Cell Organelle Assessment Quiz!

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Cell Organelle Assessment Quiz! - Quiz

A Cell Organelle is a small organ-like shape present inside the cell which has specific structural makeup and conducts a specific function. It is categorized into three categories depending upon the presence or absence of a membrane. This quiz has been developed to test students' knowledge about matching cell organelle with its correct function. So, let's try out the quiz. All the best!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The gel-like material in the cell that allows the cell to expand, grow and divide is called the _____________________________.

    • A.

      Chloroplast

    • B.

      Vacuole

    • C.

      Cytoplasm

    • D.

      Cell membrane

    Correct Answer
    C. Cytoplasm
    Explanation
    The gel-like material in the cell that allows the cell to expand, grow, and divide is called the cytoplasm. The cytoplasm is a semi-fluid substance that fills the cell and contains various organelles, such as the mitochondria and ribosomes. It provides a medium for the organelles to carry out their functions and also serves as a site for many biochemical reactions within the cell. Additionally, the cytoplasm helps with the movement of materials within the cell and provides support to the cell's structure.

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  • 2. 

    The dream home analogy for the mitochondria was the _________________.

    • A.

      Maid

    • B.

      Cook

    • C.

      Security guard

    • D.

      Electricity

    Correct Answer
    D. Electricity
    Explanation
    The correct answer is electricity because mitochondria are often referred to as the "powerhouses" of the cell. They generate energy in the form of ATP through cellular respiration, which is similar to how electricity powers a home. Just like a home needs electricity to function properly, cells need mitochondria to produce energy for various cellular processes.

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  • 3. 

    Which cell organelle did the same job as this picture?

    • A.

      Chloroplast

    • B.

      Mitochondria

    • C.

      Vacuole

    • D.

      Nucleus

    Correct Answer
    A. Chloroplast
    Explanation
    The correct answer is chloroplast because chloroplasts are responsible for photosynthesis, a process in which plants convert sunlight into energy. The picture is likely showing a chloroplast because it resembles a green oval-shaped structure with membrane folds called thylakoids, which contain chlorophyll. Mitochondria, on the other hand, produce energy through cellular respiration, vacuoles store water and nutrients, and the nucleus contains genetic material.

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  • 4. 

    Which cell organelle is responsible for storing food, water or waste?

    • A.

      Nucleus

    • B.

      Mitochondria

    • C.

      Endoplasmic reticulum

    • D.

      Vacuole

    Correct Answer
    D. Vacuole
    Explanation
    The vacuole is responsible for storing food, water, and waste in a cell. It is a membrane-bound organelle that can vary in size and function depending on the type of cell. Vacuoles are commonly found in plant cells and are essential for maintaining the cell's shape and structure, as well as storing nutrients and waste products. They also play a role in regulating the cell's internal environment by controlling the balance of water and other substances.

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  • 5. 

    Just as the maid puts away clothes and dishes the ____________________ also delivers proteins around the inside of the cell.

    • A.

      Endoplasmic reticulum

    • B.

      Cytoplasm

    • C.

      Cell membrane

    • D.

      Nucleus

    Correct Answer
    A. Endoplasmic reticulum
    Explanation
    The endoplasmic reticulum is responsible for delivering proteins around the inside of the cell, similar to how a maid puts away clothes and dishes. The endoplasmic reticulum is a network of membranes within the cell that is involved in protein synthesis and transport. It plays a crucial role in ensuring that proteins are properly folded and transported to their correct destinations within the cell. Therefore, the endoplasmic reticulum is the most suitable answer for this question.

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  • 6. 

    The organelle that controls all activities of the cell and stores genetic information is the ________________________________.

    • A.

      Cell membrane

    • B.

      You

    • C.

      Mitochondria

    • D.

      Nucleus

    Correct Answer
    D. Nucleus
    Explanation
    The nucleus is the organelle that controls all activities of the cell and stores genetic information. It contains the cell's DNA, which carries the instructions for making proteins and other molecules essential for cell functioning. The nucleus also regulates gene expression and controls the cell's growth, reproduction, and metabolism. Additionally, it acts as a protective barrier for the DNA, ensuring its integrity and preventing damage.

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  • 7. 

    When a person becomes rich and famous they want to protect all of their valuable things. Which TWO organelles are going to help with this?

    • A.

      Cell membrane

    • B.

      Nucleus

    • C.

      Cell wall

    • D.

      You

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Cell membrane
    C. Cell wall
    Explanation
    Be sure you selected TWO organelles.

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  • 8. 

    What was the analogy for the vacuole?

    • A.

      Garage

    • B.

      The garage

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Garage
    B. The garage
    Explanation
    The analogy for the vacuole is "garage" or "the garage". This suggests that the vacuole functions as a storage space or compartment within a cell, similar to how a garage is used to store and organize items. Just as a garage can hold various objects, the vacuole can contain substances such as water, nutrients, and waste products.

