - view

• B.

Stain - smear - fix - view

• C.

Smear - fix - stain - view

• D.

View - stain - smear - fix

C. Smear - fix - stain - view
Explanation
The correct order for preparing smears is to first create the smear, then fix it to preserve the cells, followed by staining to enhance visibility, and finally viewing the prepared slide under a microscope. This sequence ensures that the cells are properly prepared and preserved before being stained and examined.

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• 12.

A thin film of a solution of microbes on a slide is a ______.

smear
Explanation
A thin film of a solution of microbes on a slide is referred to as a smear.

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• 13.

Coloring the microbe such that certain intracellular organelles can be seen is known as _________.

staining
Explanation
Staining refers to the process of coloring a microbe in order to make specific intracellular organelles visible. This technique is commonly used in microbiology and histology to enhance the contrast and visibility of cellular structures under a microscope. By selectively staining certain components of the microbe, such as the nucleus or cytoplasm, scientists can better study and identify different cell types, structures, or pathogens.

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• 14.

In a basic dye, the chromophore is a ______.

cation
Explanation
A cation is a positively charged ion. In a basic dye, the chromophore, which is the part responsible for the color, is a cation. This means that it has lost one or more electrons and has a net positive charge. The presence of the cation allows the dye to interact with negatively charged components, such as the fabric or the substrate it is being applied to, resulting in the coloration.

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• 15.

In an acidic dye, the chromophore is an __________.

anion
Explanation
In an acidic dye, the chromophore is an anion. An anion is a negatively charged ion, which is responsible for the color of the dye. Acidic dyes are commonly used to dye protein fibers such as wool and silk. The anion in the dye molecule is attracted to the positively charged groups on the fiber, resulting in the dye molecules being absorbed and giving the fabric its color.

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• 16.

Staining the background instead of the cell is called __________ staining.

negative
Explanation
Staining the background instead of the cell is called negative staining. In negative staining, the cell is left unstained while the background is stained, creating a contrast that allows for better visualization of the cell's shape and size. This technique is commonly used in microbiology to observe bacteria and other microorganisms that are difficult to stain using traditional methods. It is particularly useful for studying the morphology and arrangement of cells.

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• 17.

Gram ________ bacteria tend to be killed by penicillin and detergents.

positive
Explanation
Gram positive bacteria have a thick peptidoglycan layer in their cell wall, which makes them more susceptible to the effects of penicillin and detergents. Penicillin interferes with the synthesis of the peptidoglycan layer, weakening the cell wall and leading to bacterial death. Detergents disrupt the lipid bilayer of the cell membrane, causing leakage of cellular contents and ultimately killing the bacteria. Gram negative bacteria, on the other hand, have an outer membrane that provides an additional barrier against these agents, making them less sensitive to penicillin and detergents.

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• 18.

Gram _______ bacteria are more resistant to antibiotics.

negative
Explanation
Gram-negative bacteria are more resistant to antibiotics because they have an outer membrane that acts as a barrier, making it harder for antibiotics to penetrate and kill the bacteria. This outer membrane also contains efflux pumps that can actively pump out antibiotics, further contributing to their resistance. Additionally, gram-negative bacteria have a thinner peptidoglycan layer in their cell wall, which provides less of a target for antibiotics to act on. Overall, these characteristics make gram-negative bacteria more difficult to treat with antibiotics compared to gram-positive bacteria.

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• Current Version
• Mar 20, 2023
Quiz Edited by
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• Jun 21, 2010
Quiz Created by
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