Chapter 19 - Cardiovascular System: The Blood

31 Questions | Total Attempts: 438

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Cardiovascular System Quizzes & Trivia

When taking a look at the cardiovascular system, most will focus on the heart itself as the thing to focus on. While it is vastly important however, what you also need to know about is what the heart is pumping all around your body – the crimson gold that keeps us going, known as blood.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Plasma minus its clotting proteins is termed ______________.
    • A. 

      Plasmin

    • B. 

      Buffy coat

    • C. 

      Serum

    • D. 

      Thin blood

  • 2. 
    ____________ is the consolidation or tightening of the fibrin clot that helps to bring the edges of a damaged vessel closer together.
    • A. 

      Suture

    • B. 

      Collagen

    • C. 

      Fibrin

    • D. 

      Clot retraction

  • 3. 
    Hemoglobin functions in transporting both oxygen and carbon dioxide and in regulating blood pressure.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    The most numerous white blood cells in a differential white blood cell count of a healthy individual are the neutrophils.
    • A. 

      False

    • B. 

      True

  • 5. 
    Which of the following are not required for clot formation?  (1) vitamin K; (2) calcium; (3) prostacyclin; (4) plasmin; (5) fibrinogen
    • A. 

      1, 2, and 5

    • B. 

      3, 4, and 5

    • C. 

      4 and 5

    • D. 

      1, 2, and 3

    • E. 

      3 and 4

  • 6. 
    Place the steps involved in hemstasis in the correct order.  (1) conversion of fibrinogen into fibrin; (2) conversion of prothrombin into thrombin; (3) adhesion and aggregation of platelets on damaged vessel; (4) prothrombinase formed by extrinsic or intrinsic pathway; (5) reduction of blood loss by initiation of a vascular spasm.
    • A. 

      5, 3, 4, 2, 1

    • B. 

      5, 4, 3, 1, 2

    • C. 

      3, 5, 4, 2, 1

    • D. 

      5, 3, 2, 1, 4

    • E. 

      5, 3, 2, 4, 1

  • 7. 
    Which of the following statements explain why red blood cells (RBCs) are highly specialized for oxygen transport?  (1) RBCs contain hemoglobin; (2) RBCs lack a nucleus; (3) RBCs have many mitochondria and thus generate ATP aerobically; (4) The bioncave shape of RBCs provides a large surface area for the inward and outward diffusion of gas molecules; (5) RBCs can carry up to four oxygen molecules for each hemoglobin molecule.
    • A. 

      1, 2, 3, 5

    • B. 

      1, 2, 4, 5

    • C. 

      2, 3, 4, 5

    • D. 

      1, 3, 5

    • E. 

      2, 4, 5

  • 8. 
    Which of the following are true?  (1) White blood cells (WBCs) leave the blood stream by emigration; (2) Adhesion molecules help WBCs stick to the endothelium, which aids emigration; (3) Neutrophils and macrophages are active in phagocytosis; (4) The attraction of phagocytes to microbes and inflamed tissue is termed chemotaxis; (5) Leukopenia is an increase in WBC count that occurs during infection.
    • A. 

      1, 2, 4, 5

    • B. 

      2, 3, 4, 5

    • C. 

      1, 2, 3, 4

    • D. 

      1, 3, 5

    • E. 

      1, 2, 4

  • 9. 
    A person with type A Rh- blood can receive a blood transfusion from which of the following types?   (1) A Rh+  (2) B Rh-   (3) AB Rh-   (4) O Rh-  (5) A Rh-
    • A. 

      1 only

    • B. 

      3 only

    • C. 

      4 only

    • D. 

      4 and 5

    • E. 

      1 and 5

  • 10. 
    A person with B positive blood receives a transfusion of type AB positive blood.  What will happen?
    • A. 

      The recipient's antibodies will react with the donor's RBCs

    • B. 

      The donor's antigens will destroy the recipient's antibodies

    • C. 

      The donor's antibodies will react with and destroy all the recipient's RBCs

    • D. 

      The recipient's blood type will change from Rh+ to Rh-

    • E. 

