Urinary tract infection.
Fluid and electrolyte imbalance.
May be a forerunner of hemorrhage.
Are related to diaphoresis and possible chilling.
May indicate cerebral edema.
Increase the cardiac output.
Inspired air will move from the lung into the pleural space.
There is greater negative pressure within the chest cavity.
The heart and great vessels shift to the affected side.
The other lung will collapse if not treated immediately.
Heavy consumption of alcohol.
Frequent gum chewing.
Poor dental habits.
Compact bone is stronger than cancellous bone because of its greater size.
Compact bone is stronger than cancellous bone because of its greater weight.
Compact bone is stronger than cancellous bone because of its greater volume.
Compact bone is stronger than cancellous bone because of its greater density.
Greater the blood viscosity.
Higher the blood pH.
Less it contributes to immunity.
Lower the hematocrit.
Aid in controlling involuntary muscle movements.
Relieve pressure on weight-bearing joints.
Maintain balance and improve stability.
Prevent further injury to weakened muscles.
Learn to type using your left hand only.
Avoid typing in a long period of time.
Avoid carrying heavy things using the right hand.
Do manual stretching exercise during breaks.
Continuity of the mucous membrane.
Inadequate fluid intake.
The length of the urethra.
Poor hygienic practices.
Catecholamines released at the site of the infarction causes intermittent localized pain.
Parasympathetic reflexes from the infarcted myocardium causes diaphoresis.
Constriction of central and peripheral blood vessels causes a decrease in blood pressure.
Inflammation in the myocardium causes a rise in the systemic body temperature.
Perform quadriceps muscle setting exercises twice a day.
Sit in a chair for 30 minutes three times a day.
Lie on the abdomen 30 minutes every four hours.
Turn from side to side every 2 hours.
Lubricate the joint.
Prevent ankylosis of the joint.
Advise the client to refrain from vigorous brushing of teeth and hair.
Instruct the client to avoid driving for 2 weeks.
Encourage eye exercises to strengthen the ocular musculature.
Teach the client coughing and deep-breathing techniques.
Have arterial blood gases performed again to check for accuracy.
Increase the oxygen flow rate.
Notify the physician.
Decrease the tension of oxygen in the plasma.
“You sound concerned; You’ll probably remember more as you wake up.”
“Tell me what you think happened.”
“You were in a car accident this morning.”
“An amputation of your right leg was necessary because of an accident.”
Reaction to hypertensive medications.
Denial of illness.
Response to cerebral anoxia.
Fear of the health problem.
After surgery, changes in activities must be made to accommodate for the physiologic changes caused by the operation.
Most sports activities, except for swimming, can be resumed based on the client’s overall physical condition.
With counseling and medical guidance, a near normal lifestyle, including complete sexual function is possible.
Activities of daily living should be resumed as quickly as possible to avoid depression and further dependency.
“I will be limiting my intake to 600 to 800 calories a day once I start eating again.”
“I’m going to have a figure like a model in about a year.”
“I need to eat more high-protein foods.”
“I will be going to be out of bed and sitting in a chair the first day after surgery.”.
The surgery will temporarily decrease the client’s sexual impulses.
Sexual relationships must be curtailed for several weeks.
The partner should be told about the surgery before any sexual activity.
The client will be able to resume normal sexual relationships.
“This is only a problem for women.”
“You are not at risk because of your small frame.”
“You might think about having a bone density test,”
“Exercise is a good way to prevent this problem.”
Ordered PRN analgesics are administered on a scheduled basis.
Patient controlled analgesia is avoided in this population.
Pain medication is ordered via the intramuscular route.
An order for meperidine (Demerol) is secured for pain relief.
Overgrowth of the epithelial auditory lining.
Copious, moist cerumen.
Difficulty hearing women’s voices.
Tears in the tympanic membrane.
Decreased pulse rate
Take the drug with an antacid.
Lie down after meals.
Avoid dairy products in diet.
Change positions slowly.
Increasing the number of tablets if dizziness or hypertension occurs.
Limiting the number of tablets to 4 per day.
Making certain the medication is stored in a dark container.
Discontinuing the medication if a headache develops.
“I will contact the physician immediately if I develop blurred vision.”
“I will contact the physician immediately if I develop urinary retention.”
“I will contact the physician immediately if I develop swallowing difficulty.”
“I will contact the physician immediately if I develop feelings of irritability.”
Adverse effects of spironolactone (Aldactone)
Adverse effects of digoxin (Lanoxin)
Therapeutic effects of propranolol (Indiral)
Therapeutic effects of furosemide (Lasix)
Swelling of the ankles increases.
Blood appears in the urine.
Increased transient Ischemic attacks occur.
The ability to concentrate diminishes.
Levodopa is inadequately absorbed if given with meals.
Levodopa may cause the side effects of orthostatic hypotension.
Levodopa must be monitored by weekly laboratory tests.
Levodopa causes an initial euphoria followed by depression.
Ablate the cells of the thyroid gland that produce T4.
Decrease the total basal metabolic rate.
Decrease the size and vascularity of the thyroid.
Maintain function of the parathyroid gland.
Increase amounts of angiotensin II to raise the client’s blood pressure.
Control excessive loss of potassium salts.
Prevent hypoglycemia and permit the client to respond to stress.
Decrease cardiac dysrhythmias and dyspnea.
Arterial blood pH
Intake and output
Strain urine for crystals and stones
Increase fluid intake.
Stop the drug if the urinary output increases
Maintain the exact time schedule for drug taking.
Return of cortisone production by the adrenal glands.
Production of antibodies by the immune system
Building of glycogen and protein stores in liver and muscle
Time to observe for return of increases intracranial pressure
The presence of dry skin
A change in body weight
An altered general appearance
A decrease in blood pressure
End-Stage renal disease
Chronic heart failure
Call the cardiac arrest team to alert them
Call the laboratory and repeat the test
Take the client’s vital signs and notify the physician
Obtain an ECG strip and have lidocaine available
Replacement of excessive losses
Treatment of hyperpnea
Prevention of flaccid paralysis
Treatment of cardiac dysrhythmias
Skin rash, diarrhea, and diplopia
Development of tetaniy with muscles spasms
Extreme muscle weakness and tachycardia
Nausea, vomiting, and leg and stomach cramps.
Use strict sterile technique
Use exactly 100mL of fluid to mix the medication
Change the needle just before adding the medication
Rotate the bag after adding the medication