Test Your Knowledge About Cellular Organelles And Cell Transport! Trivia Quiz

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| By Anna Montague
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Anna Montague
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Quizzes Created: 4 | Total Attempts: 1,523
Questions: 35 | Attempts: 397

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Test Your Knowledge About Cellular Organelles And Cell Transport! Trivia Quiz - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    This image shows a cell membrane composed of a phospholipid bilayer with channel proteins. The glucose molecules move into the cell through the channel proteins. Based on the concentrations shown and the arrows shown on the image, what form of transport is the image showing?

    • A.

      Diffusion

    • B.

      Facilitated Diffusion

    • C.

      Protein Pump

    • D.

      Endocytosis

    Correct Answer
    B. Facilitated Diffusion
    Explanation
    This is facilitated diffusion because the glucose is going from an area of high concentration to low concentration and is moving through a transport protein. This is not a protein pump because it is moving from high to low and it is not using energy.

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  • 2. 

    Which of the following is the correct level of organization, starting from the lowest level to the highest level?

    • A.

      Muscle cell > smooth muscle tissue > stomach > digestive system

    • B.

      Smooth muscle tissue > muscle cell > stomach > digestive system

    • C.

      Digestive system > stomach > smooth muscle tissue > muscle cell

    • D.

      Muscle cell > stomach > smooth muscle tissue > digestive system

    Correct Answer
    A. Muscle cell > smooth muscle tissue > stomach > digestive system
    Explanation
    cell > tissue > organ > organ system

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  • 3. 

    You have a cell (5% salt) in salty seawater (30% salt). What will this cell do?

    • A.

      The cell will swell because it is in a hypotonic solution

    • B.

      The cell will shrink because it is in a hypertonic solution

    • C.

      The cell will stay the same because it is in an isotonic solution

    • D.

      The cell will shrink because it is in a hypotonic solution

    Correct Answer
    B. The cell will shrink because it is in a hypertonic solution
    Explanation
    more salts in the solution means that the cell is in a hypertonic solution

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  • 4. 

    This image is showing what kind of transport? Pay attention to the arrows.

    • A.

      Osmosis

    • B.

      Diffusion

    • C.

      Exocytosis

    • D.

      Endocytosis

    Correct Answer
    C. Exocytosis
    Explanation
    The cell is forming a membrane around the object and making it 'exit' the cell.

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  • 5. 

    Which of the labels represent a phospholipid?

    • A.

      D

    • B.

      E

    • C.

      F

    • D.

      H

    Correct Answer
    B. E
    Explanation
    The phospholipid is the phosphate head and the lipid tail.

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  • 6. 

    Which of the following represents the region of the membrane that is hydrophobic?

    • A.

      F

    • B.

      H

    • C.

      D

    • D.

      G

    Correct Answer
    C. D
    Explanation
    The fatty acid tails are hydrophobic, meaning they are water-repelling.

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  • 7. 

    Suppose a biologist places a red blood cell (2% solute) in pure water. The cytoplasm of red blood cells has a higher concentration of sodium (Na+) than does pure water. Is there a net flow of water molecules into or our of the red blood cell, and by which process does this net flow of water occur? (ACT)

    • A.

      Out of the cell; osmosis

    • B.

      Into the cell; osmosis

    • C.

      Out of the cell; active transport

    • D.

      Into the cell; active transport

    Correct Answer
    B. Into the cell; osmosis
    Explanation
    The cell is in a hypotonic solution, therefore the cell will swell with water as water tries to equalize. This process is known as osmosis

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  • 8. 

    An organelle found in a liver cell would best be identified as a lysosome if its primary function was which of the following? 

    • A.

      Processing and packaging of cellular materials prior to export

    • B.

      Harvesting of light energy to produce carbohydrates

    • C.

      Providing energy to the cell in the form of ATP

    • D.

      Digestion/Destroying of macromolecules and old organelles

    Correct Answer
    D. Digestion/Destroying of macromolecules and old organelles
    Explanation
    Lysosomes use their digestive enzymes to break things down.

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  • 9. 

    Naomi adds cycloheximide to cells grown in a test tube. Within minutes, she identifies short incomplete segments of proteins in the cells. On which organelle does cycloheximide act? 

    • A.

      Cell Membrane

    • B.

      Ribosome

    • C.

      Nucleus

    • D.

      Mitochondria

    Correct Answer
    B. Ribosome
    Explanation
    The proteins are not being made, the ribosome makes the protein, therefore the chemical inhibits the ribosome from working correctly.

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  • 10. 

    The presence of which of the following structures in a cell would indicate that the cell is NOT prokaryotic? 

    • A.

      Cell wall

    • B.

      DNA

    • C.

      Mitochondria

    • D.

      Ribosome

    Correct Answer
    C. Mitochondria
    Explanation
    Prokaryotes do not have any organelles

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  • 11. 

    A scientist places a cell in a solution, over time the cell gains mass and swells. What is the most likely explanation for the cell's gain in mass? 

    • A.

      The solution is hypertonic to the cell.

    • B.

