Quiz Questions Over Kidney Functions

51 Questions | Total Attempts: 110

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Quiz Questions Over Kidney Functions

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    This connective tissued covers each kidney and protects it and anchors it to the abdominal wall.
    • A. 

      Renal medulla

    • B. 

      Renal sinus

    • C. 

      Renal fascia

    • D. 

      Ureter

    • E. 

      Urethra

  • 2. 
    Urine flows out of the kidneys and into the bladder through here.
    • A. 

      Renal medulla

    • B. 

      Renal sinus

    • C. 

      Renal fascia

    • D. 

      Ureter

    • E. 

      Urethra

  • 3. 
    This is a tube that takes the urine from the bladder to the outside of the body for disposal.
    • A. 

      Renal medulla

    • B. 

      Renal sinus

    • C. 

      Renal fascia

    • D. 

      Ureter

    • E. 

      Urethra

  • 4. 
    The hollowed out inside of a kidney is called the
    • A. 

      Renal medulla

    • B. 

      Renal sinus

    • C. 

      Renal fascia

    • D. 

      Ureter

    • E. 

      Cortex

  • 5. 
    The outermost region of the kidney is the called the
    • A. 

      Renal medulla

    • B. 

      Renal sinus

    • C. 

      Cortex

    • D. 

      Ureter

  • 6. 
    The middle layer of the kidney is called the
    • A. 

      Renal medulla

    • B. 

      Renal flagella

    • C. 

      Cortex

    • D. 

      Renal sinus

    • E. 

      Renal fascia

  • 7. 
    Nephrons:
    • A. 

      Functional unit of a kidney.

    • B. 

      Located in the cortex and medulla.

    • C. 

      Located in the sinus and fascia.

    • D. 

      There are 2 of them in each kidney.

    • E. 

      Responsible for filtering blood and producing urine.

    • F. 

      Responsible for protecting the kidney and keeping it attached to the abdominal wall.

  • 8. 
    The function of glomerular filtration is:
    • A. 

      Returns filtered water and nearly all major nutrients to blood.

    • B. 

      Separates plasma fluid and small solutes from larger proteins and blood cells.

    • C. 

      Removes harmful or excess substances from blood.

    • D. 

      Does nothing.

  • 9. 
    The function of tubular secretion is:
    • A. 

      Returns filtered water and nearly all major nutrients to blood.

    • B. 

      Separates plasma fluid and small solutes from larger proteins and blood cells.

    • C. 

      Removes harmful or excess substances from blood.

    • D. 

      Does nothing.

  • 10. 
    The function of tubular reabsorption is:
    • A. 

      Returns filtered water and nearly all major nutrients to blood.

    • B. 

      Separates plasma fluid and small solutes from larger proteins and blood cells.

    • C. 

      Removes harmful or excess substances from blood.

    • D. 

      Does nothing.

  • 11. 
    What is the order of the steps in the formation of urine.
    • A. 

      Tubular secretion, tubular reabsorption, glomerular filtration.

    • B. 

      Tubular reabsorption, glomerular filtration, tubular secretion.

    • C. 

      Glomerular filtration, tubular secretion, tubular reabsorption.

    • D. 

      Glomerular filtration, tubular reabsorption, tubular secretion.

  • 12. 
    The Afferent arteriole:
    • A. 

      Takes the blood as it leaves the capillaries.

    • B. 

      Controls blood flow into the capillaries.

    • C. 

      Is the filtration unit of the nephron.

  • 13. 
    The Efferent arteriole:
    • A. 

      Takes the blood as it leaves the capillaries.

    • B. 

      Controls blood flow into the capillaries.

    • C. 

      Is the filtration unit of the nephron.

  • 14. 
    The Glomerulus:
    • A. 

      Takes the blood as it leaves the capillaries.

    • B. 

      Controls blood flow into the capillaries.

    • C. 

      Is the filtration unit of the nephron.

  • 15. 
    The seminal vesicle
    • A. 

      Produces sperm, testosterone, and inhibin.

    • B. 

