BLS Airway (Powerpoint) - 15 Mins - EMT-b

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| By Medic2690
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Medic2690
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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The body has made changes from the normal in either respiratory rate, mechanism or both to meet its’ need for oxygen. May be mild or severe is __________________________.

    Explanation
    The given statement suggests that the body has undergone changes in its respiratory rate or mechanism to fulfill its oxygen requirement. These changes can range from mild to severe, indicating a condition known as respiratory distress. In respiratory distress, the individual may experience difficulty breathing, rapid breathing, shallow breathing, or other abnormalities in the respiratory system. This condition can be caused by various factors such as lung diseases, heart failure, or trauma.

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  • 2. 

    Pick some Signs/Symptoms of Respiratory Distress:

    • A.

      C/O difficulty breathing

    • B.

      Appearance of increased work of breathing

    • C.

      Tachypnea

    • D.

      Accessory muscle use

    • E.

      Abnormal breath sounds

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. C/O difficulty breathing
    B. Appearance of increased work of breathing
    C. Tachypnea
    D. Accessory muscle use
    E. Abnormal breath sounds
    Explanation
    The given signs and symptoms are all indicative of respiratory distress. Difficulty breathing is a common symptom of respiratory distress, as it suggests that there is a problem with the normal flow of air in and out of the lungs. The appearance of increased work of breathing refers to visible signs such as chest retractions or flaring nostrils, which indicate that the individual is working harder to breathe. Tachypnea is an increased respiratory rate, which can also be a sign of respiratory distress. Accessory muscle use refers to the use of additional muscles in the neck, chest, or abdomen to assist with breathing, which is a compensatory mechanism seen in respiratory distress. Abnormal breath sounds, such as wheezing or crackles, can also indicate respiratory distress.

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  • 3. 

    Pick some Signs and Symptoms of Respiratory Failure:

    • A.

      C/O difficulty breathing

    • B.

      Appearance of increased work of breathing

    • C.

      Accessory muscle use

    • D.

      Abnormal breath sounds

    • E.

      Bradypneic (slow respiratory rate)

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. C/O difficulty breathing
    B. Appearance of increased work of breathing
    C. Accessory muscle use
    D. Abnormal breath sounds
    E. Bradypneic (slow respiratory rate)
    Explanation
    The signs and symptoms listed in the answer are all indicative of respiratory failure. Difficulty breathing, increased work of breathing, and accessory muscle use are all signs that the body is struggling to get enough oxygen. Abnormal breath sounds can indicate underlying lung problems. Bradypnea, or a slow respiratory rate, can be a sign that the body is not getting enough oxygen or that the lungs are not functioning properly. These signs and symptoms together suggest that the individual is experiencing respiratory failure.

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  • 4. 

    _________________________ is the absence of respiration. This may be the end result of a condition which led to respiratory distress and failure, or the result of, some sudden event such as cardiac arrest, electrocution, toxic emergency, stroke or airway obstruction.

    Correct Answer(s)
    Respiratory Arrest
    Explanation
    Respiratory arrest refers to the absence of respiration, which can occur due to various reasons such as respiratory distress, failure, cardiac arrest, electrocution, toxic emergency, stroke, or airway obstruction. It is a critical condition where the individual stops breathing, leading to a lack of oxygen supply to the body. Prompt medical intervention is necessary to address the underlying cause and restore breathing to prevent further complications or potential death.

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  • 5. 

    Pick some Signs and Symptoms of Respiratory Arrest:

    • A.

      Absence of spontaneous breathing. No chest rise and fall.

    • B.

      Inability to feel air movement from mouth or nose.

    • C.

      Progressive color change caused by lack of oxygen.

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Absence of spontaneous breathing. No chest rise and fall.
    B. Inability to feel air movement from mouth or nose.
    C. Progressive color change caused by lack of oxygen.
    Explanation
    The signs and symptoms of respiratory arrest include absence of spontaneous breathing, no chest rise and fall, inability to feel air movement from mouth or nose, and progressive color change caused by lack of oxygen. These indicators suggest that the person is not breathing on their own, there is no movement in the chest indicating inhalation and exhalation, there is no sensation of air flow through the mouth or nose, and the lack of oxygen is causing a change in the person's skin color. These signs and symptoms are indicative of a serious respiratory emergency and require immediate medical attention.

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  • 6. 

    Pick some Treatments to Respiratory Distress:

    • A.

      Ensure that the airway is open

    • B.

      Place patient in position of comfort

    • C.

      Begin oxygen administration by the appropriate device

    • D.

      Assist patient, with the administration of medications, prepare for transport.

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Ensure that the airway is open
    B. Place patient in position of comfort
    C. Begin oxygen administration by the appropriate device
    D. Assist patient, with the administration of medications, prepare for transport.
    Explanation
    The given answer lists a series of treatments for respiratory distress. The first step is to ensure that the airway is open, which is crucial for proper breathing. Then, the patient should be placed in a position of comfort to help alleviate any discomfort or difficulty in breathing. Oxygen administration is then initiated using the appropriate device to provide the patient with sufficient oxygen. Additionally, the patient may require the administration of medications to further manage their respiratory distress. Finally, preparations for transport should be made to ensure the patient can receive further medical attention if necessary.

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  • 7. 

    Which are some Mechanisms and Devices to Open and Maintain an Open Airway?

    • A.

      Foreign Body Obstruction of Airway Removal (Heimlich maneuver, chest thrust for pregnant patients, abdominal thrusts, and back blows for infants.

    • B.

      Head-Tilt, Chin-Lift Maneuver, Modified Jaw Thrust

    • C.

      Suction

    • D.

      Airway Adjuncts (OPA, NPA)

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Foreign Body Obstruction of Airway Removal (Heimlich maneuver, chest thrust for pregnant patients, abdominal thrusts, and back blows for infants.
    B. Head-Tilt, Chin-Lift Maneuver, Modified Jaw Thrust
    C. Suction
    D. Airway Adjuncts (OPA, NPA)
    Explanation
    The correct answer includes various mechanisms and devices to open and maintain an open airway. These include the Heimlich maneuver, chest thrust for pregnant patients, abdominal thrusts, and back blows for infants to remove foreign body obstructions. Additionally, the head-tilt, chin-lift maneuver, and modified jaw thrust can be used. Suction can also be employed to clear the airway, and airway adjuncts such as oropharyngeal airways (OPA) and nasopharyngeal airways (NPA) can be utilized.

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  • 8. 

    Which one do you like?

    • A.

      Option 1

    • B.

      Option 2

    • C.

      Option 3

    • D.

      Option 4

    Correct Answer
    A. Option 1
    Explanation
    The given question asks for a personal preference among the options provided. The correct answer is Option 1, indicating that the person likes the first option the most.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2022
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 19, 2008
    Quiz Created by
    Medic2690
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