Quiz Chapter 19: Blood Vessels

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Quiz Chapter 19: Blood Vessels - Quiz

They’re the vessels on which your blood embarks on the journey from your heart to the rest of the organs in your body, so you’d be doing well to educate yourself on what they do exactly and how they operate. Take the following quiz on blood vessels to see what you know about them!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Blood vessels are composed of and it what order?

    • A.

      Tunica Intima, Tunica External (adventitia) , Tunica Media

    • B.

      Tunica Intima, Tunica Media, Tunica External (adventitia)

    Correct Answer
    B. Tunica Intima, Tunica Media, Tunica External (adventitia)
    Explanation
    Blood vessels are composed of three layers: the innermost layer called the tunica intima, the middle layer called the tunica media, and the outermost layer called the tunica external (adventitia). This order is important because the tunica intima provides a smooth surface for blood flow, the tunica media contains smooth muscle cells that help regulate blood vessel diameter, and the tunica external provides support and protection to the blood vessel.

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  • 2. 

    What is the Lumen?

    • A.

      The central part of the vein

    • B.

      The central part of blood vessels, which is filled with blood

    Correct Answer
    B. The central part of blood vessels, which is filled with blood
    Explanation
    The lumen refers to the central part of blood vessels, specifically the hollow space within the blood vessel through which blood flows. It is filled with blood and allows for the transportation of oxygen, nutrients, and waste products throughout the body. The lumen is essential for maintaining proper blood circulation and is present in all types of blood vessels, including arteries, veins, and capillaries.

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  • 3. 

    Types of Blood Vessels?

    • A.

      Arteries, Veins, Cappilaries

    • B.

      Arteries & Veins only

    Correct Answer
    A. Arteries, Veins, Cappilaries
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Arteries, Veins, Capillaries." This is because arteries are blood vessels that carry oxygenated blood away from the heart to the rest of the body, veins are blood vessels that carry deoxygenated blood back to the heart, and capillaries are tiny blood vessels that connect arteries and veins, allowing for the exchange of oxygen, nutrients, and waste products between the blood and surrounding tissues.

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  • 4. 

    An Artery carries blood ______ fro the heart.

    • A.

      Towards

    • B.

      Away

    Correct Answer
    B. Away
    Explanation
    An artery carries blood away from the heart. Arteries are blood vessels that transport oxygenated blood from the heart to various parts of the body. They have thick, elastic walls to withstand the high pressure generated by the pumping action of the heart. As the heart contracts, it pushes the oxygenated blood into the arteries, which then distribute it to the tissues and organs throughout the body. Therefore, the correct answer is "away."

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  • 5. 

    All of the following are Arteries except?

    • A.

      Elastic Arteries

    • B.

      Muscular Arteries

    • C.

      Arterioles

    • D.

      Fernested Arteries

    Correct Answer
    D. Fernested Arteries
    Explanation
    Arteries are blood vessels that carry oxygenated blood away from the heart to the rest of the body. Elastic arteries and muscular arteries are both types of arteries that have smooth muscle in their walls and are responsible for distributing blood to various organs and tissues. Arterioles are small arteries that regulate blood flow to capillaries. However, "Fernested Arteries" is not a recognized term or category of arteries in anatomy. Therefore, the correct answer is Fernested Arteries.

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  • 6. 

    Elastic Arteries are the?

    • A.

      Is the smallest artery

    • B.

      Is the largest artery

    Correct Answer
    B. Is the largest artery
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "is the largest artery." Elastic arteries are large vessels that are responsible for carrying blood away from the heart to smaller arteries. These arteries have a high amount of elastin in their walls, which allows them to stretch and recoil as blood is pumped through them. This elasticity helps to maintain a continuous flow of blood throughout the cardiac cycle and ensures that blood pressure is regulated. Examples of elastic arteries include the aorta and the pulmonary artery.

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  • 7. 

    An example of an Elastic Artery is?

    • A.

      The Right Ventricle

    • B.

      The Ascending part of the Aorta

    • C.

