# Take The Practice Questions Test On Astronomy! Quiz

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How much do you know about astronomy? Some people may not understand the importance of comprehending astronomy. It offers a way to establish planets other than Earth. It also helps to deter any damage that might arise because of a cosmic impact. Astronomers derive considerable skills in math, physics, science, and critical thinking. This out-of-world quiz will assist you in learning about astronomy.

• 1.

### How many more times is the atmospheric pressure in Jupiter's core greater than the atmospheric pressure at Earth's surface?

• A.

10 thousand

• B.

100 thousand

• C.

1 million

• D.

10 million

• E.

How many more times is the atmospheric pressure in Jupiter's core greater than the atmospheric pressure at Earth's surface? A) 10 thousand B) 100 thousand C) 1 million D) 10 million E) 100 million

E. How many more times is the atmospHeric pressure in Jupiter's core greater than the atmospHeric pressure at Earth's surface? A) 10 thousand B) 100 thousand C) 1 million D) 10 million E) 100 million
Explanation
The atmospheric pressure in Jupiter's core is 100 thousand times greater than the atmospheric pressure at Earth's surface.

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• 2.

### How do the size and mass of Jupiter's core compare to the size and mass of Earth?

• A.

It is the same size and mass.

• B.

It is about 10 times larger both in size and mass.

• C.

It is about 10 times larger in size and the same mass.

• D.

It is about the same size but is 10 times more massive.

• E.

Jupiter doesn't have a coreâ€”it is made entirely from hydrogen and helium.

D. It is about the same size but is 10 times more massive.
Explanation
The correct answer states that Jupiter's core is about the same size as Earth's core, but it is 10 times more massive. This means that while the physical dimensions of the cores may be similar, Jupiter's core contains significantly more mass.

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• 3.

### Why is Jupiter denser than Saturn?

• A.

It is made of a different composition than Saturn, including a higher proportion of hydrogen compounds and rocks.

• B.

The extra mass of Jupiter compresses its interior to a greater extent than that of Saturn.

• C.

Its core is much larger than Saturn's.

• D.

It has a greater proportion of helium to hydrogen compared to Saturn.

• E.

Scientists do not know why this is so.

B. The extra mass of Jupiter compresses its interior to a greater extent than that of Saturn.
Explanation
The correct answer explains that Jupiter is denser than Saturn because its extra mass compresses its interior to a greater extent. This means that the gravitational force of Jupiter is stronger, causing the materials inside the planet to be more tightly packed together. In contrast, Saturn has a lower mass, resulting in less compression and a lower density.

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• 4.

### Why is Saturn almost as big as Jupiter, despite its smaller mass?

• A.

Jupiter's greater mass compresses it more, thus increasing its density.

• B.

Saturn's rings make the planet look bigger.

• C.

Saturn is further from the Sun, thus cooler, and therefore less compact.

• D.

Saturn has a larger proportion of hydrogen and helium than Jupiter, and is therefore less dense.

• E.

Jupiter's strong magnetic field constrains its size.

A. Jupiter's greater mass compresses it more, thus increasing its density.
Explanation
Jupiter's greater mass causes a stronger gravitational force, which compresses the planet more. This compression increases the density of Jupiter, making it appear smaller despite its larger mass.

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• 5.

### How do the jovian planet interiors differ?

• A.

All have cores of about the same mass, but differ in the amount of surrounding hydrogen and helium.

• B.

The core mass decreases with the mass of the planet.

• C.

The composition changes from mostly ammonia in Jupiter and Saturn to mostly methane in Uranus and Neptune.

• D.

The composition changes from mostly hydrogen in Jupiter and Saturn to mostly helium in Uranus and Neptune.

• E.

All have about the same amount of hydrogen and helium but the proportion of rocks is greater in those planets closer to the Sun.

A. All have cores of about the same mass, but differ in the amount of surrounding hydrogen and helium.
Explanation
The explanation for the given correct answer is that although the jovian planets (Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune) all have cores of approximately the same mass, they differ in the amount of surrounding hydrogen and helium. This means that while the core mass remains similar, the proportion of hydrogen and helium in the planet's atmosphere varies. This difference in composition is what sets the jovian planets apart from each other.

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• 6.

### Why are there no impact craters on the surface of Io?

• A.

It is too small to have been bombarded by planetesimals in the early solar system.

