Cardiac Pharmacology Practice Test: Quiz!

33 Questions | Total Attempts: 594

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Cardiac Pharmacology Practice Test: Quiz!

Are you familiar with cardiac pharmacology? Treatment of cardiovascular disease often involves the administration of certain medications for a prolonged period for those who are suffering from a wide range of conditions. Cardiovascular illnesses include heart disease, arrhythmias, and hypertension. It is the most common cause of death in the Western World. This quiz is top-notch and informative. Good luck with the quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What is a myocardial infarction?
    • A. 

      Ischemic heart disease -episodic oxygen insufficiency

    • B. 

      Prolonged restricted of oxygen to heart, leading to necrosis of that tissue

    • C. 

      Blockage of major arteries

  • 2. 
    Helps to delay the transmission of impulses from fibers to allow for the atria to completely contract and empty all blood into the ventricles before ventricular contraction.
    • A. 

      Sinoatrial node

    • B. 

      Bundle of His

    • C. 

      Atrioventricular node

    • D. 

      Purkinje Fibers

  • 3. 
    Also known as the Atrioventricular bundle, in the septum that divides left and right bundles beneath the endocardium, impulses travel down these fibers and allow two ventricles to contract at the same time.
    • A. 

      Sinoatrial node

    • B. 

      Bundle of His

    • C. 

      Atrioventricular node

    • D. 

      Purkinje Fibers

  • 4. 
    In the right atrium of the heart, initiates one impulse after another- the pacemaker of the heart.
    • A. 

      Sinoatrial node

    • B. 

      Bundle of His

    • C. 

      Atrioventricular node

    • D. 

      Purkinje Fibers

  • 5. 
    Past the septum, gives many small branches that become continuous with cardiac muscle fibers to innervate the rest of the heart.
    • A. 

      Sinoatrial node

    • B. 

      Bundle of His

    • C. 

      Atrioventricular node

    • D. 

      Purkinje Fibers

  • 6. 
    The most common form occurs during exertion, emotional stress, indigestion due to excessive eating, which can be relieved by nitroglycerin and rest.
    • A. 

      Classical ( stable angina)

    • B. 

      Variant or vasospastic Angina

    • C. 

      Unstable angina

  • 7. 
    Caused by significant CAD- occurs at rest and decreased response to rest or nitroglycerine, precedes MI.
    • A. 

      Classical ( stable angina)

    • B. 

      Variant or vasospastic Angina

    • C. 

      Unstable angina

  • 8. 
    Due to arterial spasms because of an obstruction in a coronary artery- occurs at rest rather than exertion.
    • A. 

      Classical ( stable angina)

    • B. 

      Variant or vasospastic Angina

    • C. 

      Unstable angina

  • 9. 
    What are the reasons for an acute MI?
    • A. 

      High consumption of fatty foods

    • B. 

      Sendentary lifestyle

    • C. 

      Increased oxygen than heart cant provide

    • D. 

      Decreased flow of oxygen rich blood

  • 10. 
    Rate of cardiac muscle contraction.
    • A. 

      Lustitrophy

    • B. 

      Dromotrophy

    • C. 

      Chronotrophy

    • D. 

      Inotrophy

  • 11. 
    Force of muscle contraction.
    • A. 

      Lustitrophy

    • B. 

      Dromotrophy

    • C. 

      Chronotrophy

    • D. 

      Inotrophy

  • 12. 
    Conduction velocity of the AV node and rate of electrical impulses in heart.
    • A. 

      Lustitrophy

    • B. 

      Dromotrophy

    • C. 

      Chronotrophy

    • D. 

      Inotrophy

  • 13. 
    Myocardial relaxation.
    • A. 

      Lustitrophy

    • B. 

      Dromotrophy

    • C. 

      Chronotrophy

    • D. 

      Inotrophy

  • 14. 
    For the treatment of MI, one of these drugs decreases heart rate by the sympathetic nervous system and prevents the development of angina pectoris. Reduces cardiac output by blocking beta and epinephrine.
    • A. 