      The Aorta and its major branches

    Correct Answer
    C. The Aorta and its major branches
    Explanation
    An elastic artery is a type of blood vessel that is able to stretch and recoil in response to the pumping action of the heart. The Aorta, which is the largest artery in the body, and its major branches are examples of elastic arteries. These arteries are responsible for carrying oxygenated blood away from the heart and distributing it to various parts of the body. Due to their elastic nature, they are able to withstand the pressure fluctuations caused by the pumping of the heart, ensuring a continuous and smooth flow of blood throughout the circulatory system.

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  • 8. 

    Elastic Arteries are sometimes refered to as?

    • A.

      Excitatory arteries

    • B.

      Conducting arteries

    Correct Answer
    B. Conducting arteries
    Explanation
    Elastic arteries are referred to as conducting arteries because they are responsible for conducting blood from the heart to the smaller arteries throughout the body. These arteries have a large amount of elastic tissue in their walls, allowing them to stretch and recoil with each heartbeat, thus maintaining a continuous flow of blood. The elasticity of these arteries helps to smooth out the pulsatile nature of blood flow and ensures that blood is delivered to organs and tissues in a consistent manner.

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  • 9. 

    Muscular arteries can be reffered to as?

    • A.

      Distributing arteries

    • B.

      Conducting arteries

    Correct Answer
    A. Distributing arteries
    Explanation
    Muscular arteries are referred to as distributing arteries because they have a thick layer of smooth muscle in their walls that allows them to regulate blood flow to different organs and tissues. These arteries play a crucial role in distributing oxygenated blood from the heart to various parts of the body. Unlike conducting arteries, which are larger and have more elastic fibers, muscular arteries have a smaller diameter and are responsible for controlling blood pressure and directing blood to specific areas based on the body's needs.

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  • 10. 

    What part of the three tunics does the Muscular (distribuiting) Artery have?

    • A.

      Tunica intima

    • B.

      Tunica Media

    • C.

      Tunica External

    Correct Answer
    B. Tunica Media
    Explanation
    The Muscular (distributing) Artery is located in the Tunica Media. The Tunica Media is the middle layer of the three tunics in an artery, consisting of smooth muscle and elastic fibers. It is responsible for regulating blood flow and maintaining blood pressure.

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  • 11. 

    Arterioles are the ________ arteries.

    • A.

      Largest

    • B.

      Smallest

    Correct Answer
    B. Smallest
    Explanation
    Arterioles are the smallest arteries. Arteries are blood vessels that carry oxygenated blood away from the heart to various parts of the body. Arterioles are the smallest branches of arteries and they further divide into capillaries. These tiny vessels regulate blood flow and control the amount of blood reaching different tissues. Due to their small size, arterioles have a higher resistance to blood flow compared to larger arteries.

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  • 12. 

    The Diameter of the Arterioles is controlled by factors in the ________ and the _________ _______ system.

    • A.

      Tissue; Parasympathetic nervous

    • B.

      Tissue; Sympahthetic nervous

    Correct Answer
    B. Tissue; Sympahthetic nervous
    Explanation
    The diameter of the arterioles is controlled by factors in the tissue and the sympathetic nervous system. The tissue itself plays a role in regulating the diameter of the arterioles, while the sympathetic nervous system also has an influence. This suggests that both local factors within the tissue and signals from the sympathetic nervous system work together to regulate the diameter of the arterioles.

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  • 13. 

    The Aorta is an/a ?

    • A.

      Artery

    • B.

      Vein

    • C.

      Cappilary

    Correct Answer
    A. Artery
    Explanation
    The aorta is the largest artery in the body and carries oxygenated blood from the heart to the rest of the body. It is responsible for distributing blood to all organs and tissues, making it an artery.

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  • 14. 

    The Aorta is a systemic artery that carries ____________ blood away from the heart.

    • A.

      Deoxygenated

    • B.

      Oxygenated

    Correct Answer
    B. Oxygenated
    Explanation
    The Aorta is a systemic artery that carries oxygenated blood away from the heart. Oxygenated blood is the type of blood that is rich in oxygen and has been oxygenated in the lungs. This oxygenated blood is then pumped by the heart into the aorta, which is the largest artery in the body. From the aorta, the oxygenated blood is distributed to all parts of the body, providing oxygen and nutrients to the cells and tissues.

