Test Your Cardiovascular Knowledge

10 Questions | Total Attempts: 280

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Test Your Cardiovascular Knowledge

The human heart is one of the most important in the body and if it fails to function correctly may lead to fatalities. Understanding the cardiovascular system is important for any aspiring medical practitioner. Take up the quiz below and test your understanding on the subject. All the best as you tackle it!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following are risk factors for cardiovascular disease?
    • A. 

      Smoking

    • B. 

      Diabetes mellitus

    • C. 

      Hypotension

    • D. 

      Low cholesterol

    • E. 

      Family history of angina/myocardial infarction

  • 2. 
    This ECG shows _____________
  • 3. 
    A 55 year old diabetic patient, who smokes 20 cigarettes/day, presents with an acutely painful leg. The vascular surgeon is concerned about acute ischaemia and asks you to list the 6 "Ps" Which combination is correct?
    • A. 

      Pain, purpura, parasthaesia, paralysis, pulselessness, perishingly cold

    • B. 

      Pain, purpura, parasthaesia, peristalsis, pulselessness, perishingly cold

    • C. 

      Pain, purple discolouration, parasthaesia, paralysis, pulselessness, perishingly cold

    • D. 

      Pain, pallor, parasthaesia, paralysis, pulselessness, perishingly cold

    • E. 

      Pain, pallor, parasthaesia, peristalsis, pulselessness, perishingly cold

  • 4. 
    This rhythm strip demonstrates ______________
  • 5. 
    A 57 year old lady presents with right leg claudication after walking around 100 yards. She is a smoker and also suffers with angina. Her blood pressure is 138/92mmHg in both arms. Her right ankle systolic blood pressure is 78mmHg. Calculate her ABPI (to 2 decimal places)
  • 6. 
    What does the above ECG tracing demonstrate?
  • 7. 
    A 63 year old gentleman presents with breathlessness on exertion and one episode of collapse. On examination he is comfortable at rest. His heart rate is 72bpm and his blood pressure is 110/95mmHg. His carotid pulse is slow-rising and on examination he has a loud systolic murmur radiating to the carotids. What is the likely valve defect?
    • A. 

      Aortic stenosis

    • B. 

      Aortic regurgitation

    • C. 

      Mitral stenosis

    • D. 

      Mitral regurgitation

  • 8. 
    What does this ECG show?
    • A. 

      Inferior STEMI

    • B. 

      Pericarditis

    • C. 

      Anterolateral STEMI

    • D. 

      NSTEMI

    • E. 

      Posterior STEMI

    • F. 

      Unstable angina

  • 9. 
    The following are signs and symptoms consistent with heart failure: (tick all that apply)
    • A. 

      Breathlessness on exertion

    • B. 

      Orthopnoea

    • C. 

      Syncope

    • D. 

      Crushing central chest pain radiating to the jaw

    • E. 

      Ankle swelling

    • F. 

      Clubbing

    • G. 

      Bibasal crackles

  • 10. 
    Match the following definition to the correct eponymous sign: Rhythmic nodding or bobbing of the head in synchrony with the heartbeat. Seen in aortic regurgitation
    • A. 

      Levine's sign

    • B. 

      Hamman's sign

    • C. 

      De Musset's sign

    • D. 

      Buerger's sign

    • E. 

      Becker's sign