      The solution is hypotonic to the cell.

    • C.

      The solution and the cell have equal concentrations

    • D.

      The solution is isotonic to the cell.

    Correct Answer
    B. The solution is hypotonic to the cell.
    Explanation
    Hypotonic means that the cell will gain water as the water tries to equalize.

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  • 12. 

    Which number shows where the mitochondria is located?

    • A.

      6

    • B.

      7

    • C.

      8

    • D.

      9

    Correct Answer
    D. 9
    Explanation
    The number 9 shows where the mitochondria is located. The mitochondria is an organelle found in most eukaryotic cells and is responsible for producing energy in the form of ATP through cellular respiration. It is often referred to as the "powerhouse" of the cell.

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  • 13. 

    Which of the following shows the part of the ER that contains ribosomes and makes proteins?

    • A.

      6

    • B.

      7

    • C.

      8

    • D.

      5

    Correct Answer
    D. 5
    Explanation
    Option 5 is the correct answer because it refers to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) which is responsible for protein synthesis. The ER is a network of membranes that is involved in the production, folding, and transport of proteins. It contains ribosomes, which are responsible for translating the genetic code into proteins. Therefore, option 5 accurately identifies the part of the ER that contains ribosomes and makes proteins.

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  • 14. 

    What is the function of the item labeled '2'?

    • A.

      To protect and hold the DNA

    • B.

      To make ribosomes

    • C.

      To help the animal cell nucleus divide

    • D.

      To make proteins

    Correct Answer
    A. To protect and hold the DNA
    Explanation
    The item labeled '2' is responsible for protecting and holding the DNA. This suggests that it is likely a structure or organelle within the cell that provides support and protection to the genetic material. It is not involved in making ribosomes, helping the animal cell nucleus divide, or making proteins.

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  • 15. 

    Which of the following organelles make ribosomes?

    • A.

      Centrioles

    • B.

      Nucleolus

    • C.

      Mitochondria

    • D.

      Endoplasmic Reticulum

    Correct Answer
    B. Nucleolus
    Explanation
    The nucleolus is the dense region within the nucleus that is responsible for making ribosomes.

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  • 16. 

    Which of the following is NOT a major difference between plant cells and animal cells?

    • A.

      Chloroplast

    • B.

      Cell Wall

    • C.

      Large, central vacuole

    • D.

      Mitochondria

    Correct Answer
    D. Mitochondria
    Explanation
    The mitochondria can be found in both the plant and the animal cell. However, the chloroplast, cell wall, and a large vacuole can only be found in the plant cell.

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  • 17. 

    Which of the following would not be seen in a prokaryotic cell?

    • A.

      Nucleus

    • B.

      DNA

    • C.

      Cell Membrane

    • D.

      Ribosome

    Correct Answer
    A. Nucleus
    Explanation
    A nucleus is a defining characteristic of eukaryotic cells. While prokaryotic cells do contain DNA it is not confined to one specific, membrane-enclosed region.

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  • 18. 

    What is the letter G in the image depicting?

    • A.

      Vacuole

    • B.

      Nucleus

    • C.

      Chloroplasts

    • D.

      Cell Wall

    Correct Answer
    A. Vacuole
    Explanation
    The letter G in the image is depicting a vacuole. A vacuole is a membrane-bound organelle found in the cells of plants and some other organisms. It is responsible for storing water, nutrients, and waste products. In the image, the structure labeled as G resembles a large, fluid-filled sac, which is characteristic of vacuoles. The other options, such as nucleus, chloroplasts, and cell wall, do not match the structure labeled as G in the image.

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  • 19. 

    What is the function of the orange item in the picture surrounding the cell labeled 'J'?

    • A.

      To provide energy to the cell

    • B.

      To transfer sunlight energy into chemical energy

    • C.

      To protect the cell

    • D.

      To hold excess material in the cell

    Correct Answer
    C. To protect the cell
    Explanation
    The orange item in the picture surrounding the cell labeled 'J' is functioning to protect the cell. It acts as a barrier or shield, preventing any external damage or harm from reaching the cell. This protection is crucial for the cell's survival and proper functioning.

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  • 20. 

    What is the letter N in the image pointing to?

    • A.

      Endoplasmic Reticulum

    • B.

      Golgi Apparatus

    • C.

      Mitochondria

    • D.

      Nucleus

    Correct Answer
    B. Golgi Apparatus
    Explanation
    The letter N in the image is pointing to the Golgi Apparatus.

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  • 21. 

    What is the letter 'D' pointing to in the cell provided?

    • A.

      Cell Wall

    • B.

      Cell Membrane

    • C.

      Nuclear Membrane

    • D.

      Capsule

    Correct Answer
    C. Nuclear Membrane
    Explanation
    The letter 'D' is pointing to the nuclear membrane. The nuclear membrane is a double membrane that surrounds the nucleus of a cell and separates it from the rest of the cell. It acts as a barrier, controlling the movement of substances in and out of the nucleus.

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  • 22. 

    What is the function of ribosomes in the cell?

    • A.

      To help the cell move

    • B.