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  • 15. 

    The Aorta is the?

    • A.

      Smallest artery

    • B.

      Largest artery (Elastic Artery)

    Correct Answer
    B. Largest artery (Elastic Artery)
    Explanation
    The aorta is the largest artery in the body and is considered an elastic artery. It carries oxygenated blood from the heart to the rest of the body, distributing it to various organs and tissues. Being an elastic artery, the aorta has a high elasticity that allows it to stretch and recoil with each heartbeat, helping to maintain a constant blood flow and pressure throughout the circulatory system.

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  • 16. 

    Ascending Aorta arises from?

    • A.

      The left Ventricle

    • B.

      The right Ventricle

    Correct Answer
    A. The left Ventricle
    Explanation
    The ascending aorta arises from the left ventricle. The left ventricle is responsible for pumping oxygenated blood to the rest of the body. The ascending aorta is the first section of the aorta, the largest artery in the body, and it carries the oxygenated blood from the left ventricle to the rest of the body. The right ventricle, on the other hand, pumps deoxygenated blood to the lungs for oxygenation. Therefore, the correct answer is the left ventricle.

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  • 17. 

    The Aorta contains branches of?

    • A.

      The Coronary branches

    • B.

      Vagus branches

    Correct Answer
    A. The Coronary branches
    Explanation
    The aorta contains branches of the coronary arteries. These branches supply oxygenated blood to the heart muscle itself. The coronary arteries are essential for maintaining the proper functioning of the heart by delivering nutrients and removing waste products.

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  • 18. 

    The Aortic Arch contains what branches?

    • A.

      Brachiocephalic trunk, left common carotid, & LEft subclavian arteries

    • B.

      Brachiocephalic trunk & Left common carotid only

    Correct Answer
    A. Brachiocephalic trunk, left common carotid, & LEft subclavian arteries
    Explanation
    The Aortic Arch contains three main branches: the Brachiocephalic trunk, the left common carotid artery, and the left subclavian artery. These branches supply blood to different parts of the body. The Brachiocephalic trunk further divides into the right common carotid artery and the right subclavian artery. Therefore, the correct answer is "Brachiocephalic trunk, left common carotid, & left subclavian arteries."

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  • 19. 

    The Descending Aorta extends to the?

    • A.

      Thoracic Aorta

    • B.

      Abdominal Aorta

    • C.

      Then divides into the right & left common illiac

    • D.

      All Four: Thoracic Aorta, Abdominal Aorta, the divides into the right & left common illiac

    Correct Answer
    D. All Four: Thoracic Aorta, Abdominal Aorta, the divides into the right & left common illiac
    Explanation
    The descending aorta extends to both the thoracic aorta and the abdominal aorta. It then further divides into the right and left common iliac arteries. Therefore, the correct answer is that the descending aorta extends to all four: the thoracic aorta, abdominal aorta, and the right and left common iliac arteries.

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  • 20. 

    Veins carry blood _______ the heart.

    • A.

      Away

    • B.

      Toward

    Correct Answer
    B. Toward
    Explanation
    Veins carry blood toward the heart.

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  • 21. 

    Veins conduct blood toward the heart through?

    • A.

      Arteries

    • B.

      Cappilaries

    Correct Answer
    B. Cappilaries
    Explanation
    Veins do not conduct blood toward the heart through arteries, as arteries carry blood away from the heart. Instead, veins transport blood back to the heart through capillaries. Capillaries are tiny, thin-walled blood vessels that connect arteries to veins and allow for the exchange of oxygen, nutrients, and waste products between the blood and surrounding tissues. This network of capillaries enables the flow of deoxygenated blood from the tissues back to the heart, where it can be reoxygenated and pumped to the rest of the body.

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  • 22. 

    Blood pressure is much lower in the veins than when compared to the _______.

    • A.

      Cappilaries

    • B.

