Cell Organelle Test! Trivia Questions Quiz

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Cell Organelle Test! Trivia Questions Quiz - Quiz

Are you ready to take this Cell Organelle Test (or you can call it a Cell Trivia Questions Quiz)? In the study of biology, a cell organelle is an internal organ of the cell responsible for performing certain tasks that ultimately keep the cell alive. In this quiz, we put you to the test by asking you to name and define the jobs of specific cell organelles. Good luck! Let's get started.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is the work of a Cell membrane?

    • A.

      Surrounds and protects the contents of the cell.

    • B.

      Provides support.

    • C.

      Creates stuff for the cell.

    • D.

      It is the leader of the cell.

    Correct Answer
    A. Surrounds and protects the contents of the cell.
    Explanation
    The cell membrane is responsible for surrounding and protecting the contents of the cell. It acts as a barrier, regulating the movement of substances in and out of the cell. It also plays a crucial role in maintaining the cell's internal environment by controlling the exchange of nutrients, ions, and waste products. Additionally, the cell membrane contains various proteins and receptors that facilitate communication and interaction with the external environment.

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  • 2. 

    The cytoplasm____

    • A.

      Helps to support all the other parts outside the cell, and it distributes materials such as oxygen and food to different parts of the cell.

    • B.

      Helps the cell go around in a circle.

    • C.

      Helps support all the other parts inside the cell, and it distributes materials such as oxygen and food to different parts of the cell.

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Helps support all the other parts inside the cell, and it distributes materials such as oxygen and food to different parts of the cell.
    Explanation
    The cytoplasm helps support all the other parts inside the cell and distributes materials such as oxygen and food to different parts of the cell. This is because the cytoplasm is a gel-like substance that fills the cell and provides structural support. It also contains various organelles and is involved in many cellular processes such as metabolism, transportation, and cell division. Therefore, the correct answer is that the cytoplasm helps support all the other parts inside the cell and distributes materials to different parts of the cell.

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  • 3. 

    The Nucleus ____

    • A.

      Helps the cytoplasm do its job.

    • B.

      Controls the cell's activities. Controls what enters and leaves the Nucleus.

    • C.

      Teaches the cell what jobs it has to do.

    • D.

      Creates building blocks for forming proteins.

    Correct Answer
    B. Controls the cell's activities. Controls what enters and leaves the Nucleus.
    Explanation
    The nucleus controls the cell's activities by regulating gene expression and directing the synthesis of proteins. It also controls what enters and leaves the nucleus through the nuclear envelope, which contains nuclear pores that selectively allow the passage of molecules. The nucleus houses the cell's genetic material and plays a crucial role in maintaining the cell's overall function and integrity.

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  • 4. 

    Which cell part is like a storage place for food, wastes, and other substances that can not be used right away?

    • A.

      Chloroplast

    • B.

      Cell membrane

    • C.

      Mitochondria

    • D.

      Cell wall

    • E.

      Vacuoles

    Correct Answer
    E. Vacuoles
    Explanation
    Vacuoles are cell parts that act as storage places for food, wastes, and other substances that cannot be used right away. They are responsible for storing and regulating various molecules and ions within the cell. Vacuoles also play a role in maintaining the cell's shape and providing structural support.

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  • 5. 

    ____ has the job of forming a system of canals within the cytoplasm. It is like a train station.

    • A.

      Cell membrane.

    • B.

      Endoplasmic Reticulum.

    • C.

      Ribosomes.

    • D.

      Mitochondria.

    Correct Answer
    B. Endoplasmic Reticulum.
    Explanation
    The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is responsible for forming a system of canals within the cytoplasm, similar to a train station. The ER is a network of membrane-bound tubules and sacs that is involved in the synthesis, folding, and transport of proteins and lipids. It plays a crucial role in maintaining the structural integrity of the cell and facilitating the movement of molecules within the cytoplasm. The analogy of a train station emphasizes the ER's function as a hub for the transportation of materials within the cell.

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  • 6. 

    What do the mitochondria do?

    • A.

      It breaks down tiny food particles to release their chemical energy for the cell's activities.

    • B.

      It makes everything bigger.

    • C.

      It takes the juice off of food.

    • D.

      It controls the cell's activities.

    • E.

      It surrounds the cell.

    Correct Answer
    A. It breaks down tiny food particles to release their chemical energy for the cell's activities.
    Explanation
    The mitochondria are responsible for breaking down tiny food particles to release their chemical energy for the cell's activities. They are often referred to as the "powerhouses" of the cell because they produce the majority of the cell's energy in the form of ATP (adenosine triphosphate). This process, known as cellular respiration, occurs within the mitochondria's inner membrane and provides the energy necessary for the cell to carry out its various functions and activities.

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  • 7. 

    What organelle provides support for the cell?

    • A.

      Cytoplasm

    • B.

      Nucleus

    • C.

      Cell Membrane

    • D.

      Cell wall

    • E.

      Ribosomes

    Correct Answer
    D. Cell wall
    Explanation
    The cell wall provides support for the cell. It is a rigid layer located outside the cell membrane in plant cells, bacteria, fungi, and some protists. The cell wall helps maintain the shape of the cell, provides protection against mechanical stress, and prevents the cell from bursting under osmotic pressure. It is composed of cellulose in plant cells and peptidoglycan in bacterial cells.

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  • 8. 