      Is the site of sperm development and storage.

    • C. 

      Is the erectile organ of sexual intercourse.

    • D. 

      Secretes fructose and most of the seminal fluid.

    • E. 

      Secretes watery alkaline fluid to raise vaginal pH

  • 16. 
    The scrotum
    • A. 

      Produces sperm, testosterone, and inhibin.

    • B. 

      Is the site of sperm development and storage.

    • C. 

      Keeps the testes at the proper temperature.

    • D. 

      Secretes watery alkaline fluid to raise vaginal pH

    • E. 

      Secretes fructose and most of the seminal fluid.

  • 17. 
    The ejaculatory duct:
    • A. 

      Is the tube for transporting sperm and glandular secretions.

    • B. 

      Is the erectile organ of sexual intercourse.

    • C. 

      Is the site of sperm development and storage.

    • D. 

      Keeps the testes at the proper temperature.

    • E. 

      Secretes lubricating mucus.

  • 18. 
    The penis
    • A. 

      Is the tube for transporting sperm and glandular secretions.

    • B. 

      Is the erectile organ of sexual intercourse.

    • C. 

      Secretes watery alkaline fluid to raise vaginal pH

    • D. 

      Secretes fructose and most of the seminal fluid.

    • E. 

      Is the site of sperm development and storage.

  • 19. 
    The epididymis:
    • A. 

      Produces sperm, testosterone, and inhibin.

    • B. 

      Is the tube for sperm development, storage, and transport.

    • C. 

      Is the erectile organ of sexual intercourse.

    • D. 

      Is the site of sperm development and storage.

    • E. 

      Secretes lubricating mucus.

  • 20. 
    The ductus deferens
    • A. 

      Is the tube for transporting sperm and glandular secretions.

    • B. 

      Secretes lubricating mucus.

    • C. 

      Secretes watery alkaline fluid to raise vaginal pH.

    • D. 

      Is the tube for sperm development, storage, and transport.

    • E. 

      Keeps the testes at the proper temperature.

  • 21. 
    The testis
    • A. 

      Secrete fructose and most of the seminal fluid.

    • B. 

      Produces sperm, testosterone, and inhibin.

    • C. 

      Is the tube for sperm development, storage, and transport.

    • D. 

      Secretes fructose and most of the seminal fluid.

    • E. 

      Is the site of sperm development and storage.

  • 22. 
    the Prostate gland
    • A. 

      Secretes lubricating mucus.

    • B. 

      Is the tube for sperm development, storage, and transport.

    • C. 

      Secretes watery alkaline fluid to raise vaginal pH.

    • D. 

      Produces sperm, testosterone, and inhibin.

    • E. 

      Keeps the testes at the proper temperature.

  • 23. 
    The Bulbourethral gland
    • A. 

      Secretes lubricating mucus.

    • B. 

      Secretes watery alkaline fluid to raise vaginal pH.

    • C. 

      Is the site of sperm development and storage.

    • D. 

      Keeps the testes at the proper temperature.

    • E. 

      Produces sperm, testosterone, and inhibin.

  • 24. 
    The Cervix
    • A. 

      Is the site of storage and development of oocytes.

    • B. 

      Is the organ of sexual arousal.

    • C. 

      Is the lower part of the uterus that opens into the vagina.

    • D. 

      Is the hollow chamber in which the embryo develops.

    • E. 

      Is the organ of sexual intercourse. Produces lubricating fluids; also the birth canal

    • F. 

      Is the duct for transporting oocyte from ovary to uterus; also site of fertilization.

  • 25. 
    The Ovary
    • A. 

      Is the site of storage and development of oocytes.

    • B. 

      Is the organ of sexual arousal.

    • C. 

      Is the lower part of the uterus that opens into the vagina.

    • D. 

      Is the hollow chamber in which the embryo develops.

    • E. 

      Is the organ of sexual intercourse. Produces lubricating fluids; also the birth canal

    • F. 

      Is the duct for transporting oocyte from ovary to uterus; also site of fertilization.

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