Benchmark Exam 1 Practice

40 Questions | Total Attempts: 291

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Benchmark Exam 1 Practice

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    How did the Great Awakening contribute to the American Revolution? 
    • A. 

      It spread the idea that people must work hard.

    • B. 

      It spread the idea that all people are equal before God.

    • C. 

      It encouraged people to spend more time reading.

    • D. 

      It encouraged people to take up arms against others.

  • 2. 
    What was the Declartion of Independence written to explain?
    • A. 

      Why the colonist thought "taxation without representation" was unfair

    • B. 

      What Britain needed to do to win back the loyalty of the colonists

    • C. 

      Why it was time for the colonies to separate from Great Britain

    • D. 

      What other nations could do to help the colonies win their freedom

  • 3. 
    What English lawmaking body, established in 1265, was similar to the United States Congress?
    • A. 

      Parliament

    • B. 

      Magna Carta

    • C. 

      Electoral College

    • D. 

      Supreme Court

  • 4. 
    Which country's people followed the example fo the American colonists, rebelling against their king in 1789?
    • A. 

      France

    • B. 

      Britain

    • C. 

      Holland

    • D. 

      Spain

  • 5. 
    What did the English Bill of Rights provide?
    • A. 

      It guaranteed religious freedom to English citizens.

    • B. 

      It gave English citizens the right to refuse to pay taxes.

    • C. 

      It gave English citizens representation in their government.

    • D. 

      It guaranteed equal rights for English men and women.

  • 6. 
    Which of the following did the Aritcles of Confederation emphasize?
    • A. 

      Giving the federal government the power to tax

    • B. 

      Giving the president the power to declare war

    • C. 

      Placing strict limits on the federal government's power

    • D. 

      Placing strict limits on citizen's travel between the states

  • 7. 
    What did the delegates to the Constitutional Convention need to find a way to balance?
    • A. 

      The needs of eastern and western states

    • B. 

      The interests of large and small states

    • C. 

      The rights of slaves and slave holders

    • D. 

      The demands of farmers and workers

  • 8. 
    Why was James Madison known as the aFather of the Constitutiona?
    • A. 

      He was oldest and wisest of the delegates to the convention.

    • B. 

      He took notes on everything said during the convention.

    • C. 

      He studied modern and ancient governments to see what worked.

    • D. 

      He influenced the Continental Congress more than anyone else.

  • 9. 
    Which amendment to the Constitution protects religious rights? 
    • A. 

      First Amendment

    • B. 

      Second Amendment

    • C. 

      Fifth Amendment

    • D. 

      Sixth Amendment

  • 10. 
    What did the Ordinanaces of 1785 and 1787 do? 
    • A. 

      Granted statehood to territories

    • B. 

      Divided government land for sale to settlers

    • C. 

      Gave the government power to declare war

    • D. 

      Allowed states to print their own money

  • 11. 
    Shay's Rebellion revealed a weakness in the new American government. What was it?
    • A. 

      The federal government was too weak.

    • B. 

      The state governments were undemocratic.

    • C. 

      The Bill of Rights did not apply to everyone.

    • D. 

      The Constitution was to complicated.

  • 12. 
    A bill cannot become a law until it is. 
    • A. 

      Approved by Congress and approved by the Supreme Court.

    • B. 

      Proposed by the president and approved by Congress.

    • C. 

      Approved by Congress and signed by the president.

    • D. 

      Proposed by Congress and ratified by the states.

  • 13. 
    What is the most important function of a free press in a democracy?
    • A. 

      To describe the country's strengths

    • B. 

      To debate local political issues

    • C. 

      To support the federal government

    • D. 

      To check the power of the government

  • 14. 
    According to Alexander Hamilton, a prominent Federalist, who was best suited to make decision?
    • A. 

      A royal monarch

    • B. 

      The common people

    • C. 

      A popular dictator

    • D. 

      The wealthy and well-educated

  • 15. 
    In his farewell address, what did George Wahsington warn could split the nation apart? 
    • A. 

      Slavery

    • B. 

      Taxation

    • C. 

      Party loyalties

    • D. 

      Regional differences

  • 16. 
    According to the data in the map below, what problem might the United States have faced in 1796?
    • A. 

      It would be difficult to make peace with the Native Americans.

    • B. 

      It would be difficult to expand beyond the nation's current borders.

    • C. 

      The United States did not have control of the Mississippi River.

    • D. 

      The United States did not have enough land to support its population.

  • 17. 
    The proposal for the National Bank had more support amoung northern states than among southern states. Why?
    • A. 

      The National Bank would strengthen manufacturing and trade.

    • B. 

      The National Bank would be run by experts from New York.

    • C. 

      Northern states favored an economy based on agriculture.

    • D. 

      Northern states favored an economy bases on states' rights.

  • 18. 
    Where were western War Hawks so eager for war with Britain in 1812?
    • A. 

      They hoped to drive the British out of Canada.

    • B. 

      They wanted to control the Mississippi River.

    • C. 

      They wanted to turn Native Americans against Britain.

    • D. 

      They wanted to end Britain's blockade of American ports.

  • 19. 
    The Monroe Doctrine seemed to conflict with what United States foreign policy?
    • A. 

      Expansionism

    • B. 

      Interventionism

    • C. 

      Extremism

    • D. 

      Isolationism

  • 20. 
    Which even resulted in the following changes?  *new job opportunities *increased production of goods *improved efficiency of agriculture
    • A. 

      The American Revolution

    • B. 

      The Industrial Revolution

    • C. 

      Immigration

    • D. 

      Slavery

  • 21. 
    In the 1840s and the 1850s, the potato famine led people to immigrate to the northern United States from what country?
    • A. 

      Britain

    • B. 

      Germany

    • C. 

      Ireland

    • D. 

      Russia

  • 22. 
    Which of the following was true for free blacks living in the North in the first part of the 1800's?
    • A. 

      They were welcomed into white schools.

    • B. 

      Black men became skilled craftspeople.

    • C. 

      They developed their own churches.

    • D. 

      Black women won the right to vote.

  • 23. 
    Which of the following groups benefited most from early efforts to establish public schools?
    • A. 

      African American boys

    • B. 

      African American girls

    • C. 

      European American boys

    • D. 

      European American girls

  • 24. 
    What was the main effect of Eli Whitney's cotton gin on the south?
    • A. 

      Cotton mills moved to the South.

    • B. 

      Cotton became the South's main crop.

    • C. 

      Cotton farmers no longer needed slaves.

    • D. 

      Cotton exports to Europe fell sharply.

  • 25. 
    Which of the following conclusions can you draw based on the information in the graph below? 
    • A. 

      Immigration was a common part of northern life.

    • B. 

      Slavery was a common part of southern life.

    • C. 

      The northern economy was based on industry.

    • D. 

      The southern economy was based on agriculture.