Chapter 1 Review Quiz

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Chapter 1 Review Quiz - Quiz

This is the review quiz for Chapter 1. After reading the review notes and reading the chapter, you'll take the quiz. It's multiple choice and it's timed.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The two great questions about politics addressed by your text are, "Who governs?" and 

    • A.

      Who pays?

    • B.

      To what ends?

    • C.

      With what means?

    • D.

      For how long?

    • E.

      Who is right?

    Correct Answer
    B. To what ends?
    Explanation
    The given text addresses the questions of "Who governs?" and "Who pays?" but also goes beyond that to ask "To what ends?" This question delves into the purpose or goals of political governance. It seeks to understand the ultimate objectives or outcomes that political leaders and systems aim to achieve. By asking this question, the text explores the intentions and motivations behind political actions and decisions, providing a deeper analysis of the political landscape.

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  • 2. 

    Power is best defined as the capacity to

    • A.

      Make and carry out decisions without regard to others.

    • B.

      Get others to act in accordance with your intentions.

    • C.

      Persuade others to do what they do not want to do.

    • D.

      Respect your positions without fully believing them.

    • E.

      Believe in others while motivating yourself.

    Correct Answer
    B. Get others to act in accordance with your intentions.
    Explanation
    Power is best defined as the capacity to get others to act in accordance with your intentions. This means that power involves the ability to influence and persuade others to follow your direction or do what you want them to do. It does not necessarily involve making decisions without considering others, persuading others to do things they do not want to do, or simply expecting respect for your positions. Power is about effectively motivating and influencing others to align their actions with your goals and intentions.

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  • 3. 

    A political elite consists of individuals who have a disproportionate amount of

    • A.

      Power

    • B.

      Influence

    • C.

      Intelligence

    • D.

      Media exposure

    • E.

      Fame

    Correct Answer
    A. Power
    Explanation
    The correct answer is power. A political elite refers to individuals who hold a significant amount of power in the political arena. They have the ability to make decisions, influence policies, and shape the direction of a country or organization. Power is a crucial characteristic of the political elite as it allows them to exert control and authority over others.

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  • 4. 

    Which of the following shape the nature of day-to-day political conflict?

    • A.

      Opinions about what constitutes the dominant political problem of the time.

    • B.

      Major economic developments

    • C.

      Deep-seated beliefs

    • D.

      All of these

    • E.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    D. All of these
    Explanation
    All of these factors shape the nature of day-to-day political conflict. Opinions about what constitutes the dominant political problem of the time can lead to disagreements and conflicts between different political groups or individuals. Major economic developments, such as changes in employment rates or income inequality, can also create political conflicts as different groups may have varying interests and priorities. Additionally, deep-seated beliefs, such as religious or ideological convictions, can fuel political conflicts as people with different beliefs may clash over policy decisions. Therefore, all of these factors contribute to shaping day-to-day political conflict.

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  • 5. 

    Those who believe that government is little more than a front for major corporate interests would most likely be attracted to the thinking of

    • A.

      Joseph Schumpeter

    • B.

      Max Weber

    • C.

      Karl Marx

    • D.

      C. Wright Mills

    • E.

      J.S. Mill

    Correct Answer
    C. Karl Marx
    Explanation
    Those who believe that government is little more than a front for major corporate interests would most likely be attracted to the thinking of Karl Marx. Marx's theory of capitalism argues that the state is controlled by the ruling class, which consists of wealthy capitalists who exploit the working class for their own economic gain. He believed that the government serves the interests of the bourgeoisie, protecting their power and wealth, while disregarding the needs and rights of the proletariat. Therefore, individuals who hold this view would likely find Marx's analysis of the relationship between government and corporate interests resonating with their own beliefs.

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  • 6. 

    The term democracy was originally associated with

    • A.

      Jesus Christ

    • B.

      Karl Marx

    • C.

      Aristotle

    • D.

      Thomas Jefferson

    • E.

      Martin Luther

    Correct Answer
    C. Aristotle
    Explanation
    Aristotle is the correct answer because he is widely regarded as the first person to develop a comprehensive theory of democracy. In his book "Politics," Aristotle analyzed different types of government and argued that democracy is the best form of government, where power is held by the people. He believed in the importance of political participation and the rule of law. Aristotle's ideas on democracy have had a significant influence on political thought and continue to shape democratic systems around the world.

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  • 7. 

    Representative democracy allows individuals to gain political power through

    • A.

      Media campaigns

    • B.

      Quadrennial elections

    • C.

      Nonpartisan elections

    • D.

