Cardiopulmonary Quiz 1 Practice

39 Questions | Total Attempts: 176

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Cardiopulmonary Quiz 1 Practice

Cardiac and pulmonary diseases are conditions that affect the lungs and heart. Over the week we have been able to cover some aspects of the cardiovascular system and the cardiopulmonary quiz one is designed to keep your mind fresh on what we learnt. Give it a shot and good luck!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A control system that acts as a switch to turn on and is considered an "open loop."
    • A. 

      Positive Feedback

    • B. 

      Feed forward

    • C. 

      Negative Feedback

  • 2. 
    A type of control system that is considered the workhorse for controlling homeostasis and contains an odd number of inverse relationships
    • A. 

      Postive Feedback

    • B. 

      Feed Forward

    • C. 

      Negative Feedback

  • 3. 
    True of False. The nesting of cycles found in complex systems decreases the stability of the regulated variable.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    Flow is calculated by
    • A. 

      Pressure divided by resistance

    • B. 

      Resistance divided by pressure

  • 5. 
     _________ can be described as both force per unit area or energy/volume.
  • 6. 
    Mercury is __________ times more dense thatn blood or water
    • A. 

      23

    • B. 

      13.6

    • C. 

      It is the same density

  • 7. 
    What might you see as a result of high blood pressure in a patient with conjestive heart failure
    • A. 

      The veins will be difficult to see

    • B. 

      The patient will wheeze a lot

    • C. 

      The jugular veins are engorged within the neck

  • 8. 
    True or False. The blood pressure increases as it flows from the heart out to the peripheral circulation
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 9. 
    For resisters in parralel, is the total resistance across the total path less than or greater than  through any single path?
    • A. 

      Less than

    • B. 

      Greater than

  • 10. 
    This type of muscle is nonstriated and innervated by the autonomic nervouse sytem
    • A. 

      Skeletal Muscle

    • B. 

      Cardiac Muscle

    • C. 

      Smooth Muscle

  • 11. 
    This muscle is striated and innervated by the somatic nervous system
    • A. 

      Skeletal Muscle

    • B. 

      Cardiac Muscle

    • C. 

      Smooth Muscle

  • 12. 
    This type of muscle is striated and innervated by the autonomic nervous sytem
    • A. 

      Skeletal Muscle

    • B. 

      Cardiac Muscle

    • C. 

      Smooth Muscle

  • 13. 
    What neurotransmitter(s) is responsible for regulating smooth muscle?
    • A. 

      Acetylcholine

    • B. 

      Norepinephrine

    • C. 

      Both Acetylcholine and Norepinephrine

  • 14. 
    Acetylcholine is excitatory in which type of muscle
    • A. 

      Skeletal Muscle

    • B. 

      Cardiac Muscle

    • C. 

      Smooth Muscle

  • 15. 
    The term that best describes when a muscle is stimulated with a single electrical shock a quick contraction followed by immediate relaxation
    • A. 

      Summation

    • B. 

      Twitch

    • C. 

      Incomplete Tetanus

    • D. 

      Complete Tetanus

  • 16. 
    The term that best describes when a second electrical shock is administered before complete relaxation of the muscle
    • A. 

      Summation

    • B. 

      Twitch

    • C. 

      Incomplete Tetanus

    • D. 

      Complete Tetanus

  • 17. 
    The term that best describes an increasing frequency of electrical shocks administered to a muscle that causes the relaxation period between twitches to decrease and the strength of the contraction to increase 
    • A. 

      Summation

    • B. 

      Twitch

    • C. 

      Incomplete Tetanus

    • D. 

      Complete Tetanus

  • 18. 
    The best term to describe a smooth sustained contraction with no visible relaxation between twitches
    • A. 

      Summation

    • B. 

      Twitch

    • C. 

      Incomplete Tetanus

    • D. 

      Complete Tetanus

  • 19. 
    The best term to describe when the force of contraction remains constant throughout the shortening proces
    • A. 

      Eccentric Contraction

    • B. 

      Isometric Contraction

    • C. 

      Isotonic Contraction

  • 20. 
    The best term to describe when the length of muscle fibers remain constant (velocity of shortening is 0)
    • A. 

      Eccentric Contraction

    • B. 

      Isometric Contraction

    • C. 

      Isotonic Contraction

  • 21. 
    Which one of the following DOES NOT influence the strength of muscle contraction
    • A. 

      Frequency of Stimulation

    • B. 

      Thickness of each muscle Fiber

    • C. 

      The initial length of the muscle fiber

    • D. 