      To protect the cell

    • C.

      To get rid of waste

    • D.

      To make proteins

    Correct Answer
    D. To make proteins
    Explanation
    The ribosome is the site of protein synthesis.

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  • 23. 

    Which kind of cell is shown in the image provided?

    • A.

      Plant

    • B.

      Animal

    • C.

      Bacteria

    • D.

      Fungi

    Correct Answer
    C. Bacteria
    Explanation
    This cell does not contain a nucleus; but rather depicts a prokaryotic cell. The only answer choice that is a prokaryotic cell is bacteria.

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  • 24. 

    Which of the following is FALSE about prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells?

    • A.

      They both always contain a cell membrane

    • B.

      They both always contain DNA

    • C.

      They both always contain a cell wall

    • D.

      They both always contain ribosomes

    Correct Answer
    C. They both always contain a cell wall
    Explanation
    Although prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells can both have a cell wall, eukaryotic cells do not always have a cell wall. For example, an animal cell is an example of a eukaryotic cell that lacks a cell wall.

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  • 25. 

    If a cell has 5% dissolved solutes, and the solution that the cell is in has 3% dissolved solutes, what kind of solution is the cell in?

    • A.

      Hypertonic

    • B.

      Hypotonic

    • C.

      Isotonic

    Correct Answer
    B. Hypotonic
    Explanation
    The concentration of dissolved solutes is greater inside the cell than outside the cell. In this situation, the solution would by hypotonic and the cell would swell.

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  • 26. 

    If there is a cell that has 10% dissolved solutes, in a solution with 15% dissolved solutes, what is the type of solution that the cell is in?

    • A.

      Hypertonic

    • B.

      Hypotonic

    • C.

      Isotonic

    • D.

      Option 4

    Correct Answer
    A. Hypertonic
    Explanation
    The solute concentration inside the cell is less than the solute concentration outside the cell. The solution is therefore considered to be hypertonic and will cause the cell to shrink.

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  • 27. 

    Active Transport is

    • A.

      The movement of materials from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration

    • B.

      The movement of materials from an area of low concentration to an area of high concentration

    • C.

      The movement of water from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration

    • D.

      The movement of water from an area of low concentration to an area of high concentration

    Correct Answer
    B. The movement of materials from an area of low concentration to an area of high concentration
    Explanation
    Active transport is concerned with the movement of materials from lower concentration to higher concentrations. This process requires energy and is independent of water transport.

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  • 28. 

    Which of the following is a form of active transport?

    • A.

      Endocytosis

    • B.

      Diffusion

    • C.

      Osmosis

    • D.

      Facilitated Diffusion

    Correct Answer
    A. Endocytosis
    Explanation
    Diffusion, osmosis and facilitated diffusion are all examples of passive transport. Endocytosis is the only process listed that requires energy.

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  • 29. 

    A cell with 5% dissolved solutes that is in a solution of 5% dissolved solutes, what is the name of this kind of solution?

    • A.

      Radioactive

    • B.

      Hypotonic

    • C.

      Hypertonic

    • D.

      Isotonic

    Correct Answer
    D. Isotonic
    Explanation
    The concentration of solutes inside the cell is equal to the solute concentration of the solution outside the cell. The cell would remain the same size because the flow of water in will equal the flow of water out.

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  • 30. 

    What is the function of the phospholipid bilayer?

    • A.

      Control what goes into and out of the cell

    • B.

      Provide energy for the cell

    • C.

      Help the cell move around

    • D.

      Store excess materials in the cell

    Correct Answer
    A. Control what goes into and out of the cell
    Explanation
    The phospholipid bilayer is the semipermeable membrane that keeps the cell's contents separated from the environment. It allows small molecules like water and carbon dioxide to easily pass, but keeps larger molecules like glucose and amino acids from easily passing.

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  • 31. 

    What is the job of the smooth endoplasmic reticulum?

    • A.

      To protect the cell

    • B.

      To make proteins

    • C.

      To make lipids

    • D.

      To hold the DNA

    Correct Answer
    C. To make lipids
    Explanation
    The smooth endoplasmic reticulum is responsible for making and storing lipids.

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  • 32. 

    What does 'hydrophobic' mean?

    • A.

      Water-loving

    • B.

      Water-fearing

    • C.

      Water

    • D.

      Water-filled

    Correct Answer
    B. Water-fearing
    Explanation
    "Hydro-" means water; "-phobic" translates to the fear of

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  • 33. 

    After Tyler adds a chemical to normally functioning cells, proteins begin to accumulate in the cells' endoplasmic reticula. This chemical most likely prevents movement of proteins from the endoplasmic reticulum to which organelle where they are typically transported throughout the cell? 

    • A.

      Golgi Apparatus

    • B.

      Lysosome

    • C.

      Nucleus

    • D.

      Ribosome

    Correct Answer
    A. Golgi Apparatus
    Explanation
    The golgi's job is to ship those proteins where they need to go, so the chemical is acting on the golgi.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jan 24, 2017
    Quiz Created by
    Anna Montague
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