      These blood types are compatible, and the transfusion will be accepted

  • 11. 
    What happens to the iron (Fe3+) that is released during the breakdown of damaged RBCs?
    • A. 

      It is used to synthesize proteins

    • B. 

      It is transported to the liver where it becomes part of bile

    • C. 

      It is converted into urobilin and excreted in urine

    • D. 

      It attaches to transferrin and is transported to bone marrow for use in hemoglobin synthesis

    • E. 

      It is utilized by intestinal bacteria to convert bilirubin into urobilinogen

  • 12. 
    Which of the following would not cause an increase in erythropoietin?
    • A. 

      Anemia

    • B. 

      High altitude

    • C. 

      Hemorrahage

    • D. 

      Donating blood to a blood bank

    • E. 

      Polycythemia

  • 13. 
    Contain hemoglobin & function in gas transport.Enter 1-19 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) neutrophils; (2) lymphocytes; (3) monocytes; (4) eosinophils; (5) basophils; (6) pluripotent cells; (7) colony-forming units; (8) red blood cells; (9) reticulocytes; (10) polymorphs; (11) myeloid stem cells; (12) lymphoid cells; (13) progenitor cells; (14) platelets; (15) fixed macrophages; (16) wandering macrophages; (17) erythropoietin; (18) thrombopoietin; (19) cytokines
  • 14. 
    Cell fragments enclosed by a piece of the cell membrane of megakaryocytes; contain clotting factors.Enter 1-19 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) neutrophils; (2) lymphocytes; (3) monocytes; (4) eosinophils; (5) basophils; (6) pluripotent cells; (7) colony-forming units; (8) red blood cells; (9) reticulocytes; (10) polymorphs; (11) myeloid stem cells; (12) lymphoid cells; (13) progenitor cells; (14) platelets; (15) fixed macrophages; (16) wandering macrophages; (17) erythropoietin; (18) thrombopoietin; (19) cytokines
  • 15. 
    Individual forms of progenitor cells; named on the basis of the mature elements in blood they will ultimately produce.Enter 1-19 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) neutrophils; (2) lymphocytes; (3) monocytes; (4) eosinophils; (5) basophils; (6) pluripotent cells; (7) colony-forming units; (8) red blood cells; (9) reticulocytes; (10) polymorphs; (11) myeloid stem cells; (12) lymphoid cells; (13) progenitor cells; (14) platelets; (15) fixed macrophages; (16) wandering macrophages; (17) erythropoietin; (18) thrombopoietin; (19) cytokines
  • 16. 
    White blood cell showing a kidney-shaped nucleus; capable of phagocytosis.Enter 1-19 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) neutrophils; (2) lymphocytes; (3) monocytes; (4) eosinophils; (5) basophils; (6) pluripotent cells; (7) colony-forming units; (8) red blood cells; (9) reticulocytes; (10) polymorphs; (11) myeloid stem cells; (12) lymphoid cells; (13) progenitor cells; (14) platelets; (15) fixed macrophages; (16) wandering macrophages; (17) erythropoietin; (18) thrombopoietin; (19) cytokines
  • 17. 
    Monocytes that roam the tissues and gather at sites of infection or inflammation.Enter 1-19 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) neutrophils; (2) lymphocytes; (3) monocytes; (4) eosinophils; (5) basophils; (6) pluripotent cells; (7) colony-forming units; (8) red blood cells; (9) reticulocytes; (10) polymorphs; (11) myeloid stem cells; (12) lymphoid cells; (13) progenitor cells; (14) platelets; (15) fixed macrophages; (16) wandering macrophages; (17) erythropoietin; (18) thrombopoietin; (19) cytokines
  • 18. 
    Occur as B cells, T cells, and natural killer cells.Enter 1-19 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) neutrophils; (2) lymphocytes; (3) monocytes; (4) eosinophils; (5) basophils; (6) pluripotent cells; (7) colony-forming units; (8) red blood cells; (9) reticulocytes; (10) polymorphs; (11) myeloid stem cells; (12) lymphoid cells; (13) progenitor cells; (14) platelets; (15) fixed macrophages; (16) wandering macrophages; (17) erythropoietin; (18) thrombopoietin; (19) cytokines
