Chapter 11 Communication: Sharing What We Need To Know

25 Questions | Total Attempts: 2372

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Chapter 11 Communication: Sharing What We Need To Know - Quiz

The questions in this quiz are not of my creation. They are solely used as study material.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The one feature shared by human language and the communication system of the bees is:
    • A. 

      Displacement

    • B. 

      Duality

    • C. 

      Productivity

    • D. 

      Arbitrariness

  • 2. 
    Being able to communicate about things not present in space or time is called:
    • A. 

      Displacement

    • B. 

      Duality

    • C. 

      Productivity

    • D. 

      Arbitrariness

  • 3. 
    The fact that human language is made up of sounds that are combined into many units of meaning is called:
    • A. 

      Displacement

    • B. 

      Duality

    • C. 

      Productivity

    • D. 

      Arbitrariness

  • 4. 
    The fact that human language can generate a virtually infinite number of combinations of units of meaning is called:
    • A. 

      Displacement

    • B. 

      Duality

    • C. 

      Productivity

    • D. 

      Arbitrariness

  • 5. 
    When we say human language is arbitrary we mean:
    • A. 

      It is actually without much meaning

    • B. 

      We make up the rules of language as we go along

    • C. 

      A language has no relationship to the culture that uses it

    • D. 

      It uses symbolic representations of meanings

  • 6. 
    Human language seems to be best described as:
    • A. 

      Entirely a cultural phenomenon

    • B. 

      Largely biologically based

    • C. 

      An interaction between biological potential and cultural input

    • D. 

      A built-in instinctive set of responses set off by particular environmental stimuli

  • 7. 
    The individual sounds used in a language are called:
    • A. 

      Morphemes

    • B. 

      Phonemes

    • C. 

      Alleles

    • D. 

      Letters

  • 8. 
      The units of meaning in a language are called:
    • A. 

      Morphemes

    • B. 

      Phonemes

    • C. 

      Alleles

    • D. 

      Letters

  • 9. 
    The "able" in "reasonable" is an example of a:
    • A. 

      Phoneme

    • B. 

      Morpheme

    • C. 

      Prefix

    • D. 

      Sound unit

  • 10. 
    The communication systems of nonhuman species consist of a finite number of signals for a finite number of specific meanings.  Such systems are said to be:
    • A. 

      Open

    • B. 

      Arbitrary

    • C. 

      Symbolic

    • D. 

      Closed

  • 11. 
    The communication of chimpanzees is non-referential except with regard to:          
    • A. 

      Sources of food

    • B. 

      Sources of danger

    • C. 

      Emotional states

    • D. 

      Information dealing with sexual activity and reproduction

  • 12. 
    Which of the following is NOT used as evidence for the investigation of the time of emergence of human language?
    • A. 

      Endocasts of fossil brains

    • B. 

      Examination of the cells of ancient brains

    • C. 

      Reconstruction of vocal apparatus

    • D. 

      Logical guesses as to when a complex language was required

  • 13. 
    Vocal tract reconstructions show that the tract of the australopithecines was like that of:
    • A. 

      Apes

    • B. 

      Homo erectus

    • C. 

      Modern human children

    • D. 

      Modern human adults

  • 14. 
     Modern human vocal tracts seem to appear at the time of:
    • A. 

      Australopithecus

    • B. 

      Homo erectus

    • C. 

      Archaic Homo sapiens

    • D. 

      Anatomically modern Homo sapiens

  • 15. 
    Which of the following is NOT an established reason for the failure of attempts to teach chimpanzees to speak a human language?
    • A. 

      Differences in their vocal tracts

    • B. 

      Differences in their facial muscles

    • C. 

      Differences in the basic structure of their brains

    • D. 

      Differences in their tongue muscles

  • 16. 
    So far, some substitute for spoken human language has been taught to all but:
    • A. 

      Chimpanzees

    • B. 

      Bonobos

    • C. 

      Baboons

    • D. 

      Orangutans

  • 17. 
    Chimpanzees and other apes have brains complex enough to learn the rudiments of human language because:
    • A. 

      They lead complex lives requiring such brains

    • B. 

      They are closely related to humans

    • C. 

      They are clearly on the way to eventually evolving into humanlike species

    • D. 

      They use complex communication in the wild only it hasn't been observed

  • 18. 
    About how many different languages are spoken in the world today?
    • A. 

      Millions

    • B. 

      About 3000

    • C. 

      Around 150

    • D. 

      About a dozen main ones with lots of subgroups and dialects

  • 19. 
    Cognates are words:
    • A. 

      That are similar in different languages because of borrowing

    • B. 

      That are similar in different languages because of coincidence

    • C. 

      That are similar in different languages because of common descent

    • D. 

      That differ among languages and so show those languages are not related

  • 20. 
    Words for ____________ are not normally cognates?
    • A. 

      Body parts

    • B. 

      Scientific ideas and technologies

    • C. 

      Numbers

    • D. 

      Family relationships

  • 21. 
    Which of the following language features has been shown to be directly related to the cultural system that uses the language?
    • A. 

      Phonemes

    • B. 

      Morphemes

    • C. 

      Rules of grammar

    • D. 

      Word meanings and categories

  • 22. 
    The words and categories a society uses to organize and talk about important aspects of their world is called:
    • A. 

      A folk taxonomy

    • B. 

      Cultural relativity

    • C. 

      World view

    • D. 

      Phonemic inventory

  • 23. 
    The study of cultural categories and word meanings is called:
    • A. 

      Folk taxonomy

    • B. 

      Ethnography

    • C. 

      Ethnosemantics

    • D. 

      Descriptive linguistics

  • 24. 
    Why do Eskimo languages have so many more specific words for types of snow than does English?
    • A. 

      They have more scientific knowledge about snow

    • B. 

      There are more kinds of snow in the Arctic

    • C. 

      Snow is more important to them

    • D. 

      They have slightly a different visual perception of their world

  • 25. 
    The features of a society's language are most directly related to:
    • A. 

      The natural environment in which they live

    • B. 

      How far they have progressed evolutionarily

    • C. 

      Their natural environment and cultural history in interaction

    • D. 

      The structures of their brains and sense organs

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