Bms 331 Exam 2 2011

27 Questions | Total Attempts: 199

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Bms 331 Exam 2 2011

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    In the normal adult animal, which of the following would be seen on a thoracic radiograph (or set of radiographs to visualize the entire thorax)?
    • A. 

      Esophagus

    • B. 

      Tracheobronchial lymph nodes

    • C. 

      Thymus

    • D. 

      Caudal vena cava

    • E. 

      Right atrium

  • 2. 
    In the horse, branches forming the brachial plexus can readily be identified as they course dorsal to which muscle?
    • A. 

      Dorsal scalenus

    • B. 

      Ventral scalenus

    • C. 

      Splenius

    • D. 

      Rectus thoracis

    • E. 

      Transversus thoracis

  • 3. 
    You are performing a pericardial centesis (removal of fluid from the pericardial cavity) on a horse and are using an ultrasound to avoid the lung. To gain access to the cavity how many serous layers did the needle pierce?
    • A. 

      1

    • B. 

      2

    • C. 

      3

    • D. 

      4

  • 4. 
    Typically, the ox has how many cervical, thoracic, and lumbar vertebrae?
    • A. 

      C6, T13, L7

    • B. 

      C6, T18, L6

    • C. 

      C7, T18, L7

    • D. 

      C7, T13, L6

  • 5. 
    In the ox, the cupula pleurae is best described as a:
    • A. 

      Projection of pleura cranial to the first rib from the right pleural cavity

    • B. 

      Projection of pleura cranial to the first rib from the left pleural cavity

    • C. 

      Blind projection of pleura into the mediastinal recess

    • D. 

      Caudal projection of pleura into the right costodiaphragmatic recess

    • E. 

      Caudal projection of pleura into the left costodiaphragmatic recess

  • 6. 
    In the ox, what vein is found immediately cranial to the tracheal bronchus?
    • A. 

      Right costocervical

    • B. 

      Left costocervical

    • C. 

      Right azygous

    • D. 

      Left azygous

    • E. 

      Right subclavian

  • 7. 
    Which of the following ligaments attaches to the rib?
    • A. 

      Supraspinous

    • B. 

      Interspinous

    • C. 

      Intercapital

    • D. 

      Dorsal longitudinal

    • E. 

      Ventral longitudinal

  • 8. 
    What cardiac structure is found spanning between the outer ventricular wall and the interventricular septum?
    • A. 

      Trabeculae septomarginalis

    • B. 

      Trabeculae carneae

    • C. 

      Papillary muscle

    • D. 

      Chordae tendineae

    • E. 

      Pectinate muscles

  • 9. 
    In the horse, what artery supplies the subsinousal interventricular groove?
    • A. 

      Subsinousal branch of the left coronary

    • B. 

      Subsinousal branch of the right coronary

    • C. 

      Circumflex branch of the left coronary

    • D. 

      Paraconal interventricular branch of the left coronary

    • E. 

      Paraconal interventricular branch of the right coronary

  • 10. 
    When present, what lymph node is found immediately caudal to the tracheal bifurcation?
    • A. 

      Middle tracheobronchial

    • B. 

      Middle mediastinal

    • C. 

      Right tracheobronchial

    • D. 

      Cranial tracheobronchial

    • E. 

      Caudal mediastinal

  • 11. 
    What segment of the intestinal tract passes right to left cranial to the root of the mesentery?
    • A. 

      Cranial duodenal flexure

    • B. 

      Descending duodenum

    • C. 

      Caudal duodenal flexure

    • D. 

      Ascending colon

    • E. 

      Transverse colon

  • 12. 
    Which of the following nerves supplies parasympathetic innervation to the rumen?
    • A. 

      Hypogastric

    • B. 

      Iliohypogastric

    • C. 

      Major splanchnic

    • D. 

      Minor splanchnic

    • E. 

      Vagus

  • 13. 
    Which of the following sections of bowel is characterized by the absence of bands and sacculations?
    • A. 

      Porcine centrifugal coil of spiral colon

    • B. 

      Porcine centripetal coil of spiral colon

    • C. 

      Equine left ventral colon

    • D. 

      Equine right ventral colon

    • E. 

      Equine descending colon

  • 14. 
    Concerning the banding of the equine cecum, which one is described as vascular and also associated with the cecocolic fold?
    • A. 

      Dorsal

    • B. 

      Lateral

    • C. 

      Ventral

    • D. 

      Medial

  • 15. 
    Which letter in the drawing corresponds to the approximate location of the reticulum?
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

    • E. 

      E

  • 16. 
    Which of the following species typically has the following liver lobes: medial and lateral right, medial and lateral left, quadrate, and a caudate lobe with only a caudate process?
    • A. 

      Ox

    • B. 

      Goat

    • C. 

      Dog

    • D. 

      Pig

    • E. 

      Horse

  • 17. 
    A well defined, firm swelling is found near the pylorus. In which of the following species would this be considered a pathologic problem?
    • A. 

      Ox

    • B. 

      GOat

    • C. 

      Sheep

    • D. 

      Pig

    • E. 

      Horse

  • 18. 
    Occasionally the celiac and cranial mesenteric arteries arise from the abdominal aorta as a common trunk referred to as the celiacomesenteric artery. Based on general vascular distribution patterns which of the following would least likely receive blood from this combined vessel?
    • A. 

      Descending colon

    • B. 

      Descendign duodenum

    • C. 

      Ascending colon

    • D. 

      Ascending duodenum

    • E. 

      Stomach

  • 19. 
    In a cow, which of the following cannot be palpated during rectal examination?
    • A. 

      Dorsal sac of the rumen

    • B. 

      Cecum

    • C. 

      Spiral colon

    • D. 

      Transverse colon

    • E. 

      Left kidney

  • 20. 
    In the ruminant, what artery is found coursing in the caudal groove of the rumen?
    • A. 

      Left gastroepiploic

    • B. 

      Right gastroepiploic

    • C. 

      Left ruminal

    • D. 

      Right ruminal

    • E. 

      Left gastric

  • 21. 
    Which of the following nerves provides motor innervation to the levator labii superioris muscle?
    • A. 

      Infraorbital

    • B. 

      Buccal branch of the facial

    • C. 

      Supraorbital

    • D. 

      Rostral auricular

    • E. 

      Zygomaticotemporal

  • 22. 
    Which of the following bones does not contribute to the formation of the complete bony orbit of the ox?
    • A. 

      Lacrimal

    • B. 

      Frontal

    • C. 

      Zygomatic

    • D. 

      Temporal

    • E. 

      Presphenoid

  • 23. 
    In the mid-cervical area, the esophagus is located:
    • A. 

      Directly dorsal to the trachea

    • B. 

      Directly ventral to the trachea

    • C. 

      To the right of the trachea

    • D. 

      To the left of the trachea

  • 24. 
    In the linguofacial trunk of the horse is typically a branch from which artery?
    • A. 

      Common carotid

    • B. 

      External carotid

    • C. 

      Maxillary

    • D. 

      Inferior alveolar

    • E. 

      Ascending palatine

  • 25. 
    In the ox, the tracheal duct originates from which lymph node?
    • A. 

      Mandibular

    • B. 

      Lateral retropharyngeal

    • C. 

      Cranial superficial cervical

    • D. 

      Parotid

    • E. 

      Medial retropharyngeal

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