Ultimate MCQ On Blood Vessels: Trivia Quiz!

53 Questions | Total Attempts: 345

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Ultimate MCQ On Blood Vessels: Trivia Quiz!

What can be stated about blood vessels? There are three types of blood vessels. These are arteries, veins, and capillaries. The blood vessel with the most blood flow is the first part of the aorta called the ascending thoracic aorta. This blood vessel forces blood away from the heart. You can learn so much from this quiz, so open up and test your knowledge about blood vessels.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
     Which vessel type is not correctly matched with one of its functions?
    • A. 

      Arteries - conduct blood away from the heart

    • B. 

      Arterioles - return blood from the tissues to the atria

    • C. 

      Capillaries - site of exchange of substances between the blood and tissue fluid

    • D. 

      Veins - serves as a blood reservoir

  • 2. 
    Which blood vessel wall layer is correctly matched with a statement about its tissue structure?
    • A. 

      Tunica externa (adventitia) - consists of smooth muscle tissue

    • B. 

      Tunica interna (intima) - consists of a thin layer of connective tissue only

    • C. 

      Tunica media - consists of simple squamous epithelium

    • D. 

      Tunica media - consists of smooth muscle and elastic connective tissue, the amounts and proportions of each depending on vessel type

  • 3. 
    The endothelium secretes chemicals that
    • A. 

      Increase cardiac output

    • B. 

      Decrease heart rate

    • C. 

      Inhibit platelet aggregation and control blood vessel diameter

    • D. 

      Nourish the cells in the outer half of the blood vessel wall

  • 4. 
    In which choice are the blood vessels correctly ranked in order of decreasing wall thickness?
    • A. 

      Capillary, vein, artery

    • B. 

      Artery, arteriole, metarteriole, capillary

    • C. 

      Vein, artery, arteriole

    • D. 

      Metarteriole, arteriole, capillary

  • 5. 
    The walls of capillaries are made of
    • A. 

      Endothelium only

    • B. 

      Endothelium and smooth muscle

    • C. 

      A tunica interna and a tunica media

    • D. 

      Smooth muscle and elastic connective tissue

  • 6. 
    Which layer of the blood vessel wall anchors it to surrounding structures?
    • A. 

      Tunica externa (adventitia)

    • B. 

      Tunica interna (intima)

    • C. 

      Tunica media

    • D. 

      Internal elastic lamina

  • 7. 
    Choose the correct statement.
    • A. 

      For an artery and vein of the same diameter, the vein has a thicker wall.

    • B. 

      Veins contain valves and arteries do not.

    • C. 

      Blood pressure is lower in arteries than in veins.

    • D. 

      When empty, an artery is more likely to be collapsed than a vein.

  • 8. 
    The largest arteries are the
    • A. 

      Conducting (elastic) arteries

    • B. 

      Distributing (muscular) arteries

    • C. 

      Metarterioles

    • D. 

      Arterioles

  • 9. 
    Some capillaries contain these small openings in the endothelial lining.
    • A. 

      Gap junctions

    • B. 

      Fenestrations

    • C. 

      Tight junctions

    • D. 

      Venous valves

  • 10. 
    The pulmonary circulation
    • A. 

      Carries blood from the right ventricle to the lungs and back to the left atrium

    • B. 

      Carries blood from the left ventricle to the body and back to the right atrium

    • C. 

      Supplies blood with a high oxygen level to all tissues of the body

    • D. 

      Veins carry blood with a low oxygen level

  • 11. 
    In the pulmonary circulation, blood that leaves the pulmonary trunk next enters the
    • A. 

      Pulmonary veins

    • B. 

      Left and right pulmonary arteries

    • C. 

      Pulmonary capillaries

    • D. 

      Left atrium

  • 12. 
    The left side of the pulmonary circulation contains
    • A. 

      2 lobar arteries and 2 pulmonary veins

    • B. 

      3 lobar arteries and 2 pulmonary veins

    • C. 

      2 lobar arteries and 3 pulmonary veins

    • D. 

      2 lobar arteries and 4 pulmonary veins

  • 13. 
    Blood going to the lungs through the pulmonary arteries contains a high concentration of ______ and a low concentration of ______.
    • A. 

      Oxygen; hemoglobin

    • B. 

      Carbon dioxide; oxygen

    • C. 

      Oxygen; carbon dioxide

    • D. 

      Carbon dioxide; hemoglobin

  • 14. 
    Choose the correct statement.
    • A. 

      Blood pressure in the pulmonary capillaries is lower than blood pressure in the systemic capillaries.

    • B. 

      Blood pressure in the pulmonary trunk is higher than blood pressure in the aorta.

    • C. 

      More blood is pumped through the systemic circulation each minute than is pumped through the pulmonary circulation.

    • D. 

      Pulmonary circulation is powered by the left side of the heart.

  • 15. 
    Which part of the circulation sends blood to the lungs to pick up oxygen?
    • A. 

      Coronary

    • B. 

      Portal

    • C. 

      Pulmonary

    • D. 

      Systemic

  • 16. 
    In which choice are the subdivisions of the aorta in correct order from central to peripheral?
    • A. 

      Thoracic aorta, aortic arch, abdominal aorta

    • B. 

      Aortic arch, ascending aorta, descending aorta

    • C. 

      Descending aorta, aortic arch, ascending aorta

    • D. 

      Ascending aorta, aortic arch, thoracic aorta, abdominal aorta

  • 17. 
    Which part of the aorta is attached to the heart?
    • A. 

      Abdominal aorta

    • B. 

      Aortic arch

    • C. 

      Ascending aorta

    • D. 

      Thoracic aorta

  • 18. 
    Which of these is not a branch of the aortic arch?
    • A. 

      Left subclavian artery

    • B. 

      Right common carotid artery

    • C. 

      Left common carotid artery

    • D. 

      Brachiocephalic artery

  • 19. 
    In which choice would a blood clot in the artery named on the left prevent blood from entering the artery named on the right?
    • A. 

      Right radial; right brachial

    • B. 

      Left common carotid; left internal carotid

    • C. 

      Left femoral; left internal iliac

    • D. 

      Common hepatic; celiac

  • 20. 
    At the bifurcation (division) of each common carotid artery there is a structure called the _______ that contains _______.
    • A. 

      Coronary sinus; capillaries

    • B. 

      Sagittal sinus; arachnoid villi

    • C. 

      Frontal sinus; capillaries

    • D. 

      Carotid sinus; baroreceptors

  • 21. 
    Which of these arteries is found in the arm?
    • A. 

      Axillary

    • B. 

      Brachial

    • C. 

      Femoral

    • D. 

      Pedal

  • 22. 
    The descending aorta consists of these two subdivisions
    • A. 

      External and internal

    • B. 

      Apical and basal

    • C. 

      Dorsal and ventral

    • D. 

      Thoracic and abdominal

  • 23. 
    The first vessels to branch off the aorta are the
    • A. 

      Coronary arteries

    • B. 

      Common carotid arteries

    • C. 

      Brachoicephalic arteries

    • D. 

      Subclavian arteries

  • 24. 
    This group of vessels supplies blood to the myocardium.
    • A. 

      Cerebral

    • B. 

      Coronary

    • C. 

      Mesenteric

    • D. 

      Pulmonary

  • 25. 
    Blood returning to the heart from the arms, shoulders, and head passes through the
    • A. 

      Inferior vena cava

    • B. 

      Superior vena cava

    • C. 

      Celiac trunk

    • D. 

      Hepatic portal system

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