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  • 9. 

    The energy for the cell is produced in which organelle?

    • A.

      Chloroplast

    • B.

      Mitochondria

    • C.

      Cytoplasm

    • D.

      Endoplasmic reticulum

    Correct Answer
    B. Mitochondria
    Explanation
    Mitochondria are responsible for producing energy in the form of ATP through cellular respiration. They are known as the powerhouse of the cell because they generate the majority of the cell's energy. This process occurs in the inner membrane of the mitochondria, where nutrients are broken down and converted into ATP. Therefore, the correct answer is mitochondria.

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  • 10. 

    The "air" in your dream home is most like which organelle in the cell?

    • A.

      Vacuole

    • B.

      Cell membrane

    • C.

      Nucleus

    • D.

      Cytoplasm

    Correct Answer
    D. Cytoplasm
    Explanation
    The "air" in your dream home is most like the cytoplasm in the cell. Cytoplasm is a gel-like substance that fills the cell and provides a medium for various cellular processes to occur. Similarly, the air in a home fills the space and allows for various activities and functions to take place. Just like cytoplasm supports the organelles in a cell, the air in a home supports the activities and functions of its inhabitants.

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  • 11. 

    Which organelle are "YOU" most like in the cell?

    • A.

      Nucleus

    • B.

      Cell wall

    • C.

      Cell membrane

    • D.

      Endoplasmic reticulum

    Correct Answer
    A. Nucleus
    Explanation
    The nucleus is the control center of the cell, just like "YOU" are the control center of your body. It contains the cell's genetic material and regulates the cell's activities. Similarly, as an individual, you have control over your actions and decisions. The nucleus and "YOU" both play a crucial role in determining the overall functioning and characteristics of the cell or body.

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  • 12. 

    What does the endoplasmic reticulum deliver to all parts of the cell?

    • A.

      Oxygen

    • B.

      Fats

    • C.

      Proteins

    • D.

      Carbon dioxide

    Correct Answer
    C. Proteins
    Explanation
    The endoplasmic reticulum delivers proteins to all parts of the cell. This is because the endoplasmic reticulum is involved in protein synthesis and processing. It is responsible for folding and modifying proteins before they are transported to their final destinations within the cell. Therefore, proteins are the correct answer as they are the main cargo transported by the endoplasmic reticulum.

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  • 13. 

    Which organelle controls what goes in and out of the cell?

    • A.

      Nucleus

    • B.

      Cell wall

    • C.

      Cytoplasm

    • D.

      Cell membrane

    Correct Answer
    D. Cell membrane
    Explanation
    The cell membrane is responsible for controlling what goes in and out of the cell. It acts as a barrier, allowing certain substances to enter or exit the cell while preventing others from doing so. This selective permeability is crucial for maintaining the cell's internal environment and regulating the movement of molecules and ions. The cell membrane is made up of a phospholipid bilayer with embedded proteins that help facilitate the transport of substances across the membrane.

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  • 14. 

    Protection and support are provided by which organelle?

    • A.

      Security guard

    • B.

      You

    • C.

      Cell wall

    • D.

      Cell membrane

    Correct Answer
    C. Cell wall
    Explanation
    The cell wall provides protection and support to the cell. It is a rigid layer that surrounds the cell membrane in plant cells, bacteria, fungi, and some protists. The cell wall helps maintain the shape of the cell, prevents it from bursting under pressure, and protects the cell from external mechanical and osmotic stress. It also provides structural support for the entire organism.

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  • 15. 

    The _____________________ must have the sun in order to perform its job.

    • A.

      Mitochondria

    • B.

      Chloroplast

    • C.

      Endoplasmic reticulum

    • D.

      Vacuole

    Correct Answer
    B. Chloroplast
    Explanation
    Chloroplasts are responsible for photosynthesis, the process by which plants convert sunlight into energy. They contain chlorophyll, a pigment that captures sunlight, and other necessary components for this process. Without the sun, chloroplasts would not be able to carry out photosynthesis and generate energy for the cell. Therefore, chloroplasts require the sun to perform their job effectively.

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  • 16. 

    Which cell organelles are only found in the plant cell, not the animal cell? Select all that apply.

    • A.

      Cell membrane

    • B.

      Cell wall

    • C.

      Vacuole

    • D.

      Chloroplasts

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Cell wall
    C. Vacuole
    D. Chloroplasts
    Explanation
    The cell wall, vacuole, and chloroplasts are only found in plant cells and not in animal cells. The cell wall is a rigid structure that provides support and protection to the plant cell. Vacuoles are large, fluid-filled sacs that store water, nutrients, and waste materials. Chloroplasts are responsible for photosynthesis, the process by which plants convert sunlight into energy. These organelles are unique to plant cells and play important roles in their structure and function.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2022
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 29, 2008
    Quiz Created by
    Balio
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