# Astronomy: Lesson 1 Test

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The Scale of the Cosmos discusses why man studies the stars, planets, and how important Astronomy is to very existence of the human race on Earth. This is a fun astronomy test!
Enjoy!

• 1.

### An area of our galaxy where stars are born in great clouds of dust and gas?

• A.

Galaxy Center

• B.

Local Galaxy Group

• C.

Spiral Arms

C. Spiral Arms
Explanation
Spiral arms are an area of our galaxy where stars are born in great clouds of dust and gas. These arms are regions of higher density within the galaxy's disk, characterized by a spiral pattern. They contain a large amount of interstellar material, including dust and gas, which provides the necessary ingredients for the formation of new stars. The gravitational forces within the spiral arms cause this material to clump together, leading to the formation of stellar nurseries where stars are born. Therefore, the correct answer is Spiral Arms.

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• 2.

### What is the system of recording very large or very small numbers by using powers of 10?

• A.

Metric System

• B.

Scientific Notation

• C.

Astronomical Notation

• D.

Geophysical Notation

B. Scientific Notation
Explanation
Scientific Notation is the system of recording very large or very small numbers by using powers of 10. It is commonly used in scientific and mathematical calculations to express numbers in a more concise and manageable form. In scientific notation, a number is expressed as a product of a decimal number between 1 and 10, and a power of 10. This allows for easier representation and comparison of numbers with a large range of magnitudes. The Metric System, Astronomical Notation, and Geophysical Notation are not specifically related to recording numbers using powers of 10.

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• 3.

### The sun and its asteroids, comets, minor objects and planets is the called the solar system.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
The statement correctly states that the sun and all the celestial objects revolving around it, such as asteroids, comets, minor objects, and planets, collectively form the solar system. Therefore, the answer "True" is correct.

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• 4.

### What is the name of the  small cluster of galaxies to which our sun belongs?

• A.

Bubble Group

• B.

Local Group

• C.

Multiple Bubble Group

• D.

Big Ban Group

B. Local Group
Explanation
The correct answer is Local Group. The Local Group is a small cluster of galaxies that includes our Milky Way galaxy, as well as the Andromeda galaxy and about 54 other smaller galaxies. It is called the Local Group because it is the group of galaxies closest to us in the vast universe. This cluster of galaxies is gravitationally bound together and is part of a larger structure called the Virgo Supercluster.

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• 5.

### The unit of distance in which light travels in one year is called a light-year?

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
A light-year is the distance that light travels in one year, which is approximately 9.46 trillion kilometers or 5.88 trillion miles. It is used to measure vast distances in space since the speed of light is the fastest known in the universe. Therefore, the statement is true.

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• 6.

### What is the name of the large system of billions of stars in which our sun and solar system are located?

• A.

Andromeda Galaxy

• B.

Extragalactic Region

• C.

Milky Way Galaxy

• D.

Pinwheel Galaxy

• E.

Cigar Galaxy

C. Milky Way Galaxy
Explanation
The correct answer is Milky Way Galaxy. The Milky Way Galaxy is a large system of billions of stars, including our sun and solar system. It is a spiral galaxy, and it is named after the milky appearance of its band of light when viewed from Earth.

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• 7.

### What is the name of the distance from Earth to the sun called?

• A.

Astronomical Unit

• B.

Solar System Unit

• C.

Solar Unit

B. Solar System Unit
Explanation
The correct answer is "Astronomical Unit." The term "Astronomical Unit" is used to describe the average distance between the Earth and the Sun, which is approximately 93 million miles or 150 million kilometers. It is commonly used in astronomical calculations and measurements. "Solar System Unit" and "Solar Unit" are not recognized terms for the distance from Earth to the sun.

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• 8.

### Of the following objects, the smallest one is:

• A.

A star

• B.

A Galaxy

• C.

A Planet

• D.

The Universe

C. A Planet
Explanation
A planet is the smallest object among the options given. Stars are much larger than planets, as they are massive balls of hot gas that emit light and heat. Galaxies are even larger, consisting of billions or even trillions of stars, along with other celestial objects. The universe, on the other hand, is the largest known entity, encompassing all matter, energy, and space. Therefore, a planet is the smallest object among these options.

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• 9.

### Which of the following objects is the most distance from Earth?

• A.

Andromeda Galaxy

• B.

Milky Way Galaxy

• C.

Pluto

• D.

Sun

A. Andromeda Galaxy
Explanation
The Andromeda Galaxy is the most distant object from Earth among the given options. It is located approximately 2.537 million light-years away from us. The Milky Way Galaxy is our home galaxy, so it is closer to Earth compared to the Andromeda Galaxy. Pluto is a dwarf planet in our solar system and the Sun is the closest star to Earth. Therefore, the Andromeda Galaxy is the correct answer as it is the farthest object from Earth.

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• 10.

### The distance between the sun and the nearest star is about______? (A.U. - Astronomical Units)

• A.

260 A.U.

• B.

260 000 A.U.

• C.

2.6 million A.U.

• D.

2.6 billion A.U.

B. 260 000 A.U.
Explanation
The correct answer is 260 000 A.U. An Astronomical Unit (A.U.) is the average distance between the Earth and the Sun, which is about 93 million miles or 150 million kilometers. Therefore, the distance between the Sun and the nearest star is much larger than 1 A.U. 260 000 A.U. is a reasonable estimate for this distance.

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• 11.

### Light take approximately 8 minutes to travel from the sun to Earth. How long would it take light to reach the planet, Jupiter?

• A.

Half as long

• B.

100 times longer

• C.

1,000,000 times longer

• D.

5 times longer

D. 5 times longer
Explanation
The distance between the Sun and Jupiter is approximately 5 times greater than the distance between the Sun and Earth. Since light travels at a constant speed, it would take 5 times longer for light to reach Jupiter compared to Earth.

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• 12.

### What is the estimated age of the universe?

• A.

460,000

• B.

4,600,000

• C.

4,600,000,000

• D.

13,750,000,000

• E.

35,000,000,000

D. 13,750,000,000
Explanation
The estimated age of the universe is 13,750,000,000 years. This is based on scientific evidence and calculations using various methods such as measuring the rate of expansion of the universe and the age of the oldest known celestial objects. This estimate is constantly being refined as new data and observations become available.

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• 13.

### The most convenient method by which to write extremely large or small number is called the numerical analysis

• A.

True

• B.

False

B. False
Explanation
The statement is incorrect. The most convenient method by which to write extremely large or small numbers is called scientific notation, not numerical analysis. Numerical analysis refers to the study of algorithms for solving mathematical problems, not the representation of large or small numbers. Therefore, the correct answer is False.

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• 14.

### What is the first step in applying the scientific method to be understanding of an event or phenomenon is to ______?

• A.

Develop a Hypothesis

• B.

Make Observations

• C.

Conduct Experiments

• D.

Develop a Theory

B. Make Observations
Explanation
The first step in applying the scientific method is to make observations. This involves carefully observing and gathering information about the event or phenomenon that you want to understand. By making observations, you can gather data and identify patterns or trends that can help you formulate a hypothesis or develop a theory. Making observations is essential because it allows scientists to gather objective data and establish a foundation for further investigation and experimentation.

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• 15.

### What is the name of the 3rd planet from the sun in the picture?

• A.

Venus

• B.

Mercury

• C.

Earth

C. Earth
Explanation
The correct answer is Earth because it is stated that the question is about the name of the 3rd planet from the sun in the picture, and Earth is the 3rd planet from the sun.

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• Nov 28, 2023
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• Dec 12, 2010
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