Path Inflammation Dr Johnson Part 2

18 Questions | Total Attempts: 333

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Path Inflammation Dr Johnson Part 2

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
     Which of the following is responsible for the necrosis seen in this microphotograph?
    • A. 

      Macrophages

    • B. 

      Plasma cells

    • C. 

      Basophils

    • D. 

      Neutrophils

    • E. 

      Lymphocytes

  • 2. 
     In myocardial infarction, the necrosis of cardiac myocytes is usually followed immediately by: 
    • A. 

      Atrophy

    • B. 

      Inflammation

    • C. 

      Regeneration

    • D. 

      Repair

    • E. 

      Resolution

  • 3. 
     Research shows that within the first 24 hours  of  a myocardial infarction, neutrophils migrate towards the infarct.  Which of the following is responsible for this migration?
    • A. 

      Diapedesis

    • B. 

      Exudation

    • C. 

      Emigration

    • D. 

      Anaphylaxis

    • E. 

      Chemotaxis

  • 4. 
    Enzymes responsible for inflammation seen in this image are derived chiefly from:
    • A. 

      Tissue

    • B. 

      Serum

    • C. 

      Neutrophils

    • D. 

      Lymphocytes

    • E. 

      Plasma cells

  • 5. 
     The suppurative response of inflammation              is the result of:
    • A. 

      Activation of eosinophils

    • B. 

      Degranulation of mast cells

    • C. 

      Extrusion of enzymes from macrophages

    • D. 

      Release of bacterial toxins

    • E. 

      Release of hydrolases from neutrophils

  • 6. 
     Leukocytic emigration during an inflammatory response occurs  primarily from:
    • A. 

      Arteries

    • B. 

      Arterioles

    • C. 

      Capillaries

    • D. 

      Venules

    • E. 

      Veins

  • 7. 
     A patient dies after being stung by a bee.  Autopsy reveals severe laryngeal edema. Which of the following is most likely responsible for this finding? 
    • A. 

      Venous congestion

    • B. 

      Lymphatic obstruction

    • C. 

      Increased arterial flow

    • D. 

      Increased arterial pressure

    • E. 

      Increased vascular permeability

  • 8. 
    Which one of the following is the most important in chemotaxis?
    • A. 

      Histamine

    • B. 

      Complement

    • C. 

      Kinins

    • D. 

      Serotonin

    • E. 

      Hageman factor

  • 9. 
     The presence of neutrophils in the tonsils in an acute bacterial pharyngitis is most likely a result of: 
    • A. 

      C1

    • B. 

      C3a

    • C. 

      C4

    • D. 

      C5a

    • E. 

      C5b67

  • 10. 
    Which of the following plasma components is central to the activation of the complement, coagulation, and kinin systems?
    • A. 

      Plasmin

    • B. 

      Hageman factor (XIIa)

    • C. 

      C1 esterase

    • D. 

      Thrombin

    • E. 

      Kininogen

  • 11. 
    The chronic inflammation of a delayed hypersensitivity reaction is mediated by
    • A. 

      Lymphokines

    • B. 

      Histamine

    • C. 

      Bradykinin

    • D. 

      Complement

  • 12. 
     A mediator of acute inflammation that causes increased vascular permeability and pain is:
    • A. 

      Bradykinin

    • B. 

      Complement

    • C. 

      Endotoxin

    • D. 

      Histamine

    • E. 

      Tumor necrosis factor

  • 13. 
     A 27-year-old woman develops an acute bacterial pyelonephritis accompanied by fever, myalgia, and malaise.  The fever is the result of chemical mediators released primarily from which of the following inflammatory cells?
    • A. 

      Basophil

    • B. 

      Eosinophil

    • C. 

      Lymphocyte

    • D. 

      Macrophage

    • E. 

      Neutrophils

  • 14. 
    A complete blood count (CBC) has a comment indicating that there has been a "left shift" in the neutrophil series.  Which of the following is most likely seen on peripheral blood smear?
    • A. 

      Immature lymphocytes

    • B. 

      Immatute band forms of PMNs

    • C. 

      Increase in mature PMNs

    • D. 

      A decrease in PLTs

    • E. 

      An anemia

  • 15. 
    The cell seen in this microphotograph most likely originated from multinucleated giant cells of the foreign body type originate from 
    • A. 

      Nuclear division of granulocytes

    • B. 

      Atypical regeneration of epithelium

    • C. 

      Megakaryocytes

    • D. 

      Fusion or nuclear division of macrophage

    • E. 

      Multiplication of nuclei in surrounding fibrocytes

  • 16. 
    Which of the following cells is most abundant in an abscess? 
    • A. 

      Eosinophil

    • B. 

      Lymphocyte

    • C. 

      Macrophage

    • D. 

      Neutrophil

    • E. 

      Plasma cell

  • 17. 
    The most important cell in the destruction of pyogenic cocci is the     
    • A. 

      Neutrophil

    • B. 

      Lymphocyte

    • C. 

      Basophil

    • D. 

      Eosinophil

    • E. 

      Monocyte

  • 18. 
     Which of the following cells can liberate histamine? 
    • A. 

      Plasma cells

    • B. 

      Eosinophils

    • C. 

      Vascular endothelial cells

    • D. 

      Tissue mast cells

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