Cell Physiology Chapter 3 Test

27 Questions
Cell Quizzes & Trivia

Chapter 3. Midterm review. Anatomy.

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 2. 
    Hypotonic solutions are so named because their solute content is lower than the solution they are being compared to.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 3. 
    Diffusion is important in the study of physiology because it is how most substances enter and exit cells.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    The distal end of a bone would be the farthest end from a reference point.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 5. 
    A solution that is more dilute than the inside of a cell would cause that cell to shrink in size.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 6. 
    The dorsal fin of a shark would be visible from the surface of the water.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 7. 
    If a substance is more concentrated inside a cell than it is outside, the only way to get more of it into the cell is by active transport.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    A cell that suddenly stopped producing energy could still carry out diffusion.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 9. 
    Animal cells have membranes which allow the passage of selective substances.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 10. 
    The collarbone is superior to the pelvic bone.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 11. 
    The regulation of blood pressure is a good example of homeostasis.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    Diffusion is a process where a substance moves from an area of low concentration to an area of high concentration.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 13. 
    Oxygen and carbon dioxide can cross the membrane through diffusion.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 14. 
    The process of osmosis requires that the cell expend energy
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 15. 
    When a cube of sugar is placed in water it spreads by the process of active transport
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 16. 
    Selectively permeable membranes allow only certain substances to pass through them.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 17. 
    The sodium/potassium pump moves sodium and potassium against the concentration gradient.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 18. 
    The shoulder blade of a dog would be posterior to the hind legs.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 19. 
    Substances outside the membrane are called:
    • A. 

      Intracellular material

    • B. 

      Intercellular material

    • C. 

      Extracellular material

    • D. 

      Both A & B

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 20. 
    The movement of molecules in response to a concentration gradient:
    • A. 

      Aerobic respiration

    • B. 

      Photosynthesis

    • C. 

      Mitosis

    • D. 

      Diffusion

  • 21. 
    Osmosis:
    • A. 

      Involves the diffusion of solute particles

    • B. 

      Can cause a cell to shrink when placed in a hypotonic solution

    • C. 

      Occurs through a non-permeable membrane

    • D. 

      Causes a cell to burst when placed in a hypotonic solution

  • 22. 
    If salt solution A is 3 times as concentrated as salt solution B this means:
    • A. 

      Solution A has 3 times as much salt as solution B

    • B. 

      Solution A has 3 times as much water as solution B

    • C. 

      Solution B has 3 times as much salt as solution A

    • D. 

      Solution A is equal to solution B

  • 23. 
    Solutions injected into the circulatory system must be _____________ in order to prevent damage to cells
    • A. 

      Hypotonic

    • B. 

      Hypertonic

    • C. 

      Isotonic

    • D. 

      Both A & B

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 24. 
    • A. 

  • 25. 
    Carbon dioxide and ___________ are waste products of cellular respiration.
    • A. 

      Water

    • B. 

      Glucose

    • C. 

      Sodium

    • D. 

      Energy

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 26. 
    Anterior refers to a body part that is toward the:
    • A. 

      Rear

    • B. 

      Bottom

    • C. 

      Head

    • D. 

      Belly

  • 27. 
    Your belly button is located on the ______ side of your body.
    • A. 

      Dorsal

    • B. 

      Lateral

    • C. 

      Proximal

    • D. 

      Anterior