Cell Biology Unit Post-assessment 7th Grade Quiz

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Cell Biology Unit Post-assessment 7th Grade Quiz - Quiz

Seventh-grade students, rejoice! We have just the quiz for all your biological needs when it comes to your studies on the cell! Do you need to study a little bit harder, or are you about ready to take on all exams under the topic? Take this quiz and we’ll know!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Arrange the following levels of organization from least complex to most complex:  cells, organelles, tissues, organs, organisms, and organ systems. (Standard 1.2a)

    • A.

      Organelles, cells, tissues, organs, organ systems, organisms

    • B.

      Cells, organelles, tissues, organs, organ systems, organisms

    • C.

      Organelles, cells, organs, organ systems, tissues, organism

    • D.

      Cells, organelles, organs, organ systems, tissue, organism

    • E.

      Cells, tissues, organs, organelles, organ systems, organism

    Correct Answer
    A. Organelles, cells, tissues, organs, organ systems, organisms
    Explanation
    The correct answer arranges the levels of organization from least complex to most complex. It starts with organelles, which are small structures within cells, then moves on to cells, which are the basic building blocks of living organisms. Next are tissues, which are groups of similar cells that work together to perform a specific function. Organs come next, which are made up of different types of tissues and perform specific functions in the body. Organ systems are next, which are groups of organs that work together to perform a specific function in the body. Finally, organisms are the most complex level of organization, referring to individual living beings.

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  • 2. 

    The respiratory system of the human body works with the circulatory system to deliver oxygen to the body's cells.  Likewise, the digestive system works with the circulatory system to deliver glucose to the cells.  What cellular process is affected by these interactions (Standard 1.2e)?

    • A.

      Photosynthesis

    • B.

      Symbiosis

    • C.

      Osmosis

    • D.

      Cellular Respiration

    • E.

      Transpiration

    Correct Answer
    D. Cellular Respiration
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Cellular Respiration. The respiratory system and the circulatory system work together to deliver oxygen to the body's cells, which is necessary for cellular respiration. Cellular respiration is the process by which cells convert glucose and oxygen into energy, carbon dioxide, and water. Therefore, the interactions between the respiratory system and the circulatory system affect cellular respiration.

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  • 3. 

    Structures found in a plant cell, but not an animal cell, include the following: (Standards 1.2 f, 5.1b)

    • A.

      Chloroplasts, a cell wall, and a large vacuole

    • B.

      Chloroplasts, a cell wall, and mitochondria

    • C.

      Chloroplasts, centrioles, and Golgi apparatus

    • D.

      Centrioles, a cell membrane, and a nucleus

    • E.

      Centrioles, mitochondria, and a nucleus

    Correct Answer
    A. Chloroplasts, a cell wall, and a large vacuole
  • 4. 

    The cell structure responsible for controlling which molecules enter and leave the cell and for the recognition of chemical signals is the: (Standard 1.2g)

    • A.

      Cell wall

    • B.

      Nuclear membrane

    • C.

      Mitochondria

    • D.

      Chloroplast

    • E.

      Plasma membrane

    Correct Answer
    E. Plasma membrane
    Explanation
    The plasma membrane is responsible for controlling which molecules enter and leave the cell and for recognizing chemical signals. It acts as a barrier, allowing only certain substances to pass through while blocking others. The plasma membrane is composed of a phospholipid bilayer with embedded proteins that help regulate the movement of molecules in and out of the cell. This selective permeability is crucial for maintaining homeostasis and allowing cells to communicate with their environment.

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  • 5. 

    Which statement best describes the function of a cell? (Standard 1.2h)

    • A.

      Large organic food molecules like protein must be initially broken down. Once the broken down nutrient enters the cell, the cell will use the building blocks to synthesize organic compounds necessary for life.

    • B.

      Large organic food molecules like protein directly enter the cell where they are used for energy.

    • C.

      Large organic food molecules like protein are broken down only after they enter the cell. Once broken down, the cell will excrete the broken down substances.

    • D.

      The cell makes its own protein and does not need nutrients from the outside environments.

    • E.

      The function of the cell is to convert proteins to amino acids.

    Correct Answer
    A. Large organic food molecules like protein must be initially broken down. Once the broken down nutrient enters the cell, the cell will use the building blocks to synthesize organic compounds necessary for life.
    Explanation
    The correct answer states that large organic food molecules like protein need to be broken down before entering the cell. Once they are broken down, the cell uses the building blocks to synthesize organic compounds that are essential for life. This explanation accurately describes the process of nutrient breakdown and synthesis within a cell, highlighting the importance of breaking down large molecules into smaller components for cellular metabolism.

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  • 6. 

    Which statement best describes ATP (Standard 1.2 i):

    • A.

      When ADP is converted to ATP, energy is released when bonds are formed.

    • B.

      When ATP is converted to ADP and phosphate, energy is released from the bonds that break.

    • C.

      ATP is a reactant of photosynthesis.

    • D.

      ATP is a reactant of cellular respiration.

    • E.

      ATP is a product in the hydrolysis of ADP.

    Correct Answer
    B. When ATP is converted to ADP and phosphate, energy is released from the bonds that break.
    Explanation
    ATP (adenosine triphosphate) is the main energy currency of cells. It stores energy in its high-energy phosphate bonds. When ATP is converted to ADP (adenosine diphosphate) and phosphate, energy is released as the bonds between the phosphate groups are broken. This energy can then be used by cells for various biological processes.

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  • 7. 