      Reciprocal elections

    • E.

      Competitive elections

    Correct Answer
    E. Competitive elections
    Explanation
    Representative democracy allows individuals to gain political power through competitive elections. In a representative democracy, individuals have the opportunity to run for office and compete against other candidates. Through competitive elections, voters have the ability to choose their representatives based on their policies, qualifications, and track record. This ensures that those who are elected to power have the support and trust of the majority of the population. Competitive elections also promote accountability and transparency, as candidates are motivated to present their ideas and engage with the public in order to win their votes.

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  • 8. 

    The Framers of the United States Constitution favored

    • A.

      Direct democracy

    • B.

      Participatory democracy

    • C.

      Representative democracy

    • D.

      Marxism

    • E.

      Socialism

    Correct Answer
    C. Representative democracy
    Explanation
    The Framers of the United States Constitution favored representative democracy because they believed in a system where citizens elect representatives to make decisions on their behalf. This form of democracy allows for a balance of power and ensures that the interests and rights of all citizens are protected. It also allows for a more efficient and practical decision-making process, as representatives can dedicate their time and expertise to governing while citizens focus on their daily lives. This system was designed to prevent the potential pitfalls of direct or participatory democracy, such as majority tyranny or the inability to make timely decisions.

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  • 9. 

    The pluralist view of political reality emphasizes the ___________ of political resources

    • A.

      Coordination

    • B.

      Duplication

    • C.

      Irrelevance

    • D.

      Decentralization

    • E.

      Reciprocity

    Correct Answer
    D. Decentralization
    Explanation
    The pluralist view of political reality emphasizes the decentralization of political resources. This means that power and decision-making authority are dispersed among various groups and individuals in society, rather than being concentrated in the hands of a few. Decentralization allows for a more diverse range of perspectives and interests to be represented and considered in the political process, promoting inclusivity and preventing the dominance of any single group or ideology. It also fosters competition and accountability among different actors, ensuring that power is not abused or concentrated in a way that may be detrimental to democracy.

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  • 10. 

    C. Wright Mills suggested the most important policies are set by

    • A.

      Corporate leaders

    • B.

      Top military officials

    • C.

      A handful of key political leaders

    • D.

      All of the above

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    C. Wright Mills suggested that the most important policies are set by all of the above, which includes corporate leaders, top military officials, and a handful of key political leaders. This implies that power and decision-making are concentrated in the hands of these influential groups, rather than being distributed evenly among the general population or other sectors of society. Mills argued that this concentration of power leads to a lack of democratic control and can result in policies that primarily serve the interests of these elite groups.

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  • 11. 

    When the people have such intense feelings about a political issue that leaders feel obligated to follow the popular will, it is called

    • A.

      Democracy

    • B.

      Demagoguery

    • C.

      Symbolic politics

    • D.

      Majoritarian politics

    • E.

      Aristotelian politics

    Correct Answer
    D. Majoritarian politics
    Explanation
    Majoritarian politics refers to a situation where leaders feel compelled to align their decisions with the popular will due to the intense feelings of the people regarding a political issue. In this scenario, the majority opinion holds significant influence over the decision-making process, and leaders prioritize catering to the desires and preferences of the majority. This can be seen as a form of democratic governance, where the power lies with the majority and their opinions shape the political landscape.

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  • 12. 

    Community control and citizen participation in government programs are variants of which types of democracy?

    • A.

      Democratic centralism

    • B.

      Representative democracy

    • C.

      "the rule of the many"

    • D.

      Direct democracy

    • E.

      Hyperpluralistic democracy

    Correct Answer
    D. Direct democracy
    Explanation
    Direct democracy is a type of democracy where citizens have direct involvement and control over government decisions and policies. In direct democracy, individuals participate directly in decision-making processes, such as through voting on laws and policies. Community control and citizen participation in government programs align with the principles of direct democracy, as they involve active involvement and participation of citizens in shaping and influencing government actions and programs. This stands in contrast to representative democracy, where citizens elect representatives to make decisions on their behalf.

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  • 13. 

    The Wilson text argues that the history of U.S. involvement in foreign affairs alternates between

    • A.

      Good and bad influences

    • B.

      Yankee and cowboy leadership

    • C.

      Realism and idealism

    • D.

      Expansionist & imperialist tendencies

    • E.

      Inward & outward movements

    Correct Answer
    E. Inward & outward movements
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "inward & outward movements". The explanation for this answer is that the Wilson text argues that the history of U.S. involvement in foreign affairs alternates between periods of focusing on domestic issues and turning inward, and periods of expanding its influence and engaging with the world. This alternation between inward and outward movements reflects the cyclical nature of U.S. foreign policy and the shifting priorities of the nation.