      All of the above influence the strength of muscle contraction

  • 22. 
    The muscle type most likely to function normally at a length much shorter than its optimal length
    • A. 

      Skeletal Muscle

    • B. 

      Cardiac Muscle

    • C. 

      Smooth Muscle

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 23. 
    Which of the following is the correct metabolic equation for internal respiration
    • A. 

      6 CO2 + 6 H2O + ATP --> C6H12O6 + 6 O2

    • B. 

      12 C6H12O6 + 6 O2 --> 6 CO2 + 12 H2O + 2 ATP

    • C. 

      C6H12O6 + 6 O2 --> 6 CO2 + 6 H2O + ATP

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 24. 
    Which one of the following statements is true regarding the partial pressure gradients found in lung capilariesYou may use the following diagram for help:
    • A. 

      The alveolar PO2 is greater than the PO2 found in the lung capilary

    • B. 

      The alveolar PO2 is less than the PO2 found in the lung capilary

    • C. 

      The alveolar PCO2 is less than or equal to the PCO2 found in the lung capilary

    • D. 

      Both A and C are correct

  • 25. 
    Skeletal muscle is a pump for
    • A. 

      Blood

    • B. 

      Lymph

    • C. 

      Air

    • D. 

      Both Lymph and Air

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 26. 
    True or False.  Conduits for air, lymph, and blood all primarily have unidirectional flow except for air which is bidirectional
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 27. 
    Considering the distinct angles of the bronchioles in relationship to the position of the heart, which of the lungs typically is affected in a pulmonary infection
    • A. 

      The right lung

    • B. 

      The Left lung

    • C. 

      They have equal chance of becoming infected

  • 28. 
    The total cross-sectional area of each branch level of bronchi
    • A. 

      Is greater than that of the previous branch point

    • B. 

      Is less than that of the previous branch point

    • C. 

      Is less than that of the previous branch point for the first 3-4 generations from the trachea and then reaches a point where it is greater than that of the previous branch point

    • D. 

      Is greater than that of the previous branch point for the first 3-4 generations from the trachea and then reaches a point where it is less than that of the previous branch point

  • 29. 
    During pregnancy you add another resistance bed in parallel as the blood flows to and from the fetus. Because of this during a healthy pregnancy the mother will usually experience
    • A. 

      A drop in blood pressure due to decreased TPR

    • B. 

      A rise in blood pressure due to decreased TPR

    • C. 

      A drop in blood pressure due to increased TPR

    • D. 

      A rise in blood pressure due to increased TPR

  • 30. 
    An extremely obese person is more likely to have problems breathing  when laying down because the diaphram is
    • A. 

      To short

    • B. 

      Too long

  • 31. 
    The percent blood volume is highest in the
    • A. 

      Arterial system

    • B. 

      Venous system

  • 32. 
    The cross-sectional area and Surface are both at their highest in the
    • A. 

      Arteries

    • B. 

      Capilaries

    • C. 

      Veins

    • D. 

      Aorta

  • 33. 
    True or False. As the radius goes down resistance also goes down
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 34. 
    From the mouth through the first 16 generations of branching is usually called the conducting zone. In contrast with the respiratory zone it contains smooth muscle, cilia, and mucus secreting cells. It also contains on average about __________ of dead space air.
    • A. 

      20-40 ml

    • B. 

      75-100 ml

    • C. 

      150-200 ml

    • D. 

      None. the dead space air is found in the respiratory zone

  • 35. 
    Which of the following is correct
    • A. 

      Turbulence increases the resistance to airflow

    • B. 

      Turbulence decreases the resistance to airflow

    • C. 

      Turbulence decreases as airflow velocity increases

    • D. 

      Both A and C are true

  • 36. 
    True or False. Boyles Law P1V1 = P2V2 is applicable in the lungs only so far as it transitionally acts as a closed container
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 37. 
    As the chest wall expands what happens to volume and pressure
    • A. 

      Volume and pressure both decrease

    • B. 

      Volume and pressure both increase

    • C. 

      Volume increases and pressure decreases

  • 38. 
    Pressure at the mouth (Pm) is equivalent to which of the following
    • A. 

      0 mm Hg relative to atmoshperic pressure

    • B. 

      760 mm Hg

    • C. 

      The same as resting Alveolar pressure

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 39. 
    Looking at the following graph pick the best statement belowrefer to the 1st column as colum A and the second column as column B                          
    • A. 

      Column a is a normal breath and Column b is a deep breath

    • B. 

      Column a is a deep breath and column b is a normal breath

    • C. 

      As volume increases pressure decreases

    • D. 

      Both a and c are correct

    • E. 

      Both b and c are correct