Transcription And Translation Quiz With Answers

10 Questions | Total Attempts: 51703

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Transcription And Translation Quiz With Answers

Here is an interesting Transcription and Translation quiz that is designed to predict how well you comprehend the transcription and translation of DNA in Eukaryotes and Prokaryotes. Translation and Transcription are two common biology topics. Transcription is the process by which DNA is copied to RNA whereas translation is the process by which RNA is used to produce proteins. Do you think, you have a good understanding of both these processes? Let's test your knowledge with this quiz. Just answer a few simple questions in this quiz and see how well you score. All the best!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A Cell builds it's proteins from the Instructions encoded in its _________?
    • A. 

      Cytoplasm

    • B. 

      Cell Membrane

    • C. 

      Amino acid

    • D. 

      Lysosome

    • E. 

      Genome

  • 2. 
    What process occurs before the other?
    • A. 

      Transcription and then Translation

    • B. 

      Translation and then Transcription

    • C. 

      Transcription and then Ionization

    • D. 

      Translation and then Polymerization

    • E. 

      Translation and then differentiation

  • 3. 
    Messenger RNA (mRNA) can be best described as:
    • A. 

      A really cool way of rewriting RNA

    • B. 

      The Atom that carries information to an RNA template

    • C. 

      A Short-lived RNA molecule that carries encoded information, transcribed from DNA.

    • D. 

      A Chromosome that is only present in prokaryotes and is involved in DNA synthesis

    • E. 

      A Molecule that has no life and is basically the news reporter of the cellular environment.

  • 4. 
    Just like DNA polymerase, RNA polymerase performs a template directed synthesis in the:
    • A. 

      3'---->5' direction

    • B. 

      5'---->3' direction

    • C. 

      5'---->5' direction

    • D. 

      3'---->3' direction

    • E. 

      3'---->4' direction

  • 5. 
    A Gene is ________________. 
    • A. 

      A piece of clothing that is placed upon the bipedal legs of human.

    • B. 

      A Chromosome Carrier

    • C. 

      A Section of DNA that codes for a protein or RNA molecule.

    • D. 

      A Regulatory Sequence

    • E. 

      An Exon

  • 6. 
    Transcription is:
    • A. 

      A word that teacher use to confuse the noodles out of people

    • B. 

      The Synthesis of RNA from a DNA template

    • C. 

      The Synthesis of proteins from information on a mRNA

    • D. 

      The Synthesis of polydiester linkages from an Exon

    • E. 

      The Synthesis of brain cells by neurokinetic means

  • 7. 
    What type of bond forms between Complementary base pairs?
    • A. 

      Hydrogen

    • B. 

      Covalent

    • C. 

      Ionic

    • D. 

      Interkinetic

    • E. 

      Philial

  • 8. 
    To understand the structure of RNA polymerase, researchers employed what technique to view this enzyme?
    • A. 

      X-ray crystallography

    • B. 

      Gas Chromatography

    • C. 

      Gel Electrophoresis

    • D. 

      PCR amplification

    • E. 

      Hardy-Weinberg equillibrium

  • 9. 
    How does transcription begin?
    • A. 

      It doesn't, transcription doesn't exist

    • B. 

      When RNA polymerase binds to sigma to create a holoenzyme and the sigma guides the RNA polymerase to certain locations where transcription should begin.

    • C. 

      Some dude brings a flag and says "Hey! Over here!"

    • D. 

      The non-template strand signals to the binding receptor that a phospodiester bond is present and ready for action.

    • E. 

      The RNA polymerase binds to a coding strand located downstream

  • 10. 
    Name the process by which the genetic code of DNA is copied into a strand of RNA.
    • A. 

      Translation

    • B. 

      Transcription

    • C. 

      Transformation

    • D. 

      Replication

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