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  • 14. 

    According to Toqueville, Americans are fond of explaining their actions in terms of

    • A.

      Self-interest

    • B.

      Moral precepts

    • C.

      Religious commitments

    • D.

      Spontaneous & disinterested impulses

    • E.

      Philosophical skepticism

    Correct Answer
    A. Self-interest
    Explanation
    According to Toqueville, Americans are fond of explaining their actions in terms of self-interest. This suggests that Americans tend to prioritize their own personal gain and benefit when making decisions and justifying their actions. Toqueville's observation implies that self-interest plays a significant role in American society and influences individual behavior and decision-making processes.

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  • 15. 

    Max Weber argued that Karl Marx had neglected the most important institution in modern times, namely, the

    • A.

      Media

    • B.

      Military

    • C.

      Mass media

    • D.

      University

    • E.

      Bureaucracy

    Correct Answer
    E. Bureaucracy
    Explanation
    Max Weber argued that Karl Marx had neglected the most important institution in modern times, namely, the bureaucracy. Weber believed that bureaucracy played a crucial role in shaping modern societies and was a dominant force in the organization and administration of government, businesses, and other institutions. He saw bureaucracy as a rational and efficient system that provided stability, predictability, and control. Weber's analysis highlighted the power and influence of bureaucratic structures and the ways in which they shaped social and economic life. By neglecting the bureaucracy, Marx failed to fully grasp the complexities and significance of this institution in modern society.

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  • 16. 

    Majoritarian politics prevails on most of the issues most of the time

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    This statement suggests that majoritarian politics does not prevail on most issues most of the time, implying that decisions are not always made based on the preferences of the majority. This implies that there may be other factors or influences that shape political decisions, such as the influence of interest groups, elites, or institutional constraints.

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  • 17. 

    Pluralists believe power is equally distributed

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Pluralists do not believe that power is equally distributed. Instead, they argue that power is dispersed among various groups and individuals in society. According to pluralist theory, different groups compete for power and influence, and no single group or entity has complete control. This perspective recognizes the existence of multiple centers of power and emphasizes the importance of diverse interests and viewpoints in shaping societal decisions and outcomes. Therefore, the statement that pluralists believe power is equally distributed is incorrect.

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  • 18. 

    The enactment of consumer protection laws does not necessarily mean consumers are powerful

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because the enactment of consumer protection laws does not automatically make consumers powerful. While these laws aim to protect consumers from unfair practices and ensure their rights are upheld, the actual power of consumers depends on various factors such as their awareness, knowledge, and ability to exercise their rights. Consumer protection laws alone do not guarantee that consumers have the necessary resources or influence to hold businesses accountable or make informed choices.

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  • 19. 

    The ability of one person to get another person to act in accordance with the first person's intentions is called ____________.

    Correct Answer
    Power
    Explanation
    Power refers to the ability of one person to influence or control the actions and behavior of another person according to their own intentions. It involves the use of authority, persuasion, coercion, or other means to exert control or influence over others. Power can be formal or informal, and it plays a crucial role in various social, organizational, and interpersonal dynamics.

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  • 20. 

    With economic Marxism, its the workers vs. the ___________________.

    Correct Answer
    capitalists
    Explanation
    With economic Marxism, the ideology revolves around the conflict between the workers and the capitalists. Economic Marxism argues that the capitalist class, who own the means of production, exploit the working class for their own profit. This creates a class struggle where the workers, who do not own the means of production, are oppressed and alienated. The ultimate goal of economic Marxism is to abolish the capitalist system and establish a classless society where the means of production are collectively owned by the workers.

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  • 21. 

    Legitimacy is defined as ______________________________________. 

    Correct Answer
    What makes a law or constitution a source of right.
    Explanation
    Legitimacy is the quality or state of being legitimate, which means being lawful, valid, or accepted. In the context of laws and constitutions, legitimacy refers to the justification or authority behind them that makes them considered as a source of rights. It encompasses the idea that laws and constitutions are recognized and accepted by the people as being fair, just, and in accordance with established norms and principles. Legitimacy is crucial for the effectiveness and acceptance of legal systems and governing bodies.

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  • 22. 

    Short answer: Define pluralist theory

  • 23. 

    Short answer: Define representative democracy

  • 24. 

    Define direct democracy:

  • 25. 

    Define majoritarian politics:

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 07, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    Vbplayer6000
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