    What is the Chloroplast's job?

    • A.

      It's their job to make the Nucleus stay "awake."

    • B.

      They create building blocks for forming proteins.

    • C.

      It's their job to make Chlorophyll by converting the sun's energy into food for the plant.

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. It's their job to make Chlorophyll by converting the sun's energy into food for the plant.
    Explanation
    The chloroplast's job is to make chlorophyll by converting the sun's energy into food for the plant. Chlorophyll is a pigment that is essential for photosynthesis, the process by which plants convert sunlight into energy. This process allows plants to produce glucose, which is used as a source of energy for growth and development. Therefore, the correct answer is that the chloroplast's job is to make chlorophyll and convert the sun's energy into food for the plant.

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  • 9. 

    What does the ribosome do to help the cell?

    • A.

      Forms spindle fibers to separate chromosomes during cell division.

    • B.

      Ribosomes are the sites of protein synthesis, where RNA is translated into protein. When cells need large numbers of proteins, they must first build numerous ribosomes. They also create building blocks for forming proteins.

    • C.

      Contains instructions that control cell metabolism and heredity.

    • D.

      Instructions in DNA are copied here.

    Correct Answer
    B. Ribosomes are the sites of protein synthesis, where RNA is translated into protein. When cells need large numbers of proteins, they must first build numerous ribosomes. They also create building blocks for forming proteins.
    Explanation
    Ribosomes are responsible for protein synthesis in the cell. They translate RNA into protein and play a crucial role in building numerous ribosomes when cells require large amounts of proteins. Additionally, ribosomes create the building blocks necessary for forming proteins.

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  • 10. 

    Lysosomes:

    • A.

      They keep bacteria, old cells, organelles, and any unwanted materials.

    • B.

      They transport old cells, organelles, and any unwanted materials.

    • C.

      They dissolve bacteria, old cells, organelles, and any unwanted materials.

    • D.

      Power house of the cell.

    Correct Answer
    C. They dissolve bacteria, old cells, organelles, and any unwanted materials.
    Explanation
    Lysosomes are membrane-bound organelles that contain digestive enzymes. These enzymes are responsible for breaking down and digesting bacteria, old cells, organelles, and any unwanted materials in the cell. Therefore, the correct answer is that lysosomes dissolve these materials through their enzymatic activity.

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  • 11. 

    Nucleolus:

    • A.

      Contains nuclear contents.

    • B.

      Instructions in DNA are copied here.

    • C.

      Contains instructions that control cell metabolism and heredity.

    • D.

      Works with ribosomes in the synthesis of protein.

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Instructions in DNA are copied here.
    D. Works with ribosomes in the synthesis of protein.
    Explanation
    The nucleolus is a small, dense structure found within the nucleus of a cell. It is responsible for the production and assembly of ribosomes, which are essential for protein synthesis. The nucleolus also plays a role in the copying of DNA instructions, as it contains the necessary components for this process. Therefore, the correct answer is that the nucleolus works with ribosomes in the synthesis of protein and contains instructions in DNA that are copied here.

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  • 12. 

    What are the 3 main things in a Nucleus?

    • A.

      The Nucleolus, Nuclear Membrane, Chromatin.

    • B.

      The Nucleolus, Cell Membrane, Chromatin.

    • C.

      The Nucleolus, Nuclear, Nucleus.

    • D.

      Cloroplast, Nuclear Membrane, Lysosmes.

    Correct Answer
    A. The Nucleolus, Nuclear Membrane, Chromatin.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is The Nucleolus, Nuclear Membrane, Chromatin. The nucleolus is a small, dense region within the nucleus that is responsible for the production of ribosomes. The nuclear membrane is a double-layered membrane that surrounds the nucleus, separating it from the cytoplasm. Chromatin refers to the DNA and proteins that make up the chromosomes within the nucleus. Cloroplast, Nuclear Membrane, Lysosmes are not main components of the nucleus, making them incorrect options.

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  • 13. 

    In what cell the cell wall is?

    • A.

      Animal

    • B.

      Plant

    • C.

      None

    • D.

      Both

    Correct Answer
    B. Plant
    Explanation
    The cell wall is present in plant cells. Unlike animal cells, plant cells have a rigid cell wall made up of cellulose that provides structural support and protection. The cell wall acts as a barrier and helps maintain the shape of the cell. Therefore, the correct answer is Plant.

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  • 14. 

    In what cell are the Ribosomes?

    • A.

      Plant

    • B.

      Animal

    • C.

      Both

    • D.

      None

    Correct Answer
    C. Both
    Explanation
    Ribosomes are present in both plant and animal cells. Ribosomes are small organelles responsible for protein synthesis. They can be found in the cytoplasm of the cell, as well as attached to the endoplasmic reticulum. Therefore, the correct answer is both.

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  • 15. 

    What cell is the Chloroplast in?

    • A.

      Plant

    • B.

      Animal

    • C.

      None

    • D.

      Both

    Correct Answer
    A. Plant
    Explanation
    Chloroplasts are specialized organelles found in plant cells. They are responsible for photosynthesis, the process by which plants convert sunlight into energy. Chloroplasts contain chlorophyll, a pigment that gives plants their green color and allows them to absorb light energy. Since chloroplasts are unique to plant cells and not found in animal cells, the correct answer is "Plant."

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  • Current Version
  • May 01, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Nov 15, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Melly
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