      Arteries

    Correct Answer
    B. Arteries
    Explanation
    Blood pressure is much lower in the veins compared to the arteries because arteries carry oxygenated blood from the heart to the rest of the body, while veins carry deoxygenated blood back to the heart. Arteries have thicker and more muscular walls to withstand the high pressure of blood being pumped by the heart, while veins have thinner walls and valves to prevent backflow of blood. The lower pressure in veins allows for efficient return of blood to the heart and prevents damage to the delicate capillaries.

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  • 23. 

    Blood pressure is ________ in veins than in arteries.

    • A.

      Higher

    • B.

      Lower

    Correct Answer
    B. Lower
    Explanation
    Veins are blood vessels that carry deoxygenated blood back to the heart. Unlike arteries, veins have thinner walls and less muscle tissue, which results in lower blood pressure. This is because the blood has already been pumped out by the heart and is returning to the heart at a slower pace. Arteries, on the other hand, have thicker walls and more muscle tissue to withstand the higher pressure generated by the heart when it pumps blood throughout the body. Therefore, the correct answer is "lower."

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  • 24. 

    The smallest vein is called?

    • A.

      Mini vein

    • B.

      Venules

    Correct Answer
    B. Venules
    Explanation
    Venules are the smallest veins in the body. They are responsible for collecting blood from capillaries and delivering it to larger veins. Venules have thin walls and are composed of endothelial cells, allowing for the exchange of oxygen, nutrients, and waste products between the blood and surrounding tissues. These small vessels play a crucial role in the circulatory system by facilitating the return of deoxygenated blood back to the heart.

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  • 25. 

    Venules join to make?

    • A.

      Veins

    • B.

      Arteries

    Correct Answer
    A. Veins
    Explanation
    Venules are small blood vessels that collect blood from capillaries and transport it back to the heart. They join together to form veins, which are larger blood vessels that carry deoxygenated blood from the body tissues back to the heart. Therefore, the correct answer is veins.

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  • 26. 

    What tunic is the thickest in veins?

    • A.

      Tunica intima

    • B.

      Tunica media

    • C.

      Tunica external (adventitia)

    Correct Answer
    C. Tunica external (adventitia)
    Explanation
    The tunica external, also known as the adventitia, is the outermost layer of the blood vessel wall. It is composed of connective tissue and provides support and protection to the blood vessel. Unlike the tunica intima and tunica media, which are thinner and primarily involved in regulating blood flow, the tunica external is thicker and more fibrous. It helps to maintain the structural integrity of the blood vessel and prevents it from collapsing or rupturing. Therefore, the tunica external is the thickest layer in veins.

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  • 27. 

    Mechanism that counteracts the low venous pressure & gravity is all except?

    • A.

      Valves(in some veins)

    • B.

      Skeletal muscle pump

    • C.

      Respiratory pump

    • D.

      Tunica Media

    Correct Answer
    D. Tunica Media
    Explanation
    The tunica media is a layer of smooth muscle in the walls of blood vessels, including veins. It is responsible for regulating the diameter and tone of the blood vessels, but it does not directly counteract low venous pressure and gravity. Valves in some veins prevent backflow of blood, the skeletal muscle pump helps propel blood back to the heart by contracting and relaxing muscles, and the respiratory pump aids in venous return by changes in pressure during breathing.

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  • 28. 

    Vein bundles form?

    • A.

      Vein bundles

    • B.

      Vein Plexus

    Correct Answer
    B. Vein Plexus
    Explanation
    Vein bundles form a network-like structure called a vein plexus. A vein plexus is a complex arrangement of vein bundles that interconnect and branch out, allowing for efficient transport of fluids, such as blood or sap, throughout a tissue or organ. This network-like structure ensures that nutrients, oxygen, and waste products can be distributed and exchanged effectively, supporting the overall functioning and health of the tissue or organ.

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  • 29. 

    3 major systemic veins enter the?

    • A.

      Left atrium

    • B.