      Calcium Channel blockers

    • B. 

      Beta Adrenergic blockers

    • C. 

      Nitroglycerin

    • D. 

      Morphine sulfate

    • E. 

      IV drug

  • 15. 
    For the treatment of MI, one of these drugs decreases the heart workload by dilating blood vessels, increasing cardiac oxygen demand in stable angina. Alleviates chest pain by improving blood flow.
    • A. 

      Calcium Channel blockers

    • B. 

      Beta Adrenergic blockers

    • C. 

      Nitroglycerin

    • D. 

      Morphine sulfate

    • E. 

      IV drug

  • 16. 
    What's the name of a non-selective beta-blocker that blocks both beta 1 and 2 receptors, reduces force of contraction and heart rate- used to treat tachycardia, hypertension and prevent MI?
  • 17. 
    For the treatment of MI, which one of these drugs FALLS UNDER THE CATEGORY that relies on the principle that calcium needs to move from extracellular space into intracellular space to create cardiac contractions. This type of drug blocks the calcium channels that are especially concentrated in the SA node and AV node this effect and smooth the cardiac muscles, causing dilation of the blood vessels. Used to treat angina and lower BP.
    • A. 

      Inderal

    • B. 

      Propranolol

    • C. 

      Verapamil ( calan, isoptin)

    • D. 

      Phenytoin

    • E. 

      Lidocaine

  • 18. 
    For the treatment of MI, one of these drugs slows down the conduction of the AV node and causes depression of the myocardial contractility and causes dilation of coronary arteries. Also, the side effects include dizziness, sleepiness, headache, peripheral edema, hypotension, nausea, constipation.
    • A. 

      Inderal

    • B. 

      Propranolol

    • C. 

      Verapamil ( calan, isoptin)

    • D. 

      Phenytoin

    • E. 

      Lidocaine

  • 19. 
    What are the side effects of Propranolol?
    • A. 

      Constipation

    • B. 

      Hypertension

    • C. 

      Hypotension

    • D. 

      Bradycardia

    • E. 

      Diminished sex drive

    • F. 

      Decreased renin secretion

    • G. 

      Peripheral edema

  • 20. 
    What are the side effects of Verapamil?
    • A. 

      Constipation

    • B. 

      Hypertension

    • C. 

      Hypotension

    • D. 

      Bradycardia

    • E. 

      Diminished sex drive

    • F. 

      Decreased renin secretion

    • G. 

      Peripheral edema

    • H. 

      Nausea

  • 21. 
    For the treatment of dysrhythmias, which drug is approved for atrial fibrillation ( irregular contractions of individual muscular fibers of atria or ventricles) - decreases myocardium and conduction system, decreases the contractile force of heart rate. works by blocking fast inward sodium current.
    • A. 

      Inderal

    • B. 

      Quinidine

    • C. 

      Lidocaine

    • D. 

      Phenytoin

    • E. 

      Procainamide

  • 22. 
    For the treatment of dysrhythmias, which drug blocks potassium ion channels as WELL as sodium ion channels. Prolongs the resting phase of heart contractions and the refractory period. Used for patients in atrial dysrhythmias.
    • A. 

      Amoidarone

    • B. 

      Quinidine

    • C. 

      Lidocaine

    • D. 

      Phenytoin

    • E. 

      Procainamide

  • 23. 
    Which drug causes the Smurf Syndrome where after long term administration of the drug causes blue-gray discoloration of skin?
    • A. 

      Amoidarone

    • B. 

      Quinidine

    • C. 

      Lidocaine

    • D. 

      Phenytoin

    • E. 

      Procainamide

  • 24. 
    Which drugs are used for Dysarthymias?
    • A. 

      Quinidine

    • B. 

      Lidocaine

    • C. 

      Pheyntoin

    • D. 

      Propanolol

    • E. 

      Procainamide

    • F. 

      Verapamil

  • 25. 
    What's it called when you must perform a combination of manual defibrillation & cardiac drugs like epinephrine and atropine?
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