• B.

Jupiter's strong gravity attracted the planetesimals more strongly than Io and thus none landed on its surface.

• C.

Io did have impact craters but they have all been buried in lava flows.

• D.

Any craters that existed have been eroded through the strong winds on Io's surface.

• E.

Io's thick atmosphere obscures the view of the craters.

C. Io did have impact craters but they have all been buried in lava flows.
Explanation
The correct answer is that Io did have impact craters but they have all been buried in lava flows. This explanation suggests that Io did experience bombardment by planetesimals in the early solar system, resulting in the formation of impact craters. However, the volcanic activity on Io was so intense that lava flows covered and buried these craters over time. This explanation is supported by scientific observations and studies of Io's surface, which have revealed extensive volcanic activity and the presence of lava flows.

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• 7.

### What mechanism is most responsible for generating the internal heat of Io that drives the volcanic activity?

• A.

Accretion

• B.

• C.

Differentiation

• D.

Tidal heating

• E.

Bombardment

D. Tidal heating
Explanation
Tidal heating is the most responsible mechanism for generating the internal heat of Io that drives its volcanic activity. This is because Io experiences strong tidal forces due to its close proximity to Jupiter and its elliptical orbit. These tidal forces cause the moon to flex and stretch, generating friction and heat within its interior. This heat is then released through volcanic activity, creating the numerous active volcanoes on Io's surface.

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• 8.

### What is the most abundant gas in Titan's atmosphere?

• A.

Methane

• B.

Nitrogen

• C.

Hydrogen compounds

• D.

Oxygen

• E.

Argon

B. Nitrogen
Explanation
Nitrogen is the most abundant gas in Titan's atmosphere. This is supported by scientific research and data collected by space missions. Titan's atmosphere is primarily composed of nitrogen, making up about 98% of its total atmospheric composition. Methane is also present in the atmosphere, but in much smaller quantities compared to nitrogen. Hydrogen compounds, oxygen, and argon are not as abundant as nitrogen in Titan's atmosphere.

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• 9.

### Which of the following statements about Titan is not true?

• A.

It may have an ocean of liquid ethane.

• B.

Its atmosphere is mostly nitrogen.

• C.

Its temperature is too cold for liquid water to exist.

• D.

Its surface is hidden from view by its thick atmosphere.

• E.

It is the coldest moon in the solar system.

E. It is the coldest moon in the solar system.
Explanation
Titan is not the coldest moon in the solar system. This statement is not true because there are other moons in the solar system, such as Enceladus and Europa, which have colder temperatures than Titan.

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• 10.

### How thick are Saturn's rings from top to bottom?

• A.

A few million kilometers

• B.

A few tens of thousands of kilometers

• C.

A few hundred kilometers

• D.

A few kilometers

• E.

A few tens of meters

E. A few tens of meters
Explanation
Saturn's rings are made up of countless particles, ranging in size from tiny dust grains to larger boulders. The thickness of the rings can vary across different regions, but on average, they are only a few tens of meters thick. This means that if you were to stack all the particles on top of each other, the total height would only be a few tens of meters from top to bottom.

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• 11.

### What is the Cassini division of Saturn's rings?

• A.

A dark ring, visible from Earth, composed of dark, dusty particles

• B.

A large gap, visible from Earth, produced by an orbital resonance with the moon Mimas

• C.

The imaginary circle marking the halfway point of Saturn's rings

• D.

The widest ring of Saturn, located between two large ring gaps

• E.

The most opaque ring of Saturn, made of highly reflective ice particles

B. A large gap, visible from Earth, produced by an orbital resonance with the moon Mimas
Explanation
The Cassini division of Saturn's rings is a large gap that is visible from Earth. It is produced by an orbital resonance with the moon Mimas.

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• 12.

### Which of the jovian planets have rings?

• A.

Jupiter

• B.

Saturn

• C.

Uranus

• D.

Neptune

• E.

All of the above

E. All of the above
Explanation
All of the jovian planets have rings. Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune all possess ring systems. These rings are made up of particles such as dust, ice, and rock, and they orbit around the planets. Although Saturn's rings are the most famous and prominent, the other jovian planets also have rings, although they may be less visible or less extensive.

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• Current Version
• Mar 21, 2023
Quiz Edited by
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• Dec 11, 2010
Quiz Created by
Moonshark13

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