AST 3043 Practice Quiz

111 Questions | Total Attempts: 81

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AST Quizzes & Trivia

The universe is a very interesting place and getting to understand its secrets and how it came to be is a very important course to undertake. The quiz below is designed to test out how much you understood from classes before the AST exam. Give it a shot and keep revising.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The concept of a "music of the spheres" originated with
    • A. 

      Aristotle

    • B. 

      Eudoxus

    • C. 

      The Pythagoreans

  • 2. 
    The hippopede as a means of representing retrograde motion was introduced by Eudoxus.  However, it didn't work for one of the following planets. Which one was it? 
    • A. 

      Jupiter

    • B. 

      Mars

    • C. 

      Saturn

  • 3. 
    According to Aristotle's philosophy, the natural motion of everything in the superlunary (i.e., celestial) part of the Universe is
    • A. 

      Circular at constant speed, i.e. uniform circular motion

    • B. 

      Vertical, either straight up or straight down

    • C. 

      In a straight line at constant speed

  • 4. 
    According to Aristotle, meteors must be located in the Earth's atmosphere because
    • A. 

      They move too fast to be as far away as the Moon

    • B. 

      They need the Earth's atmosphere to survive

    • C. 

      Everything in the superlunary (celestial) realm is immutable (i.e., unchanging), whereas meteors appear and disappear

  • 5. 
    One of Aristotle's arguments against the idea that the Earth revolves around the Sun was the
    • A. 

      Argument ad hominem

    • B. 

      Argument of parallax

    • C. 

      Argument of fall

  • 6. 
    Who of the following suggested a heliocentric theory of the Universe?
    • A. 

      Aristarchus

    • B. 

      Hipparchus

    • C. 

      Aristotle

  • 7. 
    The idea that Mercury and Venus go around the Sun while everything else goes around the Earth was suggested by
    • A. 

      Heraclides

    • B. 

      Georg Peurbach

    • C. 

      Philolaus

  • 8. 
    Eratosthenes was the first person to determine fairly accurately
    • A. 

      The Moon's distance (in Earth radii) from its geocentric parallax

    • B. 

      The Sun's distance (in Earth radii) from its geocentric parallax

    • C. 

      The size of the Earth (specifically its circumference)

  • 9. 
    Precession, with all its effects on star positions, was discovered by
    • A. 

      Ptolemy

    • B. 

      Al-Battani (Albategnius)

    • C. 

      Hipparchus

  • 10. 
    In the simplified Earth-centered epicyclic system we discussed in class, the deferent for an inferior planet is identical in size to
    • A. 

      The planet's orbit around the Sun

    • B. 

      The Earth's orbit around the Sun

  • 11. 
    In the Greek way of reckoning, a superior planet's period of revolution around its epicycle is
    • A. 

      Its sidereal

    • B. 

      Its synodic period

    • C. 

      The sidereal year

  • 12. 
    Ptolemy's great work that contained his detailed mathematical models for the planetary motions was the
    • A. 

      Tetrabiblos or Four Books

    • B. 

      Matematike syntaxis or Mathematical Compilation

    • C. 

      Planetary Hypotheses

  • 13. 
    Which of the following was definitely not associated with Islamic religious practice?
    • A. 

      Etermination of the qibla

    • B. 

      Sighting of the crescent moon to begin the month

    • C. 

      Production of zij

  • 14. 
    The famous House of Wisdom was located in which city?
    • A. 

      Baghdad

    • B. 

      Damascus

    • C. 

      Toledo (Modern Spain)

  • 15. 
    The concept of trepidation was first introduced by which of the following, based on bad data from Ptolemy?
    • A. 

      Muhammad al-Battani (Albategnius)

    • B. 

      Nasir al-Din al-Tusi

    • C. 

      Thabit Ibn Qrra (Tobit)

  • 16. 
    The modern trigonometric functions such as sines were first introduced in a zij by
    • A. 

      Muhammad al-Battani (Albategnius)

    • B. 

      Al-Khwarizmi

    • C. 

      Ibn al-Zarqala (Arzachel)

  • 17. 
    Samarkand Observatory, where for the first time since Ptolemy positions were measured for a large number of stars, was established and directed by
    • A. 

      Ulugh Beg

    • B. 

      Abd al-Rahman Ibn Yunus

    • C. 

      Nasir al-Din al-Tusi

  • 18. 
    The device having a circle rolling around inside one twice as large, which could be used in mathematical models of planetary motion, was invented by
    • A. 

      Ibn al-Shatir

    • B. 

      Thabit Ibn Qrra (Tobit)

    • C. 

      Nasir al-Din al-Tusi

  • 19. 
    The basic problem with Ptolemy's model for the Moon's motion, namely that it had the Moon's distance varying by a factor of two, was first resolved by
    • A. 

      Nasir al-Din al-Tusi

    • B. 

      Ulugh Beg

    • C. 

      Ibn al-Shatir

  • 20. 
    The planetary tables that were produced at the Maragha Observatory were known as the
    • A. 

      Alfonsine Tables

    • B. 

      Ilkhanic Tables

    • C. 

      Toledo Tables

  • 21. 
    Sacrobosco, also known as John of Holywood, was the author of the university text known as
    • A. 

      Theory of the Planets

    • B. 

      Treatise on the Sphere

    • C. 

      New Theory of the Planets

  • 22. 
    Who among the following suggested the concept of impetus, an essence of motion, as a way around Aristotle's theory of violent or forced motion?
    • A. 

      Regiomontanus

    • B. 

      Peurbach

    • C. 

      Buridan and Oresme

  • 23. 
    The first extensive European series of astronomical observations of high quality for the time was made by
    • A. 

      Walther

    • B. 

      Copernicus

    • C. 

      Burdian

  • 24. 
    The instrument that could be used for directly measuring the equatorial coordinates of stars and planets was the
    • A. 

      Astrolabe

    • B. 

      Zodiacal armillary sphere

    • C. 

      Equatorial armillary sphere

  • 25. 
    The instrument that could be used either to tell the time of night or to correct the altitude of Polaris, the Pole Star, to get the altitude of the actual north celestial pole was the
    • A. 

      Camera obscura

    • B. 

      Nocturnal

    • C. 

      Triquetrum

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