      Right atrium

    Correct Answer
    B. Right atrium
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "right atrium." The right atrium is one of the four chambers of the heart and receives deoxygenated blood from the body through three major systemic veins: the superior vena cava, the inferior vena cava, and the coronary sinus. These veins bring blood back to the heart after it has circulated through the body, and the right atrium is responsible for receiving and pumping this deoxygenated blood into the right ventricle for further circulation.

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  • 30. 

    Veins anastomes are ___________ than  arteries.

    • A.

      Less likely

    • B.

      More likely

    Correct Answer
    B. More likely
    Explanation
    Veins anastomose more likely than arteries. This means that veins are more likely to have connections or branches with other veins, allowing for alternative pathways for blood flow. In contrast, arteries tend to have fewer anastomoses, resulting in a more direct and linear flow of blood.

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  • 31. 

    Unsual patterns of venous drainage are?

    • A.

      Hepatic portal system only

    • B.

      Dural sinuses

    • C.

      Both a and b

    Correct Answer
    C. Both a and b
    Explanation
    Both the hepatic portal system and dural sinuses display unusual patterns of venous drainage. The hepatic portal system is responsible for carrying blood from the gastrointestinal tract, spleen, and pancreas to the liver before it returns to the heart. The dural sinuses, on the other hand, are venous channels located between the layers of the dura mater in the brain. These sinuses collect blood from the brain and drain it into the internal jugular veins. Therefore, both the hepatic portal system and dural sinuses exhibit unique patterns of venous drainage.

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  • 32. 

    Veins of the head and neck were?

    • A.

      Dural Sinus

    • B.

      Venous drainage

    • C.

      Both: Dural Sinus & Venous Drainage

    Correct Answer
    C. Both: Dural Sinus & Venous Drainage
    Explanation
    The correct answer is both: Dural Sinus & Venous Drainage. The veins of the head and neck have two main drainage systems: the dural sinuses and the general venous drainage. The dural sinuses are specialized venous channels located between the layers of the dura mater, the outermost covering of the brain. They receive blood from the brain and drain into the internal jugular veins. The general venous drainage includes various veins that drain blood from different regions of the head and neck, such as the facial veins, superficial temporal veins, and occipital veins. Therefore, both the dural sinuses and the general venous drainage are involved in draining blood from the head and neck.

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  • 33. 

    Superficial veins are ?

    • A.

      Smaller than deep veins

    • B.

      Larger than deep veins

    Correct Answer
    B. Larger than deep veins
    Explanation
    Superficial veins are larger than deep veins. This is because superficial veins are located closer to the surface of the body, making them more visible and accessible. Deep veins, on the other hand, are located deeper within the body and are surrounded by muscle and tissue. Despite their larger size, superficial veins carry less blood volume compared to deep veins, which have a higher capacity for blood flow.

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  • 34. 

    Antecubital fossa is the?

    • A.

      Inner elbow (contains the median cubital vein)

    • B.

      Outer elbow (contains the median cubital vein

    Correct Answer
    A. Inner elbow (contains the median cubital vein)
    Explanation
    The antecubital fossa is located in the inner elbow and contains the median cubital vein. This vein is commonly used for drawing blood or administering intravenous medications. The outer elbow does not contain the median cubital vein, making the inner elbow the correct answer.

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  • 35. 

    Veins of the Thorax are?

    • A.

      Azyogos vein

    • B.

      Hemiazygos vein

    • C.

      Accessory hemiazygos vein

    • D.

      Intercosta t1-t12

    • E.

      All: (Az, AC, He, In)

    Correct Answer
    E. All: (Az, AC, He, In)
    Explanation
    The correct answer is All: (Az, AC, He, In). This means that all of the listed veins (Azygos vein, Hemiazygos vein, Accessory hemiazygos vein, and Intercosta t1-t12) are veins of the thorax.

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  • 36. 

    The Hepatic portal system is?

    • A.

      Part of the Vascular circuit

    • B.

      Picks up digested nutrients

    • C.

      Delivers to the liver

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The Hepatic portal system is a part of the Vascular circuit, as it involves a network of blood vessels that transport blood from the digestive organs to the liver. It also picks up digested nutrients from the small intestine and delivers them to the liver for processing and storage. Therefore, the correct answer is "all of the above" as all the statements are true.

