Biology Sem 2 Final Exam Review 1

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Biology Exam Quizzes & Trivia

This quiz provides practice on the content and skills described under "inheritance" on the MCPS Biology B Final Exam Review 2010.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

      In snipes, the allele for brown feathers (B)  is dominant over the allele for white feathers (b). A homozygyous recessive snipe is crossed with a heterozygyous snipe. What is the phenotype of the parents?

    • A.

      White, bb

    • B.

      Brown, Bb

    • C.

      Bb, Bb

    • D.

      White, brown

    Correct Answer
    D. White, brown
    Explanation
    phenotype refers to the physical expression of the allels in appearance of the organism. in this case, the snipes are white and brown.

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  • 2. 

    In snipes, the allele for brown feathers (B)  is dominant over the allele for white feathers (b). A homozygyous recessive snipe is crossed with a heterozygyous snipe. What percentage of the offspring will be white?

    • A.

      100%

    • B.

      75%

    • C.

      50%

    • D.

      25%

    Correct Answer
    C. 50%
    Explanation
    Make a Punnett square to see all possible genotypes.

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  • 3. 

    In snipes, the allele for brown feathers (B)  is dominant over the allele for white feathers (b). A cross of two snipes produced 16 offspring--all heterozygous.  What were the likely genotypes of the parents?

    • A.

      BB and bb

    • B.

      Bb and Bb

    • C.

      Bb and Bb

    • D.

      BB and Bb

    Correct Answer
    A. BB and bb
    Explanation
    Make Punnett Squares for all choices. You will see that only answer A produces all heterozygyous (Bb) offspring.

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  • 4. 

    Dreissena polymorpha, the zebra mussel, is a species of mussel that is native to East European waterways. They are not native to the Great Lakes, but they have been introduced there.  Researches believe that zebra mussels are ten times more effective in removing toxic contaminants from polluted water than are native mussels.  Which of these experiments would test this hypothesis?

    • A.

      Place 20 zebra mussels in a tank with PCBs and 20 zebra mussels in another tank without PCBs. Test PCB levels of each tank after one week.

    • B.

      Place 20 zebra mussels in a tank with PCBs and 20 native mussels in another tank without PCBs. Test PCB levels of each tank after one week.

    • C.

      Place 20 zebra mussels in a tank with PCBs and 20 native mussels in another tank with PCBs. Test PCB levels of each tank after one week.

    • D.

      Place 20 native mussels in a tank with PCBs and 20 native mussels in a tank without PCBs. Test PCB levels of each tank after one week.

    Correct Answer
    C. Place 20 zebra mussels in a tank with PCBs and 20 native mussels in another tank with PCBs. Test PCB levels of each tank after one week.
    Explanation
    Conditions are the same in both tanks except that one has zebra mussels and the other has native mussels. In this way, we can compare them to see if the zebra mussel actually removes 10 times more contaminants.

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  • 5. 

    A farmer wants to produce a herd of cattle that are homozygyous for the heavy allele (H).  To be certain that all the offspring will be homozygyous for this trait, what must be true of the parent cattle?

    • A.

      They both must be heterozygyous.

    • B.

      They both must have the genotype HH.

    • C.

      They must be clones of each other.

    • D.

      They must be related.

    Correct Answer
    B. They both must have the genotype HH.
    Explanation
    To produce a herd of cattle that are homozygous for the heavy allele (H), both parent cattle must have the genotype HH. This means that both parents must carry two copies of the heavy allele and do not carry any copies of the light allele (h). By having the genotype HH, the parents will only pass on the heavy allele to their offspring, ensuring that all the offspring will be homozygous for the heavy allele.

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  • 6. 

    In what organs of the reproductive system does meiosis take place?

    • A.

      thyroid gland and pancreas

    • B.

      gamete and zygote

    • C.

      Testis and ovary

    • D.

      Sperm and egg

    Correct Answer
    C. Testis and ovary
    Explanation
    This question asked about the ORGANS involved in the production of gametes. It did not ask for the names of the gametes--egg and sperm.

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  • 7. 

    Which of the following processes produces haploid gametes?

    • A.

      Cellular respiration

    • B.

      Fertilization

    • C.

      Meiosis

    • D.

      DNA replication

    Correct Answer
    C. Meiosis
    Explanation
    Meiosis is the process that produces haploid gametes. During meiosis, a diploid cell undergoes two rounds of division to produce four haploid cells. These haploid cells, called gametes, contain half the number of chromosomes as the parent cell. This is essential for sexual reproduction as it allows for the fusion of two gametes during fertilization to restore the diploid chromosome number in the offspring. Cellular respiration is the process by which cells generate energy, fertilization is the fusion of gametes, and DNA replication is the process of copying DNA. None of these processes directly produce haploid gametes.

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  • 8. 

    Why is meiosis a necessary part of sexual reproduction?

    • A.

      Because cells must be produced which contain half the number of chromosomes before fertilization can occur.

    • B.

      Because daughter cells must be identical to parent cells.

    • C.

      Because meiosis increases the attractiveness of a potential mate.

    • D.

      Because meiosis produces zygotes.

    Correct Answer
    A. Because cells must be produced which contain half the number of chromosomes before fertilization can occur.
    Explanation
    Meiosis is a necessary part of sexual reproduction because it produces cells with half the number of chromosomes. This is important because during fertilization, when two gametes (sperm and egg) fuse, the resulting zygote will have the correct number of chromosomes. If meiosis did not occur, the zygote would have double the number of chromosomes, leading to genetic abnormalities and developmental issues. Therefore, meiosis ensures the proper distribution of genetic material and contributes to the genetic diversity of offspring.

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  • 9. 

    Two erect-eared rat terriers were crossed.  In the resulting litter of eight puppies, 3 had tipped ears.  What do these results indicate about the dominant and recessive alleles for ear erectness?

    • A.

      The allele for erect ears is dominant.

    • B.

      The allele for erect ears is recessive.

    • C.

      The allele for tipped ears is dominant.

    • D.

      The allele for tipped ears is recessive.

    Correct Answer
    A. The allele for erect ears is dominant.
    Explanation
    If the erect eared rat terriers were able to produce a tipped earred offspring, then the allele for tipped ears had to be in at least one parent. If it was there, yet the parent actually had erect ears, this means that the allele for erect ears is dominant.

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  • 10. 

    An inherited disorder called hemophelia occurs far more often in boys than in girls.  This indicates that hemophelia is

    • A.

      Caused by a spontaneous mutation

    • B.

      The result of a diseased sperm

    • C.

      Dominant allele-based disease

    • D.

      Sex-linked trait

    Correct Answer
    D. Sex-linked trait
    Explanation
    When an inherited (genetic) disorder happens more often in boys, it is likely because the allele for the trait is located on the X chromosome. Therefore, even though the allele may be recessive, it will still be expressed in the male if it's present on his X chromosome. Since a girl has two x chromosomes, it's more likely that one of her X chromosomes will be normal.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jun 03, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Kath0915
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