    Which substances are secreted at the endings of nerve cells?  (Standard 1.2j)

    • A.

      Antibodies

    • B.

      Antigens

    • C.

      Neurotransmitters

    • D.

      Lipids

    • E.

      Neurons

    Correct Answer
    C. Neurotransmitters
    Explanation
    Neurotransmitters are substances that are secreted at the endings of nerve cells. They are responsible for transmitting signals between nerve cells, allowing for communication within the nervous system. Neurotransmitters are released from the presynaptic neuron into the synapse, where they bind to receptors on the postsynaptic neuron, initiating a response. This process is essential for the proper functioning of the nervous system and plays a crucial role in various physiological processes, including cognition, mood regulation, and muscle movement.

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  • 8. 

    What structure in the amoeba below (a unicellular protist) is sometimes called a "false foot" and has a similar function to the musculoskeletal system of humans because it helps the amoeba move through its environment (Standard 1.3a)?

    • A.

      Contractile Vacuole

    • B.

      Nucleus

    • C.

      Cell Membrane

    • D.

      Pseudopod

    • E.

      Food Vacuole

    Correct Answer
    D. Pseudopod
    Explanation
    A pseudopod is a temporary projection of the cell membrane in an amoeba that helps it move and capture food. It acts like a "false foot" because it extends and retracts, allowing the amoeba to change its shape and move in different directions. This function is similar to the musculoskeletal system in humans, which allows us to move and navigate our environment. The contractile vacuole helps regulate the water balance in the amoeba, the nucleus contains the genetic material, the cell membrane encloses the cell, and the food vacuole stores and digests food particles.

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  • 9. 

    The organelle most directly involved in the synthesis of ATP is the (Standard 1.2i):

    • A.

      Ribosome

    • B.

      Mitochondrion

    • C.

      Nucleus

    • D.

      Centriole

    • E.

      Golgi apparatus

    Correct Answer
    B. Mitochondrion
    Explanation
    The mitochondrion is the organelle most directly involved in the synthesis of ATP. ATP is produced through cellular respiration, which takes place in the mitochondria. During this process, glucose and oxygen are converted into ATP, providing energy for the cell. The mitochondria have an inner membrane with folds called cristae, where the electron transport chain and ATP synthase are located. These structures work together to generate ATP through oxidative phosphorylation. Therefore, the mitochondrion is responsible for synthesizing ATP, making it the correct answer.

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  • 10. 

    The movement of water from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration is known as (Standard 1.2g):

    • A.

      Diffusion

    • B.

      Osmosis

    • C.

      Active Transport

    • D.

      Hydrolysis

    • E.

      Phagocytosis

    Correct Answer
    B. Osmosis
    Explanation
    Osmosis is the movement of water molecules from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration through a semi-permeable membrane. This process occurs in order to equalize the concentration of solutes on both sides of the membrane. Unlike diffusion, which refers to the movement of any type of molecules, osmosis specifically refers to the movement of water molecules. Active transport, hydrolysis, and phagocytosis are not related to the movement of water molecules and are therefore incorrect answers.

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  • 11. 

    Identify the cellular process that best represents the diagram below (Standards 5.1a, 5.1b):

    • A.

      Photosynthesis

    • B.

      Osmosis

    • C.

      Transpiration

    • D.

      Citric Acid Cycle

    • E.

      Cellular Respiration

    Correct Answer
    A. Photosynthesis
    Explanation
    The diagram represents the process of photosynthesis. Photosynthesis is the process by which green plants and some other organisms use sunlight to synthesize foods with the help of chlorophyll, converting carbon dioxide and water into glucose and oxygen. The diagram likely shows the absorption of light energy by chlorophyll, which is a key step in photosynthesis.

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  • 12. 

    Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is a toxic by-product of cellular metabolism in aerobic organisms. The reaction below occurs within the cells to prevent the accumulation of hydrogen peroxide. In this reaction, catalase functions as an:

    • A.

      Enzyme in the breakdown of hydrogen peroxide

    • B.

      Enzyme in the synthesis of hydrogen peroxide

    • C.

      Emulsifier in the digestion of hydrogen peroxide

    • D.

      Indicator in the detection of hydrogen peroxide

    • E.

      Inhibitor preventing the digestion of hydrogen peroxide

    Correct Answer
    A. Enzyme in the breakdown of hydrogen peroxide
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Enzyme in the breakdown of hydrogen peroxide." Catalase is an enzyme that facilitates the breakdown of hydrogen peroxide into water and oxygen. This reaction is crucial in preventing the accumulation of toxic levels of hydrogen peroxide in cells.

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  • 13. 

    Rate, on a scale of 1 – 4, 1 being the lowest and 4 being the highest, how much do you now know about cells and cell processes?

    Correct Answer
    1
    2
    3
    4
    Explanation
    This question is asking the respondent to rate their knowledge about cells and cell processes on a scale of 1 to 4, with 1 being the lowest and 4 being the highest. The answer options provided are 1, 2, 3, and 4, indicating that the respondent can choose any of these options to rate their knowledge level.

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  • 14. 

    Rate, on a scale of 1 – 4, 1 being the lowest and 4 being the highest, how interested are you now in cells and cell processes?

    Correct Answer
    1
    2
    3
    4
    Explanation
    This question asks the respondent to rate their interest in cells and cell processes on a scale of 1 to 4, with 1 being the lowest and 4 being the highest. The answer options provided are 1, 2, 3, and 4, allowing the respondent to choose their level of interest.

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