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  • 37. 

    The cerebral arteirat circle (the brain) is also called the?

    • A.

      Circle of wilma

    • B.

      Circle of willis

    Correct Answer
    B. Circle of willis
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Circle of Willis." The Circle of Willis is a circular network of arteries located at the base of the brain. It is responsible for providing blood supply to the brain and acts as a backup system in case of any blockages or restrictions in blood flow. The term "Circle of Willis" is named after Thomas Willis, a 17th-century English physician who first described this anatomical structure.

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  • 38. 

    Anastomes means?

    • A.

      A vein receives blood from more than one arterial source

    • B.

      An organ receives blood from more than one arterial source.

    • C.

      An artery receives blood from more than one arterial source

    Correct Answer
    B. An organ receives blood from more than one arterial source.
    Explanation
    Anastomes refers to the situation where an organ receives blood from more than one arterial source. This means that multiple arteries are connected or joined together to supply blood to a specific organ. This allows for alternative routes of blood flow, ensuring that the organ receives a sufficient blood supply even if one artery becomes blocked or damaged.

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  • 39. 

    Neighboring arteries make up arterial anastomes which use?

    • A.

      Channels

    • B.

      Collateral channels

    Correct Answer
    B. Collateral channels
    Explanation
    Arterial anastomoses are connections between neighboring arteries that provide alternate pathways for blood flow. These anastomoses can use collateral channels, which are additional small blood vessels that connect the main arteries. These collateral channels allow blood to flow around any blockages or obstructions in the main arteries, ensuring a continuous blood supply to the tissues and organs.

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  • 40. 

    Capillaries are the ?

    • A.

      Largest vessels

    • B.

      Smallest vessels

    Correct Answer
    B. Smallest vessels
    Explanation
    Capillaries are the smallest vessels in the circulatory system. They are tiny, thin-walled blood vessels that connect arteries and veins. Capillaries are responsible for the exchange of oxygen, nutrients, and waste products between the blood and surrounding tissues. Due to their small size and thin walls, they allow for efficient diffusion of these substances.

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  • 41. 

    _____ ______ cells pass through the capillaries in a ______ file.

    • A.

      White blood; single

    • B.

      Red blood; single

    Correct Answer
    B. Red blood; single
    Explanation
    Red blood cells pass through the capillaries in a single file. This is because the diameter of capillaries is only slightly larger than that of red blood cells, allowing them to flow through one at a time. This single file arrangement ensures efficient exchange of oxygen and nutrients with the surrounding tissues. White blood cells, on the other hand, are larger and less numerous than red blood cells, and they are able to squeeze through the capillary walls to reach sites of infection or inflammation.

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  • 42. 

    The specific function for capillaries in the lungs are?

    • A.

      Oxygen enters blood & carbon exits

    • B.

      Receives digested nutrients

    Correct Answer
    A. Oxygen enters blood & carbon exits
    Explanation
    The specific function of capillaries in the lungs is to allow for the exchange of gases. Oxygen from the inhaled air enters the bloodstream through the capillaries, while carbon dioxide, a waste product, exits the bloodstream and is expelled from the body during exhalation. This exchange of gases is essential for maintaining the body's oxygen levels and removing carbon dioxide, a byproduct of cellular respiration.

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  • 43. 

    The specific function for capillaries in the small intestine is?

    • A.

      Receives digested nutrients

    • B.

      Recieves food

    Correct Answer
    A. Receives digested nutrients
    Explanation
    Capillaries in the small intestine play a crucial role in the absorption of nutrients from digested food. These tiny blood vessels are located in the walls of the small intestine and have thin walls, allowing for the exchange of nutrients and waste products between the bloodstream and the surrounding tissues. As digested food passes through the small intestine, the capillaries absorb the nutrients, such as glucose and amino acids, and transport them to the bloodstream for distribution to the rest of the body. Therefore, the function of capillaries in the small intestine is to receive digested nutrients.

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  • 44. 

    The specific fucntion for capillaries in the Endocrine glands is?

    • A.

      Pick up hormones

    • B.