  • 19. 
    Give rise to red blood cells, monocytes, neutrophils, eosinophils, basophils & platelets.Enter 1-19 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) neutrophils; (2) lymphocytes; (3) monocytes; (4) eosinophils; (5) basophils; (6) pluripotent cells; (7) colony-forming units; (8) red blood cells; (9) reticulocytes; (10) polymorphs; (11) myeloid stem cells; (12) lymphoid cells; (13) progenitor cells; (14) platelets; (15) fixed macrophages; (16) wandering macrophages; (17) erythropoietin; (18) thrombopoietin; (19) cytokines
  • 20. 
    Combat the effects of histamine and other mediators of inflammation in allergic reactions; also phagocytize antigen-antibody complexes.Enter 1-19 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) neutrophils; (2) lymphocytes; (3) monocytes; (4) eosinophils; (5) basophils; (6) pluripotent cells; (7) colony-forming units; (8) red blood cells; (9) reticulocytes; (10) polymorphs; (11) myeloid stem cells; (12) lymphoid cells; (13) progenitor cells; (14) platelets; (15) fixed macrophages; (16) wandering macrophages; (17) erythropoietin; (18) thrombopoietin; (19) cytokines
  • 21. 
    Respond to tissue destruction by bacteria; release lysozyme, strong oxidants, & defensins.Enter 1-19 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) neutrophils; (2) lymphocytes; (3) monocytes; (4) eosinophils; (5) basophils; (6) pluripotent cells; (7) colony-forming units; (8) red blood cells; (9) reticulocytes; (10) polymorphs; (11) myeloid stem cells; (12) lymphoid cells; (13) progenitor cells; (14) platelets; (15) fixed macrophages; (16) wandering macrophages; (17) erythropoietin; (18) thrombopoietin; (19) cytokines
  • 22. 
    Older neutrophils with several differently shaped nuclear lobes.Enter 1-19 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) neutrophils; (2) lymphocytes; (3) monocytes; (4) eosinophils; (5) basophils; (6) pluripotent cells; (7) colony-forming units; (8) red blood cells; (9) reticulocytes; (10) polymorphs; (11) myeloid stem cells; (12) lymphoid cells; (13) progenitor cells; (14) platelets; (15) fixed macrophages; (16) wandering macrophages; (17) erythropoietin; (18) thrombopoietin; (19) cytokines
  • 23. 
    Released from the red bone marrow, they develop into mature red blood cells.Enter 1-19 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) neutrophils; (2) lymphocytes; (3) monocytes; (4) eosinophils; (5) basophils; (6) pluripotent cells; (7) colony-forming units; (8) red blood cells; (9) reticulocytes; (10) polymorphs; (11) myeloid stem cells; (12) lymphoid cells; (13) progenitor cells; (14) platelets; (15) fixed macrophages; (16) wandering macrophages; (17) erythropoietin; (18) thrombopoietin; (19) cytokines
  • 24. 
    Give rise to lymphocytes.Enter 1-19 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) neutrophils; (2) lymphocytes; (3) monocytes; (4) eosinophils; (5) basophils; (6) pluripotent cells; (7) colony-forming units; (8) red blood cells; (9) reticulocytes; (10) polymorphs; (11) myeloid stem cells; (12) lymphoid cells; (13) progenitor cells; (14) platelets; (15) fixed macrophages; (16) wandering macrophages; (17) erythropoietin; (18) thrombopoietin; (19) cytokines
  • 25. 
    Cells no longer capable of replenshing themselves; can only give rise to more specific formed elements of blood.Enter 1-19 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) neutrophils; (2) lymphocytes; (3) monocytes; (4) eosinophils; (5) basophils; (6) pluripotent cells; (7) colony-forming units; (8) red blood cells; (9) reticulocytes; (10) polymorphs; (11) myeloid stem cells; (12) lymphoid cells; (13) progenitor cells; (14) platelets; (15) fixed macrophages; (16) wandering macrophages; (17) erythropoietin; (18) thrombopoietin; (19) cytokines
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