      Pick up oxygen

    Correct Answer
    A. Pick up hormones
    Explanation
    Capillaries in the endocrine glands are responsible for picking up hormones. Endocrine glands release hormones into the bloodstream, and capillaries help in the transportation of these hormones to their target organs or tissues. Capillaries have thin walls and a large surface area, allowing for efficient exchange of substances, including hormones. Therefore, their specific function in the endocrine glands is to pick up hormones and facilitate their distribution throughout the body.

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  • 45. 

    The specific function of the capillaries in the Kineys is?

    • A.

      Removal of blood

    • B.

      Removal of nitrogen waste

    Correct Answer
    B. Removal of nitrogen waste
    Explanation
    The capillaries in the kidneys are responsible for the removal of nitrogen waste. The kidneys play a crucial role in filtering the blood and removing waste products, such as urea and ammonia, which are byproducts of protein metabolism. Capillaries in the kidneys allow for the exchange of substances between the blood and the nephrons, where waste products are filtered out and urine is formed. Therefore, the capillaries in the kidneys facilitate the removal of nitrogen waste from the blood.

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  • 46. 

    Capillary beds are?

    • A.

      Network of capillaries running through the skin

    • B.

      Network of capillaires only in the head

    Correct Answer
    A. Network of capillaries running through the skin
    Explanation
    Capillary beds are networks of capillaries running through the skin. Capillaries are tiny blood vessels that connect arteries and veins. They have thin walls, allowing for the exchange of oxygen, nutrients, and waste products between the blood and surrounding tissues. Capillary beds are found throughout the body, not just in the head, and they play a crucial role in delivering oxygen and nutrients to cells and removing metabolic waste products.

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  • 47. 

    Capillary beds contain Precapillary sphincters, which regulate?

    • A.

      Flow of lymph

    • B.

      Flow of blood in tissue

    Correct Answer
    B. Flow of blood in tissue
    Explanation
    Capillary beds contain precapillary sphincters, which are small rings of smooth muscle located at the entrance of capillaries. These sphincters regulate the flow of blood in tissues by constricting or relaxing to control the amount of blood that enters the capillaries. When the sphincters are constricted, blood flow is reduced, and when they relax, blood flow increases. This regulation is important because it allows for efficient delivery of oxygen and nutrients to the tissues while also helping to maintain blood pressure and overall circulation.

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  • 48. 

    Capillaries are permable due to four routes:

    • A.

      Diffusin

    • B.

      Vesicles

    • C.

      Clefts

    • D.

      Fernestations

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above
    Explanation
    Capillaries are permeable due to four routes: diffusion, vesicles, clefts, and fenestrations. Diffusion allows small molecules to pass through the capillary walls, while vesicles transport larger molecules. Clefts are small gaps between cells that allow the passage of certain substances, and fenestrations are small pores in the capillary walls that allow the passage of fluids and small molecules. Therefore, all of the above routes contribute to the permeability of capillaries.

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  • 49. 

    There are two types of cappilaries:

    • A.

      Continous (most common)

    • B.

      Ferenested (pores)

    • C.

      Both: Continous & fernested

    Correct Answer
    C. Both: Continous & fernested
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Both: Continuous & fenestrated." This means that there are two types of capillaries: continuous capillaries, which are the most common type, and fenestrated capillaries, which have pores.

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  • 50. 

    A type of Ferenested capillary is?

    • A.

      Sinu

    • B.

      Soid

    • C.

      Sinusoids

    Correct Answer
    C. Sinusoids
    Explanation
    Sinusoids are a type of fenestrated capillary. Fenestrated capillaries are characterized by having small pores or fenestrations in their endothelial cells, allowing for increased permeability. Sinusoids are a specialized type of fenestrated capillary found in organs such as the liver, spleen, and bone marrow. They have larger and irregularly shaped fenestrations, which allow for the exchange of larger molecules and cells between the blood and surrounding tissues. Sinusoids are essential for the proper functioning of these organs as they facilitate the transport of nutrients, hormones, and immune cells.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Jan 24, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Nov 14, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    Marycruzmartinez
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